高中英语 100 重点词汇、词组辨析
1. above all, after all, at all, in all above all 表示“最重要，首先” ，常置于句首或句中，作插入语，起强调作用。 Above all, we have won the game. after all 表示“毕竟，终究，终归，到底” ，在句中位置较灵活。 Jessica has tu
rned out to be a nice girl after all. at all 表示“根本” 。 I don’t like Mexican food at all. in all 表示“总共” ，既可放在句首，也可放在句末。 We have learned 2500 English words in all. 2. accept, receive accept 表示“接受”的意思，是有意识的。 I’ve received a gift from him, but I’m not going to accept it. receive 表示“收到”的意思，是无意识的。 Did you receive any letters today? 3. add, add to, add...to, add up to add 表示“增加，添加，计算??总和，补充说” 。 If the water is too cold, add some more hot water. add to 表示“增添，增加，增进” 。 The heavy snow added to our difficulties. add...to 表示“把??加到??” 。 Add ten to forty, and you will get fifty. add up to 表示“合计达到” ，该短语不用于被动语态。 All his school education added up to no more than one year. 4. admit sb./sth. to..., admit of, admit to admit sb./sth. to 表示“??允许某人或某物进入某处” 。 This visa will admit you to that country. admit of 表示“容许有，有??可能，容有??余地” 。 The facts admit of no other explanation admit to 表示“承认” 。 She admitted to stealing the keys. 5. agree on, agree to, agree with, agree that agree on 表示“就??取得一致意见” 。 We couldn’t agree on what to buy. agree to 有两层含义和用法： (1)to 作为动词不定式符号，其后面跟动词原形，表示“同意做某事” 。 They agreed to meet on Sunday. (2)to 作为介词，之后跟表示计划、条件、建议等一类的名词或代词。 The manager has agreed to our plan. agree with 表示“同意某人意见” ，其后可跟表示人的名词或代词。
We didn’t agree with what she said at the meeting. agree that 表示“认为??” ，其后跟宾语从句。 We agreed that they would deliver the sofa in the morning. 6. alone, lonely alone = by oneself, without others 表示“独自一人” ，可作表语和宾补。 He went to the separate island all alone. lonely 表示“孤独，寂寞” ，主观上渴望有伴。若指地方，则表示“人迹罕至的，荒凉的， 偏僻的” ，可作定语或表语。 The old man was alone in the house on the top of the hill, but he didn ’t feel lonely. 7. a number of, the number of a number of 表示“许多” ，谓语动词用复数。 A number of visitors pay a visit to the museum every day. the number of 表示“??的数目” ，谓语动词用单数。 The number of pandas is increasing. 8. arrive, get, reach arrive 表示“达到，抵达” ，不及物动词，后接 in (大地点)，at (小地点)。 When will you arrive in London, Mr. Wallace? get 表示“到达，抵达” ，不及物动词，后接 to。 When we got to the airport, the flight had taken off. reach 表示“到达，抵达” ，及物动词。 His letter reached me this morning. 9. at the age of, by the age of at the age of 表示“在??岁时” 。 She published a book at the age of ten. by the age of 表示“到??岁的时候，在??岁以前” 。 By the age of sixteen, he had won ten gold metals. 10. at the beginning, in the beginning at the beginning 表示“在??，在初??开始的时候” ，常与 of 连用。 All of us should be careful with our work at the beginning of term. in the beginning 表示“起初，首先” ，相当于 at first。 In the beginning, some of us took no interest in this game. 11. ashamed, shameful ashamed 表示“感到羞耻，觉得惭愧，不好意思” ，指主观认为是可耻的。 He was ashamed of losing his wife’s necklace the other day. shameful 表示“不可饶恕，可耻” ，指事物本身的客观性质是可耻的。 To steal money from a blind person is a shameful act. 12. be anxious to, be anxious for, be anxious about be anxious to 表示“急于，渴望” ，其中 to 是不定式符号，后面接动词原形。 We are anxious to know the result of the examination. be anxious for 表示“渴望” ，后面接名词或代词时，强调渴望得到某物或渴望了解某事。 The young lady was anxious for a diamond necklace. be anxious about 表示“对??感到不安，为??担心，为??忧虑” 。
