Unit1 假设你的外国朋友 Eric 对中国的端午节非常感兴趣，请根据下面的提示写一篇 5 句 话作文，向他介绍这一节日。文章的内容如下： 1. 端午节是中国的传统节日，在每年的农历五月初五庆祝； 2. 有关端午节的起源的传说很多，但被人们普遍接受的说法是为了纪念爱国诗人屈 原；3. 屈原是我国战国时期著名的诗人和爱国者，他为了自己的国家投江自尽； 4. 当地的居民匆忙地划船在
江内寻找屈原，并将米投入江中来喂鱼群，以免它们会 吃掉屈原；5. 后来就渐渐地演变成人们在每年的这个时期赛龙舟、吃粽子的习俗。 ① Dragon Boat Festival is a traditional Chinese festival, which is celebrated on the fifth day of the fifth Chinese lunar month. ②There are many legends about origins of this festival, but it is widely accepted that it is held in memory of the patriotic poet Qu Yuan. ③Qu Yuan, a famous poet and patriot of the Warring States period, committed suicide by drowning himself in the river for his country. ④The local people, out of respect for him, rushed into their boats to search for him while throwing rice into the river to feed the fish so they would not eat Qu’s body. ⑤ This later developed into the custom of holding dragon boat races and eating zongzi. ①～②简要介绍端午节 ③～⑤介绍的端午节主要特征 [时间] The Mid-autumn Festival, which is one of the most important traditional festivals in China, falls on August 15th of the Lunar calendar every year.[范围] Not only is it popular in China but it is also celebrated in many other Asian countries. [象征] People believe that the moon is a symbol of family reunion, luck and fortune, and it is a custom to express best wishes to the beloved ones at this particular time. [ 方式] On that day people usually go back home to have family reunion, enjoying a large meal with their family. They will also eat moon cakes, which are round cakes with meat, eggs, nuts and other things inside. 最近 , 我国教育专家对我国中学生所喜爱的节日进行了一项调查 , 北京和广州的 1000 多名中学生接受了调查。调查结果如下：
Recently some Chinese educational experts did a survey among more than 1000 students from Beijing and Guangzhou on their favorite festivals. The result shows that about half of the respondents choose the Spring Festival as their most favorite. Next comes Christmas Day and Mothers’ or Fathers’ Day, with 20% and 10% respectively. However, Mid-Autumn Day accounts for less than 10%.From the survey, we can see although over 80% of the students are familiar with our traditional festivals, like the Spring Festival, more and more young people favor some foreign festivals. Unit2 假设你是高一年级的学生李华， 最近你们班就“保持健康的方式”组织了一次讨论。 请 根据下面的提示将同学们的主要观点写成一篇 5 句话的英语总结报告。 1. 保持平衡的饮食，多吃水果蔬菜，因为它们富含纤维和维生素； 2. 少吃含糖和脂肪的食物，含糖和脂肪的食物易增肥；
3. 养成良好的生活习惯，早睡早起，定期运动，充足睡眠； 4. 将好的生活和饮食习惯相结合，我们会受益无穷； 5.保持积极的生活态度对我们的健康也有好处。 Recently there has been a heated discussion about how to keep healthy in our class. ①Most of us hold that health is of great importance, and we put forward the following suggestions to keep healthy. ②Firstly, it is important that we should keep a balanced diet, for example, we should eat more fruit and vegetables which are rich in fiber and vitamins, that’s to say, we ought not to eat food which contains fat and sugar for the reason that they may make us put on weight easily. ③Secondly, we’d better go to bed early, get up early, exercise regularly and h ave enough sleep, which is beneficial to us. ④Besides, keeping a positive attitude towards life is good for our health. ⑤In a word, only by combining good living habits with healthy eating habits can we keep healthy. ①提出问题 ②～④按逻辑关系陈列观点 ⑤总结 请根据下列提示要点，以“The Ways to Keep Healthy” 为题，写一篇短文。 提示： 1. 人人都想保持健康。 2．饮食要健康：多吃水果、蔬菜，因为它们富含纤维素和维生素；少吃黄油、奶酪、 咖啡和巧克力，因为它们含糖和脂肪太多，糖和脂肪使你迅速变胖。 3．有良好的生活习惯：定期锻炼，充足的睡眠，不要过度劳累，不抽烟等等。 要求： 1. 短文须包括上述所有要点 2．词数约 100 左右。 The Ways to Keep Healthy Everyone hopes to be in good health. But how? Here are some ways to keep healthy. First, you need a healthy diet. It is better to eat fresh fruit and vegetables because they have a lot of fibre and vitamins. Don’t eat the food which contains too much sugar and fat, like butter, cheese, coffee and chocolate. Fat and sugar make people put on weight easily. Second, good living habits are very important. You should do regular exercise to build up your body. Besides, enough rest is necessary for your health. You need 8 hours’ sleep a night and don’t work too hard. Smoking is a bad habit, so never smoke. In a word, healthy food and good living habits are good ways to keep healthy. 最近，学生会卫生健康小组进行了一次问卷调查。 以下是调查的情况 调查时间：上 周日晚上 调查地点：学校演讲厅 调查主题：饮食习惯 调查对象：3000 名学生 主要问题：1）近 1/5 的学生不吃早餐 2）近一半的学生喜欢吃零食和街头小吃 3）一些男生饮食过度，而一些女生则过度节食以保持体形 原因分析：1）缺乏 健康饮食的相关知识 2）没有意识到健康对学习的重要性 建议：1）饮食多样化 2）饮食有规律 On the evening of last Sunday, the health group of the Students’ Union did a survey among 3,000 students on dieting habits in the leacture hall. The survey shows that nearly one-fifth of the students go to school without breakfast and nearly half of them like to have snacks and street food. In addition, the survey points out that some boy students eat or drink too much at a time while some girl students go on a diet strickly to stay in shape.
