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高考英语完形填空词义辨析


完形填空词义辨析
可以不知道词的区别用法,但一定要知道意思 1.以构成形式为突破口进行辨析: 1).差一冠词,意义不同: in charge of 负责 in the charge of 由。 。 。负责 in possession of 占有 in the possession of 由。 。 。所占有 by sea 乘船 by the sea 在海边 out of

question 没问题 out of the question 不可能 at table 在吃饭 at the table 在桌边 2).有无介词,意义不同: answer answer for 对。 。 。负责,偿还 searchsearch for leave leave for 离开去某地 reach reach for 伸手去拿 enter enter for 报名参加 runrun for standstand for pay pay for 付钱买某物 preparepreparefpr 3).词序颠倒,意义不同: before long long before much too too much turn in in turn hand in in hand 在手边 work hard hard work from far 来自远方 far from 离得远,远非 if only only if 4).是分是和,意义不同: so as to so…as to sometimes some times sometime some time everyday every day altogether all together everyone every one none no one 5).差一字母,用法不同: alone lonely asleepsleep alikelike arise 产生,发生,出现 rise awaitwait across prep. cross v. 横越 adj. 交叉的,易怒的 aloudloud 2.以词汇意义为突破口进行辨析: 1).动作结果不同: advisepersuade look for find look see listen hear try manage treatcure 2).动作状态不同: begin be on catch fire be on fire

3).主观客观不同: receive accept 4).直接间接不同: hearhear of know know of learn learn of

5).有无—ly 的副词不同: ①无—ly 的副词表具体意义,有—ly 的副词表抽象意义。 wide widely deep deeply high highly close closely ②有无—ly 的副词,意思不同: Near nearly hard hardly most mostly dear late lately bad badly 6).意义内涵不同:

low dearly

lowly

【destroy , damage , ruin】 The boy ruined the beautiful picture with ink on purpose. (不可修复) His hope of being a singer was destroyed. (不可修复) The heavy rain damaged a lot of houses. (可修复) 【quiet , silent , still】 Be quiet and get on with your work..安静的,寂静的。表自然环境,表生性安静, 不易激动。 You must learn when to speak and when to keep silent. 表沉默的。表示不说话, 不弄出声音。 The air is so still that the smoke is rising straight up from the fire. 安静的,不动的。 指人表面无动作。 【occur , happen , take place】 It was unfortunate that this accident should happen / occur.偶然发生,碰巧。常指 不好的事情。 It occurred to him that he should go to see a dentist. 与 happen 可互换。occur to sb. / sth. 思想出现在意识中。 The official opening of the store will take place next week. 指必然会发生的事情, 无 被动。还有举行活动。 【argue , debate , quarrel】 The new couple are always quarrelling about so little family income. 指因愤怒而 争吵。 The workers argue for the right for a public holiday. 通过提出理由进行论证。 First, let me introduce to everyone both sides of today’s debate.指正式的辩论。 【fit , match , suit】 This coat doesn’t suit you. 多指颜色、款式、质地等适合,合乎需要、口味、性 格、条件和地位等。 This coat doesn’t fit you. 多指大小、尺寸、形状合适、合身。 This tie doesn’t match this coat. 多指大小、形状、颜色、性质等方面的搭配。 【matter , affair , business 】 I could do nothing to help you since the matter has gotten into such a mess. 侧重麻 烦或异常的事情、毛病。 Before going away, he arranged his business affairs. 一般为较重大的事件, 也可泛 指事务,要用复数。 Tom is the black sheep of his family. He has almost ruined his father’s business.生意, 行业,事情,事务 【normal , common , ordinary , usual , regular 】 As is known to all, snow is common in cold countries. 常见的,一般的。 common sense / knowledge Are you returning home at the usual time today? 通常, 往常, 一贯如此。 as usual Tom Sawyer was an ordinary American boy who kept getting into trouble. 普通的,

