B3 Module1 Reading and Vocabulary (1)
学习目标: 1. 知识目标：学习和掌握新的词汇，句型和习惯表达法。 2. 能力目标：把握文章大意，学习和训练阅读技能。 3. 情感目标：学会正确介绍城市和地区的位置和特色，增强国际交往意识。 学习重点：学习有关地理位置的词汇和表达。 学习难点：获取文章重要信息，熟练介绍某地区的位置、文化和经济特
色。 学法指导：阅读中识别新词汇和短语；阅读过程中正确把握段落的主旨大意。学习并练习 熟练运用有关地理位置的词汇和表达。 重点词汇及句型： Words Expressions Patterns continental, face, range, ancient, sign, agreement, govern, region, feature, produce be situated on…, work on…, become famous, be visited by…, be known as…, be governed in different ways, little by little, have a population of… 1. Paris is the capital and largest city of France, situated on the River Seine. 2. The most popular place for tourists is the Eiffel Tower, the famous symbol of Pairs. 3. One of the Barcelona’s most famous landmarks is the Church of the Sagrada Familia, which was designed by an architect called Antonio Gaudi. 4. The church hasn’t been finished yet! 5. Their works has influenced other writers ever since.
Step1：Open your books and turn to page 1. Finish activities 1&2.then check the answers. Step2: Open your books and turn to page 2. ① Read the passage and match the photos with these descriptions. □ □ □ □ 1 a landmark in Paris 2 an art gallery in Florence 3 a church in Barcelona 4 a building in Athens
② Match the words in the box with their definitions. ③ Type of writing and summary of Great European Cities Type of writing Idea of 1 part
A description essay PARIS:
Idea of 2nd part
Idea of 3rd part
Idea of 4th part
达标训练： ? Translate the following sentences into Chinese and pay attention to the underlined part. 1. Paris is the capital and largest city of France, situated on the River Seine.
Guadi worked on the project from 1882 until his death in 1926.
During the Renaissance, some of the greatest painters of all time lived and worked in Florence.
Their work has influenced other writers ever since.
Between France and Spain is another mountain range ——— the Pyrenees. (倒 装)
Read the cultural corner (page9) and answer the following questions. 1. Find the names of three first members and three new members of the European Union. 2. In the United Kingdom, who is the head of state?
3. By the year 2000, how many member countries were there in the European Union?
4. What is the population of the expanded European Union?
B3 Module 1 Language study（2）
学习目标：掌握本单元重点词汇 知识目标：单词表中重点词汇 能力目标：熟练运用单词表中词汇 情感目标：了解与地理有关词汇，热爱生活 学习重点：单词表中的考点词汇短语及句型 学习难点：方位的表达法 上节知识复习巩固： Useful expressions from Great European Cities（重点表达） the capital and largest city of …, be situated on…, one of the most beautiful cities in the world, the most popular place for…, the famous symbol of…, the world’s largest art galleries, be located in…, be famous for…, about two - thirds of…, the second largest city of…, the northeast coast, about five hundred kilometers east of…, be designed by…, work on …, an Italian city, become famous, because of…, a great artistic movement, in the 1300s, last for three hundred years, during the Renaissance, some of the greatest painters of all time, be produced by great artists such as …, be visited each year by about a million tourists, come to see the art galleries, be known as…, the birthplace of western civilization, two thousand four hundred years ago, the world’s most powerful city, ever since I 考点词汇 1.across prep.在……另一边(A 级) ①我们就住在河对岸__________________________________________________________. ② The Great Wall winds its way from west to east, _____ deserts _____ mountains, and _____ valleys, till at last it reaches the sea. A. over; across; across C. across; over; through B. through; past; past D. past; through; over