She was anxious about her lost son. 13. believe, believe in believe 表示“相信(事物的真实性，人的诚实)” 。 I don’t believe you. believe in 表示“信奉，信仰，信任” 。 We believe in him. 14. be made of, be made from, be made in, be made by, be made up of be made of 表示“由??制成” ，指从原料到制成品，强调形状变化，并无本质变化(属物理 变化)。 This table is made of wood. be made from 表示“由??制成” ，指从原料到制成品，强调质的变化，并已无法复原(属化 学变化)。 Paper is made from wood. be made in 表示“某物何时制造的”或“何地产的” 。 This bike was made in Shanghai. be made by 表示“由??制做” ，后面接指人的名词或代词，强调动作的执行者。 The kite was made by my brother. be made up of 表示“由??构成(组成)” 。 The football team is made up of 12 members. 15. be pleased with, be pleased at/about, be pleased to be pleased with 表示“对??满意，喜欢??” ，后面通常接指人的名词或代词。 The president was pleased with all of his men in his company. be pleased at/about 表示“对看到或听到的事感到高兴” ，后面接指事的名词或 v-ing。 I am pleased at seeing so many students present. be pleased to 表示“很高兴或很乐意做某事” ，其中 to 是不定式符号，后面接动词原形。 My boss must be pleased to see you again in Moscow. 16. be tired of, be tired with be tired of 表示“对某事感到厌烦，厌倦” 。 I’m tired of standing in the wind, doing nothing. be tired with 表示“因为??而累了” 。 She is tired with running a long time. 17. besides, except, except for besides 表示“除了??(包括在内)” 。 Besides chocolate and fruit juice, we need bread and eggs. except 表示“除了??(不包括在内)” 。 Every one of us, except him, went to the theatre for The Twelfth Night. except for 表示“整体??除了某一点以外” 。 The essay is good except for a few mistakes. 18. be sure to do, be sure of doing be sure to do 表示“一定的；必定的” ，主语可为 sb.或 sth.。 We are sure to benefit from the new production. be sure of doing 表示“确信的；肯定的” ，主语只能为 sb.。
He is sure of offering you his help. 19. big, huge, large, vast big 表示“尺度、重量、容积等大” 。 Our room is bigger than theirs. huge 表示“体积大(还可指超越一定标准的大)” 。 That little boy was given a huge piece of cake. large 表示“面积大，范围大，数目大” 。 Police discovered a large quantity of drugs in the van. vast 表示“范围、地域大、巨大的” 。(也可指数目巨大的) There are vast forest areas along the Amazon River. 20. beat, hit, strike beat 表示“连续性地击打” 。(指无规律的击打) The rain beat against the windows. hit 表示“打中，对准打” 。 He hit me with his hand. strike 表示“重击、打一下或若干下” 。(指有规律的撞击) The clock struck 12 when we arrived the church.. 21. blow down, blow off, blow out blow down 表示“吹倒，刮倒” 。 The strong winds yesterday blew down thousands of trees. blow off 表示“吹掉，炸掉，发泄” 。 A gust of wind blew off all the papers on the table. blow out 表示“吹熄，使熄灭” 。 Emma blew out the candle. 22. break away from, break down, break into, break out, break away from 表示“脱离，摆脱” 。 Some members broke away to form a new political party. break down 表示“(机器等)出毛病、出故障” 。 My car broke down on the way to work yesterday. break into 表示“破门而入” 。 The office has been broken into twice since Christmas. break out 表示“(火灾、战争、疾病、打斗)突然爆发” 。 A fight broke out among the crowd. 23. bring in, bring on, bring out bring in 表示“引来，引进，吸收” 。 The new film has brought in millions of dollars. bring on 表示“使发生，引起” 。 Headaches are often brought on by stress. bring out 表示“取出，说出，阐明，出版, 推出、生产出” 。 They have just brought out a new, smaller phone. 24. care, care about, care for, care to care 表示“在意，关心，顾虑，照顾，喜爱” ，但其后通常接从句。
I don’t care where you have been. care about 表示“关心，计较，在乎” ，一般用于否定句。 He cares deeply about the environment. care for 表示“关心，照料，喜欢，愿意” ，一般用于肯定句或疑问句。 Who will care for your children when you are away? care to 表示“愿意，欲望” ，后接动词原形。 Would you care to join us for dinner? 25. carry away, carry off, carry on, carry out carry away 表示“使倾倒，使激动得失去控制” 。 The music carried him away. carry off 表示“叼走，夺走” 。 He carried off three gold medals in the Olympics. carry on 表示“继续进行” 。 The doctors have warned him but he just carried on drinking. carry out 表示“实施，遵守” 。 He carried out his promise to give up smoking. 26. 与 come 相关的词组辨析 come about 表示“发生” 。 How did it come about? come across 表示“偶遇，碰到(=come upon)” 。 We’ve just come across an old friend we haven’t seen for ages. come along 表示“进展，进步，进行” 。 How’s your work coming along? come around 表示“拜访，改变观点，同意(原来反对的)观点(或计划)，发生、恢复知觉” 。 I’m sure she’ll come around to our view eventually. come down 表示“传递，传给” 。 The song comes down to us from the 20th century. come into 表示“开始，进入” 。 A small town came into sight as we turned the last corner. come out 表示“(照片上)显露，结果是” 。 The stars came out as soon as darkness fell. come round 表示“恢复知觉，苏醒过来” 。 Leave him alone and he’ll soon come round. come to 表示“涉及，谈及” 。 When it comes to business I know nothing. come up 表示“走进，接近，抬头，上来，上升” 。 The issue of security came up at the meeting yesterday. come up with 表示“想出(计划、回答)，作出(反应)，产生” 。 He couldn’t come up with a good scheme to make money. 27. compare...to, compare...with compare...to 表示“把??比作??” ，着重注意两者间的相似点。 This essay compares our country to a big family.