平常的,平凡的。 A new regular bus service to Tianjin Airport started to operate two months ago. 有 规律的,定期的,经常的。 My life was delighted that things had returned to normal once again. 正常的, 智力, 精神正常的。 【opposite , contrary 】 His house is opposite to mine. 指位置、方向、地位、意义等对立的、相反的。 be opposite to 在。 。 。对面。 This is something quite contrary to my expectations. 主张、看法行为等相反的, 含有互相冲突,不一致。 【realize , recognize , know 】 He didn’t realize his mistake until his mother told him. 认识到,意识到,实现,完 成。 It’s hard for me to recognize his voice on the phone. 认出,辨认,承认。为短暂 性动词,不接时间段作状语。 We have known each other for many years. 知道,了解,熟悉,认识。可接时间 段作状语。 【scene , scenery , sight , view 】 The scene after the earthquake was horrible. 指展现在眼前的情景, 也可指 scenery 的一部分。含景物中的人。 He had a chance to see the historical sights of London. 指场景、眼前看到的景观。 可指名胜、风景。用复数。 Hangzhou is world-famous for its beautiful scenery.指某地总的自然风景或景色, 尤 指美丽的乡间景色。 There is a fine view of the mountain from our hotel. 指从远处或高处看到部分景 色。 【separate , divide 】 Please separate the good apples from the bad ones. 把聚合在一起的事物、东西 分开,常与 from 连用。 Please divide the apple into two parts. 把一个整体分成若干部分,常与 into 连 用。 【struggle , fight 】 The soldiers fought bravely in the battle. 打仗,战斗,主要指肉体上的对抗。常 指打架。 On arriving at the shore, the girl struggled up the cliff towards the light she had seen. 挣扎,斗争。指肉体和精神 上的搏斗。暗指在艰难处境中奋力挣扎。 【broad , wide 】 She lost her heart to the soldier with the broad shoulder and the deep voice. 指某 物覆盖面的范围,肩、背、胸。 His reading covers a widerange of subjects. 着重指边沿间相隔的距离以及广泛之 意。 【cause , reason , excuse 】 I don’t know the cause and effect. 起因,原因,指引起某种结果的必然原因。常 与 of 搭配。强调事实。 There are many reasons for animals dying out. 理由,原因,用于解释已发生事情 的理由,借口。常与 for 连用。强调逻辑推理,理由不一定真实。 I haven’t done the work well; my excuse is that I have been ill. 指免受指责或推卸 责任而找的理由、原因,即借口。常与 for 连用。 【advantage , benefit , profit 】 It is to your advantage to invest wisely. 好处或利益,所获之物。 Young people get great benefit from reading. 指各方面的受益。 Their investment has brought them a lot of profit. 多指金钱方面的利益、利润。 【bravery , courage 】

He showed great bravery in saving the drowing child. 勇敢,指处于某种紧迫情况 下大胆无畏的行动勇气。 Although blinded by the explosing, he faced the future with courage. 勇气,勇敢, 指使人面对危险、困难、痛苦等而不感到惧怕的精神力量。 【character , characteristic , quality , personality 】 He has a changeable character.品质,性格特色,特征,个人、集体或范畴的区别 特征或属性。 What characteristics distinguish the Americans from the Canadians? 指与众不同 的特征。 Modesty is one of his good qualites. 品质,指个体的特点,尤指好的品质。 His personality left a deep impression on us. 个性,指个人聚集的品质、行为、脾 气、情绪和精神的性格。 【circumstance , surrounding , environment , occasion 】 In normal circumstances I would have resigned immediately. 环境,情形,形势, 多用复数。 He didn't pay much attention to his surroundings. surrounding 只能做形容词。 surroundings 为周围的事物,指一个人四周的生活环境。 Children need a happy home environment. 环境, 一般用单数, 强调环境对人的 感受,道德的影响。 He seized the occasion to invited her home for dinner. 时机,机会。 【cost , price , charge , expense 】 Living costs are higher in cities than in the country. 耗费, 成本。 包括对某事所付出 的一切费用、时间、劳力。 It must be done at any price.价格。指商品出售时所定的价格。还有代价。 How much is the charge for this coffee? 零花钱或给予服务后索要的费用。 His parents decided to cut down his expenses at college. 多用复数, 指大量的花费、 支出。如求学、旅游。 【energy , force , power , strength 】 Young people usually have more energy than the old. 指人在活动中表现出的生 机勃勃的“力”。 He had to use force to get the lid off the can. 指为克服阻力而运用或发挥出来的 “力量”。 You can really feel the power of the sun here. 含义最广,包括一切抽象和具体的 力。 He hasn’t got enough strength to get out of bed. 指人或物体内在的耐力、抵抗力、 气力。 【heart , mind 】 He married the girl of his heart. 侧重情感之心。 We expect there to be more students with good mind.

