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2013英语复习:定语从句


定语从句 什么是定语从句? The student didn’t say a word. The student didn’t say a single word in the classroom. When he was asked the reason for his being late, the student didn’t say a single word in th

e classroom. When he was asked why he was late, the student who remained seated in his chair didn’t say a single word in the classroom. Asked why he was late, the student remaining seated in his chair didn’t say a single word to explain himself in the classroom. 分析翻译下列句子:21 报纸 No.6: Follow your body clock ? for example Cognitive( 认 知 的 ) work -which involves learning and understanding things-should better be done in the late morning. ? for most people, This is why, a problem that requires creative thinking is often best tackled in the evening.

? In a previous study scientists put two groups of mice on the same high-calorie diet, except that one group was allowed to eat anytime while the other was restricted to only eating during an eight-hour period when they were normally awake and active. 找出以上句子的定语从句? 按从句所缺成分划分类型: 缺人或物(主宾表) : ? Cognitive(认知的) work for example-which involves learning and understanding things-should better be done in the late morning. ? This is why, for most people, a problem that requires creative thinking is often best tackled in the evening. ? They know the time that has increased on the watch is the time they “owe” before they can have a break. ? NL, a fourth-grade teacher, has found a technique for quieting noisy kids that works well for her. ? There is always a student who is aware of

what I have done. 连词:that/which/who/whom ? You are the sort of person to whom people tell their problems and secrets, and because you’re sympathetic and give them hope.(简爱) 重点一:只用 that 不用 which 的情况有 先行词中是 all, much, little, -thing, none 不 定代词 先行词有 the only, the very,any 先行词被-est; first 修饰时 先行词含人、物 缺时间,地点,原因(状语) ? …while the other was restricted to only eating during an eight-hour period when they were normally awake and active. ? We live in an age when more information is available with greater ease than ever before. ? A bank is the place where they lend you an umbrella in fair weather and ask for it back

when it begins to rain. ? I walked up to the top of the hill with my friends, where we enjoyed a splendid view of the lake. ? Don’t make up the reason why you were absent from the class! 重点二:when/where/why=介词+which 介词+whom ? Sales director is a position where communication ability is just as important as sales skills. ? Care of the soul is a gradual process in which even the small details of life should be considered. ? The days are gone when physical strength was all you needed to make a living. 所有介词和 which 都能转化吗?用介词填空 ? I bought a great many books, on which I spent all my money that I saved. ? I’ll never forget the time during which I spent my childhood in the country. ? The colorless gas without which we cannot live is called oxygen.

? I have many friends to whom I am going to send postcards. 如何确定介词? 特殊结构 ? I have three foreign teachers, two of whom are from Canada.(其中两个 ? Here are the questions, some of which I thought difficult for you.(其中一些 ? There are altogether fifty-six students in our class, the most hard-working of whom is a new comer from a faraway mountain village. (最勤奋的一个是) ? 改写:There are altogether fifty-six students in our class, of whom the most hard-working is a new comer from a faraway mountain village. ? He lived in a big house, in front of which stood a big tall tree. (他住在一所大房子里, 房子面前有一棵大树) ? There is a mountain, on the top of which lies

a temple.(山上有座庙) 重点三:注意倒装结构 缺“…的” (定语) ? You’re the only one whose advice he might listen to. ? 我想要一个窗户朝向大海的房间。 I want a room whose window faces the sea. I want a room the window of which faces the sea. I want a room of which the window faces the sea.
练习: ? Obama, against whom Romney debated last week, was elected as President of the USA once again. ? He is the boy to whose mother I talked yesterday. ? His is the boy for whose father I was work. ? I want to buy the villa at whose cheap price everyone is surprised. 定从合并句子: 1. Seeing these changes, we cannot forget them. They gave us unselfish help when we were in trouble. 2. I feel greatly honored to host the contest. The contest is sponsored by the Students’ Union. 3. They sent the elderly some fruits, cleaned the rooms and had a good chat with them. The elderly always feel lonely. 4. The library is not far from here. The writer often does some reading there. 5. I’ve always longed for the days. I will be able to be independent then. 6. Last Sunday, I organized a survey in my neighborhood. The survey’s topic is “Which safety problem is the one you are most concerned about.

非限定从 Yesterday Jimmy left for Canada, where he had stayed two years.

Tom’s father, who is over sixty, still works hard day and night. We all honour and respect Albert Einstein, who is the greatest physicist in the world. 月球这个距离地球 384,4000 公里远的球体,给人们带 来了很多美好的故事。 The moon, which is 384,4000 kilometers away from the earth, creates many beautiful stories. 我爸爸是一名出色的小提琴手, 下个月准备开一场音乐 会。 体会: In our school there are eight foreign teachers who come from Australia. In our school there are eight foreign teachers, who come from Australia. As 引导定从 用法一: Such people as have made great contributions to the world should be greatly respected. Let’s meet at the same lace as we did yesterday. 我们已经找到了像他们工厂里用的那种材料。 We have found such materials as are used in their factory. 这些房子以人们预料的那样的低价出售。 There houses are sold at such a low price as people

expected. 他和过去不同过了。 He is not the same man as he was. 用法二: As 引导定语从句,相当于 which 指代句子。 As is known to us, the moon travels round the earth once every month. As is well known As is expected As is reported As is pointed out As has been said before As is mentioned above As can be seen As anybody can see As I can remember As we expect As often happens As is often the case 练习: She has read widely in Romantic literature, as appears from her essay.(这从她的文章中可以看出来) 特殊定从 找准先行词判断从句谓语动词单复数:

Titanic is one of the most wonderful movies that have been produced in Hollywood. Titanic is the only one of these wonderful movies that has been produced in Hollywood. I, who am your teacher, will try my best to help you. To own a computer in families, which we thought was impossible twenty years ago, now becomes true. To my mother’s displeasure, I put in her vase my real roses which, in her eyes, were simply weeds rather than flowers.


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