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英语高级语法练习虚礼语气


Subjunctive Mood
1. _______for the fact that she broke her leg, she might have passed the exam. (2002) A. Had it not been B. Hadn?t it been C. was it not D. Were it not [解析] 正确答案为 A。该句的意

思是 “要不是因为腿骨折这件事,她可能已经通过考试了” 。 本题考查虚拟语气的倒装结构。在正式文体中,有时可以把虚拟条件句中的连词省去,而将 助动词提到主语前面。 从句的动作是发生在主句之前的, 是过去的事实, 所以用过去完成式, A 为正确选项。 2. “What course are you going to do next semester?” (2002) “I don?t know. But it?s about time ________ on something. A. I?d decide B. I decided C. I decide D. I?m deciding [解析] 正确答案为 B。该句的意思是“下学期你准备学些什么呢?” “我不知道,但我改做 出决定了” 。It is (about, high)time +从句表示早该做而未做的事,时间建议的意味,其动词用 过去式,所以 B 符合题意。 3. She would have been more agreeable if she had changed a little bit, ________? (2003) A. hadn?t she B. hasn?t she C. wouldn?t she D. didn?t she [解析] 正确答案为 C。该句的意思是: “如果她能改变一点点,她会更讨人喜欢,不是吗?” 考查虚拟语气的反义疑问句。 后半句的动词应由前面的主句动词而定, would have been 的反 义疑问句形式应该是 wouldn?t,故选 C。 4. He burned all the important document for fear that they _______ into the enemy?s hands. (2003) A. should fall B. fell C. would fall D. will fall [解析] 正确答案为 A。该句的意思是: “他害怕重要文件落入敌人手中,所以烧毁了所有重 要文件” 。本句表示与将来事实相反的虚拟语气,谓语动词需要用“should + 动词原形” ,这 种形式强调偶然发生的可能性。A 为正解。 5. ________, if I had arrived yesterday without letting you know beforehand? (2004) A. Would you be surprised B. were you surprised C. Had you been surprised D. Would you have been surprised [解析] 正确答案为 A。该句的意思是: “如果昨天没有提前通知你我就来了,你会觉得奇怪 吗?”从句表示与过去事实相矛盾的情况,但主句含有未来发生的意思,而且是问对方现场 的感受,所以动词形式应该与表示现在的时间相一致,A 正确。 6. It is imperative that students ______ their papers on time. (2004) A. hand in B. would hand in C. have to hand in D. handed in [解析] 正确答案为 A。 该句的意思是 “学生必须按时上交他们的学期论文” 。 句中的 imperative 是虚拟语气的一个标记,后面的主语从句中的谓语应该是“should+动词原形” ,should 可以 省略。 7. __________, I?ll marry him all the same. (2004) A. Was he rich or poor B. Whether rich or poor

C. Were he rich or poor D. Be he rich or poor [解析] 正确答案为 D。该句的意思是“无论他有钱还是没钱,我都会嫁给他” 。考查 be 型 虚拟式,不管主语是什么人称,动词一律用原形,D 正确。 8. If you explained the situation to your solicitor, he ______ able to advise you much better than I can. (2005) A. would be B. will have been C. was D. were [解析] 正确答案为 A。该句的意思是“如果你吧情况说给你的律师听,他的建议会比我给 你的建议更好” 。从从句的过去时态可以判断此句是与现在事实相反的虚拟语气,所以主句 用过去将来,A 正确。 9. That was not the first time he _______ us, I think it?s high time we _______ strong actions against him. (2005) A. betrayed… take B. had betrayed…took C. has betrayed…took D. has betrayed…take [解析] 正确答案为 B。该句的意思是“他不是第一次背叛我们了,我想我们是该对他采取 些强硬行动了” 。 前一句表明背叛发生在说话之前, 所以用过去完成时, 后一句的从句是 It is (about, high)time 的句型,虚拟语气,表示早该做而未做的事,时间建议的意味,其动词用 过去式,所以 B 符合题意。 10. _______ you ________ further problems with your printer, contact your dealer for advice. (2005) A. If, had B. Have, had C. Should, have D. In case, had [解析] 正确答案为 C。该句的意思是“如果你的打印机再有问题,请联系经销商获取建议” 。 考查虚拟语气的倒装,本句表示将来事情的虚拟,用 if sb. should do sth., if 省略,should 提前,所以 C 正确。 11. If only I ______ play the guitar as well as you! (2006) A. would B. could C. should D. might [解析] 正确答案为 B。该句的意思是“如果我能像你一样地弹奏吉他该多好啊! ”if only 引 导的句子,其后常用虚拟语气表示惋惜遗憾。本句是对现在情况(个人的能力)的虚拟,所 以用情态动词 could。 12. It's high time we _______ cutting down the rainforests. (2006) A. stopped B. had to stop C. shall stop D. stop [解析] 正确答案为 A。该句的意思是“我们早该停止砍伐雨林了” 。该句考查 It is (about, high)time 的句型,虚拟语气,表示早该做而未做的事,时间建议的意味,其动词用过去式, 所以 A 符合题意。 13. It is imperative that the government ________ more investment into the shipbuilding industry. (2006) A. attracts B. shall attract C. attract D. has to [解析] 正确答案为 C。该句的意思是“政府吸引更多的投资到造船产业是十分必要的” 。It is (was)+形容词(或过去分词)+that 结构中,使用某些表示愿望、建议、请求、命令、迫

