人教版高中英语必修三 unit1 测试卷及答案
一、单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 1. — I’d like to have a talk with Jenny now. — ____. She has just fallen asleep. A. You’d better not B. I hope so C. That ’s all r
ight D. I think so 2. ____ the wounded soldiers need are good doctors and medicine. A. That B. Who C. What D. Whether 3. He got up late this morning. ____, he missed the school bus. A. In a way B. In fact C. In a word D. As a result 4. He forgot to turn on the radio. _____, he missed the program. A. Otherwise B. Thus C. However D. Besides 5. ____ you’ve grown up, you should be independent of your parents’ help. A. Even though B. In case C. Just as D. Now that 6. A lot of policemen were sent there to ____ the football fans from making trouble. A. permit B. prevent C. protect D. prove 7. It was almost midnight when the fire ____ in the neighborhood. A. broke up B. broke down C. broke in D. broke out 8. — I think I’ll give it up. I feel so tired. — ____! We’ll see the result soon. A. Never mind B. Good luck C. No problem D. Cheer up 9. ____ to go hasn’t been decided, but the Fragrant Hill is a most likely place. A. What B. How C. Why D. Where 10. Who do you think it is ____ will go to Paris tomorrow? A. he B. that C. as D. which 11. The little girl felt ____, as she couldn’t understand why her brother hated her so much. A. satisfied B. puzzled C. delighted D. rude 12. The old woman was counting the eggs ____ by the hens during the month. A. laid B. lied C. lay D. lain 13. The story was about a country, which never ____ in the real world. A. lived B. existed C. stayed D. had 14. The old lady is reminded to ____ for cars when she crosses the road. A. turn up B. set off C. watch out D. cut down 15. ____ he is always late for work makes the boss very angry. A. That B. When C. Whether D. Which 二、完形填空 (共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） When I was in the seventh grade, I was a volunteer in a hospital. I spent most of the time there with Mr. Gillespie. He never had any _ 16 _ and nobody seemed to care about his living __17__. I spent many days holding his hand, talking to him and __18 _ anything that needed to be done. He became my close friend, __19 _ he only responded with an occasional (偶尔的) squeeze (捏) of my 20 . I left for a week to visit my parents. And when I came back, Mr. Gillespie was __21__. I didn’t have the __22__ to ask the nurses where he was. I was afraid that they might _ 23__ me
that he had died. Several _ 24__ later, I became a college student. One day, I noticed a familiar face at a gas station. When I __25_ who it was, my eyes were filled with tears. He was __26__. He was Mr. Gillespie. With an uncertain look __27__ his face, he replied “yes”. I __28__ how I knew him, and that I had spent many hours talking with him in the hospital. His eyes were full of tears, and he gave me the warmest hug I had ever __29__. He began to tell me that __30__ he lay there unconsciously (无意识地), he could hear me talking to him and could __31__ me holding his hand all the time. He thought it was an angel (天 使), not a person, who was there with him. Mr. Gillespie __ 32__ believed that it was my voice and __33__ that had kept him alive. Although I haven’t __34__ him after that, it fills my heart with __35__ every day. I know that I made a difference between his life and death and more importantly, he made me to be an angel. 16. A. visitors B. relatives C. patients D. doctors 17. A. interests B. requests C. conditions D. opinions 18. A. talking about B. looking after C. pointing out D. helping with 19. A. so that B. even though C. soon after D. as if 20. A. hand B. head C. nose D. arm 21. A. killed B. lost C. gone D. changed 22. A. energy B. chance C. courage D. time 23. A. cheat B. tell C. remind D. warn 24. A. days B. weeks C. months D. years 25. A. recognized B. wondered C. heard D. asked 26. A. well B. alive C. silent D. alone 27. A. at B. on C. behind D. in 28. A. apologized B. remembered C. explained D. admitted 29. A. dreamed B. saw C. wanted D. received 30. A. because B. if C. unless D. although 31. A. notice B. feel C. imagine D. watch 32. A. hardly B. quickly C. firmly D. nearly 33. A. humor B. duty C. touch D. success 34. A. forgotten B. called C. missed D. seen 35. A. joy B. regret C. respect D. sorrow 三、阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） A For millions of U.S. students, a hot meal has been part of the school day since Congress passed the National School Lunch Program in 1946. But with many items on today’s menus filled with fat and calories, educators are taking a cue from (效法) the local-food movement to put school lunches on a healthier path. The National School Lunch Program, intended to prevent the return of the depression era of child malnourishment (营养不良), allowed the government to buy surplus food from farmers and set minimum nutritional values for each meal. Its budget grew under Eisenhower and Nixon, but the Reagan Administration cut it by nearly $1.5 billion — making up for the cuts by revising nutritional guidelines, reducing portion sizes and (infamously) attempting to categorize ketchup as
