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高一英语写作—书信写作知识精讲


高一英语写作—书信写作
【本讲主要内容】
写作——书信写作

【知识总结归纳】
(一)在我们的日常生活中,我们经常给朋友,父母,亲戚等写信,这些信件都属于私人信 件.私人书信是写给亲朋好友的,不仅是互通信息的工具,也是交流感情的渠道.书信写作 是高考中经常出现的一种题型。 1. 要写好开头,提一提来信里谈到的各项事情,顺笔写来。

2. 一般要先答复对方的问题,然后再谈自己想要说的话。 3. 结束信时要向对方表示友善或亲切的问候。 Useful Expressions: 1. I’m very pleased to hear from you yesterday. 2. When I received your letter I was so happy. 3. I’m sorry I’ve taken so long to answer your last letter. 4. We were all so pleased to hear you will be coming to visit us. 5. We’ve been friends for too long to let a misunderstanding come between us. 6. When it gets to the point where I can’t get you out of my mind, I know it’s time to write you a letter. 7. Look forward to hearing from you soon. 8. Please write back soon. 9. Counting the hours till next weekend. 10. Do write to us when you have time. 11. We hope to hear from you soon. 12. Give my best wishes to the family. 13. I do hope you will be up and about soon. 14. I am sure you will soon settle down.

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信的格式:

the writer’s address the date Salutation:

BODY

Closing Signature Example: 16 Market St. Chicago th May 18 , 2002 Dear Jim, It was so nice to hear from you at last. We were all very happy to know that you are doing well in the new place. Everything is fine at home. Mom is knitting a new sweater for you. Dad is busy as usual. His doctor says he needs a rest, but you know he never listens. I’m all ready for my first trip to China. I will let you know when I leave. Try to write to us more often . We want to know everything about your school life. Love Ellen Exercise: 假如你叫王东,你的澳洲笔友 Gerry 今年暑假打算到中国来学习汉语,你得知师范大 学将于 7 月 20 日举办为期六周的“暑假汉语口语培训班” ,请将此信息写信告诉他。 内容 包括以下几点: 1. 时间,地点,性质(初级) ,学费 ($60/ weel ) 2. 如果他决定来,你愿意提供住宿并帮助他练习汉语。 3. 请他帮你买一盘英文儿歌的磁带以辅助英语学习。
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Dear Gerry, How have you been? I’m glad to know that you’re coming to China to learn Chinese this summer holiday. Here is some information from the Teachers’ University. There is going to be an oral Chinese training course for beginners. It will start on July 20 and last six weeks. It will cost $60 a week. If you could come, you can stay with me and I’d be glad to help you practice Chinese. By the way, I enjoy English songs. Would you please get me a tape of English songs for children? That will be a help to my English study. I’m really looking forward to meeting you soon. With best wishes, Wang Dong

(二)邀请信的写作: 邀请信是书信写作的一种。 邀请信在日常生活中和外事活动中用途广泛, 一般分为正式 和非正式两种,非正式的邀请信用途非常广泛。在写作中要注意以下几点: 1. 信文以第一人称书写,称呼比较自由。 2. 信的特点是简短,热情。 3. 信的主要内容是说明邀请的原因,活动的地点和时间。 Useful Expressions: 1. How about coming to stay with us? 2. Why don’t you celebrate the holiday with us? 3. I would like to invite you. 4. We wonder if you’d like to come? 5. We would be very glad if you could come? 6. You can stay at our apartment for two weeks. 7. You can use our kitchen and cook your own food. 8. We can take you here and back in our car. 9. You can bring one or two friends with you. 举例说明: 1. 午/ 晚餐会的邀请: Dear Mrs Smith, John and I would be very happy if you and Mr. Latimer could come to dinner on Saturday the nineteenth at seven o’clock. We do hope you can join us. Sincerely yours, Dear Miss Thompson, John and I are wondering if you can dinner with us on Tuesday, the fifteenth, at half-past six. Afterward, we plan to hear the performance given by the Students’ Union.
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I hope that you will be able to come. Most sincerely, 2. 舞会邀请: 生日,纪念日等都可以举办舞会来庆祝。 邀请信要真诚热情。 Dear Ruth, Next Friday, September 5th, is Tom’s birthday --- and I thought it would be pleasant to have some of his friends here to help him celebrate. Will you and Bill come? We’ll have dancing from until midnight, and then cut the birthday cake! Tom and I are both very eager to have you here, so don’t disappoint us. Affectionately yours, ?. 3. 邀请看电影, 观剧,看球赛等: Dear Helene, I should like very much to take you to the Army Columbia game at West Point at the twenty-eighth of this month. If you are free to go, mother will write your mother to request Permission from the authorities of your school. Dad and mother will pick me up early in the morning and we shall all call for you about ten-thirty. That will allow us plenty of time for luncheon and to take a look at the Academy before the kick-off. Yours sincerely, ?.

