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2014高考英语二轮复习方案专题限时训练(三十八)(新课标·广东专用) 议论文型读写任务 Word版含解析


专题限时训练(三十八) [议论文型读写任务] (限时:每篇 30 分钟) A 阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 Some people and businesses get lucky—they happen to be in the right place at the right time. And they often succeed, at

least in the short run, despite themselves. But depending on luck isn't a good idea—as the Chinese proverb goes, “Man who waits for roast duck to fly into mouth must wait very long time.” The vast majority of what we call “luck” is the result of vision and purpose, hard work and passion. As another saying goes, “The harder I work, the more luck I have.” Successful people work hard to put themselves into a position where good fortune can find them. The harder a manager works at developing people, the luckier he will be in having a skilled and motivated staff. The harder a salesperson works at satisfying customers, the luckier he will be at gaining referrals. The harder a couple works at it, the luckier they are at having a great relationship. All that success requires is a strong vision, hard work, being passionate about goals, building relationships, constantly seeking to improve, selfdiscipline and taking smart risks. Beyond that, it's simply luck. [写作内容] 1. 以约 30 词概括短文的内容。 2. 以约 120 词就“Does luck play an important role in success?”这个主题发表你的看 法,至少包含以下内容: (1)一些人把成功归功于运气; (2)另一些人把成功看作是勤奋的结果; (3)你认为成功的主要因素是什么? [写作要求] 你可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事, 也可以参照阅读材料的内容, 但不要直接引用阅读 材料中的句子。 [评分标准] 概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,语篇连贯。 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ B 《星跳水立方》 是江苏卫视引进德国 Banijay International 公司的版权制作的, 以体育明 星为特色的大型综艺节目,节目在 2013 年 4 月份开始播出。它作为国内首档明星参与的体 育竞技节目引发了社会的轰动和引起了媒体的争议。 A Thursday article in the People's Daily, the flagship newspaper of the Communist Party of China (CPC), criticized two TV stations for airing a reality show featuring celebrities exhibiting their diving skills, and describing the show as “excessive”. “There is a bottom line to entertainment, but many have turned a blind eye for the sake of

the ratings,” the commentary said. The commentary did not specify the names of the stations. The article made a connection between popular talent show programmes featuring singers and the diving show, saying that singing is a more appropriate skill to promote than diving, as it is less difficult or dangerous. “Some celebrities attempt to maintain their popularity by participating in such shows,” it said. “From singing shows to diving shows—Where are China's talent shows going to go next if people become tired of diving shows?” the article said. “I advise these stars to jump from buildings to improve their ratings,” actor ChauSang Wong was quoted by the newspaper as saying. [写作内容] 1.以约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容。 2.以约 120 个词就“明星挑战自我”的话题谈谈你的想法,内容包括: (1)你是否支持明星参加“冒险运动”? (2)根据你个人的经历,举例说明你是否喜欢冒险运动?为什么? (3)你是怎样看待媒体对“星跳”的批评的? [写作要求] 你可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事, 也可以参照阅读材料的内容, 但不要直接引用阅读 材料中的句子。 [评分标准] 概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,语篇连贯。 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ C When I was a little girl, my mother always told me what I should do and not.What I can remember is that when I was in the primary school, I didn't want to go to school because I hated the maths teacher who used to punish me for I didn't finish my homework on time. Instead of forcing me to go to school, my mother just told me if I didn't go to school, my friends and my teachers would not like me anymore. What's more, she told me I should not hate the maths teacher on account of my fault and never hate anybody if I wanted to be likable. Since that time, I have known that being likable is very important. While I was growing up, I read a lot of books in order to be a likable person. There is a famous writer, Dale Carnegie. He wrote a book called How to Win Friends and Influence People, which taught me a lot.Being a likable person, we should respect others and become genuinely interested in other people. In my opinion, the most significant one is that we should be honest and sincere. The second way is that we should be glad to give them a hand when it is needed. Finally, I suppose that being a good listener is quite important as well. We should participate in their suffering and encourage them in time. In a word, only if we stand by the people even when they are in the darkest time and never desert them can we be likable in the social life. [写作内容]