a vegetable. The 1980s and '90s saw school districts contract with private companies to stock brand-name soft drinks and snacks in exchange for a cut of the profits. While the partnerships boosted school revenue (收入), they also exacerbated (加剧)soaring childhood-obesity rates. In an effort to promote healthier diets, some 9,000 schools have joined a national farm-to-school program that provides locally grown food for school cafeterias. The Department of Agriculture is expected to expand school nutrition standards this year, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that 63% of schools have stopped selling sugary soft drinks. Yet despite these efforts, most students still pile unhealthy foods onto their lunch trays. Currently, 80% of schools serve lunches with more than the recommended amount of saturated fat; 43% don’t offer daily fresh fruits and vegetables. No matter how you measure it, there’s very little nutrition in a Tater Tot. 36. According to the passage, what problem does the school lunch have now? A. It is too expensive and most students can’t afford it. B. It is unhealthy and contains too much fat. C. It can’t bring any revenue to schools. D. The government has not enough money to put into it. 37. The passage is mainly about ______. A. a national farm-to-school program B. the National School Lunch Program C. the brief history about school lunches D. most US students’ taste 38. What is the purpose of the National School Lunch Program? A. To prevent the children from malnourishment. B. In exchange for a cut of the profits. C. To prevent the children from being obese. D. To boost school revenue. 39. According to the last paragraph, which of the following statements is TRUE? A. The national farm-to-school program is helpful for the students to keep healthy. B. 63% of schools don’t offer daily fresh fruits and vegetables. C. 43% of schools have stopped selling sugary soft drinks. D. Most students have realized the problem and eat less unhealthy foods than before. B Listen, watch and play all day with 24 hours of battery life and room for up to 2000 songs. The Sansa Fuze from SanDisk is your portable music machine with 2GB, 4GB, or 8GB of storage. Watch your favorite video clips on the Sansa Fuze’s 1.9" color screen. Jam to FM radio with 40 preset stations, play with the built-in voice recorder, and share your photos wherever you go. Choose from five electric colors: blue, red, pink, black or silver. Incredible battery life in a 0.3" thin device — the Sansa Fuze marks the next wave of music and video players. Customer Review By Niel T. Johnson Affordable, great sound. I love added memory via the microSD Slot. If you want an iPod, just spend 6 times as much and you’ll have one. By Christopher Forte
Overall, for the money, this is a great buy. The music functionality is everything that I would like — intuitive and easy to navigate. The only issue is that scrolling (滚动) occasionally pauses for a second or two. Having FM and voice recording is a big plus, as is the easy drag-and-drop way of getting my MP3’s on the device. The sound quality is quite good, especially through a proper sound system or a quality headset. By Vito Paine Good sound quality. Great price. I don’t actually use the video on this device so I don’t know how well that feature works, but I do store MP3’s and photos there. One thing: I wish I had also gotten a screen protector laminate (薄膜). My screen got scratched up recently. 40. Which of the following can NOT be done by the Sansa Fuze? A. Listening to music. B. Watching videos. C. Playing games. D. Surfing the Internet. 