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2014届高考英语《语法填空》复习方案二轮权威课件(广东省专用):考能专项突破


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考能专项突破二

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? 专项一 名词与冠词 语法填空名词方面主要考查名词辨析、名词的数、名 词的格以及名词与其他词组成的固定搭配; 而冠词方面主 要考查:(1)冠词的基本用法,即泛指、类指和特指, 如 泛指的复数名词和不可数名词前不用不定冠词,“the+

单数名词”表示类指等。(2)冠词的活用, 如形容词比较 级、最高级前的冠词问题、序数词前加不定冠词或定冠词 的区别。(3)冠词的固定搭配。

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例1 As a child, I was always out exploring my local area, whether swimming at the beaches or hiking through the bush. Australia's outdoor lifestyle had me hooked on adventure and nature. I always wanted to explore 1.________ else was out there. Going on family holidays to many of the East Coast beach towns was always 2.________ fun adventure into 3.________unknown.

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[解析] 1. what 2. a 考查不定冠词。表示具体某次有趣的冒险是“a fun adventure”。 3. the 考查定冠词。the+形容词=这一类人或物, 这里的the unknown= the unknown people/things。

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? 专项二 介词 近几年高考语法填空对介词以及介词短语的考查主要 集中在以下几方面: (1)介词或介词短语辨析; (2)意义相同或相近,但使用范围不同的介词; (3)介词与某些名词、形容词和动词的各种搭配形式。

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例2 [2013· 广东卷节选] “The only reason a man would sell salt 21. ________ a lower price would be because he was desperate for money. And anyone who took advantage of that situation would be showing a lack of respect 22. ________ the sweat and struggle of the man who worked very hard to produce it.” [解析] 21. at 考查介词。at a lower price为固定用法, 意思是:以较低的价格。 22. for 考查介词。respect for…意思是:对……的尊 重。
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? 专项三 代词与连词 1. 通过分析近两年语法填空代词考查题我们发现,代词的 考点主要集中在: (1)在具体语言环境中的用法,如anyone,both,neither, nothing等与从句相结合; (2)any,some,all,none,other,another等代词在特定 语境中的意义和功能差别; (3)it,one,that,ones,those作为替代的用法; (4)常见的it作形式主语、宾语,或者指代前文中的事情; (5)each,every,any的用法; (6)人称代词和物主代词的用法。
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2. 正确选用连词的关键在于分析句子结构,把握前后 文的逻辑关系,再结合题干所提供的语境便可做出正确判 断。

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例3 Friendship means being friendly to each other 31. ________ making friends with one another. Human beings are social animals. They do not live in separation. They need each other 32. ________ physically and emotionally.

[解析] 31. or 考查连词。 being friendly与making friends是选择关系。 32. both 考查代词。both…and 是固定搭配。

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例4 Americans love pets. In America, there are more families with pets 16.________ those with children. It is common 17.________the US homes have some sorts of pets, such as monkeys, snakes and even wolves…

[解析] 16. than 考查连词。 more…than是固定搭配。 17. that 考查连词。 it is…that是固定搭配。

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? 专项四 形容词与副词 熟记《考试大纲》上所列的形容词与副词的意义。词 汇考查其实就是对大家词汇丰富程度的考查。对于很多单 词我们只知其一,不知其二,这是我们在学习中需要克服 的,因此通过各种形式的复习熟悉词汇的意义是非常重要 的。不仅要记住与副词、形容词、动词常搭配的副词,而 且倍数的表达法、多个形容词的顺序等也是我们所需要积 累的。

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例5 In most cities, 16. ________ or poor, it is the less well off that are most at risk from floods and natural disasters.It was the poor of New Orleans, nearly a 17. ________ (three) of the population, who lived in the lowestlying parts of the city and 18. ________ (suffer) most from Katrina's (卡特里娜飓风)wrath (愤怒).19. ________ (similar), it was the urban poor of Honduras (洪 都拉斯) and its neigh bours who were struck 20. ________ (hard) by Hurricane Mitch in 1998.And it is the people of the slums (贫民窟) most widely in Latin America who are most capable of being attacked.
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[解析] 16. rich 考查形容词。rich or poor 是一对反义 词。 17. third 考查数词。a third 表示“三分之一”。 18. suffered 考查动词。 19. Similarly 考查副词。similarly表示“类似地, 相 似地, 差不多地,同样地”。 20. hardest 考查副词。表示“最严重地”,与most widely 一致。

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? 专项五 动词的时态与语态 动词的时态与语态是历年高考语法填空试题中考查最 多的,其中主要考查动词的时态,或时态和语态结合起来 考查。在高考语法填空题中考查时态的题目占的比例非常 大,有的甚至在一套题目中包含三个时态题。对被动语态 的考查主要是及物动词在被动语态中的使用。

