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【名师一号】2015高考英语一轮复习 Unit 3 Travel journal课时检测 新人教版必修1


Unit 3
Ⅰ.词汇知识

Travel journal

(计时:45 分钟)

1.(2013·咸阳三模)All my classmates swam in the lake except two, who ________ halfway. A. gave off C. gave away B. gav

e up D. gave out

答案与解析 B give off“散发(光或热)”; give up“放弃”; give away“泄露; 出卖”; give out“分发;发出”。根据句意,选择 B 项。 2.Jack went to college last year, ________ to return home until he achieved his goal. A. determining not C. not determining 答案与解析 B. not determined D. determined not

D 句意:杰克去年上了大学,决心实现了他的目标才回家。此处过去分

词短语作伴随状语, not 否定不定式,故置于其前。 3.(2013·合肥市第二次质量检测)Being able to speak another language fluently could be a great ________ when you are looking for a job. A. advantage C. assistance B. chance D. importance

答案与解析 A 从句意“能够流利地讲一门外语在找工作时是一种优势”可知选 A 项 advantage“优势”。chance“机会”; assistance“帮助;援助”; importance“重要 性”,都与句意不符。 4.(2014·襄阳四校)If you are willing to lose weight, these tips will help you lose the last bit of ________ fat. A. determined C. expressive B. stubborn D. independent

答案与解析 B 句意: 如果你愿意减肥, 这些技巧将帮助你去掉最后一点任性的脂肪。 stubborn“顽固的;任性的”,符合句意。determined“决心的”; expressive“有表现 力的”; independent“独立的”。 5.Thanks to their hard work, the new bridge has been finished ________. A. behind schedule C. in front of schedule 答案与解析 B B. ahead of schedule D. beside schedule

句意:多亏了他们的努力工作,这座新桥已经提前完工了。 behind

schedule“比规定时间晚”; C、D 两项形式不正确。
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Ⅱ.单句语法填空 6.While he was in the office, he preferred ________ (do) something to doing nothing. 答案与解析 doing 句意: 当在办公室时, 他喜欢做点事, 而不喜欢无所事事。 prefer (sth./doing sth.) to (sth./doing sth.)“ 喜 欢 ?? 而 不 喜 欢 ?? ; 宁 愿 ?? 而 不 愿??”。 7.You should have a good night's sleep ________ much work you have to do. 答案与解析 however/no matter how 句意:你应该好好睡一晚,不管你有多少工作

必须去做。本句的后半部分是一个让步状语从句, however/no matter how“不管怎样”。 8.— Have you seen Tony recently? — No, but I ________ (have) dinner with him on Sunday. 答案与解析 will have/am having 句意:——你最近见到托尼了吗?——我没有见

到。但是,我准备周日和他一起吃饭。根据语境可知,用一般将来时或现在进行时表将来。 9.It ________ (rain) hard now, otherwise we could have a barbecue on the beach. 答案与解析 is raining 根据时间状语 now 可知,该题应用现在进行时。 10.According to the schedule, the flight No. 232 to Beijing ________ (leave) at 10:30. We'd better set out right now, or we'll be late. 答案与解析 leaves 根据题干的后面“我们最好立刻出发, 否则就晚了。 ”可知飞机 还没有起飞。题干前面“根据时间表十点半去北京的航班离开”用一般现在时。 Ⅲ.语法填空 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Man: So, how long have you been living here? Woman: About six months now. Man: Why did you choose Beirut? Woman: __11__, Mike — my husband — and I have always loved Arab culture and the language. Mike's __12__ English teacher and he got a job here in a language school. Man: Why did you want to take a year __13__? Woman: __14__ (base) I wanted a break from teaching. I love teaching children but I needed a change. Also I've been drawing and painting since I was little but I've never really had the chance __15__ (study) drawing. __16__ this seemed like the perfect opportunity to have a change and learn to draw properly. I found a fantastic art teacher, __17__ (call) Omayma, and I've been having classes with her since October. She's great and she speaks English, __18__ is lucky, because I don't
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know much Arabic yet. But I'm learning the language __19__ quickly as I can. Man: Is Arabic a difficult language to learn? Woman: Incredibly difficult! Especially the __20__ (pronounce). You have to learn to make a lot of new sounds. 答案 11.Because 12.an 13.off 14.Basically 15.to study 16.So