要求：辨析：across & through & over 2. face n.脸；相貌；表面；表情 vt.面向;面临;对付;覆盖;面对;摆在……面前 猜猜 face 在下列各句中的含义.(B 级) Are you bothered by pimples(痘痘) on your face? A happy face could mean a happy brain. Saddam faces to be hanged for killing 148 people in the Iraqi town of Dujail, in 1982. My house faces the sea. If found guilty, he could face up to 20 years in jail. I want to have a face- to -face talk with you. 短语搭配
be faced with__________
face up to_________
in the face of_________ face the music________________ 3.方位的习惯表示方法参考创新导学案 P6. 介词专项训练 1. China is _______ the west of Korea. 2. Nepal lies _________ China and India. 3. Britain is an island _______ the coast of continental Europe. 4. Shandong Province is next _____ Hebei Province. 5. Guangzhou is situated _______ the Pearl River. 6. Harbin is ________ the northeast of China. 7. Taiwan is part of China and faces the mainland _______ the Taiwan Strait. 8. The number of the employees has grown from 1000 to 1200. This means it has risen ________ 20%. 9. We offered our congratulations _______ his passing the college entrance examination. Ⅱ.重点短语 1. in terms of 根据……; 以……的观点; 谈及; 在……方面 ① 就面积和人口而论, 它是一个小国. _________________________________________ ② 他在谈论开创全新的事业. ___________________________________________. ③ 我们必须争取持久的世界和平. ______________________________________________ 2. “作为”as ; “因”for be famous for be famous as be known as be known for be remembered as be remembered for be admired for be admired as
用以上短语完成下列句子 ① 他作为一名民族英雄将永远被人们缅怀. He _____ always _________ a national hero. ② 因为帮助穷人她至今被人们所怀念. She ______ still _____________ a national here. ③ 那个村庄过去因贫穷而出名. That village ______________ its poverty. ④ 她的美丽令人羡慕. She _____________________ her beauty. 3. off the coast 在靠近海岸的海面上
on the coast“靠近海岸”,表示在陆上靠近海岸的地方 ① 有些孩子在靠近海岸的地方玩耍. ___________________________________________________ ② 这个岛濒临上海海岸. ____________________________________________________ ③ A big whale was caught _____ the coast by two fishermen. A. along 经典句型 1. what′s ...like? ① 今天的天气如何? _______________________________________. ② 她长得怎么样? _______________________________________. 2. That’s ..., isn’t it?反意疑问句型 ① She seldom goes to the cinema, ____________? ② You said that she would be back soon, ___________? ③ I don’t think Mary is coming tomorrow, ____________? ④ Don’t smoke here, _______________? 课堂检测: Ⅰ用适当的介词填空 under, between, opposite, above, off, over, across, behind, in front of, along, behind 1.The aeroplane is flying ________the village. 2.The ship is going ________the bridge. 3.The children are swimming________the river. 4.Two cats are running________the wall. 5.The boy is jumping ________the branch. 6.The girl is sitting________her mother and her father. 7.The teacher is standing________the blackboard. 8.The blackboard is________the teacher. 9.The clothes shop is ________the post office. 10.The window is well ________the tree. Ⅱ单项填空 1.In New Zealand,people lives in the houses with their doors ________north. A.face B.faced to the C.facing D.facing to B. on C. across D. off
2.We visited the Art Gallery in the morning and an exhibition later,with a hurried lunch________.
