在现实初中体育考试制改革下，新教师如何适应新的教学改革，如何改变自己，对新教 师提出了更大的要求。 作为新教师如何积极应对新形势下的基础教育改革， 重视和加强创新 学习，是摆在新教师面前的难题，也是我们新教师必须需要解决的关键问题。 一、学校体育的现状及其存在的问题 学校体育作为全面发展教育的一个重要组成部分， 在理论与实践上越来越受到家长及学 生的关注和重视。但是。由于历史的、
传统的和主观的原因，人们对这个问题的认识程度深 浅不一，对学校体育的本质观、目的观、价值观和质量观的认识，目前仍还处在较低水平的 社会意识层次上。 （1）学校体育的实施，由于条件的限制，也存在着一些问题。①场地不足，资金短缺， 这是多数学校的普遍问题， 制约着学校体育工作的正常开展。 ②片面追求升学率的影响还没 有消除，重智育轻体育的倾向突出。③体育器材管理不善，一些学校常用的体育器材残缺不 全，球场跑道坑坑洼洼长年失修，仅有的器械长期束之高阁，闲置不用，造成散失或破损。 ④体育教师队伍青黄不接。 （2）忽视学校体育的功能。广大城镇和农村，因城乡的差别， “望子成龙”心切。为考 取高一级学校取得铁饭碗为目标，对孩子参加体育活动不重视。由于受这种观念的制约，给 学校体育的决策、管理和发展带来很大的阻力，因此很难发挥学校体育的各种训练和作用。 （3）学校体育观念的落后。人们认为体育就是跳跳蹦蹦、玩耍，而没有从提高全民素 质的高度和深度去认识。观念的滞后，极大地阻碍了学校体育的发展。 二、解决现实问题的对策 （1）加强对体育教学的认识，通过体育教学与训练，促进人体结构和肌肉完美发展， 增强体质，促进智力发展，培养学生崇高的政治思想和道德观念、培养学生情感、情操和审 美观念，从而培养社会的合格人才。 （2）加强各级教育行政部门领导的学习，提高思想认识把体育纳入学校教育的发展战 略，促进德智体美劳全面发展，全面贯彻教育方针，提高对体育的参与意识和社会责任感， 这是解决学校体育工作蓬勃开展的重要环节之一。 （3）加强体育师资队伍的建设：①动员鼓励中学生积极报考体育院校，不断充实教育 队伍，增加数量，提高质量，积蓄后备力量。②积极组织或参加市、县、乡运动比赛，不断 提高学生的竞技水平与体育教师工作水平。 ③关心广大体育教师生活， 调动体育教师的积极 性，使他们安心工作。 （4）加强体育场地、器材设备的建设，注意增加体育经费的投入。 三、优化体育教学内容与过程是发展学校体育的重要途径 实施素质教育应强调让每一个学生的每一个方面均有发展， 具有个性特长， 在共同的活
动中可以不断了解自己，评价自己，提高欣赏美、表现美、创造美的能力，能够在快乐中锻 炼身体，培养良好的思想品德。所以，学校应大力推广体育教学，尤其是义务教育中，在学 生的世界观、人生观形成时期，在体质锻炼的黄金时期，用多种有效教学方法促进学生全面 发展。优化体育教学内容与过程，应注意以下几个原则： （1）整体性原则。提高学生素质、实现培养目标是一个有机的整体，要努力做到德、 智、体有机结合、全面发展。转变传统体育教学观念，从单向教学目标向多项目标转化；从 单调体育向愉快体育转化（以游戏性方式） ；从微观的体育教学管理向微观与宏观相结合的 方向转化，使体育教学质量得到全面提高。 （2）主体性原则。体育教学的内容，要紧密联系中学实际、因地制宜，使学生有兴趣， 充分调动学生学习的积极性，由过去的“放羊式“教学转化为愉快的开放性、主动性的学习 方式，把过去的“要我学” 、 “要我练”变成“我要学” 、 “我要练” ，使学生在积极主动的学 习中掌握体育的基本知识、技术和基本技能。 （3）普遍性与指导性原则。优化教学内容与过程，要符合农村中学的实际，所获得的 效果要对农村中学体育教学工作带有普遍的指导意义和实用价值。 所以在选择方法与手段上， 要有针对性，实效性，简单易学，锻炼效果好，课堂练习密度合理，运动量适宜，有利于学 生身心健康。 （4）完善人体全面发展的原则。要根据学生的生长发育规律和身心发展特点，遵循教 育、教学规律，通过优化教学内容与过程，促进学生身体的正常发育，使智力和非智力因素 等各项都全面发展。 认真分析和思索农村学校体育工作的现状，研究农村学校体育发展的特点、规律，加强 体育教学内容与过程的优化，层层重视，齐抓共管，农村学校体育工作一定会有新的局面。 In reality a junior high school physical examination reform, the new teachers how to adapt to the new teaching reform, how to change oneself, puts forward more requirements on the new teacher. As a new teacher how to actively respond to the new situation of elementary education reform, attaches importance to and strengthen innovation learning, is a difficult problem in front of the new teacher, is also we must need to solve the key problems of the new teacher. A, the present situation and problems of physical education and sports School sports as an important part of all-round development education, in theory and practice, more and more get the attention of parents and students and pay attention to. But. Due to historical, traditional and subjective reasons, people's awareness to this problem differ depth, the nature of school sports view, purpose view, values and understanding of the concept of quality of, still is in low level of social consciousness level. (1) the implementation of school physical education, as a result of the limitation of conditions, there are also some problems. (1) site is insufficient, shortage of funds, this is the common problem most schools, the normal work of school sports. (2) the effect of unilateral pursue graduation rates has not been eliminated, the tendency of intellectual education light sports. (3) sports equipment management, some commonly used sports equipment is incomplete, stadium runway potholes perennial disrepair, only the instrument on the shelf for a
long time, sit idle, lost or damaged. (4) sports teachers period. (2) ignore the function of school physical education. The town and country, and because of the difference of urban and rural, "competitive" eager. Earning a higher school for iron rice bowl as the goal,www.yulematou.com www.14se.net www.maka7.com to the child to participate in sports activities not value. Due to the restriction of the this kind of idea, brings to the decision-making, management and development of school sports a lot of resistance, so it is difficult to give play to the role of various training and school sports. (3) the concept of school physical education lag behind. People think that playing sports is the bouncing up and down, and not from the height of the improve the quality and depth to meet. Concept of lag, greatly hindered the development of school sports. Second, the countermeasures to solve the problem of reality (1) to strengthen the understanding of physical education teaching, through the sports teaching and training, promote the development of the human body structure and muscle perfect, enhanced physique, promote intellectual development, cultivating