41. According to Christopher Forte, he is unsatisfied with ______. A. FM and voice recording B. its sound quality C. the time it takes when scrolling D. its price 42. Which of the following can be learned from Vito Paine? A. He thinks well of the video’s feature on this device. B. Now the Sansa Fuze he bought can’t work well. C. The Sansa Fuze’s screen has no protector laminate on it. D. He likes the FM and voice recording feature very much. 43. The text may be taken from the ______ column in a newspaper. A. advertisement B. technology C. news D. sports C Before fridges, homes usually had ice boxes. But another way to keep food cool without electricity is to use an evaporative (蒸气) cooler. It is easy to make and does not even use ice. A common design is a tall box with several shelves inside. The shelves are pieces of metal with many small holes through them. The sides of the box are covered with pieces of thick cloth. Containers of water are placed at the top and bottom of the cooler. The ends of each piece of cloth lie in the water so the cloth stays wet. Put the cooler in the open air but not in the sun. Air will pass through while the inside of the box will stay several degrees cooler than the outside. This can keep foods fresh for a short time. The best way to prepare foods for storage (储存) is at harvest time. Place the harvested items on a clean surface, but not on the ground. Fruits and vegetables must be cool from field heat before they are stored. A good idea is to harvest foods either early or late in the day, then leave them to cool naturally. Do not remove outer leaves from fruits and vegetables before storage. Some fruits and vegetables must be stored at zero to four degrees Celsius. Any colder, and they might be damaged. Others need four to eight degrees, and still others above eight degrees. Cover the items in plastic once they reach the right “critical temperature” for storage. 44. What is an evaporative cooler? A. An ice box used to contain things. B. An electrical container to hold things. C. A small box made of cloth to contain food. D. A tall box used to cool food without ice or electricity.
45. The second paragraph is mainly about ____. A. the several uses of an evaporative cooler B. the working principle of an evaporative cooler C. the way an evaporative cooler is made D. ways on how to use an evaporative cooler 46. Which of the following is NOT a step in storing foods according to the passage? A. Put the harvested items on a clean surface. B. Remove outer leaves from vegetables and fruits. C. Harvest foods either early or late in the day. D. Cool fruits and vegetables before storage. 47. The underlined “critical temperature” in the last paragraph refers to a temperature of____. A. zero to four degrees B. four to eight degrees C. at least eight degrees D. the suitable degrees D Have you ever taken a test that you thought you could have passed easily, only to make some silly mistakes that really hurt your grade? More than a few students have done that. And some seem to do it over and over again. There are several problem areas that can cause students to goof up or do poorly in a test that they could have passed. Some students can become overconfident in their knowledge of the subject matter. They think they know the material better than they actually do. It is easy for students to misjudge their own knowledge, and when they realize that they don’t know the material, it is too late. What happens more often, though, is that some students feel they are smart enough to be able to guess their way through a test. So they don’t bother studying the material. They are overconfident in their ability to figure things out. In either case, overconfidence can result in lower grades in tests. Does this apply to you? Another thing that can happen is that students underestimate (低估) the difficulty of the test. They expect an easy test, but the teacher throws in a real tough test that they haven’t prepared for. Sometimes the teacher may cover material in the test that students weren’t expecting. That can happen, especially if you weren’t paying attention in class. Finally, there are students who don’t feel that getting a good grade is important to them, so they don’t bother to study or even try to do well. Such students may be trying to punish their parents, have a poor image of themselves, or are just plain foolish. Hopefully, you are not one of these students. 48. The writer believes that many students ______. A. are afraid of exams B. make careless mistakes C. hate homework D. lack confidence 49. What does the underlined phrase “goof up” mean? A. Be overconfident. B. Be nervous. C. Make silly mistakes. D. Make wrong choices. 50. According to the writer, who will be most unwilling to try his best in a test? A. Edward, dissatisfied with his parents.