compare...with 表示“把??与??相比” ，侧重指两者间的区别。 Compare this story with that one, and you will find the differences between them. 28. consider...as, consider doing, consider...to be consider...as 表示“把(某人)看作” 。 Today, Abraham Lincoln is considered as one of the greatest of all American presidents. consider doing 表示“考虑做某事” 。 Have you considered having a jog in the morning? consider...to be 表示“把??看作是” 。 The people had considered him to be a great leader. 29. cross, across, crossing cross 作动词用时，表示“横过” 。 They are crossing the river. across 可作介词或副词，表示“横穿，横过” 。 The Bank of China is across the street. crossing 表示“横穿，交叉，十字路口，人行横道” 。 Those children are standing at a crossing waiting for their school bus. 30.cut down, cut in, cut off, cut up, cut through cut down 表示“砍倒，(疾病等)夺去生命” 。 That old man has cut this tree down. cut in 表示“插嘴，插入” 。 Don’t cut in when they have a talk. cut off 表示“切断” 。 Many towns had their water supply cut off because there was no electricity. cut up 表示“切割开来，切碎，使难过” 。 I am cutting the wood up. cut through 表示“剪断，凿穿” 。 The army was called in to cut through fallen trees and to help clear the roads and paths. 31. damage, destroy, ruin damage 表示“损坏，破坏” ，毁坏的程度通常是可以修补的。 The earthquake damaged several buildings. destroy 表示“破坏，摧毁，消灭，毁灭” ，毁坏的程度是不能修补的。 The big fire destroyed the whole building. ruin 表示“毁灭” ，把某物损坏到了不能再使用的程度。 The storm has ruined all the crops here. 32. discover, find, find out, invent, discover 表示“发现” ，指偶然或经过努力发现原来客观存在但不为人所知的事物。 Columbus discovered America in 1492. find 表示“找到，发现” ，着重指找到的结果。 They finally found a way to solve the problem. find out 表示“找出，发现，查明(真相等)” ，指经过研究或询问查明某事或真相。 Please find out when the ship sails for Sydney. invent 表示“发明” ，指通过劳动运用聪明才智发明(创造)出以前从未存在过的新事物。
Who invented the computer? 33. decide, determine decide 表示经过考虑或讨论研究做出决定。 Our boss decided not to go to Egypt by ship. determine 表示决心已下，任何力量都动摇不了。 I determined to give him a chance. 34. die away, die down, die out die away 表示“(声音，怒火等)渐渐消失” 。 His anger died away. (He was not angry.) die down 表示“(声音，怒火等)逐渐减小” 。 His anger died down a little bit. (He was still angry.) die out 表示“(物种等)灭绝，不复存在” 。 Many living things are facing the danger of dying out. 35. everyday, every day everyday 表示“日常的，通常的；每天的” ，用作形容词。 Computers are now part of everyday life. every day 表示“每天” ，用作副词。 This problem we should face every day. 36. fall down, fall into, fall off, fall onto, fall down 表示“(人)跌倒，摔倒，绊倒” ，用作不及物动词。 The old lady fell down in the street and broke her leg. fall into 表示“掉到??里，陷入(困难)” 。 A car fell into the river while it is speeding on the bridge. fall off 表示“从??上落下，掉下，摔下” ，用作及物动词。 The boy fell off a tree and broke the arm. fall onto 表示“掉到??上” 。 The books fell off the desk onto the ground. 37. feed...on, feed...to feed...on 表示“用??喂??” ，feed 后接表示人或动物的词。(强调以?为主食) I feed the dog on meat. feed...to 表示“将??喂给??” ，feed 后跟表示食物的词(强调“提供?”)。 What did you feed to the baby just now? 38. fear, frighten fear 表示“害怕??” 。 He was shaking with fear. frighten 表示“使??害怕，使??吃惊” 。 Does the spider frighten you? 39. finally, at last, in the end finally 表示“最后” ，指某一动作发生的顺序是在最后。 She finally agreed with me. at last 表示“终于” ，指经过一番曲折或努力之后某事才发生，强调其结果。 After a lot of difficulties, he succeeded at last.