侧重理智之心。

【especially , specially , particularly 】 The Great Wall had been added to, rebuilt and repaired, especially during the Ming Dynasty. 尤其 These books are specially written for beginners. 指为某一特别目的而做。 He was particularly / especially interested in the stories about kings. 意义相仿, 常可通用。 Rice grows well in their county, especially in their village. 【buy , cost , pay , spend , take 】 buy:指购买。常见搭配:buy sb. sth.; buy sth. for sb. / sth. cost:指花钱、时间、劳力等。. Sth. cost sbsth. pay: 指花钱.常见搭配:Sb. pay money for sth. spend: :指花钱、时间等。常见搭配:Sb. spend …in doing sth. / onsth. take: 主要指花时间。常见结构:It takes / took sb. some time to do sth. 【offer , supply , provide 】 Josie offered him 500 dollars to do the work. Our farm supplies the market with fruits and vegetables.

The school provided books for the children. 【be known as , be known for , be known to , be known in 】 be known as +名词表示一个人的身份、职业等。 “作为。 。 。而著名” be known for +名词表示某人或某物的特点、特长。 “因。 。 。而著名” be known to + 表示人的词语。 “为。 。 。所了解、知道” be known in + 表地点的词语 clothes, cloth, clothing clothes 统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth 指布,为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用 a piece of, an article of incident, accident incident 指小事件, accident 指不幸的事故 He was killed in the accident. amount, number amount 后接不可数名词, number 后接可数名词 a number of students family, house, home home 家,包括住处和家人,house 房子,住宅,family 家庭成员. My family is a happy one. sound, voice, noise sound 自然界各种各样的声音, voice 人的嗓音, noise 噪音 I hate the loud noise outside. photo, picture, drawing photo 用 A 照相机拍摄的照片,picture 可指相片,图片,电影片,drawing 画 的画 Let’s go and see a good picture. vocabulary, word vocabulary 词汇,一个人拥有的单词量, word 具体的单词 He has a large vocabulary. population, people population 人口,人数,people 具体的人 China has a large population. weather, climate weather 一天内具体的天气状况, climate 长期的气候状况 The climate here is not good for you. road, street, path, way road 具体的公路,马路,street 街道,path 小路,小径,way 道路,途径 take this road; in the street, show me the way to the museum. course, subject course 课程(可包括多门科目) ,subject 科目(具体的学科)a summer course custom, habit custom 传统风俗,习俗,也可指生活习惯,后接 to do, habit 生活习惯,习 惯成自然,后接 of doing. I’ve got the habit of drinking a lot. cause, reason cause 指造成某一事实或现象的直接原因,后接 of sth./doing sth,reason 用来 解释某种现象或结果的理由,后接 for sth./doing sth. the reason for being late exercise, exercises, practice exercise 运动,锻炼(不可数) ,exercises 练习(可数) ,practice(反复做的) 练习 Practice makes perfect. class, lesson 作”课”解时,两者可以替换.指课文用 lesson. 指班级或全体学生用 class. lesson

6; class 5 speech, talk, lecture speech 指在公共场所所做的经过准备的较正式的演说, talk 日常生活中的一般 的谈话,讲话,lecture 学术性的演讲,讲课 a series of lecture on… officer, official officer 部队的军官,official 政府官员 an army officer work, job 二者均指工作。work 不可数,job 可数 a good job couple, pair couple 主要指人或动物,pair 多指由两部分组成的东西 a pair of trousers country, nation, state, land country 侧重指版图,疆域,nation 指人民,国民,民族,state 侧重指政府, 政体,land 国土,国家 The whole nation was sad at the news. cook, cooker cook 厨师,cooker 厨具 He is a good cook. damage, damages damage 不可数名词, 损害,损失; damages 复数形式, 赔偿金 $900 damages police, policeman police 警察的总称, 后接复数谓语动词, policeman 指某个具体的警察 The police are questioning everyone in the house. problem, question problem 常和困难连系,前面的动词常为 think about, solve, raise,question 常 和疑问连系,多和 ask, answer 连用 man, a man man 人类,a man 一个男人 Man will conquer nature. chick, chicken 二者均可指小鸡,chicken 还可以当鸡肉 The chicken is delicious. telegram, telegraph 当电报解时,telegram 指具体的,telegraph 指抽象的 a telegram, by telegraph trip, journey, travel, voyage travel 是最常用的,游历,行经,trip 指短期的旅途,journey 指稍长的旅途, voyage 指海上航行 a three-day trip sport, game sport 多指户外的游戏或娱乐活动,如打球,游泳,打猎,赛马等;game 指决 定胜负的游戏,通常有一套规则 His favorite sport is swimming. price, prize price 价格,prize 奖,奖品,奖金 win the first prize The price is high/low. a number of, the number of a number of 许多, 谓语动词用复数。 the number of…的数目, 谓语动词用单数。 The number of students is increasing. in front of, in the front of in front of 范围外的前面,in the front of 范围内的前面 In the front of the room sits a boy. of the day, of a day of the day 每一天的,当时的,当代的, of a day 暂时的,不长久的 a famous

