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非谓语动词做宾补


非谓语动词做宾补

宾补结构 一.

v + o + 非谓语

They asked the driver to stop the beast. I want the work to be finished before you leave. We consider him to be a hero. I saw hi

m sitting in the front , reading. He couldn’t make himself understood in his broken English. I will have my assistant help you if he is available. (1) 一般动词的宾补 不定式作宾语补足语 v + o. + to do sth / v + o. + to be done I didn't expect you to do it . Please remind me to post the letter this afternoon. I would like the task to be completed in two days. They expect their room to be cleaned before they leave. He didn’t want his secret to be revealed.

关键看宾语是动作的发出者还是承受者

I didn’t want my parents ______( help ) me. My parents expect me _______( go ) to an ideal university. Joan advised the dinner ____( cook ) before we returned. The patient didn’t allow himself _____ (operate) on. (2)感官动词和使役动词的宾补 “吾看三室两厅一感觉” 5 看(look at, see, watch, notice, observe) 3 使(make, let, have) 2 听(listen to, hear); 1 感觉(feel); (A)感官动词+ o + o.c. 有三种形式 感官动词+ sb. + do 表示宾语和宾补的动作主动关系,表示已 经 发生过的动作。 I saw him come in. We often hear her sing in the next room. 感官动词+ sb + doing 表示宾语和宾补的动作主动关系,表示宾 语时间点的进行或时间段的持续。 I saw him coming in when I raised my eyes. I felt him trembling all the time. 感官动词+ sth. + done 表示宾语和宾补的动作之间的被动关系。 I saw him scolded by his father. They saw the glass broken.

We often hear him _____( tell ) stories. I heard him ______(tell) a story when we came in. I saw him _____( leave) the classroom this morning. We found him _____ (play) on the sands when we passed by. Have you heard this song __( sing ) before? She was surprised to find the house _____( break ) into when she went back home. They saw the tiger______ (disappear) in the woods. (B)使役动词+ o + o.c. make, let, have Let me help you if you are in trouble. They make the baby go to bed at 7:00 p.m. every day. If you have any difficulty, I will have my friends help you. leave, keep , get, send, set +o + o.c

have +o. + o.c Have + o. + doing sth (1)表示时间段的持续进行。 Don’t have the water running all the time. His teacher had him standing outside for twenty minutes. (2)表示“容忍,忍受” I won’t have you treating an old man like that. Have + o. + done 宾语是动作的承受者 (1)表示宾语是动作的承受者。 You must have your homework finished right now. (2) 表示宾补的动作由他人完成 I would like to have my bike repaired this afternoon. (3)表示遭遇或经历 He had his leg broken while riding a bike. have + o. + do sth 表示请,叫,让某人做某事=get sb to do sth/tell sb to do sth He often has his friends help him whenever he is in trouble. I must have him finish his work before he leaves.

make +o. + o.c make +o +do sth 表示迫使某人做某事=force sb to do sth I made him repeat his promise. They made the enemy give up. We were made to wait for a long time. make + o + done 表示宾语是动作的承受者 When you speak, you should make yourself understood. Try to make your work finished on schedule. 注意; make 的宾补结构不用doing leave +o. + o.c leave 表示使… leave + o + to do sth 表示让某人做某事 Her parents left her to choose her own friends. leave + o + done 表示宾语是动作的承受者 They always leave their child unattended. Did you leave the windows firmly fastened?

leave + o + doing 表示时间段的持续进行 Don’t leave him waiting outside in the rain. They left the boy lying on the ground. He entered the room, leaving his father standing there. keep +o. + o.c keep +o + doing 表示时间段的持续进行 I am sorry to have kept you waiting so long. Don’t keep the light burning all night long. keep +o + done 表示宾语是动作的承受者 Don’t always keep your mouth closed in class. We must keep the old temple protected. 注意; keep 的宾补不用to do sth

A good story does not necessarily have to have a happy ending, but the reader must not be A left______. A.unsatisfied B.unsatisfying C.to be unsatisfying D.Being unsatisfied Don't leave the water _____ while you brush B your teeth. A. run B. running C. being run D. to run He was always kept ____ his homework for two A hours every Sunday morning. A. doing B. do C. to do D, done

A The mother felt herself ____ cold and her hands trembling as she read the letter from the battlefield. A. grow B. grown C. to grow D. to have grown A After the problem was solved, he felt a burden ___off his mind . A. taken B. taking C. take D. to be taken After a knock at the door, the child heard his mother’s A voice ____ him. A.calling B.called C.being called D.to call

get +o. + o.c get + o + done 相当于 have +o. + done I’ll get my bike repaired tomorrow. Unfortunately, he got his wallet stolen on the bus. get + o + to do sth 相当于have sb. do sth. 使/让/叫某人 去做某事 I will get my friends to help you if you have any problems I can’t get him to stop smoking. He won’t listen to me. get + o + doing 使某人/物进入某种状态 The captain got the soldiers moving toward the front after a short rest. Can you help me to get my car working?

Send + o. + doing Set + o. + doing 使某人/物进入某种状态 The slightest touch may send you flying quickly in the opposite direction. In cold winter it is hard to set the car working.

