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2014届高考英语《语法填空》复习方案二轮权威课件(广东省专用):专题七 议论文型语法填空


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专题七 议论文型语法填空

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专题七 议论文型语法填空 专 题 导 读

议论文是一种剖析事物、论述事理、发表见解或提出 主张的说理性文章。议论文的目的不仅是客观地解释事物, 还力图说服读者相信并接受某一观点。议论文有自己的语 言特点,了解

了文章整体意思后,要通过字里行间的意思 推断作者的观点、意图和立场(同意什么,反对什么,喜 好什么,憎恶什么,主张什么等),这种理解直接决定你 的填词。仔细反复阅读全文,关注自己所填的词语是否符 合原意,从语意贯通、逻辑合理的角度认真复查答案的合 理性和正确性。

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专题七 议论文型语法填空

典 例 导 练

Does going to college really pay off?Certainly! I remember taking 1.________ English class in college on the short story. Our first assignment 2. ________(be) to read two short stories and then discuss which one was better. After 3.________(read)both,I wasn't sure. Over the next several months, my professor 4. ________(teach) me 5.________ one story was so much better than the other.6.________ was rich in metaphor(隐喻)and character development, 7.________ the other was humorous but too shallow. I couldn't see this at first. Yet, in a few months, my brain 8. ________(get) reeducated and I could see the difference between good and bad writing and could
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专题七 议论文型语法填空

9. ________(go) to college helps build a strong mind, which leads 10. ________ greater

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专题七 议论文型语法填空

典 例 导 练

1.an 考查冠词。class在此处为可数名词单数形式, 其前需用冠词。再根据此处表泛指,而English是以元 音音素开头,故填an。 2.Was 3.reading 考查动名词。after 是介词,因此须填 reading。 4.Taught 5 . why 考 查 名 词 性 从 句 引 导 词 。 根 据 上 文 “…discuss which one was better.”可推断,教授是给 我们讲解为什么其中一个故事要比另一个故事好,故 填why。
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专题七 议论文型语法填空

典 例 导 练

6.One 考查不定代词。由语境可知,故事有两个, 再根据习惯搭配“one…the other…”可推断填One。 7.while 考查并列连词,while表示前后对比的意思。 8.Got 9.Going 10.to 考查介词。lead to为固定搭配,意为“导 致”。

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专题七 议论文型语法填空

新 题 预 测

Sometimes things that happen to you may seem horrible, painful, and unfair at first, but upon reflection, you will find that without overcoming them, you would 1. ________ have realized your strength, willpower, or heart.Illness, injury, 2. ________(lose) greatness, and stupidity all occur to test the limits of your soul.Without these small tests, whatever they may be, life 3. ________(be) like a smoothly paved road to nowhere.It would be safe and comfortable, but dull and 4. ________(true) pointless.If someone hurts you, betrays you, or breaks your heart, forgive them, for they have helped you 5. ________ (learn)
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专题七 议论文型语法填空

新 题 预 测

about trust and the importance of being cautious 6. ________ whom you open your heart. Make every day count, appreciate every moment and take from those moments everything that you possibly can, for you may never be able to experience 7. ________ again. Talk to people that you have never talked to 8. ________,and listen to what they have to say. You can make anything you wish of 9. ________(you) life. Create your own life, 10. ________ live it with absolutely no regrets.

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专题七 议论文型语法填空

1.never/not 2.lost 3.would be 4.truly 5.(to) learn 6.to 7.it 8.before 9.your 10.and

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备用习题
A man recognized as a genius in business circles was invited as an honour guest to a TV interview. Everybody was eager to hear a success story from him. He, 1.________, only said with a slight smile, “Wouldn?t it be better for me to ask you for 2.________ (advise) on a certain problem?” Here is the problem he raised: “People all rushed to the place 3.________ a gold mine had recently been discovered but they were blocked by a river 4.________(flow) across the only way to it. What would you do if you 5.________ (be ) among them?”

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备用习题
“Make a roundabout (绕行的) way,” someone suggested. “Swim across,” said another. The genius smiled 6.________ a word. Then he gave his view. “Why not do 7.________ else instead of rushing to the mine? How about buying a boat to do some ferrying (摆 渡)?” The audience were shocked. He explained calmly, “The man could make 8.________ great amount of money from the passengers. They were willing to pay for the ferry 9.________ there was gold on the other bank.”
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备用习题
Do what others have not thought to do or something never attempted before—that is the key 10.________ success. A difficult circumstance, in the eyes of a wise man, often means a potential chance for success.

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备用习题
【要点综述】 本文是一篇启迪故事,介绍了一位商业 天才告诉人们要做别人想不到的或以前没有尝试过的 事情来取得成功。 1. however 考副词表转折的用法。根据语境应填一 个表示转折的副词。 2. advice 考构词法。介词后面用名词,注意不能用 复数形式。 3. where 考关系副词引导定语从句的用法。先行词 是地点名词,且从句结构完整,应用关系副词where 引导。 4.flowing 考非谓语动词的用法。根据结构 应填v.ing形式作定语修饰a river, 表示主动,相当于一 个定语从句which flows。
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备用习题
5.were 考虚拟语气的用法。表示与现在事实相反的 假设,从句用所给动词的过去式。 6.without 考介词的用法。名词前面用介词,根据 语境应填without表示“这位商业天才没说一句话,只 是笑了一笑。” 7. something 考不定代词的用法。用于表示建议、请 求用代词something。 8. a 考 冠 词 的 固 定 搭 配 。 “ 大 量 的 ” 用 a great amount of/ a great deal of/ a great number of 等表示。 9. because 考从属连词的用法。前后分句明显有因果 关系,故填表示原因的从属连词,故填because。 10. to 考介词的固定搭配。表示“……的关键,…… 的答案”,用介词to。
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