3.Everyone shouts“Kill it！ ”when a rat is seen to run________the street. A.along B.over C.across D.cross
4. Many people like white color as it is a ________ of purity. A.symbol B.sign C.signal D.example
5.An old friend of mine called me up this morning,but he refused to tell me his present ________. A.home B.place C.where D.whereabouts
6.All the teachers are against the idea to ________the new teaching building beside the sports ground.. A.find B.set C .locate D.build up Ⅲ 用括号内词的正确形式填空。 1. The number of deaths from heart disease _____ greatly if people don’t eat more fruit and vegetables. (increase) 2. Born in such a rich and educated family, you are lucky ______ with others. (compare) 3. In this museum there are works ______ by famous artists of all time. (production) 4. Many ________ from different countries were present at the 6th Asia-Pacific Social Science and Medicine Conference in China. (represent) 5. Bush _____ to the Republic Party has won the election in the USA. (belong) 6. The city g______ by the a famous mayor develops very smoothly. (government) 7. Shanghai is the largest city of China, ______on the river Huangpu. (situation) 8. They are on strike in _____to the lay-off.(opposite) 9. In ______ of sales, the book hasn’t been successful.(term) 10. The terrorist attack on the UN building has shocked the world.(civilization)
B3 Module1 Grammar (3)
学习目标： 知识目标: 掌握被动语态和有关主谓一致的相关原则 能力目标: 让学生能够运用被动语态和主谓一致的原则进行正确的解题 情感目标: 通过对另一国家语言的进一步掌握，来了解一个国家的文化 重点: 能灵活的运用所掌握原则来解决问题 难点: 结合题来判断其属于哪一原则 学习过程： Step1 被动语态 The Formation of passive voice: present and past forms Tense Simple Present Present Continuous Present Perfect Present Perfect Continuous Simple Past Past Continuous Past Perfect Past Perfect Continuous Simple Future Future Continuous Future Perfect Future Perfect Continuous 观察并背诵下列句子 Paris is made the capital of France. Paris is built on the River Seine. Paris is regarded as one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Paris is visited by more than eight million tourists every year. The Eiffel Tower is looked as the most popular place for tourists. The Eiffel Tower is made the famous symbol of Pairs. The Louvre is also found in Paris. The Church of the Sagrada Familia was designed by an architect. The architect is called Antonio Gaudi.
Auxiliary am/is/are am/is/are being have/has been have/has been being was/were was/were being had been had been being will (shall) be will (shall) be being will (shall) have been will (shall) have been being
Verb Form past participle past participle past participle past participle past participle past participle past participle past participle past participle past participle past participle past participle
The church hasn’t been finished yet. The paintings were produced by great artists. Florence is visited each year by about a million tourists. Athens is found to be the birthplace of western civilization. The Parthenon was built during this period. Greece’s best writers were invited to live in ancient Athens. Other writers were influenced by them. Step2 主谓一致 1 大部分集体名词做主语时，要根据意思来决定谓语动词的形式。当强调个别成员时，谓 语动词用复数形式；当强调整体时，谓语动词用单数形式。常用词有 audience, army, class, company, crowd, family, government, group, population, public, team, village, school 等。 1. Her family ____(be)a big one with 8 people, most of whom ____(be) workers in this city. 2. After supper, her family usually _____(watch\watches) TV and seldom ________(go\goes) out for a walk. 3. What ______(be) the population of the small country? 4. Over 80% of the population of our country _____(be) farmers. 5. The village ______(be)far from her 6.The whole village ____(be) out greeting him.
2 由 neither---nor, either---or, not only---but also 等连接两个主语时，谓语动词的形式与后面 的主语保持一致。例如： Neither his parents nor he ______(have/has )ever received higher education. Either I or you _____(is/are )to answer for the accident. 主谓一致的几种特殊情况 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. In front of the girl are some flowers. Each of us has a dictionary. We each have a dictionary. The teacher together with/with/as well as his students is going there on foot. Many a / More than one way has been tried. Many ways have been tried. There is a pair of shoes left . There are two pairs of shoes left. Driving cars is easy. （动名词作主语一般用单数）
7. 8. 9.