in the end 表示“最后” ，指经过若干周折或努力而最后发生了某事。 We did experiment after experiment, and in the end we succeed. 40. feel one’s way, fight one’s way, find one’s way feel one’s way 表示“摸索着探路” 。 The blind man felt his way with the stick. fight one’s way 表示“挣扎着前进” 。 All of us fought our way out of the crowd. find one’s way 表示“找到路” 。 How did your dog find its way here? 41. fit, be fit for, be fit to fit 表示“适合，合身” ，主要指大小适合。 Your clothes fit well. be fit for 表示“适合，能胜任” ，for 后面接名词或-ing 形式。 You are fit for this position in our company. be fit to 表示“适合，能胜任” ，to 为动词不定式符号，因此后面只能接动词原形。 The food is not fit to eat. 42. forbid doing sth., forbid sb.to do sth. forbid doing sth.表示“禁止，不许” ，在无人称宾语的情况下用动名词作它的宾语。 We forbid smoking here. forbid sb.to do sth.表示“禁止，不许” ，在有人称宾语的情况下用不定式短语作其补语。 The snowstorm forbid us to go out. 43. forget, leave forget 表示“遗留”时，forget 后只跟事物，不跟地点或场所。 That old lady always forgets her key. leave 表示“遗留”时，一定接地点场所。 My boss left his key at home this morning. 44. forget doing, forget to do forget doing 表示“忘记做过某事” 。 He forgot turning the light off. forget to do 表示“忘记要去做某事” 。 The light in the office is still on, he must have forgotten to turn it off. 45. gather, collect gather 表示“把分散的东西集中到一起” 。 Gather your toys up. collect 表示“精心地、有选择地进行收集” 。 He likes collecting coins and stamps. 46. get in touch with, keep in touch with get in touch with 表示“与??取得联络” ，表动作。 I tried to get in touch with him in London, but failed. keep in touch with 表示“和??保持联络” ，表状态。 Let’s keep in touch with each other. 47. 与 get 有关的词组辨析
get along with 表示“与??相处” 。 We get along very well with each other. get close to 表示“接近” 。 Don’t get close to that house. get down to 表示“开始认真做??” 。 Once the reporters know what to write about, they get down to work. get off 表示“脱下” 。 Jimmy got off his overcoat when he came in. get married 表示“结婚” 。 The person getting married is a relative of my father’s. get through 表示“通过，拨通(电话)” 。 I can’t get through for the line’s busy. get together 表示“聚会，联欢” 。 We must get together some other time for a chat. get into the habit of 表示“染上??习惯” 。 Nicotine is a drug that gets one into the habit of smoking. 48. give away, give in, give out, give up, give away 表示“分发，泄露(秘密等)” 。 The principal gave away the prizes at the sports meet. give in 表示“投降，屈服，让步” 。 As neither of the two sides would give in, the agreement fell through. give out 表示“用完，耗尽，体力不支” 。 After a long journey, the old man’s strength gave out and couldn’t walk any farther. give up 表示“放弃(念头、希望等)，停止，抛弃，认输” 。 Never give up when you meet with some difficulties. 49. go on to do sth., go on doing sth., go on with sth. go on to do sth.表示“接着做另一件事” ，即接下去做与原来不同的一件事。 After they had had their coffee, the students went on to do the exercises. go on doing sth.表示“继续不停地做某事或间断后继续做原来没有做完的事” 。 The kids went on talking and laughing all the way. go on with sth.表示“间断后继续做原来没有做完的事” ，其后一般接代词作宾语。 通常情况下，go on doing sth.和 go on with sth.可互换。 After a rest, we went on with our lesson.(After a rest, we went on having our lesson.) 50. happen, take place happen 表示“发生” ，是无意识的。 When did the accident happen? take place 表示“举行” ，是有意识的。 When will the wedding take place? 51. hand down, hand in, hand out, hand over hand down 表示“把??传下来” 。 The story was handed down from one generation to another. hand in 表示“把??交上来，交给，递交” 。
