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2011届高考英语第一轮复习实用课件-代词


?语法专题三

代词

? 代词是用来代替名词或名词作用的短语,

大多数代词具有名词和形容词的功能。代

词按意义、特征及语法功能可分为八类:
人称代词、物主代词、反身代词、指示代

词、不定代词、相互代词、疑问代词、关
系代词。代词的常考点如下:

>? 1.人称代词的主格在句中作主语,宾格

? 但在下列情况也用宾格:①在be后作表

语。②在单独使用或带not的简略回答中。
③在感叹疑问句中做主语,以引起强调。

④在下列之类的祈使句中:He’s got to
repay the money—poor him.他得偿还这

笔钱——可怜的他呀!
? 2.形容词性物主代词只能在名词前作定

语,名词性物主代词相当于“形容词性物
主代词+名词”,在句中作主语、宾语、

? 3.反身代词在句中可以作enjoy,

teach,

hurt, buy, introduce等动词和by, for, to等
介词的宾语,还可以作主语或宾语的同位

语,可译作“亲自,本人”,但不能作主
语。
? 4.指示词有this,

that, these, those等。

注意以下4点:
? (1)this,

these是时间或空间上的“近指”,

? (2)指上文提到的事一般用that,有时也用

this,指下文的事只能用this。
? (3)打电话时,用this来介绍自己,用that

来问对方,不用I或you。
? (4)this和that还可用做副词表示程度,意

为“如此,那么”,相当于so,作状语。

? 5.疑问代词what除可用来询问人的身份

外,一般指物;which可指人也可指物;
who, whom, whose一般指人。没有一定

的范围时,用what,意为“什么”;有
一定范围时,用which,意为“(其中的)

哪一个”。
? 6.表示两者“都”用both,表示两者

“都不”用neither,表示两者中的“任
一”用either。表示多者“都”用all,表

? 7.some,

any的用法:表示“一些”,

一般说来,肯定句中some,否定句中用
any;但在表示请求、建议,劝请或希望

对方作肯定回答的疑问句中用some。
? 8.each,

every的用法:every只能作形

容词,在名词前作定语;each可作形容
词也可用代词,可作主语、宾语和同位语。

表示“每隔”用every,不用each。如
every three days每三天,every third day

? 9.(a)

little, (a) few, a bit的用法

?a

little和little修饰或代替不可数名词,与

much相对,表示“少”;a few和few修

饰或代替可数名词与many相对,表示
“少”。
?a

little和a few含肯定语气,little和few含

否定语气。一般说来,在only, just, still,

quite, can not等词后用a little或a few;在

? 10.替代词it,

that, (the) one(s), those的

用法
? (1)it和that都替代“the+单数名词(可数

或不可数)”,都是特指,但it指前面提到
的“同一”事物,而that是指前面提到的

“同类”事物。
? (2)one替代“a+单数可数名词”,表示

泛指。特指的the one相当于that; the one

? 11.another,

(the) other(s), else; the

rest的用法:
? (1)another或“another+单数可数名词”

泛指“另一个,又一个,再一个”,其复
数形式是others或“other+复数名词”

泛指“别人或别的物”,有
some...others(一些??另一些??)之搭

配。

? (3)another还可用于“another+基数词或

few+复数名词”中,与“数词或some+
more/other+复数名词”相当。
? (4)注意下列固定用法:other

than“除??外”,each other, one

another“相互”,one after another“一
个接一个地”,any other+单数名词

“别的/其他的任何一个”。

? 1.(2009·陕西)Jane

was asked a lot of

questions, but she didn’t answer ______ of them.
? A. ? C.

other none

B. any D. some

? 2.(2009·湖南)Most

Americans would

prefer to keep their problems ______ themselves, and solve their problems

______ themselves.
? A.

to; by

B. by; to

? C.

for; to

D. in; on

? 3.(2009·山东)I

felt so bad all day

yesterday that I decided this morning I couldn’t face ______ day like that.
? A. ? C.

other
the other

B. another
D. others

? 4.(2009·全国Ⅱ)The

CDs are on sale!

