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公开课:高考英语短文改错


短文改错--

分解改错题

较为固定的考试模式
文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单

词的增加、删除或修改。 没有单词拼写,标点符号或语序

错误。
? 增加 (1个) 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写上该加的词。 ? 删除 (1个) 把多

余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 ? 修改 (8个) 在错的词下面划一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 ? 注意:1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。 2、只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

高考短文改错命题规律

题量 年份

考点 名词 连词 形容 副词 代词 冠词 介词 动词 词

11全国Ⅱ卷 2 12全国Ⅱ卷 2 13全国Ⅱ卷 2 14全国Ⅱ卷 1 15全国Ⅱ卷 1

1 0 1 0 1

1 1 0 2 1

1 0 1 0 1

0 2 1 1 1

1 0 1 1 1

1 1 2 2 1

3 4 2 3 3

一、词法错误
1.冠词的误用
判断名词前的冠词是否误用 冠词在前 “错” “多” “少”。 常考的错误形式有:冠词the, a, an 的误用,多用或少用。

That day I didn’t learn much about animals,insects or trees,but I learnt a impressive lesson about gravity!

an

1.冠词的误用

He was right there in the front of me.

Now I am living in a city,but I miss my home in countryside.
∧ the

1.冠词的误用

1. If you'd like to make trip to our city a some day, I will be more than happy to be your guide.

4. Then she bent down and picked up to look at a price on it.

the



2.名词单复数的误用
考名词的数与格、可数与不可数名词; 可数名词的单数与复数。

? The airs we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier air ? Christie was one of my best friend at high school. friends

2.名词单复数的误用

? I was playing at my cousin house.

cousin’s
? In fact, I’ve nearly killed three peoples .

people

2.名词单复数的误用
? If you have interests in it, reply to me soon. interest

? They have all sorts of course. I’m sure you will find courses one you like it. ? In summer, the sea under the blue skies is even more sky beautiful.

3.形容词和副词的混用
1. 修饰名词,作宾补及连系动词后用形容词; 2. 修饰动词,形容词,副词及整个句子时用副词; 3. 比较级和最高级的使用。

Mom said,“How nice to see you again!Dad and I were terrible worried.” terribly
? I won the race. I felt very proudly of myself. proud

3.形容词和副词的混用

We are growing wonderfully tomatoes at no cost! wonderful

? I will learn more about the history of the Olympics as good as the 2008 Olympic games. well

3.形容词和副词的混用

? The doctor says he is recovering fast than expected. faster ? She was, in fact, rather attractively. attractive

3.形容词和副词的混用

? Still, your happiness makes him happily too. happy ? I’m pleasing to hear it ,”said his boss,” but where pleased were you yesterday?”

4.代词的误用
代词方面的错误主要体现在:
? 人称代词的性别,单复数及代词格的误用; ? 物主代词,反身代词以及不定代词的误用;

4.代词的误用
人称 单数 复数

主格

宾格

主格

宾格

第一人称

I
you he she it

me

we
you they

第二人称

you
him her it

us you

第三人称

them

4.代词的误用
单数
形容 词性 物主 代词 名词 性物 主代 词

复数

my

your

his her

its our

your

their

mine yours his hers its ours yours theirs

4.代词的误用
【2014辽宁卷】 We appreciate our apologies and goodwill,but we

hope that you can figure out a good way of settling
the matter. 【2015高考浙江卷】 Close to the school there was a beautiful park with many trees around them. lose my heart

your

it

5.介词(短语)误用

介词多半考搭配、多、漏、误用。
such many people

a in Sunday afternoon on

in hurry ∨

so

in a short

5.介词(短语)误用
【2015全国卷Ⅰ 】
?Unfortunately,on the development of industrialization, the environment has been polluted. 【2015浙江卷 】 My old classroom was interesting because three sides of

with

the classroom were made from glass.
【2006福建卷】 ? It is so a beautiful place!

of

such

5.介词(短语)误用
【2011浙江卷】 ? I would never be able to enjoy to playing with the toy. 【2011陕西卷】 ? ...about to leave when he walked out a building 【2011浙江卷】

of

? There was one on particular I’d always wanted.

in



5.介词(短语)误用

解决方案
(1) 平时的学习中注意积累语言知识,特别是一些固 定搭配的记忆 . (2) 强化语法训练,分清连词,副词和介词之间的区

别和句法功能 .
(3) 语法知识的记忆和语感的培养结合起来 .