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例6 Below are more examples of the of successful people: Thomas Edison failed times while he 21. ________ (approximate)10, 000 22. ________ (work) on the light bulb. 20. ________ (fail)

Henry Ford fired Lee Iacocca at the age of 54. Young Beethoven 23. ________ (tell)that he had no talent for music, but he 24. ________ (give) some of the best music to the world. Setbacks are inevitable in life. A setback can act as a driving force and also teach us humility. In grief you will find courage and faith to overcome the setback.
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[解析] 20. failures 考查名词拼写。 21. approximately 考查副词用法。 22. was working 考查时态。 while后面通常用进行时。 23. was told 考查被动语态。 be told表示“被告知”。 24. gave 考查时态。与上文时态保持一致。

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? 专项六 情态动词与虚拟语气 高考中情态动词是重点。近几年的高考题出题非常灵 活,这就要求我们依据情景,正确推测其用法与意义,同 时,积累一些不很常见的用法也是应付高考的有效手段, 另外,要熟记在各种时间状语从句中虚拟语气的结构。

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例7 Mary will never forget the first time she saw him. He suddenly appeared in class one day, 16. ________ (wear) sunglasses. He walked in as if he 17. ________ (buy) the school. And the word quickly got around that he was from New York City.

[解析] 16. wearing 考查现在分词。 17. had bought 考查与过去事实相反的虚拟结构。 had bought 在主格人称代词he后,显然是作谓语; 又 因他不可能买下这所学校,故应用虚拟语气,与过去 事实相反,故填had bought。
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? 专项七 非谓语动词 分析近三年的高考题,我们发现,现在分词与过去分 词是高考的重点。而选择时只要我们知道非谓语动词与所 修饰的名词或代词之间的关系,解题就很容易了。现在分 词表达主动的动作,过去分词表达被动的动作。

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例8 In every school a “top” crowd sets the pace, while the others follow their lead. Let's say the top crowd decides that it is smart to wear bright red sweaters. Pretty soon everybody is wearing 16. ________ bright red sweater. There is nothing wrong with that, 17. ________ the fact that on some people a bright red sweater is 18. ________ (extreme) unbecoming(不得体的).The situation can even become dangerous,if the top crowd decides that it is smart to drink or to drive cars at seventy miles an hour. Then the people 19. ________ (follow) the lead are endangering their lives. They are like the sheep 20. ________ (lead) to the butcher.
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[解析] 16. a 考查不定冠词。 17. except或but 18. extremely 考查副词。 19. following 考查现在分词。表主动应用现在分词。 20. being led 考查动名词的被动形式。

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? 专项八 复合句 所谓复合句,即指含有定语从句、名词性从句或状语 从句的句子。这三种从句是高考的必考点。解题时要做到: (1)分析整个句子的句子结构,弄清从句的种类,即是 哪一种从句; (2)分析从句的句子成分,把握引导词在从句中的作用, 即是否充当句子成分,充当什么句子成分; (3)分析语境,结合句子的逻辑意义做出正确判断。

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例9 He was poorly dressed and a hat topped his head, pulled down so you could not see his face. He wore shoes 18. ________ looked 30 years old, too small for his feet, with holes all over them. His toes stuck out. I guessed this man was homeless and asleep, 19. ________ I walked on by through the doors of the church.We all gathered and gossiped about the man, 20. ________ no one bothered to ask him to come in, including me. A few moments later, church began.We were all waiting for the minister to take 21. ________ place and give us word, 22. ________ the door to the church opened.
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[解析] 18. which/that 考查关系代词。 19. so 考查连词。 表示因果关系用so。 20. but 考查转折连词。 21. his 22. when 考查连词。引导时间状语从句,when表示 “突然,此刻”。

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? 专项一 名词与冠词 1.The early 1950s was still ________ time when girls' education was always placed ________ second to boys'. A.the; / B.a; the C.a; / D.the; a [解析] C 考查冠词用法。第一空a time指“一段时间, 一个时期”;第二空be second to是固定用法,意为 “仅次于”。

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2.A child with a happy, easygoing ________ is more likely to succeed in the future. A.appearance B.nature C.attitude D.behaviour

[解析] B 考查名词辨析。句意:具有快乐、随和的 本性的孩子更可能在未来的事业上获得成功。 appearance外表;nature本性,本质;attitude态度; behaviour行为,举止。

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3.In The Matrix the characters learn new skills by having ________computer physically plugged into their brains and new skills directly uploaded. A.a B./ C.the D.an [解析] A 考查冠词用法。指“一台可以植入大脑的 计算机”,故用a。