B. John, expecting an easy test for him. C. Dobby, believing he is the smartest in the class. D. Peter, being overconfident about his ability. 51. What would be discussed in the paragraph that follows? A. The causes of overconfidence. B. The causes of a poor self-image. C. Ways to prepare for a test. D. Ways to avoid goofing up a test. E Harvey Ball, an artist, was the man that created the smiley face — the most recognized symbol of good will and cheer on the planet, in 1963. Strangely it was the over popularity of the smiley face that caused Harvey Ball to become concerned that the meaning of the smiley face was being used wrongly. Ball decided to offer one day each year to admire smiles and acts of kindness creating World Smile Day. Harvey Ball chose the first Friday in October to celebrate World Smile Day. The first World Smile Day was held in Worcester, Massachusetts in 1999. Worcester was Harvey Ball’s hometown. World Smile Day’s slogan (口号), “Do an act of kindness. Help one person smile!” is one of the best sayings anyone could choose to live by. The twelfth yearly World Smile Day was held on October 1, 2010. In 2001, when Harvey Ball passed away, the World Smile Foundation (基金) was created. The Foundation was created to honor the name and memory of Harvey Ball. Each year on the first Friday of October the Foundation still hosts World Smile Day celebrations in Worcester, Massachusetts. The World Smile Foundation’s slogan is “Improving this world, one smile at a time”, which truly expresses Harvey Ball’s idea when he created World Smile Day. This has to be one of the easiest holidays to celebrate and anyone can join in. Some individuals chose to organize celebrations, hand out smiley face signs while others chose to celebrate World Smile Day by simply smiling. Harvey Ball influenced many people with his World Smile Day. The Worcester Historical Museum created the Harvey Ball Smile Award. The award recognizes an individual, a group, or an organization that has done something rather fantastic for the city of Worcester. 52. When the smiley face created by Harvey Ball became better known, he ______. A. felt proud B. felt surprised C. got disappointed D. became worried 53. Which of the following happened most recently? A. World Smile Day was first celebrated. B. World Smile Foundation was set up. C. The smiley face became popular. D. Harvey Ball decided to create a holiday. 54. The Harvey Ball Smile Award would most probably be given to ______. A. Rosa, celebrating World Smile Day each year B. Kate, a researcher from the Worcester Historical Museum C. Sun Club, greatly improving communities in Worcester D. Book Master, the biggest publishing house in Worcester 55. What is the passage mainly about?
A. A happy holiday. B. A kind artist. C. A smiling picture. D. A special award. 四、书面表达 （共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错 (共10小题; 每小题1分, 满分10分) 短文中共有10处错误，错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧)，并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词的下面写出修改后的词。 注意： 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改10处，多者(从第11处起)不计分。 Our clothes are a thing can affect our moods. Wear colorful clothes shows and affects our feelings. When we’re sadly, we will wear dark clothes. So when happy, we often choose to wear brightly-colored clothes. Our choice of color shows what we are feeling. Suppose we are felt sad, if we wear black we may begin to feel worse. However, if we wear green, red and yellow we may feel good. Orange makes us more happier, white makes we helpful, and so on. So remember, if you are not feeling your best, you can try out some clothes of different colors. If one color has not effect on your feelings, maybe another will. 第二节 书面表达 （满分 25 分） 假设你就读于一所外语学校。学校出于安全考虑，规定禁止学生去网吧，然而同学们认 为网络已成为人们了解信息以及相互联系的一条必不可少的渠道。 为此， 学生会就如何解决 这一问题，向同学们征集意见。请谈谈你的看法，写一篇文章。100 词左右。 参考答案： 1-15 ACDBD 16-35 ACDBA 36-55 BCAAD
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BABCA BBCDD BDBCA
短文改错 Our clothes are a thing∧can affect our moods. Wear colorful clothes shows and affects our that / which Wearing feelings. When we’re sadly, we will wear dark clothes. So when happy, we often choose to wear sad But brightly-colored clothes. Our choice of color shows what we are feeling. Suppose we are felt sad, how feeling if we wear black we may begin to feel worse. However, if we wear green, red and yellow we may or feel good. Orange makes us happier, white makes we helpful, and so on. So remember, if you us are not feeling your best, you can try out some clothes of different colors. If one color has not no effect on your feelings, maybe another will. One possible version: Net bars have gained in popularity in recent years, especially among students. While we are all benefiting from their convenience, there are also safety problems. I think that is the reason
why students are kept from going to the net bars. But I have some suggestions. First, net bars should be built in school, so that the students can surf the Internet there. It will bring students great convenience in getting information, entertainment and contact with others. Second, students should be taught how to use the Internet more effectively. Third, students need to gather information from other resources, such as the library.