Time is up. Shall we go out for a dinner? hand out 表示“散发” 。 The boy is handing out the paper now. hand over 表示“转交”或“移送” 。 Please hand over this apple to your brother. 52. 与 have 有关的词组辨析 have a good trip 表示“一路顺风” 。 Good luck. Have a good trip. have a talk with 表示“与??谈话” 。 Alice is having a talk with her tutor about her course. have a seat 表示“坐下” 。 Come in and have a seat please. have a word with 表示“和??说句话” 。 Could I have a word with you? have...on 表示“戴着，穿着” 。 Having a black hat on, Chaplin carried a stick, which he used to swing in the air. have sports 表示“进行体育活动” 。 Do you often have sports at school? 53. have sb. do sth., have sb./sth. doing sth., have sth. done have sb. do sth.表示“使(让、请)某人做某事” 。 The shopkeeper had the boy do this and that all the time. have sb./sth. doing sth.表示“让某人(某事)一直做某事” 。 The two cheats had their lights burning all night long. have sth. done 表示“(有意地)让他人为自己做某事” 。 Adam will have a new suit made of this cloth. 54. hear, hear from, hear of hear 表示“听见，听到” ，后面接名词、代词或宾语从句。 Can you hear some birds singing? hear from 表示“收到??来信，收到??来电” ，后面接指人的名词或代词。 She hasn’t heard from her brother for a month. hear of 表示“听人说起，听说过，侧重于间接听说。 I’ve never heard of him. 55. help sb. do sth., help sb. to do sth. 二者均表示“帮助某人做某事” 。 help sb. do sth.表示主语直接参与宾补的动作。 He helped me clean the table. help sb. to do sth.表示不直接参与宾补的动作。 The dictionary will help you to learn English better. 56. in place of, in the place of in place of 表示“代替” 。 He will come in place of me tomorrow. in the place of 表示“在??地方” 。
A new stadium is built in the place of the old one. 57. in order to, in order that in order to 表示“为了??” ，既可放在句首又可放在句末未来引导不定式短语。 In order to keep the insects out she shut the window. in order that 表示“为了??” ，只能放在主句之后连接从句。 She shut the window in order that she might keep the insects out. 58. in charge of, in the charge of in charge of 表示“管理，负责照料” 。 Mr. Wallace is in charge of the company. in the charge of 表示“由??照料” 。 The firm is in the charge of her uncle. 59. insist on, stick to insist on 表示“坚持要求” ，后常接 doing。 The office boy insisted on his coming with us. stick to 表示“坚持” ，后常接 sth.。 He is the man who always sticks to his words. 60. in surprise, to one’s surprise, by surprise in surprise 表示“惊奇地” 。 When he saw me, he was in surprise. to one’s surprise 表示“使某人吃惊的是” 。 To my surprise, Tom didn’t pass his driving test. by surprise 表示“使??惊慌” 。 The question took him by surprise. 61. just, just now just 表示“刚，刚刚” ，多与完成时态连用。 They’ve just arrived at the airport. just now 表示“刚才” ，强调过去的动作，所以与一般过去时态连用。 She ate a big apple just now. 62. 与 keep 有关的词组辨析 keep back 表示“阻止，阻挡” 。 The police tried to keep the crowd back from the accident scene. keep off 表示“避开，不接近” 。 Keep off the grass! keep on 表示“继续，保持” 。 He just kept on writing. keep in touch with 表示“与??保持联系” 。 Although many families became separated, people still kept in touch with each other. keep out 表示“关在门外，不准入内” 。 This coat keeps out the wind. keep out of 表示“躲开，置身于??之外” 。 Do you try to keep out of trouble! keep up 表示“保持” 。
Keep up your spirits! 63. keep doing sth., keep on doing sth. keep doing sth.强调继续做某事。 He kept swimming in the river when the others got on the bank. keep on doing sth.强调重复，一再做某事。 They kept on doing things even though I told them not to do. 64. knock at/on, knock down, knock...into, knock into, knock at/on 表示“轻轻而有节奏地敲” 。它常用来表示“敲门/窗”等。 Who is knocking at the door? Don’t knock on the window. knock down 表示“撞倒，打倒” 。 Be careful with the standing fans. Don’t knock them down. knock...into 表示“把??插/撞/敲/打入??中” 。 They knocked a stick into the earth. knock into 表示“撞在??上” 。 Look out! Don’t knock into other cars. 65. lately, recently lately 表示“最近” ，多用于否定和疑问句中。 We haven’t seen the old beggar in the street lately. recently 表示“最近” ，多用于肯定句中。 Things got so bad recently. 66. lay, lie lay 表示“放好”或“放平” ，其词形变化是：lay、laying、laid 和 laid。 Don’t lay your feet on the table. lie 表示“躺下”或“躺平” ，其词形变化是：lie、lying、lay 和 lain。 She lay down on her back on the grass. 67. like, love, enjoy like 表示“喜欢，爱好” ，指对某人某事赞许或发生兴趣，并积极参加活动。 I like reading. love 表示“爱好，爱” ，表示深深的爱。 We love our country. enjoy 表示“喜爱，欣赏，享受” ，广泛应用于从外界事物中得到喜悦，领略到乐趣。 I enjoyed the movie a lot. 68. like doing sth., like to do sth. like doing sth. 表达经常的爱好。 Most young people like swimming in summer. like to do sth.表达一时的喜爱。 I’d like to go for a swimming this afternoon? 69. living, alive living 用于生物时，表示“活着的” 。 The living are more important to us than the dead. alive 表示“活着的，在世的” ，着重于状态。