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4.________rise in carbon dioxide is causing ________steady increase in global warming. A.The; a B./; a C.The; / D.A; the

[解析] A 考查冠词用法。特指二氧化碳的增加,所 以第一个空填The;导致全球不断变暖是泛指,所以 第二个空填a。

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5.I can't remember when ________turning point occurred exactly, but it might be ________ summer morning when I was in New York. A./;a B.a; a C.the; a D.a; the [解析] C 考查冠词用法。第一空turning point是特指 “发生的转折点”;第二空是泛指“一个夏日的上 午”,故选择C项。句意:我记不清转机出现的准确 时间,但很可能是我在纽约时的一个夏日的上午。

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6.Richardson joins a list of young stars whose careers and personal lives have been spoiled after early________. A.experience B.promise C.impression D.failure [解析] B 考查名词辨析。理查德森步入了年轻明星 的行列,这些人的事业和个人生活在有了一些早期的 成 就 之 后 都 已 堕 落 了 。 experience 经 验 , 经 历 ; promise 许 诺 , 承 诺 , ( 有 ) 前 途 ; impression 印 象 ; failure失败。此处promise意为“(非常好的或成功的) 希望,迹象,指望”。
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7.Mrs Green, who comes from ________ European country, has formed the habit of attending ________church on Sundays. A.an; / B.an; the C./; / D.a; / [解析] D 考查冠词用法。第一空泛指“一个欧洲国 家”,故用a;第二空church前不用冠词,此处表示 “做礼拜”。

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8.There is no doubt that the Diaoyu Islands are part of China and what some Japanese have done recently is actually an ________against Chinese people. A.offence B.opportunity C.overweight D.operation [解析] A 考查名词辨析。句意:毫无疑问,钓鱼岛 是中国领土的一部分。一些日本人近来的所作所为实 际上是对抗中国人民的一种违法的行为。offence犯法 行 为 , 罪 行 ; opportunity 机 会 ; overweight 超 重 ; operation经营,管理,手术。
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9.One hundred thousand years ago, ________choice was simple when it came to ________drink. There was no choice. It was water or nothing. A.the; a B.a; / C.the; / D.a; the [解析] A 考查冠词用法。第一空特指“饮品的选 择”;第二空泛指“饮品”这种概念。

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10.In recent years, many mainland residents have rushed to Hong Kong to buy baby milk powder due to their ________about its quality. A.anxiety B.curiosity C.generosity D.attention [解析] A 考查名词辨析。句意:近年来,由于对奶 粉质量的忧虑,许多内地居民纷纷到香港去买婴儿奶 粉。anxiety焦虑,忧虑;curiosity 好奇;generosity 慷慨,大方;attention注意力,关心。

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? 专项二 介词(短语) 1.[2013· 新课标全国卷Ⅰ] It was a real race ________ time to get the project done. Luckily, we made it. A.over B.by C.for D.against [解析] D 考查介词的用法。against与……竞争, 与……对阵。句意:完成这项任务真是一场与时间的 赛跑,值得庆幸的是,我们做到了。

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2. [2013· 安徽卷] Before you pay a visit to a place of interest, look in your local library ________a book about it. A.on B.at C.for D.to

[解析] C 考查介词辨析。句意:在你去参观一处名 胜古迹前,在当地图书馆查找一本相关的书籍。这里 应该用for表示目的。look for意为“寻找”,为固定搭 配。

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3. [2013· 北京卷] I have an appointment ________ Dr Smith, but I need to change it. A.to B.off C.with D.from

[解析] C 考查介词。have an appointment with sb与 某人有个约定/预约。

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4. [2013· 山东卷] The Smiths are praised ________ the way they bring up their children. A.from B.by C.at D.for

[解析] D 考查介词与动词的搭配。praise sb for…意 为“某人因……而受到表扬”,是固定短语。句中用 的是被动语态。句意:史密斯夫妇因他们教育孩子的 方式而受到表扬。

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5. [2013· 新课标全国卷Ⅱ] A serious study of physics is impossible ________ some knowledge of mathematics. A.against B.before C.beyond D.without