Buy one and you get ______ completely free.
? A. ? C.

other
one

B. others
D. ones

? 5.(2009·全国Ⅱ)Charles

was alone at

home, with ______ looking after him.
? A.

someone

B. anyone

? C.

not one

D. no one

? 6.(2009·江苏)Nine

in ten parents said

there were significant differences in their approach to educating their children compared with ______ of their parents.
? A. ? C.

those both

B. one D. that

? 7.(2009·辽宁)______

is the power of TV

that it can make a person suddenly famous.
? A. ? C.

Such
That

B. This
D. So

? 8.(2009·福建)—Your ? —Yeah.

mum is very kind.

My mum is pretty considerate, you

know what ______, she always

arranges everything around me.
? A.

she means

B. you mean

? 9.(2009·北京)Being

a parent is not

always easy, and being the parent of a child with special needs often carries with

______ extra stress.
? A.

it

B. them

? C.

one

D. him

? 10.(2009·全国Ⅰ)One

of the most

important questions they had to consider was ______ of public health.
? A. ? C.

what
that

B. this
D. which

? 11.(2009·重庆)Over

the past 20 years,

the Internet has helped change our world in ______ way or another for the better.
? A. ? C.

any
every

B. one
D. either

? 12.(2009·四川)I

like this house with a

beautiful garden in front, but I don’t have enough money to buy ______.
? A. ? C.

one
this

B. it
D. that

? 13.(2009·南京调研)The

financial crisis

and the suffering ______ has caused have a great influence on the whole world.
? A. ? C.

they
it

B. which
D. what

? 14.(2009·扬州调研)James

Cook was a

strict captain, but ______ all the sailors on the ship showed respect for.
? A. ? C.

that
who

B. the one
D. one

? 15.(2009·烟台检测)—Does

______

please you to give gifts to others?
? —Sure.

? A.
? C.

it
one

B. that
D. he

? 16.(2009·宁波教学检测)The

chairman

thought ______ necessary to invite Professor Smith to speak at the meeting.
? A. ? C.

that
this

B. it
D. him

? 17.(2009·宁波教学检测)—Do

you have

______ for the party, Mary?
? —No,

we still have to get another five

chairs and some fresh flowers.
? A.

something

B. everything

? 18.(2009·杭州教学检测)I

admired the

painting, and Ted said he would like me to have ______ as a gift for him.
? A. ? C.

one
this

B. it
D. some

? 19.(2009·合肥教学检测)To

some

people life is enjoyable, while to ______ it is suffering.
? A. ? C.

ones
those

B. others
D. another

? 20.(2009·西城区抽样)The

man had

expected to see all his relatives when in hospital, but ______ came to see him while many of his friends offered him their help.
? A.
? C.

none
someone

B. no one
D. anyone

? 21.(2009·石家庄毕业班教学检

测)We’ve been looking at houses but haven’t found ______ we like yet.
? A. ? C.

it
that

B. them
D. one

? 22.(2009·重庆联合诊断)—Who’s

knocking at the door?
? —Maybe

______ wanting to sell some new

product.
? A.

everybody

B. anybody

? 23.(2009·江西重点中学协作体联考)—

There must be a dozen hands in this house but I can never find one when I

need it.
? —Be

patient. ______ is sure to turn up.

? A.

One

B. It

? 24.(2009·金丽衢十二校联考)Lei

Feng is

a hero, ______, I think, who will be remembered by Chinese forever.
? A. ? C.

who
which

B. it
D. one

? 25.(2010·辽宁沈阳期末)—Where

did you

get your laptop? I’d like to get one.
? —Well,

at ______ shop on Avenue 48, but

I can’t say exactly.
? A.

some

B. any

? C.

each

D. every

? 26.(2009·东北三校)Alice

is one of those

students who I am sure always do ______ best in most difficult situations.
? A. ? C.

their
one’s

B. her
D. my

? 27.(2009·东北三校)It’s

a little

surprising that a house made of wood or bamboo may stay up in an earthquake while ______ made of steel and concrete may fall down.
? A. ? C.

one it

B. that D. what

? 28.(2009·成都诊测)All

the tickets have

been sold out. ______ is left.
? A.