17.called 18.which 20.pronunciation Ⅳ.阅读理解

19.as

IF and WHEN were friends. Every week they met and their conversation usually centred on all the things they were going to achieve. This particular Saturday when they met, WHEN sensed that IF was not in a great mood. WHEN questioned IF, “What's wrong with you? You don't seem your usual cheery self?” IF looked at WHEN and replied, “I just don't feel I am making any progress. Last week I saw a course. If only I had the time to take it.” WHEN knew exactly how IF felt. “I also saw a course and I am going to register when I get enough money,” said WHEN. “What about that new job you were going to apply for? You were so excited about it last week.” IF responded, “If my computer hadn't broken down last week, I would have applied. So I could not type my resume.” “Don't worry about it. When you are ready another job will come through. I have been thinking about looking for another job too, but I will wait and when the weather gets nicer I will look then.” WHEN then went on to tell IF about his week, hoping that it would cheer him up a bit. The man at the next table couldn't help overhearing WHEN and IF. “Excuse me gentlemen,” the man said. Surprised, IF and WHEN both looked at the man. The man continued, “I'm sorry, but I couldn't help hearing your conversation. I think I know how you could solve your problems.” Curious, IF asked the gentleman, “How do you think you can solve our problems?” The gentleman smiled and said, “You only need to listen to yourselves. It reminds me of an old proverb: ‘If_and_When_were_planted,_and_Nothing_grew.’ ” The gentleman went on, “Just start doing, take action, and stop talking about ‘if and when’.” IF and WHEN suddenly realized that what the gentleman had said was so true. Both of them were guilty of thinking and living their life for the “ifs and whens”. The gentleman left and their conversation changed. They made up their minds that when they met for lunch next week, there would be no “ifs and whens”
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and that they would only talk about what they accomplished! Soon another week came. 21.IF was not in a good mood because ________. A. he failed to arrange time for a course B. he missed a course for lack of money C. he was upset by the bad weather D. he was not satisfied with his resume 答案与解析 A 根据第一段“I just don't feel I am making any progress. Last week I saw ...”可判断 A 项正确。 22.Which of the proverbs goes with the saying underlined in Paragraph 3? A. Where there is a will, there is a way. B. There are no gains without pains. C. Belief is the great guide of human life. D. A bad beginning makes a bad ending. 答案与解析 B “If and When were planted, and Nothing grew.”意思是“不播种; 不收获”,即“不劳无获”。A 项意为“有志者,事竟成”; B 项为“不劳无获”; C 项 为“信念是人生的伟大指南”; D 项为“不善始者不善终”。故 B 项正确。 23.IF and WHEN were advised to solve their problems by ________. A. setting more goals for their future B. stop using “ifs and whens” in conversations C. putting their plans into action immediately D. changing the topics of their weekly conversation 答案与解析 C “如果”和“等到”一直都在为他们的将来设定目标但是没有付诸行

动,那位绅士是让他们停止谈论“如果”和“等到”,真正目的是让他们行动起来,故 B、 D 项理解肤浅,根据文章最后一段话中那位 gentleman 说的话:“Just start doing, take action, and stop talking about ‘if and when’.”可判断 C 项正确。 24.After listening to the suggestions from the gentleman, WHEN felt ________. A. cheerful C. disappointed 答案与解析 B 知选 B 项。 25.The paragraph that follows the last one probably talks about ________. A. the success in IF's and WHEN's job interview B. the effect of the gentleman's advice C. the schedule made by IF and WHEN
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B. regretful D. upset 由最后一段话中“Both of them were guilty of thinking ...”可

D. the achievements of IF and WHEN 答案与解析 D 文中最后,“如果”和“等到”在听了绅士的话之后很内疚,决定付

诸行动,将在下一周相见时以谈论收获为话题, D 项中的 the achievements 与文中的 what they accomplished 意思一样,故 D 项正确。 Ⅴ.七选五 How to Become an Effective Leader The key to becoming an effective leader is not to focus on making other people follow, but on making yourself the kind of person they want to follow. __26__ It takes time to become a trustworthy leader. As you prepare yourself to become a better leader, use the following guidelines to help you grow: 1. Don't be self?centred. The truly great leaders are not in leadership for personal gain. __27__ Perhaps that is why Lawrence D. Bell remarked, “A man who cannot bother to do little things for others are unlikely to become a good leader.” 2. __28__ Rare is the effective leader who didn't learn to become a good follower first. That is why a leadership institution such as the United States Military Academy teaches its officers to become effective followers first. 3. Work with excellence. No one respects and follows mediocrity (平庸). Leaders who earn the right to lead give their all to what they do. They bring into play not only their skills and talents, but also great passion and hard work. __29__ 4. Give your power away. What makes leadership so special is that you become a better leader by sharing whatever power you have, not by saving it all for yourself. __30__ If you use your power to empower others, your leadership will extend far beyond your grasp. A. Leadership is influence, nothing more, nothing less. B. They lead in order to serve other people. C. Become a good follower first. D. Leaders help people to reach their potential. E. They perform on the highest level of which they are capable. F. You're meant to be a river, not a pool. G. Leadership isn't learned or earned in a moment.
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答案 26.G 27.B 28.C 29.E 30.F Ⅳ.短文改错 I as well as my family are going to New York City this weekend. I had been looking forward to go there for a long time. It is one of the most modern city in the world. There have also a lot of museums where you can learn something you can't learn it in school. I'd also like to see the Statue of Liberty and the Empire State Building. Unfortunately, the twin towers destroyed on September 11th, 2001 and I would have the chance to see them by myself. Now I am getting ready for the excited trip. I bet it will be a unforgettable experience. 答案 I as well as my family are going to New York City this weekend. I had been
am have

looking forward to go there for a long time. It is one of the most modern city in
going cities

the world. There have also a lot of museums where you can learn something you can't
are

learn it \ in school. I'd also like to see the Statue of Liberty and the Empire State Building. Unfortunately, the twin towers∧ destroyed on September 11th, 2001 and
were or

I would have the chance to see them by myself. Now I am getting ready for the excited
exciting

trip. I bet it will be a
an

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