吉林市 2014 届高三第二次模拟考试英语试题
第Ⅰ卷 第一部分：听力部分（共两节，满分 30 分） 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分, 满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 A After a terrible electrical
accident, which caused him to become both blind and deaf, the whole world became completely dark and quiet for Robert Edwards for almost ten years. The loss of sight and hearing threw him into such sorrow that he tried a few times to put an end to his life. His family, especially his wife, did their best to tend and comfort him and finally he regained the will to live. One hot summer afternoon, he was taking a walk with a stick near his house when a thunderstorm started all at once. He stood under a large tree to avoid getting wet, but he was struck by the lightning. Witnesses thought he was dead but he woke up some 20 minutes later lying face down in muddy water at the base of the tree. He was trembling badly, but when he opened his eyes, he could hardly believe what he saw: a plough and a wall. When Mrs Edwards came running up to him, shouting to their neighbors to call for help, he could see her and hear her voice for the first time in nearly ten years. The news of Robert regaining his sight and hearing quickly spread, and many doctors came to examine him. Most of them said that he regained his sight and hearing from the shock he got from the lightning. However, none of them could give a convincing answer as to why this should have happened. The only reasonable explanation given by one doctor was that, since Robert lost his sight and hearing as a result of a sudden shock, perhaps, the only way for him to regain them was by another sudden shock. 21. The reason for Robert’s attempts to kill himself was that_____ . A. a terrible traffic accident happened to him B. he had to live in a dark and silent world C. he was struck by the lightning once more D. nobody in the world cared about him 22. What was Robert doing when he was struck by the lightning? A. Sheltering from the rain under a tree. B. Driving a car. C. Taking a walk with a stick. D. Lying on the ground. 23. We can infer from the text that ______. A. there was no accurate explanation for Robert’s recovery B. many doctors came because Robert was badly injured C. Robert’s wife sent for doctors immediately after the shock D. a sudden injury in the head led to Robert’s recovery 24. What’s the best title of the whole passage? A.A Terrible Electrical Accident B. Robert Edwards and His Wife C. What a Sudden Shock D. An Unforgettable Experience
B It must be something that many Ameircan companies hold a baby contest. Of course, babies are wonderful, and many parents would be the first to agree. Companies really bring in much money. Walgreens Baby contest If you play the new Baby Milestones Challenge Contest by BabyCenter & Walgreens, you could win $1,000 in Walgreens & Beauty. Com gift card and Certificates. You can play the instant winner if you get a $ 25 Walgreen’s gift card, but you also have to write down your email address and receive all their sales and other information for the contest. Kids and Babies Kids and Babies are accepting entries for May 2014 Free Photo Conrest. Baby Photo Galley with theme albums and age group albums is moved to the new website Cute Baby Gallery. Check KidsanBibs. com for their Baby Photo Contest blog’s latest update. The grand prize is $ 25,000. The catch Winners are decided by the visitors coming to the site and voting for their favorite babies, so you have to advertise their site for them. Parents.com. Parents. com has a website only for their members, but if you are into baby photos,it is well worth surfing. You could receive offers on free samples, money-saving coupons（优惠券）, and chances to win the latest contests. Avon Avon is another company that has a baby photo contest this spring. Avon is advertising their newest collection. It is Avon’s only collection for the photos of babies. Babies’ age: newborn to 2 years. Just go to TinyTillia. com and upload your recent baby’s photos. First place Baby will be featured in a Tiny Tillia Storybooks and win a $ 5,000 U.S. Savings Bond. The Cuties will win $ 300 in Tiny Tillia products. The tip is to run a search engine for all the latest contests going on and start entering them today. You could be lucky and win enough to put ―Baby‖ though college! Have fun! 25．What is the basic condition for you to play the instant winner in Walgreens & Beauty.com? A. Getting a gift card. B. Getting a certificate C. Winning 1,000 dollars. D. Receiving information for the contest 26．If you want your baby to win the 2014 Free Photo Contest, you will ____． A．have to spend $25,000 B．take your baby to the gallery in May C．upload more photos of your baby D．have to help to advertise their site 27．What can we learn from this passage? A．Free Photo Contest will be held in March, 2014． B．Avon is a website that will hold a baby photo contest． C．Parents. com accepts the photos of all kind’s people’ babies． D．Parents can upload their one-year-old baby’s photos to TinyTillia. com． 28．In the last paragraph, the author advises you to ___ . A．try their best to take good care of their baby B．enter for all the contests as soon as possible C．encourage their kids to go to college when they grow up D．find more tips for winning the contests
