江苏省 2016 届高三 10 月英语检测
第 I 卷选择题(三部分，共 85 分) 第 一部分：听力(共两节, 满分 20 分) 第一节（共 5 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在 试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。
每段对话仅读 一遍。 1. What does the man need? A. A new computer. B. A new mouse. C. A new computer screen.
2. What does the woman want from the store? A. Cookies. 3. What are the speakers doing? A. Delivering a package. B. Complaining about bad service. B. Peanut butter. C. Milk.
C. Looking for a service company online. 4. How does the girl probably feel? A. Happy and excited. 5. What is the woman going to do? A. Call Julian Assange. C. Find some information on the Internet. 第二节（共 15 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后， 各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、 7 题。 6. How does the woman feel about the circus? A. It’s childish. 7. What does the man want to do? A. Go to the circus by himself. B. Take Jill out for fun. C. Get work done from the office. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 10 题。
B. Frustrated and upset.
C. Scared and nervous.
B. Watch the news on TV.
B. It’s expensive.
C. It sounds really fun.
8. What’s wrong with the woman’s mother? A. She has been sick. B. She misses her family and friends.
C. She can’t earn enough to support her family. 9. Where does the woman live? A. In America. B. In India. C. In Britain.
10. What does the woman plan to do next year? A. Study a new language. B. Travel to India. C. Visit her father’s native country.
听第 8 段材料, 回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. When did the man work as a bike mechanic? A. Two years ago. B. Five years ago. C. Ten years ago.
12. Which park did the speakers decide to go to in the end? A. Regent’s Park. B. London Fields. C. Victoria Park.
13. What do we know about the woman’s bike? A. It hasn’t been used for long. B. It is in good condition. C. The woman just had it repaired. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 16 题。 14. Who is Buster? A. A child. 15. What does Buster often do? A. Walk with Lily to school. B. Wait for the man in the park. C. Play with the woman. B. A dog. C. A cat.
16. What has the woman been doing? A. Asking the man to give up. B. Comforting the man. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. How many days will the office be closed? A. One. B. Two. C. Three. C. Criticizing the man.
18. What is going on in the building? A. Construction work. B. Celebration activities. C. Moving houses.
19. What will employees talk about at the meeting on Monday? A. Their future plans. 20. Who is Danielle Wilkins?
B. Achievement in the past year.
C. Work they did at home.
A. The speaker.
B. The office manager.
C. The building manager.
第二部分: 英语知识运用 (共两节, 满分 35 分) 第一节: 单项填空 (共 15 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 15 分) 21. Many of the things we now benefit from would not be around A. thanks to B. regardless of C. aside from D. but for Thomas Edison.
22.About 40 percent of the citizens are unhappy with public services, which ______ alarm bells ringing in some local governments, so relat ed departments ______ pay too much attention to this survey. A. has set; can’t B. will set; mustn’t C. has set; s houldn’t D. is setting; needn’t
23. The international situation is currently undergoing great changes ______ UNESCO plays an irreplaceable role in promoting international cooperation. A. which B. what C. where D. that
24. The new financial policies of the US government have _______ a chain reaction in the international money markets. A. gone off B. set off C. seen off D. got off
25. To keep up with their work, the vast majority of office clerks today must read letters, reports, trade publications, interoffice communications, to say _______ of newspapers and magazines. A. everything B. anything C. nothing D. something
26. In 1973, a book ________ that plants can feel emotions, prefer classical music, and can respond to the unspoken thoughts of humans landed on the New York Times best-seller list. A. having claimed B. had claimed C. claiming D. claimed
27. Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB）, its headquarter______ in Beijing, is an inter-governmental agency which is intended for multi-development of Infrastructure in Asia. A. located B. locating C. locates D. to locate
28. In these trials, people are ________assigned to a "treatment" group, which benefits from the project, and a "control" group, which does not. A. initially B. conventionally C. superbly D. randomly
29. It’s unwise of you to consider his wild behavior as ______ a kid’s game. It may gradually develop into a bad habit. A. no less than B. less than C. more than
D. no more than
30. —The boy’s father failed to find a job. ______. He got a cancer. —How sad! We should give him a hand. A. It never rains b ut pours C. A miss is as good as a mile B. Every dog has its day D. The grass is always greener on the other side