二、句法错误
1.动词时态、语态错误

1.动词词性是学生写作中的高频错误,所以也是改错 题的必考点 2.动词有五种形式,即原形,ing形式,过去式、过 去分词和第三人称单数

1.动词时态、语态错误
(一)动词原形 1.情态动词、不定式、助动词did/does后用动词原形。 I hardly remember my grandmother. She used to holding me on her knees and song old songs. (2013新课标1) hold (二)动词第三人称形式
2.在一般现在时态中,如果主语是第三人称单数,谓语是单数形式。
【2014全国卷Ⅱ卷】

My dream school look like a big garden.
looks

1.动词时态、语态错误
(三)动词ing形式 1.介词后面的动词,用ing形式,作介词的宾语。

【2013大纲卷】 He isn’t good at talk but he gets on well with other talking people.
2.动词作主语,用ing形式。【2013全国卷Ⅱ 】

Have tea in the late afternoon provides a bridge Having between lunch and dinner .

1.动词时态、语态错误
(四)动词过去式 1.动词过去式只用在一般过去时的句子中,作谓语。 1) 【2013全国卷Ⅱ 】 I was only four when she passes away. passed 2) 【2011浙江卷 】 She knows what had happened ,but she thanked me and knew never mentioned it again.

1.动词时态、语态错误
(五)过去分词 1. 作谓语时,不单独使用,用在被动语态和完成时的句子中。

1) 【2013全国卷Ⅱ 】 Tea in China was traditionally drank from cups without drunk handles. 2) 【2012重庆卷 】 Now my friend Ann ,together with me ,is going to do field study and the findings will be use as materials for our used research.

2.非谓语,细辨别
主要错误为三种:非谓语的混淆,分词、动名词、不定式 ;不定式to的遗漏或多用;非谓语与谓语动词的混淆。

【2007浙江卷】
? I could not to run very fast and fell behind. 【2007宁夏卷】

? Li Ming came see me every day. ∧ to

2.非谓语,细辨别
【2008重庆卷】

? And there were many meaningful things that were
worth think of. thinking 【2008辽宁卷】 ? We all enjoyed this precious day greatly , remember the remembering time we spent together and the people they were familiar with.

2.非谓语,细辨别
【2009浙江】 ? It was a lesson that it was possible give without to expecting anything in return. 【2010课标全国卷】 ? On the box was a card said:“25 cents.” saying ∨

2.非谓语,细辨别
【2010浙江卷】
? I noticed Mother looking at the nearby table occupy

by an elderly woman ...
【2010重庆卷】

occupied

? He had time for a proper breakfast and was still the first reach the factory. to



2.非谓语,细辨别
【2011陕西卷】

? I came across a crew make a new film with one of my
favorite actors. 【2011四川卷)】 ? The man did as told and slept really well, wake up waking before the alarm had even gone off. making

2.非谓语,细辨别
【2011辽宁卷】
? The commanding officer, Wayne Tyler, who was directly responsible for the study of all such reports, decided to making his findings known. make

3.主谓一致错误

主谓一致错误是指谓语动词的形式跟主语不一致。其错误类
型表现为:主语是复数形式,而谓语动词却用了单数形式,或 者主语是单数形式,谓语动词却用了复数形式。主谓一致错误 也是考生在书面表达中常犯的错误,考生也通常忽略这方面的 问题。

3.主谓一致错误
【2014陕西卷】 Suddenly the arrows was flying down at us from the sky—they were looked like rain! 【2014辽宁卷】 The early morning barking have been has disturbing us as we are often up all night with the baby.

4.主从句连接词错误
此类错误主要指名词性从句中的连词的误用,定语从句中的

关系代词和关系副词的误用等。
【2015浙江卷】 If I was only a child when I studied in that classroom,I will never forget it. 【2007天津卷】 ? I was lucky enough to have a teacher which didn’t take my who / that bad grades as a judgment of my abilities.
Although/Though

4.主从句连接词错误
【2008年安徽卷】
? She looked at me and started to laugh. “How Why are you laughing?”I asked. 【2009辽宁卷】 ? One day I saw a second-hand bicycle, that was which

only one hundred yuan.

4.主从句连接词错误
【2010陕西卷】 ? It turned out to be her own cup, that she’d left

on the shelf by mistake.
【2010宁夏青海卷】

which

? ... let me know what things are going. how

4.主从句连接词错误
【2011辽宁卷】 ? ...the rate of UFO reports were steady ... was 【2011重庆卷】 ? Katia will introduce me to some of her friends, one of who has been to China several times. whom

4.主从句连接词错误
? Here is my idea about how a friend is like. what 【2010全国Ⅰ卷】
? So if they had said was true, I would have a ∧ what chance of winning the prize . 【2014四川卷】

If you notice that when someone is missing or
hurt,tell your teacher immediately.