scientist of the day three of us, the three of us three of us 我们(不止三个)中的三个,the three of us 我们三个(就三个人) The three of us---Tom, Jack and I went to the cinema. by bus, on the bus by bus 表手段,方式,不用冠词,on the bus 表范围 They went there by bus. for a moment, for the moment for a moment 片刻, 一会儿, for the moment 暂时, 一时 Thinking for a moment, he agreed. next year, the next year next year 将来时间状语,the next year 过去将来时间状语 He said he would go abroad the next year. more than a year, more than one year more than a year 一年多,more than one year 超过一年(两年或三年等) take advice, take the(one’s) advice take advice 征求意见, take the advice 接受忠告 He refused to take the advice and failed again. take air, take the air take air 传播,走漏,take the air 到户外去,散步 We take the air every day. in a word, in words in a word 总之,一句话, in words 口头上 In a word, you are right. in place of, in the place of in place of 代替, in the place of 在…地方 A new building is built in the place of the old one. in secret, in the secret in secret 秘密地,暗自地,偷偷地,一般用作状语;in the secret 知道内情,知 道秘密,一般用作表语 My mother was in the secret from the beginning. take a chair, take the chair take a chair 相当于 sit down 坐下,take the chair 开始开会 go to sea, by sea, by the sea go to sea 当海员,出航,by sea 乘船,由海路, by the sea 在海边 go by sea at sea 在海上;茫然,摸不着头脑 in time 及时;最后,终于 at the same time 同时;但,然而 at one time 一度, 曾经;同时 in office, in the office in office 在职的,in the office 在办公室里 He is in office, not out of office. 离职 in bed, on the bed in bed 卧在床上,on the bed 在床上 The book is on the bed. He is ill in bed. in charge of, in the charge of in charge of 管理,负责照料, in the charge of 由……照料 He is in charge of the matter. The matter is in the charge of her. Take charge of 接管,负责 in class, in the class,in the classroom in class 在课上,in the class 在班级里 He is the best student in the class. In the classroom 在教室里 on fire, on the fire

on fire 着火,on the fire 在火上 Put the food on the fire. The house is on fire. out of question, out of the question out of question 毫无疑问的,out of the question 不可能的 to sb’s taste 合某人的口味;投某人的喜好,合某人的心意 by day, by the day by day 白天,by the day 按天计算 The workers are paid by the day. the people, a people the people 指人,a people 指民族 The Chinese is a peace-loving people. at the back of 在……后面;支持 by the side of 在……的旁边;和……比较起来 at hand 在手边;在附近;即将到来 相连 by hand 手工的 next to 紧挨着;仅次于;几乎 hand in hand 手牵手地;紧密合作;密切

close to 靠近,接近,将近;几乎,差一点 out of order 不整齐;状况不

in order 有条理,整齐;情况正常;合适,恰当 佳,发生故障; 不合适,不恰当 within(one’s) reach 够得着的;力所能及的 reach 够不着的;力所不能及的

beyond(one’s) reach/out of (one’s)

not a little, not a bit not a little 非常,not a bit 一点也不 I’m not a bit tired. 我一点儿也不累。 in place 在适当的位置/地方;适当的,恰当的 不合适的,不恰当的,格格不入 out of place 不在合适的位置;

in shape 在形状上;身体健康;处于良好状态 in effect 实际上,事实上; (指规 则、 法律等) 有效 in turn 轮流, 逐个地; 反过来又, 相应地, 转而 in part 部 分地;在某种程度上 no more than, not more than no more than 相当于 only,仅仅,只有,not more than 至多,不超过 with pleasure 由于高兴;非常愿意(用在答语中) by oneself, for oneself, to oneself, of oneself by oneself 单独的, 独自的, for oneself 为自己, to oneself 供自己用的, of oneself 自行的,自动的 The door opened of itself. at all, after all at all 根本,全然, after all 到底,毕竟 After all he is a child.. high, highly high 具体的高,highly 物体抽象的高,高度的 think highly of

healthy, healthful healthy 健康的,健壮的,healthful 有益于健康的 healthful exercise sleeping, asleep, sleepy sleeping 正在睡觉,asleep 睡着,熟睡,只能做表语,sleepy 困的,有睡意的 a sleeping baby The baby is asleep. I’m sleepy. gold, golden gold 指真金制品,golden 指金色的,但金鱼用 gold fish a gold ring most, mostly most 用于表感受的肯定句中,相当于 very,当大部分,大多数解时是形容词 或名词,mostly 大部分,是副词 most people, the people are mostly…