31.---How do you like the food and service in our canteen? ---Much better than ______ used to be. A. those B. one C. they D. that
32. For sustainable development, the government has decided to give __________ to those energy-conserving and environment-friendly businesses in many aspects. A. profit B. interest C. preference D. advantage
33. The Second World War, _________ the earlier one in 1914, promoted public concern about the physical and intellectual well-being of the country’s human resources. A. so as B. as were C. as did D. same as
34. Such phenomena as this _____now widely accepted，of which，however，some___ abstract to understand. A．are；seem B．is；seems C．are；seems D．is；seem
35. ---The scarf is nice, but the price is a little bit too high. ---_______, but if you want to have good quality, you have to pay more. A．No problem B. No offence C. No wonder D. No doubt
第二节 完形填空 (共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分) The New York Times published an article recently that shows great regret for the "death of conversation"．It suggests that while technology such as cell phones, e-mails , and Internet posting makes us feel more ever, they’re also driving us 37_ from people around us． 38 the price of 39 40 face-to-face conversation． Sherry Turkle, to a different way of being “alone together”． 42 thoughts. 36 than
Users get final connectivity
author of the article in The New York Times says people are Actually , 43 41
text messages or writing micro-blogs allows us to 44
bits and pieces of online cannot
a “real conversation．” Lan Guo, 19, a freshman English major
from Changsha University , said that she would like to hear people’s tone of voice and see their faces in a (n) 45 ．“The give and take of ideas in a conversation sharpens our minds,” she said．She also mentions that 47 People． 46
ourselves in mobile technology reduces our chance of starting conversations with strangers and
Turkle mentioned the popular
of “I share, therefore I am” among this generation. Liu Xuan, a young
writer from Taiwan and psychology graduate from Harvard University, thinks it’s a mindset adopted by most young people． They are so busy creating or polishing their online persona (网络人格)that they forget how to live a (n) 49 being life． For example， They may 51 ． 52 mobile technology . Chen Chen, a sociology expert 50 more about blogging about attending a party rather than enjoying
However，experts remind us that it’s unfair to
at China Youth &Children Research Center, points out that it is still owners of gadgets , such as cell phones and tablets , who’re avoiding personal 53 .We take advantage of these devices to hide ourselves 55 54
others ．Texting messages or calling may be a (n)
to avoid contact with others, such as having eye
contact． “Only by strengthening conversation can we understand each other. Simply throwing away the mob ile gadgets is not a solution．”she said． 36．A．received 37．A．off 38．A．beyond 39．A．having 40．A．related 41．A．sending 42．A．change 43．A．So 44．A．indicate 45．A．conversation 46．A．abandoning 47．A．interviewing 48．A．feeling 49．A．colorful 50．A．worry 51．A．there 52．A．complain 53．A．information B．shared B．back B．at B．risking B．committed B．getting B．exchange B．And B．replace B．computer B．joining B．introducing B．concept B．interesting B．care B．out B．adore B．space C．connected C．away C．for C．sacrificing C．devoted C．reading C．deliver C．Or C．cover C．party C．burying C．knowing C．fact C．real C．ask C．down C．worship C．contact
D．above D．sharing D．accustomed D．taking D．raise D．But D．involve
D．Internet D．attaching D．meeting D．truth D．meaningful D．debate D．in D．blame D．management
第三部分 阅读理解 (共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) A Wikipedia is a free-access, free content Internet encyclopedia(百科全书 ), supported and hosted by the non-profit Wikipedia Foundation. Wikipedia is ranked among the ten most popular websites and is considered the Internet’s largest and most popular general reference book. Now, Wikipedia is becoming Wookiepedia as scientists hope the informative website will help us reach out to intelligent life forms. So aliens can learn about the human race. Astronomers would like to beam (播送) the entire contents of Wikipedia into space in the hope of contacting aliens. They want to send messages to hundreds of star systems and planets 20 light years away using radio telescopes. The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence Institute, in California, wants to use powerful radio telescopes to try to reach Chewbacca and his mates in a galaxy（银河系）far away. The plans will be discussed by astronomers at the weekend as some scientists fear the reply from ET might not turn out to be friendly. Institute scientist David Black said, “One question is if there are dangerous creatures we might be drawing their attention to ourselves. Another is if we go ahead, what message should be sent? There could be many civilizations out there，but if they are all listening an d no one is broadcasting or responding, then nothing will happen.” Professor Stephen Hawking, who has warned that intelligent aliens probably exist and we should keep a safe distance from them, is among those. “If aliens visit us, the outcome would be much as when Columbus landed in America which didn’t turn out well for the Native Americans,” he said.