三、行文逻辑错误

有时会碰到词法方面和句法方面均没有错误的句子,此

时就必须从行文逻辑上来判断句子的合理性。行文逻辑错误
常见的有代词的指代错误,连词的逻辑意义错误等。这类错误 很难被发现, 所以必须通过阅读全文来综合考虑。 1.代词的指代错误 代词的指代错误常见的是代词的指代对象、单复数及代 词的格与文章的逻辑意义不一致,此外还有反身代词的错用 等。这类错误通常较为隐蔽。

1.代词的指代错误 【2015四川卷】 In fact,I don’t like to go anymore,but I’m afraid I’ll lose their friendship. What do you think I should do?If you were me,would you talk to him? them 【2011辽宁卷】 ? Wayne Tyler … decided to make his findings known. They He wrote an article…

2.连词的逻辑意义错误 连词常考 but,and,or, so 等的逻辑错误,以及搭配错误。

? She always made sure that our homework was finished on
time, but she marked strictly on our actual performance. and Make what you’re doing today important, and because you’re trading a day of your life for it.

2.连词的逻辑意义错误 【2007浙江卷】 ? Today I was having a PE lesson while I fell when down and hurt my foot. 【2007四川卷】 ? He thought the poor animal was injured, but so the kind farmer took off his jacket and put on the animal.

【2007四川卷】 ? He worked hard, but it wasn’t surprising that and/so he pass the exam.

【2010课程标准卷】
? …my neighbor picked up the box but and announced…

【2010辽宁卷】

? Her hair was black and purple, and she wore
black sports shoes and a black sweater, although in the summer. 【2010全国Ⅰ】 ? All I had to do was to write a story or present it. and even

【2011四川】

? His boss wanted to fire him if he didn’t start
coming on time, but he went to the doctor for a help. so a 【2011全国II卷】 ? It's been a week after we left your family and we are since now back home.

应试点睛
1.多词错误 多词错误一般有如下几种类型:(1)受母语思维影响, 出现汉语式结构;(2)不明词义内涵,造成词义重叠;(3) 介词多余;(4)助动词、系动词多余;(5)多冠词;(6)定语 从句中的成分重复;(7)程度副词和频率副词,如 much, more,often等的多余;(8)多余小品词to等。 【2010辽宁卷】 I never knew much about her except for that she was strange.

高考短文改错真题实战演练
【2012全国新课标解析】
名词数 形容词 I learned early in life that I had to be more patient and little aggressive. From the time I was about four until I was less about six, I destroyed each of my toy. I was happy when the toys toys worked, but when things did wrong, I got angry and went broke it. For a while parents bought me new toys. 动词搭配 them my 代词误用



逻辑错误

高考短文改错真题实战演练
【2012全国新课标解析】
句子成分 But before long they began to see which was happening. what When I tear apart my fifth birthday toy train, my father said, tore "That's it. No more toys to you." My punishment lasted a for year. Meanwhile, I found out that with more patience I must could make my toys to last. My attitude changed from then on. 非谓语动词 介词误用 情态动词 动词时态

高考短文改错真题实战演练
【陕西卷解析】
介词多用 My father and I stayed at the South Lake Hotel for a week when we visit Beijing last month. It is in the downtown area, visited but it is easy to go to anywhere from the hotel by public so/and transport. We lived in a comfortably double-room with a big comfortable bath. What I liked best were the free high-speed Internet was connection in the room. 形容词/副词 连词/逻辑错误 句法一致 动词时态

高考短文改错真题实战演练
【陕西卷解析】
非谓语动词 动词与介词搭配

I checked my email messages every day. I also shared for my with friends many photos taking in Beijing. The food was wonderful

taken with reasonable prices, and we enjoyed several local dish. It is dishes such great hotel that I would recommend it to any friend of me a mine who is going to Beijing.



冠词漏用

名词数

代词格

高考短文改错真题实战演练
【2012辽宁卷解析】
Dear Diana,

动词时态 Thank you for the lovely day we have with you. It was so had kind for you to let us bring Anne's friend. Gina. Unfortunate, of Unfortunately the only problem was the journey home. There had been a
terrible accident on the highway and, for a result, there was a as long line of traffic for at least six mile. 固定搭配 miles 介词误用 名词数

形容词/副词

高考短文改错真题实战演练
【2012辽宁卷解析】
副词逻辑错误 连词逻辑错误 In the end, we drove to a service station and waited there unless the road was clear. In the car park here Gina nearly got there until/till knocked over as car drove out far too quickly from behind a a lorry. They finally dropped Gina off at her parents' and made we 冠词漏用 our own way to home. 代词误用 介词多用/搭配



高考短文改错真题实战演练
【浙江卷解析】
形容词/副词 副词区别 介词多用

Two years before, I traveled to Brazil and I rented for a ago car. Unfortunate, I had an accident and hit another car, and I Unfortunately needed to stay in a hospital for at least two week. 1 called my weeks parents, so I did not tell them what had happened. but 连词逻辑错误 名词数

高考短文改错真题实战演练
【浙江卷解析】
动词时态 代词格

I knew that they will be worried about myself because I was would me so farther away, and that my mother would not sleep if she far knew. Therefore, I told them interested stories and how I was interesting enjoying Brazil As a result, nobody knew truth. I still think that it was the right thing to do. 形容词比较级 the 冠词漏用

非谓语




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