[解析] D 考查介词。句意:没有一些数学知识,一 项严肃的物理学研究是不可能完成的。against(表示态 度)反对,(表示方位)紧靠着……;before在……之前, 先于,优于,当着……的面;beyond超过,越过; without没有,缺乏。
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6. [2013· 浙江卷] It will be a big help if you go to the store and get what we need for dinner.________,I'll set the table. A.As a result B.On the whole C.In the meanwhile D.As a matter of fact [解析] C 考查介词短语辨析。句意:如果你能去商 店买些我们晚餐需要的东西,那就太好了。与此同时, 我也会摆好餐具的。空格处表示“同时,与此同时” 的含义,所以用in the meanwhile。as a result结果 是……;on the whole总体上;as a matter of fact事实 上。
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7. [2013· 福建卷] Mrs Smith finds it hard to clear up the mess, as her children are always ________ whenever she tries to. A.in the way B.on watch C.in sight D.on the line [解析] A 考查介词短语辨析。in the way 挡道, 妨碍; on watch 监视;in sight看见, 在视野之内;on the line 冒风险,以某种方式。句意:史密斯夫人发现她 很难清理这些乱七八糟的东西,因为每次她想要清理 时, 她的孩子们总是妨碍着她。
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8. [2013· 江苏卷] I am always delighted when I receive an email from you.________ the party on July 1st, I shall be pleased to attend. A.On account of B.In response to C.In view of D.With regard to [解析] D 考查介词短语辨析。句意:收到你的电子 邮件我总是很快乐。关于7月1日的聚会,我乐意参加。 with regard to意为“关于”,符合题意。on account of因为;in response to作为……的答复;in view of鉴 于,考虑到。
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9. [2013· 辽宁卷] ________everyone here, I wish you a pleasant journey back to your country. A.By means of B.On behalf of C.In search of D.For fear of

[解析] B 考查介词短语。on behalf of 表示“为 了……的利益;代表……”。句意:我代表这里所有人, 祝你回国旅途愉快。

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10.[2013· 陕西卷] The manager wants to see changes in the company, and I am sure he will ________. A.in particular B.in turn C.in charge D.in time

[解析] D 考查介词短语辨析。in particular尤其,特 别;in turn轮流;in charge负责,管理;in time迟早, 最后,及时,经过一段时间之后。句意:经理想要看 到公司的变化,我想经过一段时间他会看到的。故选 D。
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? 专项三 代词与连词 1.[2013· 山东卷] Mark needs to learn Chinese ________his company is opening a branch in Beijing. A. unless B. until C.although D. since [解析] D

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2. [2013· 山东卷] I've lived in New York and Chicago, but don't like ________ of them very much. A.either B.any C.each D.another

[解析] A 考查代词。句意:我在纽约和芝加哥都住 过,但是两个地方我都不喜欢。either指两者,与not 连用,表示“两个都不”;any“任何”,指三者或三 者 以 上 ; each“ 每 一 个 ” , 指 三 者 或 三 者 以 上 ; another另一个。从句中的纽约和芝加哥可知是两个地 方。故选A。
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3.[2013· 陕西卷] Although Rosemary had suffered from a serious illness for years, she lost ________ of her enthusiasm for life. A.some B.neither C.none D.all [解析] C 考查不定代词。句意:尽管Rosemary多年 来一直遭受重病的困扰,但她一点儿也没有失去对生 活的热情。所填词表示全部否定。故选C。

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4. [2013· 四川卷] The traffic on the main streets has a longer green signal than ________ on the small ones. A.one B.this C.that D.it

[ 解 析 ] C 考 查 代 词 的 区 别 。 that 代 指 上 文 的 The traffic,其后有定语限制,常用that,不用one。句意: 主街道上的绿色交通信号灯保持的时间比小街道上的 长。

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5. [2013· 天津卷] At our factory there are a few machines similar to________ described in this magazine. A.them B.these C.those D.ones

[解析] C 考查代词。句中比较的是machines,是复 数名词,可用those或ones代替。再根据空格后的过去 分词短语作后置定语修饰这一代词可知,表示的是特 指,所以用those。ones表示的是泛指。句意:在我们 厂里,有一些类似于这本杂志里描述的那些机器。
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6.[2013· 新课标全国卷Ⅱ] It's an either- situation— or we can buy a new car this year or we can go on holiday but we can't do ________. A.others B.either C.another D.both [解析] D 考查代词。句意:这是一个非此即彼的情 形——今年我们可以购买一辆新车,我们也可以去度 假,但是我们不能两者兼得。前面已经提到要么做这 件事,要么做另外一件事,只能选其一,所以后面是 一个部分否定,not…both表示部分否定。
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7. [2013· 浙江卷] Half of ________ surveyed in 16 countries say they go first to their closest friend to share their deepest wishes and darkest fears. A.these B.some C.ones D.those [解析] D 考查代词辨析。句意:在16个国家中的受 访人当中有一半人说,在他们有最强烈的愿望和最恐 惧的时候,他们首先想到的是他们最亲近的朋友。所 以这里用those来指代提到的那些被调查的人。these这 些,这些(人);some一些(人);ones泛指一些人/物。
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8.[2013· 重庆卷] Recycling is one way to protect the environment; reusing is ________. A.another B.the other C.one another D.one