[来源:学科网 ZXXK] Signals from Earth’s radio and TV broadcasts have been heading out in space for some 60 years reaching around 5,000 stars. 56. What does the underlined word those in the fourth paragraph refer to? A. aliens from space C. scientists for the plans 57. What has Prof. Stephen Hawking warned? A. intelligent aliens would probably land in America. B. the plans will be in vain and nothing will happen.
B. astronomers sending signals D. scientists against the plans
C. none of the civilizations would reply. D. aliens would bring disasters to the human race. 58. Which can be the best title? A. Wikipedia, the most popular website C. Wikipedia, aliens’ best friend B. Wikipedia to be beamed into space D. Wikipedia to result in a disaster B We observe today not a victory of party but a celebration of freedom, symbolizing an end as well as a beginning, signifying renewal as well as change for I have sworn before you and Almighty God the same solemn oath our forebears (ancestors) prescribed nearly a century and three-quarters ago. The world is very different now, for man holds in his mortal hands the power to abolish all forms of human poverty and all forms of human life. And yet the same revolutionary beliefs for which our forebears fought are still at issue around the globe, the belief that the rights of man come not from the generosity of the state but from the hand of God. We dare not forget today that we are the heirs（继承人）of that first revolution. Let the word go forth from this time and place, to friend and foe (enemy) alike, that the torch has been passed to a new generation of Americans born in this century, tempered by war, disciplined by a hard and bitter peace, proud of our ancient heritage and unwilling to disciplined by a hard and bitter peace, proud of our ancient heritage and unwilling to disciplined by a hard and bitter peace, proud of our ancient heritage and unwilling to witness or permit the slow undoing of those human rights to which this nation has a lways been committed, and to which we are committed today at home and around the world. Let every nation know whether it wishes us well or ill that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe, to assure the survival and the success of liberty. This much we pledge (promise solemny) and more. In the long history of the world, only a few generations have been granted the role of defending freedom in its hour of maximum danger. I do not shrink from this responsibility. I welcome it. I do not believe that any of us would exchange places with any other people or any other generation. The energy, the faith, the devotion which we bring to this endeavor will light our country and all who serve it and the glow from that fire can truly light the world. And so, my fellow Americans ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country. My fellow citizens of the world ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the Freedom
of Man. Finally, whether you are citizens of America or citizens of the world, ask of us here the same high standards of strength and sacrifice which we ask of you. With a good conscience our only sure reward, with history the final judge of our deeds, let us go forth to lead the land we love, asking His blessing and His help, but knowing that here on earth God’s work must truly be our own. 59. What should friends and foes know? A. That the United States is powe rful. B. That a new generation of Americans are responsible for their government. C. That the United States is governed by liberals. D. The rights of man come from the hand of God. 60. What is Kennedy’s promise to the world? A. To support liberty. C. To visit each country at least once. B. To abolish all forms of human poverty. D. To support and friend.
61. What should citizens of the world ask of America? A. How America can help them. C. What they can do for freedom. B. If America plans to invade their country. D. What they can do for America.
62. Which of the following statement is NOT true according to the passage? A. Human beings have the power to put an end to all forms of poverty. B. We should remembe r we are the first revolution. C. Our nation has always been committed to human rights. D. We should assure the survival and the suc cess of liberty.
