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精选高考英语写作专题之书信写作(对比类)


假如你是李华, 你的美国朋友Alice听说中国的中小学正在实施素质 教育, 来信询问有关情况。请你根据下表提供的信息,写封回信, 谈一谈“素质教育”实施后你们学校生活发生的变化。

应试教育

素质教育

上课:听讲,做 笔记

上课:课堂活跃,研究学习,能力 培养, 有时学生当老师

r />课外活动: 做不 课外活动:开展各种类型的活动: 完的作业 唱歌跳舞,球类活动,电脑学习, 英语角… 晚上:继续做作 晚上: 看新闻,做实验,各学科讨 业至深夜 论
注意: 1、写信日期为2007年2月20日;

2、词数:100左右; 3、注意书信格式。

Dear Alice, You said that you wanted to know something about quality-oriented education. So I will talk about quality-oriented and examoriented education. At last , we only could listen our teachers and make notes. After classes we had a lot homeworks to do. It took us much time on it at night. But now, in class, we can discuss questions with teacher. Students are all like to study. Sometime we also could play a teacher. We don’t have so many homeworks. So we have enough time to do all kinds of activities, for example, singing, playing balls, English coner, and so on. At night , we can see news, do experiments… Yours, Li Hua 2007, 2, 20

Common problems:
Incorrect letter form; Spelling mistakes; Grammatical mistakes; The passage is wordy; Think in Chinese and write in Chinglish; No effective conjunctions

Incorrect letter form
Dear Alice:,

Yours, Li Hua

Feb 20, 2007

Spelling mistakes:
? Our school life was quite boiling. boring ? We only made notices and lessoned in class. listened notes ? But now things are difficult from it. different

Grammatical mistakes
? In class, exam-oriented education made us to listen the teachers and make notes to ? Comparing with that, quality-oriented education allows us learn lively. to learn actively Compared ? We just had too many homeworks to do. much homework ? Several years ago, we have saw and experienced the exam-oriented education.

The passage is wordy
I received your last letter yesterday. I am pleased to receive it. You said you heard that China is carrying out the quality-oriented education in primary schools and middle schools and you wanted to know something about it. So I will tell you something about it and the exam-oriented education. ( 50 words)

Glad to hear from you. You want to know something about the quality-oriented 27 education in China. I’d like to tell you words something about the changes in my school.

Write in Chinglish
In the evening, we see news, do experiments and discussing subjects…which instead of continue doing homework. In the evening, instead of continuing our exercises far into the night we can watch news on TV, do experiments and discuss our subjects.

No effective conjunctions
And we did our homework in our free time. We did homework till midnight. And we had to do our homework exercises both in our free time and even far into the night. We have a lot of activities, dancing, computers, English, and so on. After class, We have various outside activities, such as singing, dancing, English corner, and taking computer lessons.

Feb 20, 2007 Dear Alice, How nice to hear from you. You want to know what is going on in schools in China? Now, I will tell you about it. In the past, exam-oriented education forced us to listen to our teacher while taking notes in class. After class, we did all kinds of exercises without end. After supper, we had to continue our exercises far into the night. Now, quality-oriented education has made our school life colorful. We are active in class. In order to train the ability, we often do research on study. Sometimes one of us teaches ourselves. We have various outside activities, such as singing, dancing, English corner, and taking computer lessons. Basketball and football are our favorite sports. In the evening we can watch news on TV, do experiments by ourselves and have talks and discussions of our subjects. It’s certain that our school life is getting more and more colorful and interesting. Best wishes. Yours,

Structure 1 :Topic-by-Topic Structure

A
B

Past

/ disadvantage

1
2 3

Present 1 2 3

/ advantage

Feb 20, 2007 Dear Alice, Thank you for your last letter. You asked me what qualityoriented education brought to us. Now I’ll tell you about it. Instead of just listening to the teacher and taking notes, we now experience a more active atmosphere in class. We often do research to develop our ability and sometimes we can even act as a teacher to teach others. After class, we used to spend all the time trying to finish the homework. But now, there are all kinds of activities for us, such as singing, dancing, ball games and computer studying. We often go to the English corner to practise our English. In the evening, the homework exercises once forced us to study till midnight. Yet now, we can watch news on TV, do experiments by ourselves and have discussions of our subjects. Self-improvement comes with the new way of study. We really benefit a lot from it. What about your school life? Best wishes. Yours truly, Li Hua