wide, broad wide 侧重于一边到另一边的距离,broad 侧重于幅面的宽广 broad shoulders real, true real 真的,真实的,指的是事实上存在而不是想象的,true 真的,真正的, 指的是事实和实际情况相符合 real gold, a true story respectful, respectable respectful 尊敬, 有礼貌, respectable 可敬的, 值得尊敬的 be respectful to the aged outwards, outward 二者均可用作副词,表示向外,外面,outward 还可用作形容词 an outward voyage pleasant, pleased, pleasing pleasant 常用作定语,pleased, pleasing 常用作表语,pleased 主语常为人, pleasing 主语常为物 a pleasant trip The trip is pleasing. understanding, understandable understanding 明白事理的,能体谅的,understandable 可理解的,能够懂的 an understanding girl, an understandable mistake close, closely close 接近,靠近,closely 紧紧地,紧密地 closely connected, stand close ill, sick ill 做表语,sick 定,表均可 a sick boy quiet, silent, still quiet 安静的,可以发出小的声音,silent 不发出声音,但可以动,still 完全 不动,完全无声响 He stand there still. 他站在那儿,一动不动,也不说话。 hard, hardly hard 努力,hardly 几乎不 work hard I can hardly believe it. able, capable able 与不定式 to do 连用,capable 与 of 连用 He is capable of doing… late, lately late 迟,晚,lately 最近,近来 I haven’t seen him lately. living, alive, live, lively living, alive, live 均为活着的, living 定表均可, alive 定表均可, 定语后置, live 只能做定语,lively 意为活波的 all the living people=all the people alive aloud, loud aloud 出声地,loud 大声地 read aloud(出声地读) worth, worthy 二者均为值得,worth 后接 doing,worthy 后接 to be done, of being done It is worth visiting. = It’s worthy to be visited. = It’s worthy of being visited. bad, badly bad 形容词, badly 副词, 不好, 但与 need, want, require 连用为”很, 非常” go bad I need the book badly. before long, long before before long 不久以后,long before 很久以前 not long before = before long quite, rather quite 完全地,相当于 completely, rather 修饰比较级 quite impossible

be about to, be going to, be to do be about to 表最近的将来, 后面不接时间状语, be going to 侧重打算, 想法, be to do 侧重意志,计划,安排 I’m to meet him.(含双方事先约好的意思) raise, rise raise 及物动词,rise 不及物动词 The sun rises in the east. spend, take, pay, cost spend 人做主语,花钱,花时间; spend…on sth./in doing sth; take 物做主语, 花时间; pay 人做主语,花钱,pay for; cost 物做主语,花钱 join, join in, take part in join 加入某个组织,并成为其中的一员;join in 参加小型的活动, join sb. in; take part in 参加大型的活动 He joined the army five years ago. answer, reply answer 及物动词,reply 不及物动词,后接 to reply to the letter rob, steal rob 抢劫 rob sb. ofsth.,steal 偷 steal sth. from sb. drop, fall drop 及物不及物均可,fall 不及物动词 Prices fell/dropped. He dropped his voice. used to, be used to used to 过去常常,be used to 习惯于,后接 sth./doing sth.;被用来,后接 do sth. He is used to getting up early. win, lose, beat win 后接 sth.,反义词为 lose, beat 后接 sb. win the game, beat them live on, live by live on 以…为主食,live by 靠…谋生 live on fish/ live by fishing beat, hit, strike beat 连续性地击打;hit 打中,对准打;strike 打一下或若干下 beat the wings meet, meet with meet 遇到,meet with 体验到,遭遇到 meet with an accident lose, miss lose 失去(具体的物体) ,错过 sth. is lost, lose the chance;miss 想念,错过 sth. is missing, miss the chance be tired of, be tired with/from be tired of 厌烦…, be tired with/from 因为…而累了 be tired with/from running 800 meters care about, care for care about 关心,计较,在乎,一般多用于否定句中;care for 关心,照料, 喜欢,愿意 He doesn’t care about his clothes. I don’t care for movies. change for, change into change for 调换成,change into 变成 Change the shirt for a bigger one. Water changes into ice. continue, last 二者均为持 续, continue 主动,被动均可, last 只能用主 动 The war continued/lasted five years. The story is to be continued. feed, raise feed 喂养, 养活, 饲养 (to give food to),raise 饲养, 养育 (cause to grow, bring

