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2014届高三英语一轮复习收尾二轮专题突破检测 查漏补缺效果考核短文改错模拟(均为2013年高考题及模拟题)


短文改错
(建议用时: 40 分钟) 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改: 在错的词下画一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的 词。 注意: 1. 每句不超过两个错误; 2. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 3. 只允许修改 1

0 处, 多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 1 (2013·吉林模拟) Dear Dad, You are very busy every day that you never pay enough attention to your health. I was worried about your health all the time. I’d like to give you some advices. I hear that walking is the best sport. Your company isn’t far away from home, is it? Why not to walk to the office? You’d better take exercise at most once a week. You can play a basketball in the gym. Going to swim is a nice choice, too. Trying not to stay up too lately. Having enough sleep can help your brain work better. Of course, this is very important to have healthy food. Dad, please receive my advice. I really wish you healthy! Your loving daughter, Mary 2 (2013·广元模拟) Yesterday morn ing I was surprising to hear that my friend Allen had been hit by a car and was in hospital. The other day he is going to cross a street. He was very careful and didn’t go after he saw tra ffic lights turn green. But when he got the middle of the street he saw a car suddenly appear on her right-hand side and come directly towards him. That was too late for Allen to dodge(躲闪). He was hit by a car and thrown a few meter away. He was sent to hospital immediate and had an operation. When I went to see him last night, he out of danger but still looked pale.
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3 (2013·玉溪模拟) As students, we have classes for early morning till late afternoon. Therefore, take a ten-minute break between class is definitely important, even necessary. Otherwise we may feel both physically or mentally tired. During the ten-minute break we did something to get rid of tiredness. What we need is to have real rest, instead of getting even tired. So don’t do anything that will make you too excited. My ten-minute break is always pleased. I usually take some exercise. Sometime I have a free chat with my classmates. When the new class begins, I feel freshly again.

4 (2013·天水模拟) It’s reported that many people died of traffic accidents each year. Road safety has aroused the widely attention of the public. Many rules have made to reduce the traffic crashes, especially for the ones involved in the pedestrians. In my opinion, we should make road safety seriously in our daily life. While used the road, we must walk on the pavement and learn to protect us. Besides, ca r drivers should obey the traffic rules, that is both good for themselves and others. In the word, obeying the traffic rules are what all of us should pay attention to particularly. After all, life is not a small matter.

答案解析 1 答案: Dear Dad, You are very busy every day that you never pay enough attention to your health. so I was worried about your health all the time. I’d like to give you some advices. am advice

I hear that walking is the best sport. Your company isn’t far away from home, is it?
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Why not to walk to the office? You’d better take exercise at most once a week. You least can play a basketball in the gym. Going to swim is a nice choice, too. Trying Try not to stay up to o lately. Having enough sleep can help your brain work better. Of late course, this is very important to hav e healthy food. it Dad, please receive my advice. I really wish you healthy! accept Your loving daughter, M ary 1. 【解析】将第一句中的 very 改为 so。so. . . that 引导结果状语从句。 2. 【解析】将第二句中的 was 改为 am。此处是一般现在时。 3. 【解析】将第三句中的 advices 改为 advice。advice 不可数名词。 4. 【解析】将第六句中的第一个 to 去掉。why not+动词原形, 表示建议。 5. 【解析】将第七句中的 most 改为 least。at least 至少。 6. 【解析】将第八句中的 a 去掉。球类前面不加冠词。 7. 【解析】将第十句中的 Trying 改为 Try。此处为祈使句, 动词原形开头。 8. 【解析】将第十句中的 lately 改为 late。late 表示时间晚。 9. 【解析】将第十二句中的 this 改为 it。it 是形式主语。 10. 【解析】将第十三句中的 receive 改为 accept。接受意见用 accept。