In the evening, the homework exercises once forced us to study till midnight. Yet now, we can watch news on TV, do experiments by ourselves and have discussions of our subjects. Self-improvement comes with the new way of study. We really benefit a lot from it. What about your school life? Best wishes, Yours truly, Li Hua

Structure 2 : Point-by-Point Structure
A – Past B – Present A – Past B – Present A – Past B – Present 1 1 2 2 3 3 / disadvantage / advantage

/ disadvantage / advantage / disadvantage / advantage

Why do say it is a good article?
? ? ? ? Proper letter form. No obvious mistakes. Write in logical order. Use exact adjectives, good verbs and proper phrases. ? Use some effective conjunctions. ? Use different sentence structures.

Read the following sentences and decide which is better. 1) I'm waiting for you to come. I'm looking forward to your arrival. 2) Tom is ill. He cannot study. He still attends school. Tom is ill and cannot study, yet he still attends…

3) I read the newspaper in the past. I like to
watch TV now. I used to read the newspapers, but now I prefer to watch TV. 4) He came and brought us a lot of new stories. He came with a lot of new stories.

Improve the following sentences:
1)The flat has an area of 25 square metres and there with is a bedroom, a bathroom, and a kitchen. 2) I heard you are learning Chinese. I am very glad to hear that. I’m very glad to hear that you are learning… 3) Next the text will be gone through by us and then the main idea will be found. Let’s go through the text and find the main idea. 4) He saw the boy in the street. He stopped to speak to him. He gave him a penny. Seeing the boy in the street, he stopped to speak to him and gave him a penny.

Effective conjunctions
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? compared with… be different from; unlike… on the other hand on the contrary; just the opposite while / however / but take …for example; for example just like… similarly, in the same way,

Examples: 1. I used to read the newspaper, but now I prefer to watch TV.
2. He once knew her, but they are no longer friends now. 3. Tom liked to collect stamps when he was young, although now he enjoys climbing.

4. Ten years ago there was only one middle school here, yet now there are five.
5. We played basketball in the past, while we play football now.

过渡连接词
I work indoors my neighbor work outdoors

children parents

eat out at weekend western food eat out at weekend Chinese food

表示转折对比的过渡词: while,/just the opposite/ on the contrary/

but now/and/ also/however/ yet/ whereas/
nevertheless/ once…now/ instead of

表示先后次序的过渡词: above all/ to begin with/ in the first place/

first of all/ first/firstly/second/secondly/
the next/ finally/eventually/ in the end/ at last/since then/ afterwards

表示时间关系的过渡词: when/after/before/until/as soon as/ later/

soon/lately/recently/since/
from then on/in the meantime/ at the same time/then/

表示因果关系的过渡词: since/because (of)/as/for/so that/so/

for this reason/ as a result (of)/
in this way/ due to/therefore/thus/ thanks to/owing to/as a consequence (of)

表示列举的过渡词:
for example/for instance/like/such as

表示补充递进的过渡词:
furthermore/ moreover/ besides/

what’s more/ as well/ in addition

表示条件关系的过渡词: if/ so long as/ as long as/ on condition that/ unless/ even if/

even though/ in case/ provided that/
suppose that/ supposing/ or/ or else

表示陈述事实的过渡词:
in fact/ actually/ as a matter of fact/ to tell you the truth 表示换一种方式表达的过渡词:

in other words/ that is to say/ namely/
to put it another way/ or rather

表示总结的过渡词: in conclusion/ to sum up/ in a word/ in brief/ in short/ generally speaking/

on the whole/all in all/anyway/anyhow/
on all accounts/ as a whole

请根据下面六幅图的 提示和所提供的主题 句,写一篇题为 “Changes in Our Life” 的英文短文。词数 100 左右。(2004年北京)

开头已为你写好:
Over the past twenty years or so, great changes have taken place in our life. Take my family for example.

Sending letters

Through phone

Listen to the radio

Watch TV

Small room

Big room


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