[解析] A 考查代词。recycling和reusing虽然看似相 同,均是环保方式,但各有区别,another是another way的省略。句意:循环利用是一种环保方式,而重 新使用则是另一种环保方式。

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9. [2013· 安徽卷] This project requires close teamwork.________ will be achieved unless we work well together. A.Nothing B.Anything C.Something D.Everything [解析] A 考查代词辨析。句意:这项工程需要团队 密切协作。如果我们不齐心协力,将一事无成。故选 A。

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10.Larry asks Bill and Peter to go on a picnic with him, but ________ of them wants to, because they have work to do. A.either B.any C.neither D.none [解析] C 考查代词的用法。根据句意可知,Bill和 Peter是两个人,所以其否定形式用neither。句意:拉 里请求比尔和彼得一起和他去野餐,但他们两个都不 想去,因为他们要工作。

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? 专项四 形容词与副词 1.If you want to try out some new learning methods, you'd better select those that are most ________ for your own style. A.appropriate B.apparent C.arbitrary D.adequate [解析] A 考查形容词辨析。句意:如果你想要尝试 一些新的学习方法,你最好选择那些最适合你风格的 方 法 。 appropriate 适 当 的 ; apparent 显 而 易 见 的 ; arbitrary专制的,武断的;adequate充足的,能胜任的。 根据句意,应选A项。
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2.—Tom, how was your party last night? —It couldn't have been ________.I had a wonderful gettogether with my old friends. A.worst B.better C.worse D.best [ 解 析 ] B 考 查 形 容 词 的 比 较 级 。 从 a wonderful gettogether判断出聚会很棒,前面出现了couldn't, 根据“否定词+比较级”相当于最高级的规律,“It couldn't have been better.”意为“它不可能更好了。” 相当于“它是最好的,非常好”。故选B项。
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3.She is honest and trustworthy. I think it's ________ no business of hers. A.absolutely B.possibly C.unfortunately D.desperately

[解析] A 考查副词辨析。句意:她诚实可靠。我想 这件事绝对与她无关。absolutely意为“绝对地,完全 地”。possibly可能地,也许;unfortunately不幸地; desperately拼命地,极其(严重,危急等),……得要命。

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4.It's said that ________ scientist is going to give us a lecture. A.an American famous young B.a famous American young C.a famous young American D.a young famous American [解析] C 考查形容词顺序。多个形容词修饰名词时 的词序:限定描绘大长高→形状年龄和新老→颜色国 籍跟材料→作用类别往后靠。famous是描绘性形容词, 应放在最前面,American指的是国籍,放在young之 后。
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5.Yesterday I was walking downstairs when I missed my foot and had a bad fall, nothing serious, ________. A.even B.either C.then D.though

[解析] D 考查副词的用法。此处though 意为“虽然, 但是”,常位于句中或句尾。用作插入语时,常表示 “不过,但是”。句意:昨天我下楼时踩空了,摔了 一跤,但不严重。

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6.“It is hard work ________gift that matters when you are doing such a kind of job,”our manager said on the first day. A.other than B.more than C.rather than D.less than [解析] C 考查than短语的意思。句意:是努力工作 而不是天赋在你工作时更重要。 故选择rather than “而不是”。other than 除了;more than 超过,不仅 仅;less than 少于。

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7.I have to admit that Mum's advice is really ________when it comes to job hunting. A.actual B.practical C.real D.merciful

[解析] B 考查形容词辨析。句意:我不得不承认等 涉及找工作时,妈妈的建议真的很实用。actual实际 的 ; practical 实 用 的 , 实 践 的 ; real 真 材 实 料 的 ; merciful同情的。根据句意可知B项正确。

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8.As we have known from the map of the world, this is ________. A.twice as large an island as that B.twice as larger as that island C.as twice large as that one D.twice as a large island as that

[解析] A

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9. It must be George. These actions are ________ with his principles. A.consistent B.thorough C.appropriate D.punctual

[解析] A 考查形容词辨析。句意:那一定是乔治。 这些行为与他的原则是一致的。consistent始终如一的, 一 致 的 ; thorough 彻 底 的 ; appropriate 适 当 的 ; punctual准时的,守时的。be consistent with…与…… 相一致。
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10.Don't blame them any more—this is ________ because they are still young and lack experience. A.simply B.eventually C.generally D.exactly