The rabbit we caught is still alive. 70. live by, live on live by 表示“靠??(手段)谋生” 。 Writers live by their pens while fishermen live by fishing. live on 表示“以??为主食，靠??过活” 。 The sheep lived on grass. 71. 与 look 有关的词组辨析 look after 表示“照料” 。 My neighbour looked after my cat while I was on holiday. look back 表示“回想，记起” 。 From this time on, he never looked back. look down on/upon 表示“轻视，看不起” 。 Women were looked down upon in many countries years ago. look forward to 表示“盼望，期待” 。 I’m looking forward to seeing you this winter vacation. look out 表示“注意” 。 Look out, there’s a car coming. look up 表示“查找” 。 If you do not understand it, you can look it up in this dictionary. 72. lose heart, lose one’s heart lose heart 表示“灰心，失望” 。 Don’t lose heart. Sooner or later you’ll succeed. lose one’s heart 表示“喜欢??，爱上??” 。 He lost his heart to the puppy the first time he saw it. 73. 与 make 有关的词组辨析 make a decision 表示“作出决定” 。 I’m told that they’ll meet again tomorrow and make a decision then. make a good effort 表示’作很大的努力。 ” We made a good effort. make a record 表示“录制唱片” 。 That famous singer’s made lots of records. make a plan for 表示“为??作计划” 。 Now it is much easier to make plans for our trip. make fun of 表示“取笑某人” 。 It is not polite to make fun of old people. make progress 表示“取得进步” 。 Are you making great progress? make...to one’s own measure 表示“依照某人的尺雨做??” 。 We’ll make for you to your own measure. make up 表示“编出” 。 Make up a dialogue, using the following as a guide. make up one’s mind 表示“下决心” 。
The manager hasn’t made up his mind yet. make sure 表示“查明，确信” 。 We must make sure the time and place. 74. make up one’s mind, read one’s mind, change one’s mind make up one’s mind 表示“下定决心” 。 She made up her mind not to speak anything at the meeting. read one’s mind 表示“看出心事，知道在想什么” 。 I’ve known the young lady over there so long that I can read her mind. change one’s mind 表示“改变主意” 。 Miss Blair changed her mind suddenly for no reason. 75. manage to do, try to do manage to do 表示“设法做成了某事” 。 They finally managed to get there in time. try to do 表示“尽力去做某事(但不一定成功)” 。 He tried to persuade his boss, but he failed. 76. mean doing, mean to do mean doing 表示“意味着” 。 These new rules for our factory will mean working overtime. mean to do 表示“打算，想” 。 I meant to go abroad for my further study, but my father disagreed. 77. meeting, conference, gathering, party meeting 表示“偶然的或拟定的，短暂的或持续的聚会” ，可以用于两人或多人。 All the members of this club had a meeting last Friday. conference 表示“会谈，会议，谈判” ，常用于就某个重大问题进行专门研究或交换意见的 讨论会、协商会等。 Many reporters came to attend the press conference last month. gathering 一般表示“非正式的集会” ，常用于群众性的活动(如联欢会等)。 There was a large gathering of people at the ceremony. party 表示“社交性或娱乐性的集会” 。 Did you enjoy his birthday party? 78. once, as soon as once 表示“一旦??就??” ，除含时间之意外，还表示“条件” 。 Once he makes up his mind, he’ll never give it up. as soon as 表示“刚??就??”或“一??就??” ，强调的只是时间。 As soon as I get to Washington, I’ll telephone you. 79. pay for, pay back, pay off pay for 表示“为??付钱” 。 He paid ￡ 5 for the book. pay back 表示“还钱，但不一定还清” 。 Have I paid you back the 20 you lent me? pay off 表示“还清债务” 。 Miss Della paid off the debt ten years later.