【高考点拨】 【题型展示】
1. 假定你是李华,你所在的学校要在下个月举办美国电影节,请你根据以下要点给你的 美国朋友写一封短信,邀请他给学生做一次讲座。信的主要内容包括: (1)讲座目的:使学生对美国电影有所了解 (2)讲座内容:简要介绍美国电影的历史 (3)讲座时间:1 小时 30 分钟左右 注意: 可以适当增加细节,使结构完整。 Dear Peter, Our school is planning to hold an American Film Festival next month. I’m writing to ask you to come and give a talk on American films and filmmaking industry. It will help us understand how the industry has developed into such a big business as it is today. This understanding should go a long way toward increasing their knowledge of American culture in general. Do you think one and a half hours will be enough? Please let me know as soon as possible so that I can make arrangements.
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I’m looking forward to seeing you and enjoying the talk. With best wishes, Lihua 2. 假如你是北京兴华中学的学生, 2002 年 4 月 18 日要由你校召集一次中学素质教育研 讨会。为此校方邀请兴华中学姊妹学校,美国纽约 Pace 中学校长 Hopkins 到校。请你根 据提示给校长写一封邀请信: (1)说明会议召开的时间和地点。 (友谊宾馆) (2)将在北京国际机场接站,客人的吃住由兴华中学负责,但不负责机票。 (3)请准备在会上就中学的素质教育进行介绍 (4)会议其间将安排参观北京大学和北京四中,并游览长城和颐和园。 Dear Mr Hopkings, The conference on the holistic education in middle schools will be sponsored by our school on April 18, 2002. We take great pleasure in inviting you to the conference. We will take care of your accommodations and meals, but not your airfare. During the conference you will be shown around Beijing University and Beijing No. 4 Middle School, the most famous middle school in China. We will also arrange a visit to the Great Wall and the Summer Palace . We’ll be very thankful if you could talk about your experience in holistic education in your school. We’ll meet you at Beijing International Airport on September 17. I’ll be looking forward to your arrival. Yours sincerely ?.

【实战模拟】
王平和李平是好朋友。王平给李平写信,首先对收到贺年片表示感谢;然后询问对方如 何过年,介绍了自己在全校文艺演出英语话剧的情况。 最后,谈到他父亲上周从美国回来, 带回不少英语书和磁带 ,欢迎他来一起欣赏阅读。写信的时间是 2003 年 10 月 5 日。

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试题答案
October, 15 , 2003 Dear Li Ping, How are things going at your school? It was really exciting to get your New Year’s card on the New Year’s Eve Thank you for the beautiful card. How did you spend your New Year’s Day? We had a talent show at school, in which we put on an English play . We did it successfully and all felt excited. My father came back from the United States last week . He brought me a lot of English books and some tapes . Would you come to have a look? I’m sure you will like them. Here are the best regards to your family. Yours, Wang Ping
th

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