[解析] A 考查副词辨析。句意:不要再责备他们了。 这只是因为他们还年轻,缺少经验而已。simply不过, 仅 仅 ; eventually 最 后 , 终 于 ; generally 一 般 地 ; exactly确切地。根据句意可知A正确。

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? 专项五 动词的时态与语态 1.[2013· 新课标全国卷Ⅰ] If we ________ now to protect the environment, we'll live to regret it. A.hadn't acted B.haven't acted C.don't act D.won't act [解析] C 本题考查动词时态。此处if引导一个真实条 件句。在真实条件句中,谓语动词涉及将来动作时, 要用一般现在时代替一般将来时,所以用一般现在时。 故C正确。句意:如果我们现在不采取行动保护环境, 我们会遗憾一辈子。
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2.[2013· 新课标全国卷Ⅰ] When I first met Bryan I didn't like him, but I ________ my mind. A.have changed B.change C.had changed D.would change

[解析] A 本题考查动词的时态。题干中的but提示: “我”第一次见到布莱恩的时候不喜欢他,但现在喜 欢他。故用现在完成时,选A。句意:当我第一次见 到布莱恩的时候,我不喜欢他,但我现在改变想法了。

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3.[2013· 重庆卷] A Midsummer Night's Dream ________ at the Theatre Royal on 19th June, and then tours throughout Scotland. A.opens B.is opened C.will open D.will be opened [解析] A 考查动词的时态。此处用一般现在时来表 达按时间、计划安排要发生的将来动作。

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4.[2013· 安徽卷] I'm calling about the apartment you ________ the other day. Could you tell me more about it? A.advertised B.had advertised C.are advertising D.will advertise

[解析] A 考查动词时态。the other day“那天”,是 表示过去的时间状语,用于指说话前不久的某一天, 要与一般过去时连用。

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5.[2013· 北京卷] —Do you think Mum and Dad ________ late? —No. Swiss Air is usually on time. A.were B.will be C.would be D.have been [解析] B 考查动词的时态。根据上下文可知,两个 人在讨论一个未到航班是否会晚点的问题,所以用将 来时态。

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6.[2013· 北京卷] —So what is the procedure? —All the applicants ________ before a final decision is made by the authority. A.interview B.are interviewing C.are interviewed D.are being interviewed [解析] C 考查动词的时态与语态。由procedure可知, 这里说的是一般性流程,故用一般现在时。而主语 applicants是谓语动词interview的动作承受者,要用被 动语态。故选C。

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7.[2013· 福建卷] The girl has a great interest in sport and ________ badminton classes twice a week over the last three years. A.took B.is taking C.takes D.has been taking [解析] D 考查动词的时态。句意:那个女孩对运动 很感兴趣,在过去的三年中每周参加两次羽毛球课程。 若时间状语为“in/for/over the past/last +一段时 间”,动词应用现在完成进行时,强调动作的延续性。

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8.[2013· 湖南卷] Around two o'clock every night, Sue will start talking in her dream. It somewhat ________ us. A.bothers B.had bothered C.would bother D.bothered

[解析] A 考查动词的时态。句意:每天晚上2点左右, Sue总会说梦话。这弄得我们有点儿烦。此处will是情 态动词,意为“总会”。根据every night可知是“经 常”发生的动作,因此用一般现在时。

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9.[2013· 湖南卷] If nothing ________,the oceans will turn into fish deserts. A.does B.had been done C.will do D.is done

[解析] D 考查动词的时态和语态。句意:如果置之 不理,海洋就会变成鱼类的沙漠(海洋里就会没有鱼)。 条件状语从句和时间状语从句中不能用将来时,只能 用现在时表示将来的动作;而且主语nothing与动词do 之间是被动的关系,因此要用被动语态。故D项正确。
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10.[2013· 江苏卷] —Could I use your car tomorrow morning? —Sure. I ________ a report at home. A.will be writing B.will have written C.have written D.have been writing [解析] A 考查动词时态。句意:“明天早上我可以 用你的车吗?”“当然可以。明天早上我会在家写一 份报告。”根据时间状语tomorrow morning可知,这 一动作发生在将来;“我写报告”这个动作是在明天 早上那个时候发生的,所以用将来进行时。
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? 专项六 情态动词与虚拟语气 1. [2013· 浙江卷] Eye doctors recommend that a child's first eye exam________ at the age of six months old. A.was B.be C.were D.is [解析] B 考查虚拟语气。recommend作“建议”讲 时,后面的宾语从句要用虚拟语气,即从句中谓语动 词用should do,其中should可以省略,选B项。

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2.[2013· 重庆卷] —What are you doing this Saturday? —I'm not sure, but I ________ go to the Rolling Stones concert. A.must B.would C.should D.might [解析] D 考查情态动词。由前面的“I'm not sure…” 可知是不太确定,因此用might表示有可能。