Maths/News/Physics/The United states is----The police are after the thief who has just broken into a house. The poor/rich/wounded 后用复数，而 the 加抽象形容词表示单数概念。
The beautiful is not always the useful. 10. The writer and singer is invited to attend the meeting.（同一个人） The writer and the singer are invited to attend the meeting.（两个人） 11. Every/No teacher and every/no student is eager for the summer vacation. There is a pen and two pencils on the desk. 3 主谓一致在英语句中，谓语受主语动支配，必须同主语在人称和数上保持一致。 名词＋as well as/no less than/but/except/with/like +其他名词，作主语时，谓语与前面的 第一个名词一致. ＊few/a few/both/many/several+名词复数／of+名词复数＋复数 ＊不定代词／疑问代词(something/anything/anywhere/somewhere/where/when)＋单数 语法一致原则：句子谓语动词的数取决于该句子主语的数。 1.―the＋姓氏名词的复数形式‖(---的成员)＋复数 2.all/some/half/enough/two thirds ＋名词（单／复数）＋单／复数 3.复数形式的名词： clothes/trousers/shorts(短裤)/glasses/scissors/gloves/chopsticks 等＋复 ＊ 计量单位（pair）＋ 复数形式的名词＋谓语(取决于 计量单位) 意义一致原则：谓语动词的单、复数形式，取决于主语所表达的概念。 1.集体名词：people/public(公共)/police/crew(船员)＋复数 2.复数形式，单数意义。（news/physics/maths/politics） 3. 集合 名词 ： class/family/team/Chinese/Japanese 强调 总体 －－ 单数 ；强调个 体－ 复数 The class has 45 students. The class are planting trees on the hill.
4.时间、距离、价格、重量的复数名词／算式＋单数 Ten days is a long time. 5.the +形容词―表一类人‖＋复数; The rich have much money. 6.and/both--- and + 复数
7.one of/each of/none of/either of/neither of ＋名词＋单数 8.a number(许多) +n +复数；the number (---的数量)+n +单数 9.名词＋and＋名词―表同一人／物用单数‖―表不同人／物用复数‖ The writer and the speaker are from the USA. The writer and speaker is from the USA. 就近一致原则：谓语动词的数要与它紧邻的名词／代词的数保持一致。 1.or/not--- but/either--- or---/neither--- nor---/not only--- but also--- ＋就近原则 2.There be＋并列主语 达标训练: 1、—How are the team playing? —They’re playing well, but one of them ______ hurt. （北京 2002 春季） A、got B、gets C、are D、were 2、As a result of destroying the forests, a large ____ of desert _____ covered the land.（上海 2001） A、number; has B、quantity; has C、number; have D、quantity; have 3、All the preparations for the task _________ , and we are ready to start. (2000 年全国春季卷) A、completed B、complete C、had been completed D、have been completed 4、I told him what I was surprised _________ his attitude towards his study. (2000 年春季上海 卷) A、is B、was C、at is D、at was
5、Every possible means _______ to prevent the air pollution, but the sky is still not clear. (2000 年春季上海卷) A、is used B、are used C、has been used D、have been used
B3 Module1 Listening part
Module One Listening (Page 6) Carlos: Hello, my name is Carlos and I'm from Spain. Helen: Hi, Carlos. I'm Helen.
Amy: And my name is Amy. Pleased to meet you. Carlos: Are you English? Helen: No! Neither of us is English. Amy: Helen's from Scotland and I'm from Wales. Carlos: Really? So, Helen, where do you live in Scotland? Helen: In Edinburgh. Carlos: Edinburgh. Nice, that's the capital of Scotland, isn't it? Helen: Yes, it is. Carlos: And Amy, you're from Wales. Amy: That's right. Carlos: That's west of England, isn't it? Amy: Yes, it is. It's a separate country and it's to the west of England. Carlos: And where in Wales do you live? Amy: Well, my family lives in Cardiff. Carlos: Cardiff? I've never heard of Cardiff. Is it a big city? Amy: Yes, it is! It's the capital! Carlos: Oh, I'm so sorry! Amy: That's all right. Carlos: There are so many capital cities in the United Kingdom. Helen: Yes, Scotland and Wales are separate countries. And each of them has a capital city. Carlos: So what are you doing here in London? Helen: We're students. Carlos: What are you studying? Helen: Languages. Carlos: Which ones? Helen: Well, there are about 60 students in the class, and all of them are studying at least two Languages. I'm studying French and Chinese. Amy: And I'm studying German and Russian. Carlos: So neither of you is studying Spanish. Amy: No, sorry. In fact, none of the students in our class is studying Spanish. Carlos: Oh. That's sad. Helen: Where in Spain do you live? Carlos: In Valencia. Amy: Valencia? Whereabouts is that? Carlos: It's on the east coast. It's about 200 kilometres south of Barcelona. Amy: I see. Is it a big city? Carlos: Yes. Quite big. Amy: What's it like? Carlos: It's a wonderful place. And our soccer team is fantastic.