2 答案: Yesterday morning I was surprising to hear that my friend Allen had been hit surprised by a car and was in hospital. The other day he is going to cross a street. He was very was
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careful and didn’t go after he saw traffic lights turn green. But when he got ∧the before to

middle of the street he saw a car suddenly appear on her right-hand side and come his directly towards him. That was too late for Allen to dodge(躲闪). He was hit It by a car and thrown a few meter away. He was sent to hospital immediate and had the meters immediately

an operation. When I went to see him last night, he ∧ out of danger but still looked was pale. 1. 【解析】第一句中的 surprising→surprised 修饰人时, 要用-ed 形容词, 意为“感到吃惊的”。 2. 【解析】第二句中的 is→was 时间状语 the other day 说明事情发生在过去, 故用一般过去时。 3. 【解析】第三句中的 after→before 根据句意“他看到绿灯亮之前没穿过马路。”可知用 before。 4. 【解析】第四句中 got 后加 to get to 到达, 为固定搭配。

5. 【解析】第四句中的 her→his 根据前文可知我的朋友 Allen 是男性。 6. 【解析】第五句中的 That→It 分析句子结构可知真正的主语为后面的不定式, 故采用形式主语 it。 7. 【解析】第六句中的第一个 a→the 特指前面已经提到的汽车, 用定冠词 the。 8. 【解析】第六句中的 meter→meters meter 为可数名词, a few 修饰可数名词复数。 9. 【解析】第七句中的 immediate→immediately 修饰动词要用副词。 10. 【解析】在第八句中的 he 后加 was 根据并列连词 but 可知其前面应为完整的句子, 此处是主系表结 构, 根据上下文时态和主谓一致, 故加 was。 3 答案: As students, we have classes for early morning till late afternoon. Therefore, from take a ten-minute break between class is definitely important, even necessary. taking classes

Otherwise we may feel both physically or mentally tired. During the ten-minute break and
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we did something to get rid of tiredness. What we need is to have ∧ real rest, instead do a

of getting even ∧ 或 even tired. So don’t do anything that will make you too excited. more My ten-minute break is always pleased. I usually take some exercise. Sometime I pleasing Sometimes

have a free chat with my classmates. When the new class begins, I feel freshly again. fresh 1. 【解析】将第一句中的 for 改为 from。from. . . till 固定结构, 从??到?? 。 2. 【解析】将第二句中的 take 改为 taking。构成 v. -ing 短语作主语。 3. 【解析】将第二句中的 class 改为 classes。在两节课之间。 4. 【解析】将第三句中的 or 改为 and。并列关系, 与前面的 both 构成 both. . . and. . . 。 5. 【解析】将第四句中的 did 改为 do。全文以一般现在时为基础时态。 6. 【解析】在第五句中的 have 后面加 a。have a rest 休息。 7. 【解析】将第五句中的 even 去掉, 或者在 even 后面加 more。even 不可以修饰形容词原级, 但可以修 饰比较级。 8. 【解析】将第七句中的 pleased 改为 pleasing。主语是事情, 故用 v. -ing 形式的形容词作表语。 9. 【解析】将第九句中的 Sometime 改为 Sometimes。有时。 10. 【解析】将第十句中的 freshly 改为 fresh。feel 是连系动词, 后面用形容词作表语。

4 答案: It’s reported that many people died of traffic accidents each year. Road safety die has aroused the widely attention of the public. Many rules have ∧ made to wide been

reduce the traffic crashes, especially for the ones involved in the pedestrians. In my opinion,
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we should make road safety seriously in our daily life. While used the take using

road, we must walk on the pavement and learn to protect us. Besides, car drivers ourselves should obey the traffic rules, that is both good for themselves and others. which In the word, obeying the traffic rules are what all of us should pay attention to a is

particularly. After all, life is not a small matter. 1. 【解析】将第一句中的 died 改为 die。这是一个基本事实, 属于一般现在时。 2. 【解析】将第二句中的 widely 改为 wide。后面是名词, 用形容词作定语。 3. 【解析】在第三句中的 have 后面加 been。这里是被动语态。 4. 【解析】将第三句中的 for 去掉。for 在此多余。 5. 【解析】将第四句中的 make 改为 take。take. . . seriously 把??当回事。 6. 【解析】将第五句中的 used 改为 using。现在分词作时间状语。 7. 【解析】将第五句中的 us 改为 ourselves。保护我们自己。 8. 【解析】将第六句中的 that 改为 which。that 不能引导非限制性定语从句。 9. 【解析】将第七句中的第一个 the 改为 a。in a word 总而言之。 10. 【解析】将第七句中的 are 改为 is。动名词短语作主语, 谓语动词用单数。

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