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3. [2013· 安徽卷] I ________ to my cousin's birthday party last night, but I was not available. A.went B.had gone C.would go D.would have gone

[解析] D 考查虚拟语气。前一分句使用了含蓄条件 虚拟语气,表示与过去事实相反的假设,主句应该用 would have done结构。完整表达是:I would have gone to my cousin's birthday party last night if I had been available,but I was not available.
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4. [2013· 北京卷] If we ________ a table earlier, we wouldn't be standing here in a queue. A.have booked B.booked C.book D.had booked

[解析] D 考查虚拟语气。本句是“混合条件虚拟语 气”。条件句“如果我们提前预订”是对过去的假设, 所以用过去完成时。故选D项。

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5.[2013· 北京卷] —You needn't take an umbrella.It isn't going to rain. —Well, I don't know. It ________ do. A.might B.need C.would D.should [解析] A 考查情态动词。对于下雨与否“我”不知 道,所以选用语气最弱的情态动词might,表示非常 不肯定的猜测。

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6.[2013· 湖南卷] He ________ sleep, although he tried to, when he got on such a hunt for an idea until he had caught it. A.wouldn't B.shouldn't C.couldn't D.mustn't [解析] C 考查情态动词辨析。句意:尽管他想睡, 但是却睡不着,当时他一直在拼命想着一件事,一直 到想清楚为止。此处couldn't意为 “不能”,符合题 意。

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7.[2013· 江西卷] When I was a child, I ________ watch TV whenever I wanted to. A.should B.could C.must D.need

[解析] B 考查情态动词的用法。句意:当我还是孩 子时,我想看电视时就可以看。should应该,将会; could可以,能够;must必须,应该,一定;need需要。

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8.[2013· 新课标全国卷Ⅱ] Since nobody gave him any help, he ________ have done the research on his own. A.can B.must C.would D.need

[解析] B 考查情态动词。句意:既然没有人给他任 何帮助,他一定是自己做的那项研究。此处用must表 示接近事实的推测。can能够,用在一般疑问句或否定 句中表示推测,意为“怎么可能或不可能”;would 过去常常,愿意;need需要。
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9.[2013· 重庆卷] —It rained cats and dogs this morning. I'm glad we took an umbrella. —Yeah, we would have got wet all over if we ________. A.hadn't B.haven't C.didn't D.don't [解析] A 考查虚拟语气。主句用would have done结 构,从句对应用had done结构,答语省略了 taken the umbrella。

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10.[2013· 浙江卷] I ________ myself more—it was a perfect day. A.shouldn't have enjoyed B.needn't have enjoyed C.wouldn't have enjoyed D.couldn't have enjoyed [解析] D 考查情态动词。句意:我从没有玩得这么 高兴过——真是完美的一天。此处是not与more连用, 表示“非常地肯定”,相当于“最高级形式”。故选 D项。
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? 专项七 非谓语动词 1.[2013· 湖南卷] You cannot accept an opinion ________ to you unless it is based on facts. A.offering B.to offer C.having offered D.offered [解析] D 考查非谓语动词。句意:你不能接受别人 给你提出的建议,除非该建议是基于事实的。过去分 词offered作定语修饰名词opinion,与该名词构成逻辑 上的被动关系。

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2. [2013· 重庆卷] The engine just won't start. Something seems ________ wrong with it. A.to go B.to have gone C.going D.having gone

[解析] B 考查非谓语动词。seem后应接不定式,但 又要表达不定式动作先于seem动作发生,所以用不定 式的完成式。

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3. [2013· 陕西卷] Let those in need ________ that we will go all out to help them. A.to understand B.understand C.understanding D.understood

[解析] B 考查非谓语动词。所填的非谓语动词作使 役动词let的宾语补足语,常用省略to的动词不定式, 即动词原形。故选B。句意:让那些需要的人明白我 们将尽我们所能帮助他们。

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4.[2013· 北京卷] Volunteering gives you a chance ________ lives, including your own. A.change B.changing C.changed D.to change

[解析] D 考查非谓语动词。a chance to do sth做某事 的机会。不定式表达的是未做的事情。

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5.[2013· 北京卷] When we saw the road ________ with snow, we decided to spend the holiday at home. A.block B.to block C.blocking D.blocked