up children) raise the family go for a doctor, go to a doctor go for a doctor 去请医生,go to a doctor 去看病 notice, observe, catch sight of notice 注意到,observe 观察,仔细地看,catch sight of 突然看到 observe the stars insist on, stick to insist on 坚持要求,后常接 doing, stick to 坚持, 后常接 sth. stick to the plan look, seem, appear look 指从外表上看, seem 指内心的判断, appear 指给人以表面的印象 appear wise, look like his father gather, collect gather 把分散的东西集中到一起, collect 指精心地、有选择地进行收集 collect stamps mean to do, mean doing mean to do 打算,想要做某事,mean doing 意思是,意味着 By this I mean giving the students more practice. die from, die of die from 表示死于(枪)伤,虚弱,过度劳累,饮食过度等,die of 表示死 于疾病,饥饿,寒冷,年老,忧愁,失恋等精神因素 die of hunger and cold pay for, pay back, pay off pay for 为…付钱, pay back 还钱, 但不一定还清, pay off 还清 pay for the book, pay off the debt divide, separate divide 把一个整体分成几部分,separate 把连在一起的个体分开 divide the apple, separate the houses grow, plant grow 使某种植物在某地生长着或使其发展下去,plant 移植,移栽已经长成 秧苗的植物 plant the trees, trees are growing manage, try manage to do 设法做成了某事, try to do 尽力去做某事但不一定成功 He tried to pass the exam, but he failed. choose, select choose 凭个人的判断力进行选择,select 有目的地仔细认真地选择 choose the best answer build, put up, set up, found build 一般用语, 建成, put up 临时搭建, set up 建成 (内部的设施基本齐全) , found 国家或组织的建成 put up a tent, set up a school be familiar to, be familiar with be familiar to 某物对某人来说是熟悉的,be familiar with 某人熟悉某物 The book is familiar to me. I’m familiar with the book. agree with, agree to, agree on agree with 同意某人,agree to 同意某事,agree on 在…上达成一致意见,主 语是复数 agree with you, agree to the plan throw to, throw at throw to 扔到…, throw at 朝…扔 He throw a stone at me.

wear, put on, dress wear 和 dress 表状态,wear 接衣服等,可用进行时, dress 接人,be dressed in, put on 表动作 It’s cold outside. Put on your warm clothes. look, see, watch look 看的动作, see 看的结果, watch 强调所看物体的变化、 移动和发展 watch TV lie, lay lie 躺,位于(lay, lain),说谎(lied, lied),lay 平放(laid, laid) lay the book work as, act as work as 工作是…,act as 充当某种职务或身份,或扮演某种角色 He works as a teacher. He acts as an interpreter. move, remove move 动一动, 但不一定移走, remove 从一处移到另一处 remove the table to the kitchen hurt, injure, wound hurt 感情上受伤,injure 事故中受伤,wound 战争中受伤 He was wounded in the war. turn, get, grow turn 表突变,后常接表颜色的词,get 强调变的结果,grow 强调过程,逐渐 的变化 turn yellow, get tired, grow big close, shut, turn off close 和 shut 当关解时可以通用,用于可开合的物体,turn off 用于指有开关 的物体 Close/Shut the door. Turn off the TV. set out, set about, set off 指出发,着手解时,set out 后接 to do,set about 后接 doing, set off 后接 for sp. happen, take place happen 偶然性的没有预料到的事情的发生,take place 必然性的发生 Great changes have taken place in my hometown. at work, in work at work 在工作, 在上班, in work 有职业, 有工作 Both my parents are at work. They are not at home. increase to, increase by increase to 增长到…,increase by 增长了… The number increased by 2,000 to 5,000. at ease, with ease at ease 舒适地,安逸地;with ease 容易地,无困难地 do it with ease day after day, day by day day after day 日复一日(无变化) ;day by day 一天天地(有变化)Trees grow taller day by day. like, as like 相似关系,但并不等同,as 同一关系,两者实为一体 Don’t treat me as a child. (In fact, I’m a child.) between, among between 两者之间,三者或三者以上两两之间, among 三者或三者以上之间 Switzerland lies between France, Germany, Australia and Italy. after, behind (表位置)