students' noble political thoughts and moral ideas, cultivate students' emotion, sentiment and aesthetic ideas, and to cultivate the qualified talents of the society. (2) to strengthen the leadership of the administrative department for education at all levels of study, improve the physical education into the ideological understanding, the development strategy of school education to promote the art of morality, intelligence and physique full scale development, fully implement the education policy, improve the sports participation and social responsibility, this is one of the important link to solve the school sports work vigorously. (3) to strengthen the construction of sports teachers: (1) the mobilization encourage students actively enter oneself for an examination sports colleges and universities, constantly enrich education team, increase the quantity, quality, accumulated reserves. (2) actively organize or participate in the city, county and township sports, to improve students' level of competitive level and PE teachers' work. (3) care sports teachers life, arouse the enthusiasm of PE teachers, to make them to work. (4) strengthen the construction of sports venues, equipment, pay attention to the increase of sports funds investment. Three, optimizing the teaching content and process is an important way of promoting the development of school sports Carry out quality education should be emphasized to every aspect of every student has the development, has the personality, in the common activities can continue to understand and evaluate themselves, improve the power to appreciate beauty, exhibit beauty and create beauty, can exercise in the happiness, cultivate the good thought personal character. So, schools should vigorously promote the sports teaching, especially in the compulsory education, in the formation of the students' world outlook, the outlook on life, on the physical exercise of the golden age, with a variety of effective teaching methods to promote students' all-round development. Optimization of teaching content and process, should pay attention to the following principles: (1) the principle of integrity. Improve students' quality and realizing training goal is an organic whole, to achieve the organic combination of moral, intellectual, physical, all-round development. Changing traditional physical education teaching idea, from one-way teaching goal to multiple goals; Transferred from monotonous to happy sports () in gameplay way; From the microcosmic physical education teaching management to the combination of micro and macro
direction transformation, and fully improve the teaching quality of sports. (2) the principle of subjectivity. The content of sports teaching, closely linked to middle school practice, adjust measures to local conditions, so that the students are interested in, and fully mobilize the enthusiasm of students learning, from the past "sheep" teaching into a pleasant openness,www.jich.net www.boxuelun.com www.huayueting1.com initiative of study way, the past "want me to learn", "should I practice" into "I want to learn", "I want to practice", to make the students in active learning to master the basic knowledge of sports, technology and basic skills. (3) the universality and guiding principles. To optimize the teaching content and process, in accordance with the actual conditions of rural schools, the results obtained for rural middle school sports teaching work with universal guiding significance and practical value. So on the selection method and means, should have pertinence, effectiveness, easy to learn, exercise the effect is good, reasonable density of classroom practice, carry momentum is appropriate, is conducive to students' physical and mental health. (4) improve the principle of human all-round development. According to the students' growth and development regularity and the characteristics of the physical and mental development, follow the rules of education, teaching, by optimizing the teaching content and process, promote the student body's normal development, make the intelligence and non-intelligence factors such as comprehensive development. Careful analysis and thinking about the present situation of the rural school sports work, the characteristics and law of rural school sports development, strengthen the physical education teaching content and process of optimization, layer upon layer, should, in the rural school sports work will have a new situation.