[解析] D 考查非谓语动词。road与block之间为逻辑 上的动宾关系,所以用过去分词形式表示被动和完成。

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6.[2013· 福建卷] Anyone, once ________ positive for H7N9 flu virus, will receive free medical treatment from our government. A.to be tested B.being tested C.tested D.to test [解析] C 考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:任何人一 旦被检查出H7N9流感病毒呈阳性,都将接受政府的 免费治疗。不定式作状语表目的和意外结果,其他形 式的状语均由分词充当。根据句意,此处应为条件状 语或时间状语,可先排除不定式的答案。being tested 是现在分词的被动语态,表示一个正在发生的被动动 作,不符合句意,故答案应为C。
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7. [2013· 湖南卷] The sun began to rise in the sky, ________ the mountain in golden light. A.bathed B.bathing C.to have bathed D.having bathed

[解析] B 考查非谓语动词。句意:太阳在天空中升 起,丛山沐浴在金色的光亮之中。此处bathe是及物动 词,意为“把……浸泡在……之中”,在这里用作伴 随状语,与主句的主语构成逻辑上的主动关系,故用 v.ing形式。
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8.[2013· 湖南卷] ________ warm at night, I would fill the woodstove, then set my alarm clock for midnight so I could refill it. A.Staying B.Stayed C.To stay D.Stay [解析] C 考查非谓语动词。句意:为了晚上保暖, 我往火炉中添了木材,又设置了午夜闹铃以便我能及 时再添加。此处“保暖”是“添加木材”的目的,故 用不定式表示。

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9.[2013· 江苏卷] Shortly after suffering from a massive earthquake and ________ to ruins, the city took on a new look. A.reducing B.reduced C.being reduced D.having reduced [解析] C 考查非谓语动词。分析句子结构可知,空 格处应与前面的suffering并列,作介词after的宾语, 同时动词reduce与主句主语the city之间构成动宾关系, 所以用动名词的被动形式。故选C项。

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10.[2013· 新课标全国卷Ⅱ] I got to the office earlier that day, ________ the 7:30 train from Paddington. A.caught B.to have caught C.to catch D.having caught

[解析] D 考查非谓语动词。句意:因为赶上了七点 半从帕丁顿始发的火车,所以那天我到办公室比较早。 此句考查分词作原因状语,having done表示分词的动 作和主语是主动关系且发生在谓语动词动作之前。

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? 专项八 复合句 1.The head teacher entered the classroom with the message ________some of my classmates failed in the latest exam. A.when B.which C.that D.as [解析] C 考查同位语从句。that在句中引导一个同位 语从句,说明前面的名词message的具体内容。

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2.That art centre is ________ used to be a factory, ________ millions of cars were made. A.what; which B.where; where C.what; where D.where; which

[解析] C 考查名词性从句和定语从句的用法。第一 空what在表语从句中作主语;第二空where在定语从 句中作地点状语。

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3.________Barbara Jones offers to her fans is honesty and happiness. A.Which B.What C.That D.Whom

[解析] B 考查名词性从句中的主语从句。主语从句 中缺少offer的宾语,故选择what。

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4.As far as I see, ________ is no possibility ________ he will win the tennis match this time. A.it; that B.there; that C.it; whether D.there; whether

[解析] B 考查同位语从句的用法及there be句型。此 处“that he will win the tennis match this time”是 possibility的同位语。

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5.It is not always easy for the public to see ________ use a new invention can be of to human life. A.whose B.what C.which D.that

[解析] B 考查宾语从句。what引导宾语从句,同时 在从句中作use的定语。还原句子为“a new invention can be of what use”。

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6.It was about 5 o'clock in the afternoon ________ they had their supper. A.that B.what C.before D.when

[解析] D 考查时间状语的连接词。此处when引导时 间状语从句。句意:当他们吃晚饭的时候,时间是下 午5点。

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7.All the dishes in this menu,________ stated, will serve two to three people. A.but B.if C.though D.unless

[解析] D 考查连词的用法。句意:这份菜单中的所 有菜,除非有说明,否则都是供两到三人食用。中间 部分是“unless they are stated”的省略形式。unless表 示“除非,如果不”。

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8. China's population is expected to increase to about 1.5 billion in 2040, ________it will start to decline slowly. A.after that B.since when C.on which D.after which

[解析] D 考查定语从句。从句部分还原为:China's population will start to decline slowly after 2040.由此可 知,答案为D。

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9.Do you remember a certain occasion ________ you were in trouble and at that moment I gave you a hand? A.where B.which C.why D.when

[解析] D 考查定语从句。根据后面的时间短语at that moment可知occasion指时间,故要使用关系副词when, 相当于at which time。

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10.She has a gift for creating an atmosphere for her students ________allows them to communicate freely with each other. A.which B.where C.what D.who [解析] A 考查定语从句的连接词。此处which 作从句 的主语,指代前面的an atmosphere。

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