80. permit doing sth., permit to do sth. permit doing sth.表示“允许” ，无人称宾语。 Sorry, we don’t permit smoking in the lecture room. permit to do sth.表示“允许” ，有人称宾语。 Please permit me to say a few words to you. 81. persuade sb.to do sth., advise sb.to do sth. persuade sb.to do sth.表示“说服某人干某事” ，其结果是成功的。 Tom persuaded his father to let him go abroad at last. advise sb.to do sth.表示“劝说某人干某事” ，其结果可能是劳而无功。 She advised her partners to go climbing, but they said no. 82. put off, call off put off 表示“推迟，拖延” 。 The tennis match was put off because of the heavy rain. call off 表示“取消” 。 The meeting has been called off. 83. pick out, pick up pick out 表示“挑出” 。 She picked out a red sweater for me to try on. pick up 表示“接收” 。 It is necessary to use a short-wave radio to pick up the program. 84. point out, point to point out 表示“指出” 。 Can you point out my mistakes? point to 表示“指向，指着” ，其中 to 表示方向。 She pointed to a plane flying overhead. 85. 与 put 有关的词组辨析 put down 表示“记下” 。 Please put down what he said. put...in prison 表示“把??投进监狱” 。 The police put this thief in prison. put on weight 表示“发福，增加体重” 。 If you eat too much, you will put on weight very easily. put out 表示“扑灭，关熄” 。 Please put out the fire before you go away. put sb. to the trouble of 表示“麻烦某人(做??)” 。 I don’t want to put you to the trouble of doing that. put up 表示“贴(广告等)” 。 Please write a notice and put it up. 86. quiet, silent, still quiet 表示“安静的，寂静的” 。 Your father needs peace and quiet because he’s working. silent 表示“寂静的，沉默的” 。
He always keeps silent when the others are playing around. still 表示“安静的，不动的” 。 Stand still while I take your photo. 87. road, street, way, path road 表示“路，道路” 。 A group of geese are walking along the road. street 表示“城镇、乡村两旁有建筑物的街道” 。 Go along the street, and take the second turning on the left. way 表示“任何可以通行的路” 。 How can I get there? I don’t know the way. path 表示“小路，小径” 。 They walked along the path leading to the top of the hill. 88. raise, rise raise 表示“举起” ，是及物的，它的反义词是 lower。 The boy raised his model car from the ground. rise 表示“升起”或“爬起” ，是不及物的，它的反义词是 drop。 The sun rises in the east. 89. remember doing, remember to do remember doing 表示“记得做过某事” 。(已做) Don’t you remember seeing the young lady before? remember to do 表示“记得去做某事” 。(未做) Remember to go to the City Hall after work. 90. regret doing, regret to do regret doing 表示“对做过的事遗憾、后悔” 。(已做) I regretted missing the early bus. regret to do 表示“对要做的事遗憾” 。(未做) I regret to tell you that we can’t carry it out right now. 91. search, search for, in search of, look for search 表示“搜寻，查究” 。search sb. 搜某人的身，search a place 搜某个地方。 The policeman is searching a thief. search for sb./sth.表示“搜寻、寻找某人、某物” 。 The police searched for that man everywhere. in search of 中的 search 表示“寻找，寻求” 。 They went to South Africa in search of gold. look for 表示“寻找” ，没有 search for 注意力集中。 What are you looking for in the room? 92. spend, take, pay spend 表示“花费” 。句型为 sb. spend(s)some money(time)on sth.其主语一般是人。 I spent a week (on) finishing reading the book. take 表示“占用或花费时间” 。句型为：It takes/took sb. sometime to do sth. It took me fortnight days to travel to Cairo. pay 表示“付款，给??报酬” ，一般与 for 搭配使用。