after 强调次序的先后, behind 强调物体静态位置的前后 There are many trees behind the house. since, for (完成时间状语) since 接点时间或一句话,for 接一段时间 for three years, since 3:00 on the corner, in the corner, at the corner on the corner 物体表面的角上, in the corner 物体内部的角落里, at the corner 物体外部的角落上(拐角处)on the corner of the table warn sb. of, warn sb. against warn sb. of 提醒某人注意某事,warn sb. against 提醒某人不要做某事 warm him against swimming in that part of the river at peace, in peace at peace 平静地,in peace 和平地 live in peace with one’s neighbors on earth, on the earth, in the earth on earth 在世上,在人间,到底,究竟,一点也不,on the earth 在地上,在 地球上,in the earth 在地下,在泥土里 no use on earth in surprise, to one’s surprise, by surprise in surprise 惊奇地, to one’s surprise 使某人吃惊的是, by surprise 使…惊慌 The question took the professor by surprise. in the air, on the air, in the sky in the air 正在酝酿中,on the air 播送,广播,in the sky 在天空中 His show is on the air at 6:00 tonight. in the field, on the field in the field 在野外,on the field 在战场上 He lost his life on the field. in the market, on the market in the market 表示场所或地点,在市场上,on the market 出售 He sells fish in the market. Fresh vegetables are on the market now. in the sun, under the sun in the sun 在阳光下,under the sun 地球上,全世界 people under the sun in a voice, with one voice in a voice 出声地,with one voice 异口同声地 They refused with one voice. through, across through 穿越空间,across 在…上穿过 through the forest, across the desert on the way, in the way on the way 在前往…的路上,in the way 挡路 The chair is in the way. above, on, over above 在上面,不接触,on 在上面,接触,over 在正上方 fly over the hill besides, except, except for besides 除了…还(包括在内)except 除了(不包括在内) ,except for 整体… 除了某一点以外 The composition is good except for a few spelling mistakes. weather, if 当是否解时,只有在宾语从句中二者可以互换,其余都用 weather,当如果 解时用 if I don’t know if/whether he will come. If he comes, I’ll let you know. because, since, as, for 原因由强到弱为:because, since/as, for. 在句中的位置如下:1)…because… 2) Since/as…, … 3) …, for… Since I was ill, I didn’t go.

when, as, while (表时间) when 从句动词点动词,持续性动词均可,as 重在表示动作同时发生,伴随 进行,while 从句动词为持续性动词 While I slept, a thief broke in. the same…as, the same…that the same…as 和…一样的 (相似但不同一) ,the same…that 同一物体 This is the same pen that I used yesterday. (同一支笔) as well, as well as as well 也, 常放于句末, 和 and 连用表示既…又; as well as 并列连词, 不但… 而且… He is a professor, and a writer as well. such…as, such…that such…as 像…样的, such…that 如此…以至于 He is not such a fool as he looks like. He is such a good student that all the teachers like him. because, because of because 连词, 连接两句话, because of 介词短语, 后接词或短语 He didn’t go to school because of his illness. in order that, in order to 表目的, in order that 后接句子, in order to 后接动词原形 I got up early in order to catch the first bus. I got up early so that I could catch the first bus. for example, such as for example 一般只列举一个,such as 列举多个例子 I have been to a lot of American cities, such as New York, Atlanta and Chicago. used to, would 表过去常常, 和现在相对应用 used to, 不提现在用 would I used to get up early, but now I don’t. All right. That’s all right. That’s right. All right. That’s all right. 当好吧解时,可以替换;当不客气,没关系解时只 能用 That’s all right. That’s right. 那是对的 ---Sorry. --- That’s all right. such…that, so…that 当如此…以至于解时,such…that 修饰名词,so…that 修饰形容词或副词,但 名词前面如果有 many, much, little, few 修饰用 so…that,不用 such that so many people that… such a lovely boy=so lovely a boy so + be (have, can, do)+主语, neither(nor) + be (have, can, do)+ 主语 也一样,肯定用 so…否定用 neither (nor) ---I can’t play tennis. ---Nor can I. Shall I…? Will you…? Shall I…? 征求对方意见或向对方请示, 意为我能…吗? Will you…? 请求或建 议对方做某事,意为你愿意…吗?Will you help me? Yes, I will.

易混易错词汇习题检测 1. --- How about John? --- My uncle ____ a good student. A. believes John B. suggest John C. considers John D. knows John 2. --- Is dinner ready? --- No. Mother is ____ it ready now. A. doing B. cooking C. getting D. preparing 3. --- What happened? --- As you know, my schoolmates never ____ their clothes well. A. hanging B. hanged C. hung D. hang 4. What size shoes do you ____? A. wear B. dress C. put on D. have on 5. What he said ____ me and I got angry.