C Crash. Shatter. Boom. Crash. Shatter. Boom. Smattering of silly dialogue. Pretty girl screams: “Dad!” Crash. Shatter. Boom. Crash. Shatter. Boom. Silly dialogue. “Dad!!!” Crash. Shatter. Boom. What? Oh, sorry. We were falling into a trance there. Which is, dear moviegoer, what may happen to you during Michael Bay’s Transformers: Age of Extinction, the fourth Transformers film and lasts 165 minutes, which is precariously (危险地) close to the three-hour mark that Bay undoubtedly will reach—by our sophisticated calculations, and at the current growth rate, with his sixth
installment(集). But let’s not get ahead of ourselves. Despite what you’ve just read, this film will likely be a massive hit because by now, if you’re buying a Transformers ticket, you surely know what you’re getting into, and you want more, more, more. And Bay is the Master of More. Or just ta ke it from the 11-year-old sitting next to me, who reserved any audible judgment—he, too was in a trance, though maybe from sugar intake—until the moment he saw a Transformer become a dinosaur. Overwhelmed by the pairing, he proclaimed, “That’s the sickest thing I’ve ever seen in my life.” It was as if peanut butter and jelly had been tasted together for the first time. This time, there’s a whole new human cast. Most important, Mark Wahlberg has replaced Shia LaBeouf as well, Main Human Guy. A significant part of the movie also takes place in China—clearly a nod to the franchise’s huge market in the country. In any case, we begin in Paris, Texas, where Cade Yeager (Wahlberg), a struggling inventor, is desperatlely seeking a big discovery. He’s also a widowed dad, and super-protective (as the movie constantly reminds us) of his high-school daughter, Tessa (Nicola Peltz, blond and pretty and ineffective, though the one-note script does her no favors). One day, Cade buys a rusty old truck. Examining it back home, he soon discovers it ’s none other than Optimus Prime, the Autobot hero, seriously damaged. As Cade works on fixing him up, his assistant, witty surfer-dude Lucas, has the dumb idea of calling the authorities. What he doesn’t know is that the government is plotting to destroy all remaining Autobots in favor of a man-made army of Transformers. So now, it’s evil humans that pitted against the trustworthy Autobots. So much for gratitude. There’s also a subplot involving Tessa and her secret boyfriend, Shane (Jack Reynor, underused), whose Irish accent leads Cade to dismissively call him “Lucky Charms”—at least until the two bond in battle. The obvious question: Is it too much for its own good? Bay is vey talented at all things visual. The 3-D works well and the robots look great. But the final confrontation (冲突) alone lasts close to an hour. At some point, you may find yourself simply in a daze, unable to absorb any further action into your brain. 63. What can be inferred from the first paragraph? A. The girl can’t understand the movie she was seeing.
B. The girl felt scared about the movie she was seeing. C. The movie the girl was seeing was very thrilling. D. The girl couldn’t find her father. 64. What did the author mean by saying “… and you want more, more, more. And Bay is the Master of Mor e.” in paragraph 4? A. The audiences are hard to satisfy. B. Bay is good at bring audience massive hit.