My father paid 1400 pounds for the laptop. 93. stop doing, stop to do stop doing 表示“停止做某事” 。 Stop smoking please, young man. stop to do 表示“停止、中断做某事后去做另一件事。 ” They stop to have a drink. 94. sometimes, sometime, some time sometimes 表示“有时” ，指动作发生的不经常性，常与一般现在时或一般过去时连用。 Sometimes I have nap at company. sometime 表示“某时” ，指时间上不确定的某一点，常用于过去时或将来时或将来时。 I saw Miss Nice sometime in December. some time 表示“一段时间” ，在句中常与 for, take 等词连用。 I’ll stay in Paris for some time. 95. 与 take 有关的词组辨析 take a look at 表示“看一下” 。 Can I take a look at your photo taken in Canada? take a taxi 表示“打的” 。 My plane leaves at seven, so I think we’ll take a taxi to the airport. take a photograph(of)表示“照一张相” 。 A photographer is sent immediately to take photographs. take along 表示“随身携带” 。 He took along some of his pictures in the hope of getting a job there. take it easy 表示“放心好了，别着急” 。 Take it easy! I’ve just called the First Aid Centre. take part in 表示“参加” 。 Every four years athletes all over the world take part in the Olympic Game. take place 表示“发生” 。 The dialogue takes place at a restaurant. take sides(in)表示“站在??一边” 。 He took side in us. take up 表示“占去，占领” 。 I think we should get this one, although it will take up more space in the room. take the place of 表示“代替，取代” 。 Miller has taken the place of Miss Helen in the personal department. 96. trip, journey, travel, tour trip 表示“(短时间内往返的)商业旅行或观光旅行” ，是非正式用语。 We went on a pleasant trip to Hong Kong during our vacation. journey 表示“由某一地点到另一地点的旅行，也指旅行的路程” ，是比较正式的用语。 He made a long journey from Moscow to London. travel 表示“旅行，游历” ，是最为普通的用语，但无路程的含义。 He came home after a year of travel. tour 表示“(访问多处的)观光旅行” 。
They have gone on a tour. 97. 与 turn 有关的词组辨析 turn down 表示“关小，调低” 。 Please turn the radio down, Tom. turn...into...表示“把??变成??” 。 If we cut down forests, we’ll turn the land into a desert. turn off 表示“关掉(水、电、收音机)” 。 Before you leave, make sure the electricity is turned off. turn out 表示“出席、证明是，结果是” 。 It turned out that she was a friend of my sister. turn up 表示“到达，出现” 。 He didn’t turn up until it was dark. turn over 表示“翻动，耕翻” 。 He turned over in bed all the time last night. 98. try to do, try doing try to do 表示“努力、企图做某事” ，(表示目的)。 You must try to be more careful. try doing 表示“试验、试着做某事”(表示手段)。 She tried reading, but that could not make her forget her trouble. 99. used to, be used to, get used to used to 表示“过去常常(做某事)” ，后接动词原形。 She used to stay up too late. be used to 表示“习惯于，适应” ，后接名词、代词或 v-ing，表示一种状态。 She is used to the life of the city. get used to 表示 “习惯于” ， 指一个动作由不适应向适应的转变， 其后接名词、 代词或 v-ing。 You’ll soon get used to the weather here. 100. wear, have on, put on, dress wear 主要用于穿衣服、戴眼镜(手套、首饰、帽)等，以强调“穿(戴)着”的状态。 Mr. Wood always wears sun glasses in summer. have on 表示“穿(戴)着” ，同 wear 一样，也表状态，不能用于进行时态。 John has on a white shirt today. put on 着重强调“穿(戴)上”的动作。 I like to put on my hat and ear covers when I go out in winter. dress 既可作及物动词，又可作不及物动词，所接宾语是人而不是衣、帽等物。 The little girl can dress herself.