C Five years ago, David Smith wore an expensive suit to work every day. "I was a clothes addict," he jokes. "I used to carry a fresh suit to work with me so I could change if my clothes got wrinkled." Today David wears casual clothes-khaki pants and sports shirt-to the office. He hardly ever wears necktie. "I'm working harder than ever," David says, "and I need to feel comfortable." More and more companies are allowing their office workers to wear casual clothes to work in the United States. The change from formal to casual office wear has been gradual. In the early 1990s, many companies allowed their employees to wear casual clothes on Friday (but only on Friday). This became known as "dress-down Friday" or "casual Friday." "What started out as an extra one-day-a-week benefit for employees has really become an everyday thing," said business consultant Maisly Jones. Why have so many companies started allowing their employees to wear casual clothes? One reason is that it's easier for a company to attract new employees if it has a casual dress code. "A lot of young people don't want to dress up for work," says the owner of a software company, "so it's hard to hire people if you have a conservative dress code." Another reason is that people seem happier and more productive when they are wearing comfortable clothes. In a study conducted by Levi Strauss and Company, 85 percent of employers said that they believe that casual dress improves employee morale (士气). Only 4 percent of employers said that casual dress has a negative impact on productive. Supporters of casual office wear also argue that a casual dress code helps them save money. "Suits are expensive, if you have to wear one every day," one person said. "For the same amount of money, you can buy a lot more casual clothes." 29. David Smith refers to himself as having been "a clothes addict" because _____. A. he often wore khaki pants and a sports shirt B. he couldn't stand a clean appearance C. he wanted his clothes to look neat all the time D. he didn't want to spend much money on clothes 30. David Smith wears casual clothes now, because _____. A. they make him feel at ease when working B. he cannot afford to buy expensive clothes C. he looks handsome in casual clothes D. he no longer works for any company 31. In this passage, the following advantages of casual office wear are mentioned EXCEPT _____. A. saving employees' money B. making employees more attractive C. improving employees' motivation D. making employees happier D In Los Angeles, drivers spend sixty-one hours every year stuck in traffic. These drivers know all too well how bad the traffic can be. "There're too many cars, and you can't move around a lot." Professor Cyrus Shahabi also knows about traffic jams. He lives more than 65 kilometers from his office at the University of Southern California, in Los Angeles. He is always late even with the help of a navigation(导航) system. He decided to develop a program called ClearPath for that. He says his program uses historical data to predict traffic conditions even before the driver leaves the house.
"What's unique is that we use a lot of data that's currently become available including traffic data, weather data, and we analyze that so that we can predict what's going to happen in front of you when you leave home. " Professor Shahabi says his system does more than just respond to current traffic conditions. With ClearPath, he says, a driver can decide what time he wants to leave, and ClearPath will give the fastest route. It looks at the entire road network, including surface streets as well as highways, before the driver hits the road. Professor Shahabi hopes to have ClearPath available nationwide and overseas once they can collect traffic data from other cities. "I always thought that Los Angeles had the worst traffic, but now I know that Shanghai, Beijing, Seoul, Tokyo, believe it or not, Singapore, Hong Kong certainly are examples that can immediately use this. " Professor Shahabi hopes to share this new technology with companies that already have navigation systems, such as Google and Apple. 32. Drivers in Los Angeles were mentioned in order to A. show care for them B. introduce their life C. solve traffic problems D. raise the topic 33. What is unique about ClearPath? A. It can use a lot of information all over the world. B. It can ensure that you will never be late for work. C. It helps drivers see clearly what happens on the road. D. It helps drivers know the road conditions ahead of time. 34. The underlined word ‖hits‖ in the fifth paragraph probably means___. A. have an accident B. get to C. turn left or right D. collect traffic data 35. What's Professor Shahabi's attitude toward his invention? A. Disappointed. B. Proud. C. Optimistic. D. Worried. 第二节 (共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分) 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 项。 ________36_________Sometimes they try to get out of a class to escape a teacher they don’t like. Here is some advice to solve this problem. ? Ask yourself,‖ what can I learn from this teacher ?‖even if you don’t worship(崇拜)his or her personality or lectures, dig deep until you find a subject in which he or she is very knowledgeable. Focus on that part of the teacher’s personality, and use him or her as a tool for learning. Not only will you gain more knowledge in that subject, but a closer relationship with your teacher may help you understand one another better._______37________ ? Talk to students who are doing well in the class and ask them for tips, tools, and a plan of action to get along with the teacher better.________38_________ ? If you still can’t get along, make an appointment with the school guidance counselor(辅导员). He or she will offer many tips and suggestions for you to get out of difficult teacher relationships. ___________39___________That means they can help you and your teachers get rid of the bad impression on each other. ? _______40_________Your parents can meet with your teacher and try to work it out. Teachers are there for more than just homework, and they know about more than just their subject matter. They can help you learn how to function as an adult and a lifelong learner. Undoubtedly, these will be a few teachers along the way who you will always remember and who might change your life forever.