As for the reasons, those who have bad eating habits not only lack the knowledge of healthy dieting but also don’t realize the importance of health to their study. Therefore, it is suggested that we students should have various healthy diets and have meals regularly. Unit3 目前，学校存在少数学生考试作弊现象。请根据下列提示完成一篇议论文。 Problem Some students cheat in examinations Students don’t work hard Opinion To cheat is wrong Students get prepared for exams Exams are well designed Nowadays, some students cheating in exams has become a problem we have to face. Here are two main reasons for it. On the one hand, students often take exams at school, but sometimes they have too many exams which are too difficult. On the other hand, some of the students are lazy and don’t work hard at their lessons. So when taking examinations, they sometimes cheat in order to get better results to please their parents and teachers. Then, how should we solve this problem? First, it is wrong to cheat in exams because it breaks the rules of schools. students should be honest and try to get good results by studying hard instead of cheating in examinations. What’s more, students should improve study methods and get well prepared for exams. Lastly and importantly, the exams should be well designed so that they will be suitable for students. Reason Exams are too many and difficult 类型：观点论证 典例：时间比金钱重要 模板：论点 → (用论据)论证 → 结论 [论点] People often say time is money, but in fact time is more valuable than money. [论据] When money is spent, we can earn it back, but when time is lost, it will never return. The time we have in all our life is limited, and it is even more precious for us senior students. Time is easily lost because of the fact that it is not scarce though it is limited, so it should be valued most. [结论] In a word, we should get into the habit of saving time and never leave what can be done today until tomorrow. Unit4 最近，你班同学就“太空探索是否值得”这一话题展开了一场讨论。请你根据下 表提供的信息，用英语写一篇短文介绍讨论的情况。 30%的同学认为： 70%的同学认为： 1. 不值得探索 1. 值得探索 2. 离我们及我们的日常生活太遥远 2. 已使用卫星进行通讯传播、天气预报 3. 浪费金钱。这些金钱本可用来解 3. 有望解决地球人口问题、地球能源短 决地球上的饥饿、污染等问题 缺问题 注意： 1. 词数：120 左右； 2. 参考词汇：短缺 shortage。 Recently, students in our class have had a discussion on whether space is worth exploring. 30% of us think space exploration is not worthwhile. They think space is too far away from us and our daily life. And the money spent on space exploration can be used to
solve the earth’s problems such as starvation and pollution. On the other hand, 70% think space is worth exploring because we have benefited a lot from it, such as using satellites for communication and weather forecast. What’s more, with further space research, we may solve the population problem by moving to other planets one day. Also, space research will enable us to find new sources to solve the problem of energy shortages on the earth. 假设你是高一学生李华，是学校的环保小卫士。为了提高大家的环保意识，你准备 写一篇主题为“The Importance of Water”的发言稿。 请你根据以下提示写一篇 5 句话英 语文章，内容要点如下： 水与人类的关系 水是生命之源，世界万物都离不开它。 水资源的现状 1. 随着人口的增长和工业的发展，用水量不断增加，许多地 方的水资源正变得紧缺； 河流和湖泊被污染，鱼无法生存，同时人们的健康也受到危害。 你的看法：应采取措施，保护水资源，与污染作斗争。
①As is known to all, water is so important to all the living things on the earth that nothing can live on the earth without it.②With an increase in population and the development of industry, more and more water is needed and as a result, which results in the shortage of water in many places.③That a lot of rivers and lakes have been polluted by the waste from factories makes it impossible for fish to live in them any longer.④At the same time, the waste water is harmful to our health as well.⑤In order to prevent water from being polluted, we must do something to stop pollution and fight against all sorts of pollution. ①描述水和人的关系 ②～④水资源的现状 ⑤陈述自己的观点 Unit5 Japan, an island country, is located to the east of China with an area of 377,800 square kilometers and a population of about 128,000,000. Mount Fuji, the highest mountain in Japan, is the symbol of Japan. Tokyo, the capital of Japan, is one of the most populated cities in the world. Japan is well-known for cherry blossoms in spring. Every spring, hundreds of different kinds of cherry blossoms bloom in the country, which are so fascinating that they are really worth seeing.