A. broke B. hurt C. wounded D. damaged 6. The bad cold ____ me awake the whole night. A. made B. caused C. kept D. let 7. At the meeting, the monitor ____ a good suggestion. A. said B. showed C. made D. put 8. Will you ____ me the favor to take down the pictures? A. give B. do C. make D. bring 9. The expression on her face ____ that she was disappointed. A. told B. said C. expressed D. suggested 10. Many parts of the country were ____ by the floods in the summer of 1991. A. affected B. effect C. suffered D. irrigated 11. On the way back, he was ____ in a storm and got all wet. A. got B. caught C. held D. grasped 12. The ship ____ a rock and slowly it began to go down. A. hit B. knocked C. beat D. broke 13. He often tells us that he doesn’t ____ in his room. A. promise drinking B. permit drinking C. allow to drink D. let drinking 14. Would you be kind enough to ____ me a few minutes? A. save B. share C. spend D. spare 15. I found them ____ at a desk writing. A. seat B. sat C. seated D. seating 16. The newly-built cinema ____ the beauty of the town. A. adds to B. adds up C. adds up to D. are added up to 17. They have eaten all the oranges on the table and ____ was left for me. A. none B. nothing C. no one C. not anything 18. Only when all the facts have been ____, can we draw a conclusion. A. made B. found out C. discovered D. invented 19. If you like, ____ at any time. A. call on B. drop in C. visit D. pay a visit to 20. When they arrived at the crossroads, they went in the wrong ____. A. direction B. ways C. road D. path 21. I ____ live in the countryside than in the city. A. like to B. had better C. would rather D. prefer 22. The clock ____ twelve and I realized it was late. A. hit B. rang C. struck D. beat 23. This science book ____ me a great amount of money. A. took B. cost C. used D. spent 24. I ____ you the best luck in the exam. A. wish B. hope C. expect D. want 25. He was too excited to ____. A. go to bed B. sleep C. be asleep D. fall asleep 26. We are ____ making a plan for the meeting. A. planning B. considering C. thinking D. supposing 27. What a nice ____ his coat is! A. clothes B. suit C. fit D. dress 28. My trousers are too long. You’d better buy me a shorter ____. A. one B. trouser C. set D. pair 29. He’s so well-educated that he will certainly be offered a good ____. A. service B. position C. business D. work 30. Green vegetables are ____ in winter and cost a lot. A. scarce B. rare C. few D. little 31. You can’t judge him by his ____. He might be a good boy. A. face B. looks C. beauty D. expression 32. What’s your ____ sport, swimming or skating? A. fit B. best C. popular D. favorite 33. I really have no ____ when they will arrive. A. mind B. thought C. knowledge D. idea 34. The price of foreign oil is much ____ than ever. A. cheaper B. expensive C. higher D. more 35. The furniture takes up a lot of ____. A. places B. room C. spots D. spaces 36. The racers are ____ old people in their sixties.

A. most B. mostly C. almost D. at the most 37. The piece of ____ music made me forget my worries. A. merry B. glad C. fond D. pleased 38. In which year did the Labor Party come into ____ in that country? A. change B. power C. force D. control 39. The enemy soldiers were beaten. They had no ____ but to give in. A. possibility B. way C. selection D. choice 40. Lying in bed, he was ____ awake with his eyes fixed on the ceiling. A. wide B. open C. deep D. clearly 41. From the same fact we drew different ____. A. ideas B. theories C. results D. conclusions 42. Do you know how many basic ____ of blood there are in all? A. kinds B. sorts C. types D. forms 43. He was so tired that as soon as he lay down he fell ____ asleep. A. fast B. very C. much D. deep 44. The ____ of oil under the land made the people richer. A. founding B. invention C. discovery D. existence 45. I had hoped that Henry would answer my question, but he remained ____. A. quiet B. still C. ready D. silent 46. Father often turns to the doctor for ____ about his heart trouble. A. help B. advice C. money D. support 47. He has such a poorly-paid job that twenty dollars a week was the ____ of his income. A. all B. whole C. totals D. entire 48. It makes no ____ whether you go today or tomorrow. A. means B. suggestion C. difference D. idea 49. Thoughts are expressed by ____ of words. A. way B. method C. means D. forms 50. The book is so instructive that it is ____ worth reading twice. A. very B. quite C. rather D. well

1-5 CCCAB 6-10 CCBDA 11-115 BABDC 16- 20 AABBA 21-25 CCBAD 26-30 BCDBA 31-35 BDDCB 36-40 BABDA 41-45 DCACD 46-50 BBCCD


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