Helen: What kind of work do people do there? Carlos: Well, a lot of them work in tourism. Helen: Really? And what are you doing here in London? Carlos: Well, I'm studying English at university, so I'm here for a month. Amy: Really? That's nice. Carlos: Yes. In fact, my whole class is coming. Helen: How many students are there in the class? Carlos: Forty-seven. But none of them has arrived yet!
英语作文中关于“方向”的表达 （一） 表示―在东南西北‖用： in the east/west/north/south， 指―朝/向东南西北‖ 用 to/towards + the +方位名词。如： The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.日出于东而没于西。 （二）高中英语表示―朝……方向‖用： 主语 + face/look + 方位副词（east, west, north, south） 。 The window of my room faces （to the） south. 我房间的窗朝南。 主语 + face/look + to /towards the 方位名词（east, west, north, south） 。如： Our domitory faces east （to the east, towards the east）. 我们的宿舍朝着东方。 用 in the direction of 表示朝……的方向. [短语] in all directions 朝四面八方；in every direction 向四面八方。 He walked in the direction of the river bank. 朝河岸走去。 （三） 表示―在……左/右‖： 泛指用 on the left/right；具体指明―在某地某物左右‖用 on the left / right of +地点名词， 表示―向（朝）左/右‖用 to the left/right of。如： There is a deep valley on the right of the road and a grassy plain on the left of it. 路的右边是一 个深谷，左边是一片草原。 高中英语关于“方位”的表达英语句式 （一）表示―方位‖的句式： A + lies/ is + to+ the + 方位名词+ of + B。表示―A 地与 B 地领域相对或相望‖，属外部位置 关系。 如： Ireland lies to the west of Britain．爱尔兰位于不列颠之西。 A+ lies/ is + on + the +方位名词+ of + B。表示―A 地与 B 地领域接壤‖，属毗邻位置关系。 如： Guangdong lies on the south of Human. 广东在湖南的南面。 A+ lies / is+ in + the +方位名词+ of + B。表示―A 地在 B 地领域以内‖，属于内部位置关系。 如： Shanghai lies in the east of China.上海位于中国的东部（在境内） 。 A + lies/ is + off+ B。表示―A 地位于离 B 地不远的海上。如： The island lies off the East coast. 这座岛在东海岸附近。 A + lies/ is + on + the + river/coast。表示―A 地在…河畔或海滨‖，on the 后跟河畔或海滨名
称。 如： London lies on the River Thames.伦敦位于泰晤士河畔。 （二）表示―坐落‖的句式 某地 + be located in/at/on…某地坐落于…。如： The new building will be located in the center of town.这座大楼将建在市中心。 某地 + be situated in/on/at...某地坐落于…。如： The school is situated in the suburbs.这所学校位于郊外。 某地 + be surrounded by/with…某地被…环绕着/包围着。如： The city is surrounded by suburbs.城市被郊区包围着。 练一练： 写作练习：写一遍介绍自己家乡的作文 要求：地理位置及周边环境;字数 120 左右
B3 Module 1 Europe 同步练习
短语翻译 1． 一点点地， 逐渐地_________________ 2． 另一方面， 反过来说_________________ 3． 依照， 根据_______________________ 4． 和……相比________________________ 5． 到 2000 年为止_________________________ 6． 属于_________________________________ 7． 有……人口____________________________ 8． 和……相识________________________ 9． 在……南方_____________________________ 10. 在……的东北海岸_______________________ 11. 擅长于……________________________ 12. 从一边到另一边__________________________ 13. 抛瞄，听下来____________________________ 14. 前前后后_______________________________ 15. 教育，培养__________________________________ 一、单项选择
1. More than a dozen students in that school ______ abroad to study medicine last year. A. sent B. were sent C. had sent D. had been sent
2. Professor Smith, along with his assistant, ______ on the project day and night to meet the deadline. A. work B. working C. is working D. are working
3. Months ago we sailed ten thousand miles across the open sea, which ______ the Pacific, and we met no storms. A. was called B. is called C. had been called D. has been called
4. All the employees except the manager _______ to work online at home. A. encourages B. encourage C. is encouraged D. are encouraged
5. According to the art dealer, the painting ______ to go for at least a million dollars. A. is excepted B. excepts C. expected D. is expecting
6. The number of deaths from heart disease will be reached greatly if people ______ to eat more fruit and vegetables. A. persuade B. will persuade C. be persuaded D. are persuaded
7. – I would never come to this restaurant again. The food is terrible. – _______. A. Nor am I. B. Neither would I. C. Same with me. D. So do I.
