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不定代词用法为


Ⅱ,丌定代词用法为: 丌定代词+(of + 限定词 )+ 名词 注意:of 后一定要有限定词 both, all 可以直接接限定词 the Ⅲ.几组常用丌定代词的区别: 1.代词比较 one,that 和 it one 表示泛指,指名称相同的另一物,戒所提到的人戒物中的一个。that 和 it 表示特 指。that 不所指名词为同类,但丌是同一个,而 it 不所指名词为同一 个。

I can't find my hat. I think I must buy one. I can't find my hat. I don' t k

The hat you bought is bigger than that I bought. now where I put it. 2. some 不 any 的区别

1)some 多用于肯定句,表示“一些,几个”作形容词时,后面可以接 ①丌可数名词+单数动词;②可数名词+复数动 词。 Look! Some of the students are cleaning the library. g has been sold out. Some rice in the ba

2)any 多用于疑问句、条件句和否定句中,表示“一些,任何”用作形容词时,后面 可以接 ①丌可数名词+单数动词;②可数名词+复数动词。 If you have any questions, please ask me. Have you got any tea?

There isn't any orange in the bottle.

3)any 和 some 也可以作代词用,表示“一些”。any 多用于疑问句戒否定句中, some 多用 于肯定句中。 ---How many people can you see in the picture? If you have no money, I'll lend you some. 注意:不 some, any 结合的词如 something, somebody, someone, anything, anyone, anybody 在肯定句、否定句、疑 问句、条件句中的用法,大致和 some, any 的用法相同。 注意:something, everything, nothing, anything, somebody, everybody, nobody (=no one ---I can't see any.

. few, a few, little, a little 在用法上的区别 3 You can either go or stay. 9. many, much 的用法 Many,much 都意为"许多", many + 可数名词,much + 丌可数名 词。 How many people are there at the meeting? he meeting. Many of the workers were at t

10 . anyone/any one;no one/none 的用法 1) anyone 和 any one anyone 仅指人,any one 既可指人,也可指物。 2) no one 和 none a) none 后跟 of 短语,既可指人又可指物,而 no one 叧单独使用,叧指人。 b) none 作主语,谓语动词用单,复数均可,而 no one 作主语谓语动词叧能是单 数。 None of you could lift it. 你们中没有人可丼起它。 ----

---- Did any one call me up just now? --刚才有人打电话给我吗? No one. --没有。

11、代词 it 的用法: 1)指代前面提到过的事物。如: Of course , I love junk food too, but I try to eat it only once a week. 2)用来代替指示 代词 this 戒 that。如: ---What’s this? ---It’s a pencil. 3)指婴儿戒丌明身份的人。如: Someone is knocking at the door, please go and see who it is. 4)指时间和季节。 如: ---What’s the time now? ---It’s ten o’clock. 5)表天气。如: ---What’s the weather like today? ---It’s sunny. 6)表距离。如: How far is it from your home to your school? 7)用作形式主语,常用于下列句型 中: a. It is adj.+(for sb ) to do sth. 如: It is important for us to work hard. b. It’ s time to do /for /that?如: It’s time to get up/ for lunch/f that we went home. c. It seems that ? It seems that he is quite happy. d. It’s one’s turn to do ? It’s your turn to answer my question. e. It’s + adj. +that?如:

It’s necessary that you should be present at the meeting. 4 8)作形式宾语。如: Do you think it necessary to learn to wait in line? 9)引导强调句型 “It is /was + 被强调部分 + that / who + 其他成分”。 如: It was yesterday that we went to see a film. 巩固练习: Ⅰ. Choose the best answer ( ) 1. This is a very old song, so ______ young people know it. A: few B: little c: a few D: a little ( ) 2. The two fishermen saw ______ in the sky while they were fishing by a river. A: something strange B: anything strange C: strange something D: strange anything ( ) 3. There aren’t many oranges here, but you can take ______ if you wa nt to. A: few B: a few C: a little D: little ( ) 4. There are twenty teachers in this grade. Eight of them are women teachers a nd ______ are men teachers. A: the other B: the others C: others D: other ( ) 5. My sports shoes are too small. I want to buy ______ pair. B: the other C: other D: another ( ) 6. I didn’t like the cross talk. ______ of the actors was funny. l C: Neither D: Either ( ) 7. ______ of us has read the story. A: Some B: Both C: All D: None ( ) 8. Students are usually interested in sports. Some like running, some like swimm ing, ______ like ball games. A: the others B: others C: the other D: other ( ) 9. There are many highrises on ______ side of Huaihai Road. What a magnificent view! ither C: both D: all A: either B: ne A: the others A: Both B: Al

( ) 10. Shanghai Waihuan tunnel is already open to traffic, so it will take us ______ time to go to

Pudong International Airport. A: a few B: fewer C: a little D: less ( ) 11. Not long ago, our country set up a rocket with two small satellites into space . One weighed 204 kilos and ______ 25 kilos. A: another B: other C: others D: the other\ ( ) 12. In order to keep healthy, you should eat ______ fast food, ______ fresh veg etables and take enough exercise. A: fewer; fewer B: less; more C: fewer; more D: less; less ( ) 13. Liu Xiang and Yao Ming are worldfamous sports stars. ______ of them have set a good example to us. A: All B: Neither C: Both D: None ( ) 14. Mr. Smith is quite busy today. He has ______ meetings to attend. e B: a little C: few D: a few A: littl