C. Only Bay knows how to produce massive hit. D. By knows about the audience’s mind. 65. What is the main idea of the last paragraph? A. The audiences don’t like the final confrontation. B. The disadvantages of Transformers 4 are more obvious than advantages. C. Putting into too much what the director is skilled at causes negative effect. D. The director Bay only focuses on the 3-D works. 66. The tone of the passage as a whole can be described as ________? A. serious B. ironic C. scholarly D Mrs. Bertha Flowers was the aristocrat of Black Stamps. She had the grace of control to appear warm in the coldest weather, and on the Arkansas summer days it seemed she had a private breeze which swirled around, cooling her. One summer afternoon, she stopped at the store to buy supplies. Another Negro woman of her health and age would have been expected to carry the paper sacks home in one hand, but Momma said, “Sister Flowers, I’ll send Bailey up to your house with these things.” “Thank you, Mrs. Henderson. I’d prefer Marguerite, though.” My name sounded so beautiful when she said it. “I’ve been meaning to talk to her, anyway.” They gave each other age group looks. There was a little path beside the rocky road, and Mrs. Flowers walked in front swinging her arms and picking her way over the stones. Without turning her head, she spoke to me, “I hear you’re working very good school work, Marguerite, but that it’s all written. The teachers report that they have trouble getting you to talk in class.” We passed the triangular farm on our left and the path widened to allow us to walk together. “Now no one is going to make you talk—possibly no one can. But bear in mind, language is man’s way of
communicating with his fellow man and it is language alone which separates him from the lower animals.” That was a totally new idea to me, and I would need time to think about it. “Your grandmother says you read a lot. Every chance you get. That’s good, but not good enough. Words mean more than what is set down on paper.” She said she was going to give me some books and that I not only must read them, I must read them aloud. She suggested that I try to make a sentence sound in as many different ways as possible. “I’ll accept no excuse if you return a book to me that has been badly handled.” My imagination boggled(退缩) at the punishment I would deserve if in fact I did abuse a book of Mrs. Flowers’. The odors in the house surprised me. The sweet scent of vanilla(香草) had met us as she opened the door. “Have a seat, Marguerite. You see, I had planned to invite you for cookies and lemonade so we could have this little chat.” She carried a plate covered with a tea towel. As I ate she began the first of what we later called “My lesson in living.” She said that I must always be intolerant of ignorance but understanding of illiteracy. That some people, unable to go to school, were more educated and even more intelligent than college professors. She encouraged me to listen carefully to what country people called mother wit. That in those homely sayings was couched the collective wisdom of generations. When I finished the cookies she brought a thick, small book from the bookcase. I had read A Tale of Two Cities and found it up to my standards as a romantic novel. She opened the first page and I heard poetry for the first time in my life. “It was the best of times and worst of times...” Her voice slid in and curved down through and over the words. S he was nearly singing. I wanted to look at the pages. Were they the same that I had read? Or were there notes, music, lined on the pages? Her sounds began cascading(瀑布般落下) gently. I knew that she was nearing the end of her reading. “How do you like that?” It occurred to me that she expected a response. The sweet vanilla flavor was still on my tongue and her reading was a magic to my ears. I had to speak. I said, “Yes, ma’am.” It was the least I could do, but it was the most also. “There’s one more thing. Take this book of poems and memorize one for me. Next time you pay me a visit, I want to recite.” I have often tried hard to search for the enchantment(着迷) I so easily found in those gifts. To be allowed, no,
invited, into the private lives of strangers, to share their joys and fears, was a chance to exchange the Southern bitter wormwood(苦艾) for a cup of mead(蜂蜜酒) with Beowulf or a hot cup of tea and milk with Oliver Twist. When I said aloud, “It is a far, far better thing than anything I have ever done...” tears of love filled my eyes at my selflessness. I was liked, and what a difference it made, I was respected not as Mr Henderson’s grandchild or Bailey’s sister but for just being Marguerite Johnson. 67. What does Mrs. Flowers mean by saying “Words mean more than what is set down on paper” (paragraph 7)? A. Besides reading, Marguerite should talk more. B. The content of books may have different meanings. C. How one speaks adds extra meaning to words. D. It is language that distinguishes humans from animals. 68. Marguerite’s opinion of A Tale of Two Cities before and after Mrs. Flowers’ reading can be described as _______. A. poetic … musical C. romantic … dramatic B. satisfactory … informative D. common … extraordinary