1. 以约 30 个词概括短文的要点。 2. 然后以约 120 个词就“做个受欢迎的人”的主题发表看法,并包括如下要点: (1)以自己或他人的经历为例谈谈怎样才能得到别人的认可。 (2)你认为如何才能使自己受欢迎,为什么? [写作要求] 1. 可以使用实例或其他论述方法支持你的论点,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得 直接引用原文中的句子。 2. 标题自定。 [评分标准] 概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,篇章连贯。 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ D 阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 Education does count. —Bill Gates Hundreds of students send me e?mails each year asking for advice about education. They want to know what to study, or whether it's OK to drop out of college since that's what I did. My basic advice is simple and heartfelt. “Get the best education you can. Take advantage of high school and college. Learn how to learn.” It's true that I dropped out of college to start Microsoft, but I was at Harvard for three years before dropping out—and I'd love to have the time to go back. As I've said before, nobody should drop out of college unless they believe they face the opportunity of a lifetime. And even then they should reconsider. In my company's early years, we had a bright parttime programmer who threatened to drop out of high school to work fulltime. We told him “no”. Quite a few of our people didn't finish college, but we discourage dropping out. Having a diploma certainly helps somebody who is looking to us for a job. There's not a perfect correlation between attitudes in high school and success in later life, of course.But it's a real mistake not to take the opportunity to learn a huge range of subjects, to learn to work with people in high school, and to get the grades that will help you get into a good college. [写作内容] 1. 以约 30 个词概括这段短文的内容。 2. 以约 120 个词谈谈你对教育的看法,内容包括: (1)为什么有些学生想中途放弃学业去创业? (2)你认为读书与事业之间的关系是怎样的? (3)你自己有何打算?

[写作要求] 1.在作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直 接引用原文中的句子。 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 [评分标准] 概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,语篇连贯。 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 专题限时训练(三十八) A One possible version: Does luck play an important role in success? If a person wants to succeed, he can just hope that luck will help him.Luck, however, will never help those to succeed if they are lazy and lack responsibility. We students can really learn a lot from reading this passage.Because nowadays, it is generally believed among some people that success comes from luck.They believe it in love, in examinations, and even in promotion.For instance, when some of them don't get good marks in the College Entrance Examinations or fail to be enrolled by a key university, they will attribute it to bad luck.However, others believe in themselves.They are working hard and trying their best to achieve what they want.Although they may fail sometimes, they don't give up, for they believe that luck can only help those who are hardworking, passionate about goals, constantly seeking to improve and selfdisciplined and one's life lies in his own hand. As for me, I am in favour of the latter opinion.Luck doesn't come alone.It goes hand in hand with hard work and knowledge. B One possible version: The People's Daily criticized celebrity diving shows due to “excessive” performance only for the sake of the ratings.Thus it has aroused the public concern and argument about the future of Chinese talent shows. Personally, I am strongly for the view above for several reasons.As is generally acknowledged, diving is one of the sport events that require professional skills and scientific longterm training.It is unreasonable to involve the poorly trained celebrities in such dangerous shows.Besides, these eyecatching shows may make celebrities join so as to maintain their popularities, which results in abnormal competitions between them. As for all these varied reasons, I wouldn't participate in these challenging shows if I were a celebrity.After weighing my ability, I am clearly aware that my body isn't capable enough to meet the physical requirements. From my perspective, true challenges come from what you are able to do better, instead of what you can't do at all.Through my own experience of learning the violin, it can be concluded that my facing challenge rationally contributes to my success by means of perseverance rather

than adventure. In a word, only when we meet the challenges that deserve our striving can we truly make progress in life. C One possible version: The author relates to us how he realized the importance of being likable through his experience. Besides, Carnegie's book confirms him of the essence of being likable: modesty, sincerity, honesty and helpfulness. I remember clearly how I changed my attitude towards the most popular girl, Cathy. At first, I was jealous of her because of her popularity. But one incident made me admire her. As a guy pursuing uniqueness, I always wore a strange hat to school, which aroused the others' dislike. But she wrote a diary posted on our wallpaper to support my unusual behaviour. In it, she expressed her understanding and asked our classmates to focus more on my genuineness than my strange appearance. Since then, I regard her as my close friend. It is evident that to be a likable person, one needs to show interest and understanding towards others. First, be concerned with what others are passionate about. Then another significant quality for a popular person is to remember what's important to people. In addition, to gain likability, one should not say complimentary words to friends unwillingly. D One possible version: The author is often asked to give advice about education due to his successful experience.He thinks it is unwise to drop out and that learning is sure to be beneficial. Some students want to drop out of school, believing schooling has nothing to do with a successful career, because there are many cases where people who don't finish their schooling are successful, such as Bill Gates.Besides, the high tuition of college education is too much for ordinary families.Dropping out to find a job helps them to lighten the heavy financial burden on their parents.Furthermore, experience counts most for a career and no wonder why some would like to accumulate experience by taking a job at an early age. Knowledge is power.Schools are where people become knowledgeable. As for me, I will make full use of time to complete my schooling and achieve my dream.


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