8. If rubber _______, it gives off a terrible smell. A. burn B. is burned C. will burn D. burnt
9. Many reports hurried to ______ the accident after the famous actor’s death was certain. A. cover B. see C. discover D. write
10. The little village which lies ____ the railway for 20 miles is ______ the great man was born. A. off; where B. at; when C. to; how D. by; why
11. All _____ have been tried but unsuccessful. We have to finish our work ______. A. means; by this means
B. means; in this means
C. meanses; by this means 12. - _____was Tom ______ this morning. A. What; like B. How; like
D.meanses; in this means - He was angry. C. How; / D. Which; like
13. Having been ill in bed for nearly a month, he had a hard time ______ the exam. A. pass B. to pass C. passed D. passing
14. The managers discussed the plan that they would like to see ______ the next year. A. carry out B. carrying out C. carried out D. to carry out
15. What he said just now _______ me of that American professor. A. mentioned B. informed C. remained D. memorized
16. -Do you know my town at all? -No, this is the first time I _____ here. A. was B. have been C. came D. are coming
17. –Where _____ the recorder? I can’t see it anywhere. – I _____ it right here. But now it’s gone. A. did you put; have put C. had you put; was putting B. have you put; put D. were you putting; have put
18. I haven’t heard from him ______. What do you suppose has happened to him? A. until recently B. from now on C. up till now D. up until then
19. He tried to go away without being noticed by the teacher, but lack ____him. A. went with B. went against C. went along D. went over
20. It was with great joy ______ he received that news that his lost daughter had been found. A. because 二、语法小练兵 1. Either you or the headmaster ______ the prize to these gifted students at the meeting. A. is handing out B. are to hand out C. are handing out D. is to hand out B. which C. since D. that
2. E-mail, as well as telephones, ______an important part in daily communication.
A. is playing
B. have played
C. are playing
3. My family raise a lot of _____ , including two_____. A. cattles: cows B. cows ;cattle C. cattle : cows D. cow; cattle
4. It is bad ____ to speak with your mouth full of food. A. manner B. manners C. way D. thing
5.You should do more ______ . Don’t always sit at the desk busy doing your ______. A. exercise ;exercises C. exercises ;exercises B. exercises ;exercise D. exercise ;exercise
6. Jane is one of the best students in her class who by their teacher. A. are praised B. is praised C. praised D. praising
7. When and where to build the new factory _____not decided yet . A. is B. are C. has D. have
8. _____many times, he offered to be our guide. A. Not having been there C. Having not been there 9. Nobody but Jane _____ the secret. A. knows B. know C. have known D. is known B. Not being D. Being not
10. A fork and knife _____ on the table . A. is 三、单词演练 1. The weather is Siberia is typical c______. 2. Kg is a scientific gauge s______ for Kilogram. 3. China is well-known for her five thousand years of c_____. 4. The roof of this a_____ temple would cave in if not given careful maintenance. 5. The manager can hardly g________ his own temper, let alone manage a whole factory. 6. My neighbor is a famous ________(建筑师).
C. has been
D. have been
7. Wet weather is a _______(特征) of here in January and February. 8. I will have an appointment with the banker. this Wednesday and discuss the _______(协议). 9. We used the fifth trick in the book to finish the _______（项目）on schedule. 10. The effect of the medicine was _______(相反的) to that intended.