69. It can be inferred from the passage that _______. A. Mrs. Flowers was b orn in a noble family. B. The meeting between Mrs. Flowers and Marguerite was probably an intentional arrangement. C. Marguerite hadn’t read poetry before her visit to Mrs. Flowers’ home. D. Mrs. Flowers would recite new poems on Marguerite’s later visits. 70. Which can be the best title for the passage? A. The Power of Language C. A Respectable Lady B. A Lesson in Living D. My Initial Access to Charles Dickens
第四部分: 任务型阅读 (共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) Chronic disorganization occurs when one is habitually disorganized over a long period, which means the person is constantly unsystematic in how he conducts life and business. One suffering from this problem may find relief in the fact that it isn’t actually a disease or even an “official” disorder. It’s the continued lack of organization in one’s life. Someone may become addicted to collecting a certain thing yet never organize the collection as it grows out of
control. This can especially be a problem for those with a lot of time and money at hand, yet the problem can be serious for any type of person in a wide variety of situations. One’s personal attitude can often be a big part of why the chronic disorganization exists. Once the attitude of acceptance about being a “slob” is in someone’s head, it’s hard to remove. If someone tells himself that he is a slob, he will likely live up to that self-image created by him or by those around him. One first receives true awareness of the disorder of chronic disorganization when it starts to negatively affect relationships with friends and family members. Everybody becomes affected by this situation, especially those sharing living places with the one involved. The National Study Group for Chronic Disorga nization (HSGCD) recommends that one ge t help through a professional organizer. The study found that all of the subjects in the study had problems with making decisions. There were varied reasons given for this problem of decision-making. Among them were fears and prioritizing issues. Research is ongoing for the link between problems in decision-making and chronic disorganization. Chronic disorganization often begins with situational disorganization, something most people experience at some point. Someone who has lost someone significant to him may start to be troubled by disorganization after a divorce. Someone who experienced changes in life and in his career may intend to let things like organization and order fall by the wayside. However, one doesn’t instantly have chronic disorganization. “If you’re going through hell, keep going.” That’s an old saying that’s true about one’s struggles with chronic disorganization. Every person has the power to change within himself. It’s a matter of staying organized, one day at a time. Those who have left chronic disorganization in the past have often done so by promising to stay organized simply for that single day. Definition It means that the person has a(n) （71） __________ of being disorganized in life and business over a long period.
●One example is that an addict (73 ) ___________ to organize (72)__________the problem the collection. ●The (74) ___________ of chronic disorganization is partly affected by one’s personal attitude. ●One doesn’t realize the disorder of chronic disorganization until it has (75) ____________ effects on the relationships
with friends and family members. The (76) ____________ of the study All subjects in the study suffer from the problem of poor decision-making, which is (77) _____________ with chronic disorganization.
Losing someone significant, (79) _____________ a divorce or changes in one’s life and career.
When in (80)_______ with chronic disorganization, every person has the power to change, at least one single day at a time.
第五部分 书面表达 (共 1 题，满分 25 分) 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 John was traveling by ship to Europe when a terrible storm came. A great leak was filling the ship with water. No matter how hard the sailors and passengers worked at the pumps, the water was still rising. The ship was sinking fast. There seemed to be no hope. But the captain told them not to give up hope. He said that there was hope so long as the ship remained above water. He promised that if they didn’t give up hope, he would land them safely. The captain’s powerful will moved them all. In the end he did land them safely. [来源:Zxxk.Com] After they landed, John found the captain to show his appreciation. But to his surprise, the captain said to him that he was the boy of 30 years ago who bought a geography book in his bookstore. John suddenly thought of the boy. At that time the boy didn’t have enough money, but he had gone from shop to shop and believed he could get what he wanted. Finally, he made it. Now , it was the same willpower of him that saved the lives of all the passengers. 【写作内容】 在一次课外阅读中，你读上面的故事，决定写篇文章针对 “毅力与成功”发表自己的看法。内容要点包 括： 1．以约 30 个词概括故事的内容要点； 2．然后以约 120 个词就“毅力与成功”这个主题发表你的看法，内容包括： （1）叙述你或你的同学凭借毅力取得成功的事例； （2）你认为取得成功，主要是靠毅力还是智力？
【写作要求】 1．你可以使用实例或者其他论证方法支持你的观点，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但是不得直接引用 原文中的句子； 2．文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称； 【评分标准】 概括准确，语言规范， 内容合适，篇章连贯。