注意:1. let + sth. + be done 2. 当使役动词和感官动词变为被动语态时,不定式 就成了主语补语,作主语补语的不定式必须加to。 Though he had often made his little sister cry, but today he was made to cry by his little sister. He is often heard to sing the song. 3. get, leave 等词也有“让”“叫”的意思,和使役动词 意思相近,但它们后面的不定式作宾语补足语必须要有 to。 I’ll get him to try it again. How could you leave him to have supper with a stranger? 4. find, catch 有感官动词的某些用法 He found the boy lying on the ground. We found the rock taken away. I caught him picking flowers there.

1. I will not let my children ____(treat) in that way. 2. John was made ___( tell ) everything. 3 . Have you ever heard him ___( tell ) a lie? 4. Who would you like to have___( go ) with you? 5.What song did you hear ____( sing )? 6. Who would you like to have ____(examine), Jack or John? 7.He won’t have us __( criticize ) him. 8. It’s a bad habit to leave the work ______( do ). 9. Yesterday I caught him ___ ( take ) my dictionary when I went into the classroom. 10. He found his hometown ___ (change).

1. ----What should I do when I make a speech , teacher? C -----First of all , you should make yourself _____ A hear B hearing C heard D to hear 2. He had an anxious couple of weeks ______ for the results of the D experiment. A wait B to be waiting C waited D waiting 3. . If we have illegal immigrants ______ in , many local workers will B lose their jobs. A came B coming C to coming D having come 4. Tom tried his best to get the car _______ . B A. to move B. moving C. moved D. move B 5. Yesterday , I had the bike ________ . A. to repair B. repaired C. repairing D. to be repaired

6.You should understand the traffic rule by now. D You've had it_______ often enough. A. explaining B. to explain C. explain D. explained

二。 with + o +非谓语 With the train going forward, he saw trees moving backward, With his work finished, he went to bed. With so much work to do, he felt upset. 1. The mother went out , with the baby _____( cry ). 2. With so many people ______(communicate) in English ,English is becoming more and more important. 3. The murderer was brought in , with his hands __ (tie) back 4. With a lot of work ______ (do) , I can’t go out. 5. With so many children ________(laugh )and _____ (talk), the room was lively. 6. The boy went out with his homework ______(unfinish).

1. I couldn’t do my homework with all that noise ______. A

A going on B goes on C went on D to go on C 2. With a lot of difficult problems ______, the newly-elected president is having a hard time. A settled B settling C to settle D being settled C 3. With his mother _____him , he is getting on well with his work. A help B to help C helping D helped C 4. With all the things his son needed ______ , the man rushed him to the school . A to buy B buying C bought D to be bought B 5. With the bell _______ , all the students went into classroom. A ring B ringing C to ring D. rang 6 With the money ____ , he couldn't buy any ticket. C A. to lose B. losing C. lost D. has lost 7. With winter ____ on, it's time to buy warm clothes. D A. came B. comes C. come D. coming

Exercises C 1. She likes to have a nap in the room with the door ______. A. close B. closing C. closed D. being closed 2. The speaking raised his voice but still couldn’t make D himself ________. A. hear B. to hear C. hearing D. heard C 3. It was so cold that they kept the fire _____ all night. A. to burn B. burn C. burning D. burned A 4. The missing boys were last seen _______ near the river. A. playing B. to be playing C. play D. to play 5. Seeing the sun _______ above the surface of the sea, we C let out a shout of joy. A. to rise B. to raise C. rising D. raising

A 6. How could you feel the students _______ you? A. listening to B. listening C. listened D. to listen to B 7. He found Irene ______ at the piano. A. seating B. seated C. is seating D. to be seated B 8. He was disappointed to find his suggestions _______ . A. been turned down B. turned down C. to be turned down D. to turn down D 9.His remarks left me _______ about his real purpose. A. wondered B. wonder C. to wonder D. wondering

10. They all went into the house, ______ me _______ B terrible fool. A. to leave, feel B. leaving, feeling C. left, feeling D. leaving, to feel 11. I can’t get my car ______ on cold mornings, so B I have to try ______ the radiator with some hot water. A. run, to fill B. running, filling C. running, to fill D. ran, filling 12. A cook will be immediately fired if he is found _______ in the kitchen. B A. smoke B. smoking C. smoked D. to smoke

13. _____ at the station, we found the train______. D A. Arrived, gone B. Arriving, go C. To arrive, going D. Arriving, gone C 14. What a waste! Why do you have the water ______ all the time? A. to flow B. flow C. flowing D. flown B 15. It was so cold that the travelers left the fire ______ all the night. A. burn B. burning C. burnt D. to burn 16. Finally they found the lost child _____ on the street, A cold and hungry. A. wandering B. to be wandering C. wandered D. being wandered

17. The student caught _______ in the toilet was severely C punished. A.smoke B. to be smoking C. smoking D. smoked D 18. With the professor _______ how to do the experiment, all the students got the required result. A.to instruct B. instructed C. instruct D. instructing A 19. The old couple are often seen ________ along the riverside after dinner, hand in hand. A. to walk B. walk C. walking D. be working

A 20. The force that keeps objects _______ to the ground is called gravity. A. falling B. fallen C. to fall D. from falling 21. I couldn’t do my homework with all that noise _______. A A. going on B. go on C. went on D. to go on


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非谓语动词作宾补 | 非谓语动词做宾补练习 | 不定式做宾补 | 动词不定式做宾补 | 副词做宾补 | 介词短语做宾补 | 形容词做宾补 | 现在分词做宾补 |