切等形容词后的主语从句的谓语要用虚拟语气, 表达形式是“ should+动词原形” ,should 可以省略。 14. If only the patient _________ a different treatment instead of using the antibiotics, he might still be alive now. (2007) A. had received B. received C. should receive D. were received [解析] 正确答案为 A。该句的意思是“如果那个人不使用抗生素而是采用其他疗法,他可 能现在还活着” 。本句为 if only 引导的虚拟语气,与过去事实相反,谓语动词用 had done; 与现在事实相反,谓语动词用 did。If only 部分表示的是过去发生的事情,故用过去完成时。 15. It is absolutely essential that William _______ his study in spite of some learning difficulties. (2007) A. will continue B. continued C. continue D. continues [解析] 正确答案为 C。该句的意思是: “尽管有些学习困难,威廉还是应该继续学业,这极 为重要” 。It is (was)+形容词(或过去分词)+that 结构中,使用某些表示愿望、建议、 请求、命令、迫切等形容词后的主语从句的谓语要用虚拟语气, 表达形式是“should+动词 原形” ,should 可以省略。 16. Had Judy been more careful on the maths exam, she ______ much better results now. (2008) A. would be getting B. could have got C. must get D. would get [解析] 正确答案为 D。该句的意思是: “如果朱迪数学考试时更认真些,她现在成绩就会好 多了。 ”考查虚拟语气的时间错综题。从句部分是对过去的虚拟,省略了 if, 句子倒装;主 句 部 分 出 现 了 明 显 的 世 界 标 志 词 now, 可 见 是 对 现 在 的 虚 拟 , 应 该 用 would/could/might/should do 形式。Get 是瞬间动词,在表示“得到”时不用进行时态。 故 D 正确。 17. If there were no subjunctive mood, English _______ much easier to learn. (2009) A. could have been B. would be C. will be D. would have been [解析] 正确答案为 B。该句的意思是: “如果没有虚拟语气,英语会好学很多” 。这是与现 在事实相反的虚拟语气,从句用一般过去时,主句用 would/should/could/might do 形式,所 以 B 正确。 18. It is necessary that he _______ the assignment without delay. (2010) A. hand in B. hands in C. must hand in D. has to hand in [解析] 正确答案为 A。该句的意思是: “让他不拖延地递交作业是很必要的” 。It is (was) +形容词(或过去分词)+that 结构中,使用某些表示愿望、建议、请求、命令、迫切等形 容词后的主语从句的谓语要用虚拟语气, 表达形式是“should+动词原形” ,should 可以省 略。 19. Nancy?s gone to work but her car?s still there. She ____ by bus. (2010) A. must have gone B. should have gone C. ought to have gone D. could have gone

[解析] 正确答案为 A。该句的意思是: “南希上班去了但她的车仍在这儿。她一定是坐公交 车去了” 。根据上下文,是对过去事实的肯定猜测,所以用 must have done sth.,A 正确。 20. It?s getting late. I?d rather you _____ now. (2011) A. left B. leave C. are leaving D. will leave [解析] 正确答案为 A。 该句的意思是 “现在有点晚了。 我真希望你已经离开了” 。 Would rather 后面的从句通常用虚拟语气,根据 now 判断是与现在事实相反,所以动词用过去式。 21. My boss ordered that the legal document _______ to him before lunch. (2012) A. be sent B. were sent C. were to be sent D. must be sent [解析] 正确答案为 A。 该句的意思是 “我的老板命令午饭前必须把法律文件送给他” 。 在 order, declare, suggest, demand, require, command 等动词构成的宾语从句中,通常用虚拟语气,从 句用 sb. should do sth.,should 可以省略。根据句意,文件是被送,所以用被动语态,A 正 确。


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