No one

B. Nothing

? C.

None

D. Not anyone

? 29.(2009·海淀期中)—You

ran into Mr. Li!

How did that happen?
? —Well,

______ of us was looking where

we were going. We came around the corner at the same time.
? A.

neither

B. either

? C.

both

D. none

? 30.(2009·海淀期末)—Haven’t

seen you

all for ages! ______ all right?
? —Not

good. We’ve got problems with

sales.
? A.

Something

B. Everything

? C.

Anything

D. Nothing

? 31.(2009·海门二模)—Excuse

me,

Prof.Lee.Could you please spare me some time? I want to talk with you about

my paper.
? —I’m

sorry, but not now. How about

______ time next Monday in my office?

? 32.(2009·贵阳考试)—Are

there any

tickets left?
? —Sorry.

There are ______ if ______.

? A.
? C.

few ;any
some ;few

B. a few; some
D. any; some

? 33.(2009·合肥质检三)The

old man was

the only person that died in the car crash. ______ else was rescued.
? A. ? C.

Everyone
Someone

B. Anyone
D. None

? 34.(2009·成都诊测二)When

it comes to

“The Best Travelling City in China”, the first ______ impresses us is Chengdu.
? A. ? C.

that
which

B. one
D. what

? 35.(2009·兰州诊测)—Mum,

have you

seen my cellphone?
? —______

you bought last week? I’m

afraid I haven’t seen ______.
? A.

The one; it

B. The one; one

? 36.(2009·成都检测)—Which

of the three

buses shall I take to the People’s Park?
? —______

one as you please.

? A.
? C.

Each
Any

B. Every
D. Either

? 37.(2009·湖南联考)What!

______ to go

there with ______? No!
? A.

I; him

B. I; he

? C.

Me; him

D. Me; himself

? 38.(2009·西城抽样)—I

wonder if I can

use your camera.
? —I

don’t have ______. But my room-

mate does. He bought ______ last month.
? A.

one;one

B. it;one

? 39.(2009·杭州质检)—Is ? —Not

______ finished?

yet. My dirty clothes are still soaking

in the washing machine.
? A.
? C.

something
nothing

B. anything
D. everything

? 40.(2009·山东诊测二)I

went shopping

for the perfect dress, ______ would make me look younger.
? A.

one in which

B. the one

that
? C.

the one in which

D. one that

? [答案] ? 1.B。考查代词。句意:Jane被问了许

多问题,但她一个也没有回答。not any 表示完全否定,也可以说:Jane was asked a lot of questions, but she answered none of them.
? 2.A。考查反身代词跟介词的习惯搭配。

keep...to oneself意为“使??为自己一

? 3.B。句意:我昨天一天都很难受,以

至于我今天早晨决定再也不能面对像那样 的一天了。another表示“又一,另一; 别的,另外的;类似的,相似的”,符合 句意。the other指两个中的另外一个。 other多与复数名词连用,others后不能

接名词。
? 4.C。考查代词辨析。句意:光盘特价

了!买一送一!空白处填one,指代one

? 6.D。考查代词的用法。从句意可知,

所选择的代词代替的是前面的approach, 因此选择that,相当于the approach。代 词one常用来代替同类事物中的任意一个, 不合题意。
? 7.A。考查代词的用法。such在这里意

思是“这样”。so/such...that句型中的 so/such置于句首时,主句要倒装。Such

? 8.C。考查代词一致。该句是以第一人

称“我”的口吻来说的,you know在此 起了很大的干扰作用。根据语意“是的。 我的母亲相当体贴,你知道我的意思,她 总是安排我身边的事情”可知,C项正确。
? 9.A。考查代词的用法。句意:当一名