A. Sometimes a guidance counselor can act as a mediator between you and your teacher. B. If you are too shy to talk to another student, study his or her actions and behavior in the classroom and try to follow that lead. C. Guidance counselors have the right to blame teachers. D. There must be something good in every teacher for you to learn from. E. Students find it easy to get along well with their teachers. F. If your relationship problems can’t be solved in school, then it’s time to tell your parents or guardians. G. Students don’t always get along well with their teachers. 第三部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） My wife and I moved into our home two years ago. We had a yard with a lot of 41 ．Very often when we have flowers, Denise or I would plant some between the rocks，just to add some __42 to the area． Last summer, I found a tiny little 43 in the yard that I could not immediately identify．I knew I didn’t plant it and Denise said she didn’t either．We decided to let it 44 growing until we could find out what it was． Weeks passed and as I made my way back to the 45 plant，it appeared to be a sunflower. I decided to 46 the weeds around it．As I pulled rocks from the area to get to the weeds，I noticed something 47 .The sunflower had not 48 where I saw it begin． It actually had begun under a big 49 and grown under and around it to reach the 50 . That’s when I 51 that if a tiny little sunflower didn’t let a big rock stand in its 52_ of developing，we too have the ability of doing the same thing．If we 53 ourselves like that little sunflower, We can reach where we 54 to go and get what we need for growth． We need to believe in ourselves knowing we have the 55 to achieve our goats．Like the __56 ，it knew it had the ability to get over the rocks because it had 57 in itself that it would succeed. Stand tall like the sunflower and be 58 who and what we are，then the environment will begin to 59 us. We will find a way to go under or 60 any ―rocks‖ in order to reach our goals． 41. A. flowers B. insects C. rocks D. vegetables 42. A. color B. water C. fertilizer D. shape 43.A.weed B. seed C.rock D.plant 44.A.stop B.continue C.improve D.escape 45.A.weak B.lonely C.strange D.pretty 46.A.remove B.tend C.watch D.collect 47.A.wonderful B.terrible C.valuable D.unusual 48.A.passed B.started C.left D.died 49.A.tree B.table C.rock D.wall 50.A.air B.top C.sun D.house 51.A.realized B.doubted C.regretted D.hoped 52.A.place B.way C.course D.process 53.A.fill in B.put in C.worry about D.believe in 54.A.forget B.hate C.aim D.wait 55.A.ability B.wish C.plan D.idea 56.A.yard B.sunflower C.home D.summer 57.A.energy B.virtue C.courage D.faith
58.A.aware of 59.A.support 60.A.into
C.proud of D.tired of C.upset D.forgive C.through D.from 第Ⅱ卷 注意：将答案写在答案卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 第三部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第二节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（不多于 3 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 Susan: I’m so glad to see you，David. 61 has been such a long time. How are you? David: I’m fine, and you? Susan: I’m just wonderful. God, time goes by so quickly! Are you going to the air quality conference in Chicago? David: I am. And I’m really glad to see you. Just last night I found your name in the conference materials, but it didn’t come to my 62 that we would meet on the plane. Susan: I’m afraid I haven’t had time to look at 63 conference materials very carefully. I had no idea you were coming, but I am certainly glad to see you. I was feeling very nervous about going there 64 friends. David: I can imagine. My English has gotten not so fluent since I returned from the States, 65 I’m rather nervous myself. But I saw that you 66 (give) the most important talk at the conference. Susan: 67 (frank) speaking, I’m scared to death about it. David: I’m just giving a talk in one of the workshop sections, and I hope I won’t make all of you 68 (disappoint). Susan: But your English is much 69 (good) than mine. David: But you’re now the Director of the Air Quality Institute, so you 70 know the technical terms. Susan: Maybe. But I still can’t understand totally a lot of technical terms in my field. 第四部分：写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节：短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下书信。