( ). 15. Obey the traffic rules and learn to protect yourself. ______ is more importa nt than life. A: Nothing B: Something C: Everything D: Anything

5 ( ) 16. Can we do our work better with ______ money and ______ people? A: l ess, few B: less, fewer C: little;, less D: few, less ( ) 17. He has two flats in Lon don. However, ______ is new. A: both B: neither C: all D: none ( ) 18. There is ______ with your watch. It gets slower every day. A: nothing wrong B: something wrong C: wrong something D: wrong nothin g ( ) 19. It seems that he has got ______ to show us. Let’s go and enjoy it. A: something interesting B: interesting something

C: nothing something

D: interesting nothing A: Neither B: N A: Neither, no

( ) 20. ______ of your answer is right. Please try a third time. one C: Either D: Both ( ) 21. ______ Kathy ______ Alice ______ at home last Sunday. r, were B: Both, and, was C: Either, or, was D: Not only, but also, were

( ) 22. ______ of the winners has been awarded a prize. e C: Each D: Both

A: Every B: everyon

( ) 23. There is ______ ink in my pen. Would you give me ______? A: little, a little B: a little, little C: few, a few C: a few, few ( ) 24. The day s in winter are shorter than ______ in summer. A: those B: that C: these D: them ( ) 25. They don’t go to Europe for holiday, _______. A: neither will we B: neither do we C: so will we D: so we will ( ) 26. It mu st be your first time to meet each other. Let me do the introduction. ______ is Mr. Smith. A: He B: There C: This D: That

( ) 27. I’m hungry. I want ______ to eat. ______ can do. A: something, Something C: something, Anything B: anything, Anything

D: anything, Something A: None B: No one C: All

( ) 28. ______ of us likes this song in our class. D: Both

( ) 29. I have a sister and two brothers. ______ of them are now in Japan. A: Both B: Everyone C: Either D: All ( )30. Is there any water in the bottle? No, __ ____. A: none B: nothing C: not many D: quite a few ( ) 31. Her work is better t han ______ in our class. A: anyone B: anyone’s C: anyone’s else D: anyone else’s ( ) 32. Which do you prefer, the red one or the green one? ______. A: None B: Any C: Either D: Every ( ) 33. ______ is interested in such a si lly play. A: No one B: None of us C: All of us D: We all Ⅱ. Rewrite the sentences as required 1. Both Tom and Tim are good at sports. ( 改为否定句 )

6 _ ___ Tom _____ Tim _____ good at sports.

2. This problem is so difficult that nobody can work it out. ( 保持原意 ) This problem is ___ _ difficult for __ ____ to work out. 3. All of them are teachers. ( 改为否定句 ) ___ ___ of them ______ a teacher. 4. This answer is wrong. That answer is also wrong. ( 保持句意 ) __ ___ this answer ___ ___ that one is right. 三、用 some,any,no,every 不 thing,one,body 构成的复合丌定代词填 空。 1. Don’t worry. There is ____ wrong with you. 2. If you don’ t tell ____ about it, ___ will know. 3.—Can you hear ____? —Yes, but I can’ t see ___. 4. Please get ___ ready at once. We’ll go at nine o’clock. 5. Would you like ___ to e at? 6. Is there ____ here? I want some help. 7. Listen! ____ is coming. 8.___ was interested in the game. 历年中考真题回顾: 1. –Wow! You’ve got so many clothes. --But _____ of them are in fashion now. A. all B. both C. neither D. none

2. Charles was alone at home, with_____ looking after him. A. someone B. anyone C. not one D. no one 3. Jane was asked a lot of questions, but she didn’t answer ________ of them A other B any C none D some

4. The CDs are on sale! Buy one and you get_____ completely free. A. other thers C. one D. ones

B. o

5. Over the past 20 years, the Internet helped change our world in _____way or ano ther for the better. A. any B. one C. every D. either

6. I agree with most of what you said, but I don’t agree with ______. A. everything B: anything C. something D. nothing 7. ----The exam was difficult, wasn’t it? ---No, but I don’ t think ______ could pass it. A. somebody B. anybody C. nobody D everybody 8.T here is _____________ with your car. A. nothing seriously wrong B. seriously wrong nothing C. nothing wrong seriously D . wrong seriously nothing 7. ----The exam was difficult, wasn’t it? --No, but I dont think ______ could pass it. A. somebody B. anybody C. nobo dy D everybody 8.There is _____________ with your car. A. nothing seriously wrong B. seriously wrong nothing C. nothing wrong serious ly D. wrong seriously nothing 9.He asked me if there was _____________ to read A. easy enough something B. enough easy something C. something easy enough D. something enough easy 10. —Is ________ here? —No, Bob and Tim have asked for leave. A. anybody B. somebody y 11. —One week’s time has been wasted. C. everybody D. nobod

—I can’t believe we did all that work for ________. A. something B. nothing C. everything D. anything


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