父亲或母亲并不总是容易的,当一名有特 殊需要的孩子的父亲或母亲经常还要承受

? 10.C。考查代词辨析。因was之后不是

句子,故可排除what和which。that通常

指代表示特指的名词,通常后面有后置定
语。
? 11.B。考查固定短语。in

one way or

another意思是“以某种方式”。12.
? B。考查代词。it用来替代前面提到的同

一事物时,被替代的名词可以是可数名词, 也可以是不可数名词。one指代的事物同

? 13.C。解答本题的关键是搞清句子的主

干,即The financial crisis and the

suffering have a great influence。it has
caused显然是一个省略了that/which的定

语从句。句意:金融危机及其造成的危害
给全球带来了巨大的影响。
? 14.D。考查代词。句意:James

Cook

是一个严格的船长,但又是一个受所有船

员尊敬的船长。这里的one指代a captain。

? 16.B。考查代词的用法。在此处it是形

式宾语,真正的宾语是后面的不定式短语。
? 17.B。考查代词的用法。根据答句内容

可以看出问句是问有没有为聚会准备好一 切。
? 18.B。it在这里指的是the ? 19.B。考查代词的用法。

painting。

“some...others...”表示“一些??,一

? 21.D。考查代词。句意:我们一直在看

房子,但是还没有找到一所我们喜欢的 (房子)。此处是泛指一所房子,为同名异 物,用one。该代词常用来代替前面提到 的同名异物中的任何一个。注意it常代指 同名同物。
? 22.C。考查代词的用法。根据问句可知

对方问的是谁在敲门,答语的意思是“也

? 23.A。考查代词的用法。此处表示泛指,

代替单数可数名词,故用one。it用来代

指上文提到的同一个事物。
? 24.D。考查代词的用法。one在此处为

同位语,与前面的hero构成同位关系,同
时作后面定语从句的先行词。
? 25.A。该题考查代词的用法。some在

此处表示“某个”。

? 26.A。考查代词。I

am sure是插入语,

定语从句的先行词为those students而非 one,故选A。
? 27.A。考查代词。此处one=a

house。

one用作代词,指代单数可数名词, made of steel and concrete在此处充当 定语。

? 28.C。考查代词的用法。前面提到所有

的票已经卖完了,所以强调的是数量,因 此用none。no one只能表示“没有一个 人”;nothing表示“什么也没有”,通 常用来回答what提出的问句;anyone也 只能表示人。
? 29.A。考查代词的用法。根据答语的后

一句可知两个人走路时没有一个人注意方

? 30.B。考查代词。“Everything

all

right?”是“Is everything all right?” 的省略,意思是“一切还好吗?”相当于 “How is everything going?”
? 31.B。考查代词和固定搭配。some

other time是固定搭配,表示“别的什么 时候”。
? 32.A。考查不定代词。第一空修饰可数

? 33.A。考查代词。前一句提到那位老人

是唯一在车祸中丧生的人,由此可知其余 的“每一个人”都得到了援救。
? 34.A。考查代词和句子结构。句意:谈

到“中国最佳旅游城市”,留给我们印象 最深刻的首先是成都。that impresses us 是定语从句,修饰先行词the first, that在 从句中作主语。假如选择B项,还要在后 面加上that,此时one是先行词,that在从

? 36.C。考查代词。你可以乘坐“任何一

辆”去人民公园。一个人一次只能乘坐一 辆车,所以前两项不正确。
? 37.C。句意:什么!要我和他一起去那

儿?没门!该句是省略句,完整的句子是: It’s me to go there with him?所以第一 个空用me,在介词后面应用代词宾格形 式,所以第二个空用him。

? 38.D。考查代词。依据上文的your

camera可知,说话者见过该部相机。而 且很明显是说答话人没有相机,但他的室 友有,且那部相机是他室友上个月买的。 由此可知,第一空须用one,代替单数可 数名词,相当于a camera之意;第二空 是指谈话双方都知道的那部相机,故用it, 相当于the camera之意。

? 39.D。考查不定代词。句意为:“一切

都完成了吗?”“还没有,我的脏衣服还 在洗衣机里泡着呢。”something表示 “一些事,某事”;anything表示“任何 事”,常用于疑问句或否定句以及条件状 语从句中;nothing表示“没有什么事”; everything表示“每件事,一切事”。
? 40.B。考查代词和定语从句。the

one


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