书信中 共有 10 处错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个符号^,并在次符号下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线\划掉。 修改：在错词下面划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Dear Sir, Thank you for invite me to the summer English course in your school. As for your choice between the two courses, I prefer the four – week course.Because of this will allow me more time to do some traveling but make a few new friends . Of all the subject I’m learning at school, I like English best. I had been learning English for eleven years but my spoken English remains poorly. So I hope to take this chance improve it. If possible, I’d like to stay with a family for a couple of days in order that I can know some customs in England, that I’m particularly interested in. I believe
B.afraid of B.affect B.around
I will have wonderful time this summer . Yours truly, Li Hua 第二节：书面表达（满分 25 分） 假如你是荣光中学的李华，你偶然看到在你市求学的美国 Tom 在网上发帖，要大家给他推 荐一本学习汉语的书。你手头正好有一本合适的书可以借给他。请你给他发一封电子邮件， 要点如下： 1.说明写信原因； 2.描述书的情况； 3.约定见面时间和地点： 注意：1.词数 100 左右 2.可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 3.开头和结尾已给出，不计入总词数。 Dear Tom, I’m Li Hua,a student of Rongguang Middle School._____________________________________
Yours, Li Hua
吉林市 2014 届高三第二次模拟考试英语试题参考答案
听力部分： （每小题 1.5 分） 1—5 ABABC 6—10 CBBCA 11—15 CBABC 16—20 CBABB 阅读理解： （每小题 2 分） 21. B. 细节理解题。由第一段第三行“The loss of sight and hearing…to his life.”可知。 22. A. 细节理解题。由第二段第二行“He stood under a large tree…by the lightning.”可知。 23. A. 推理判断题。由最后一段第三行“However, none of them…should have happened.”可 知。 24. C. 主旨大意题。文章主要是围绕着 sudden shock 展开的。 25. A. 细节理解题。由第三段第三行可知。 26. D. 细节理解题。由第五段最后一行可知。 27. D. 细节理解题。由倒数第二段第三行可知。 28. B. 写作意图题。由最后一段可知。 29. C. 细节理解题。由第一段第二行可知。 30. A. 细节理解题。从第一段最后一行 David 所说的话中可知。 31. B. 细节理解题。其它三个选项在最后一段都有提及。 32. D. 写作意图题。通过举例来引起下文，提出主题。 33. D. 细节理解题。由第四段可知。 34. B. 词义猜测题。由本段上一句可知，在司机出发之前，这个系统会对路况进行分析。 35. C. 观点态度题。由文章最后一段可知，Professor Shahabi 希望自己的发明能够得到进一 步推广，对前景很乐观。 36 —— 40 G D B A F 完形填空： （每小题 1.5 分） 41. C. 从下一句话可知院子里有很多石头。 42. A. 种一些花朵为了给院子增添一些色彩。 43. D. 后文提到那是一株向日葵，所以是一种植物。 44. B. 从后文 until we could find out what it was 可知作者想让它继续生长。 45. C. 到目前为止作者还不知道它究竟是一种什么植物，所以选择 C。 46. A. 从下文的 As I pulled…the weeds。可知作者要除草。 47. D. 从下文可知，向日葵并没有生长在我最开始发现它的位置。这件事是不寻常的。 48. B. 同上，start 表示开始生长。 49. C. 文章前面提到院子里有很多石头，另外我要为它除草的时候搬走了石头可知，它应该 是长在石头下面的。 50. C. 向日葵是朝向太阳生长的。 51. A. 以下是作者意识到所发生的事实。 52. B. stand in one’s way 表示阻碍，挡道。 53. D. 作者认为如果我们也能像这株向日葵一样充满信心，与下文的 55 空前的内容相呼应。 54. C. 最后一段作者提到“achieve our goals” ，所以此空应为 aim。 55. A. have the ability to do sth. 表示有能力做某事。下文“it knew it had the ability to get over the rocks…”有提示。 56. B. 就像这株向日葵一样，与前文相呼应。 57. D. 与前文提到的 believe in 相呼应。 58. C. 像向日葵一样挺拔，为自己而感到自豪。 59. A. 周围的环境和事物也会开始对我们有所帮助。 60. B. 与 50 空前内容相呼应。 英语知识运用第二节 （每小题 1.5 分） 61. It 62. mind 63. the 64. without 65. so/therefore/thus 66. would give / were giving 67. Frankly 68. disappointed 69. better 70. must
短文改错： （每处 1 分） Dear Sir， Thank you for invite me to the summer English course in your school. As for your inviting my choice between the two courses, I prefer the four-week course because of this will allow me more time to do some traveling but make a few new friends. Of all the subject I’m and subjects learning at school, I like English best. I had been learning English for 6 years but my have spoken English remains poorly. So I hope to take this chance ∧improve it. If possible, I’d poor to like to stay with a family for a couple of days in order that I can know some customs in England, that I’m particularly interested in. I believe I will have ∧ wonderful time this which a summer. Yours truly, Li Hua 书面表达： （满分 25 分） One possible version Dear Tom, I’m Li Hua, a student of Rongguang Middle School. I learned quite by chance that you needed a book to improve your Chinese. I happen to have one, which I think might help you. The book, entitled New Practical Chinese, is intended for beginners at your level. Not only does it include the basic conversations in our daily life, it is also a window through which you can get to know Chinese culture and customs. Edited by three language experts, it is widely used by many foreign learners. If it is convenient to you, let’s meet at the entrance to Jiangnan Park at 3 p.m. this Sunday. If not, try to find another time that is suitable for both of us. Yours, Li Hua