短文改错对介词的考查主要涉及在及物动词后接宾语时误加介词和在不及物动词后接宾语 时漏加介词、可直接用作状语的副词短语前误加介词、介词与其他词的常用搭配、常用介词 的基本用法、习语中的介词用法等。 二、真题单句归纳 (1) Bill insisted in staying near the car. (in 改为 on，insist on 为固定搭配) (全国卷) (2) Sudd
enly we caught sight at a car and some men. (at 改 of，catch sight of 是习语，为“看见 (3) When I have free time I go a long walk. (go 后加 for，go for a walk 是习语) (全国卷) (4) When they came down the police were angry to them. (to 改为 with，要表示对某人生气， 英语习惯上用 be angry with sb) (全国卷) (5) Most people can quickly get for help from a doctor or go to a hospital since they are ill. (去掉 for，因其前的 get 是及物动词) (全国卷) (6) …and some books, for example, books for history, science, cooking and gardening are also popular. (books for 改为 books on，此处的 on 意为“关于”) (全国卷) (7) I never knew about a ride down a river could be so exciting. (去掉 about 或将 about 改为 that，因动词 knew 后可直接跟宾语从句，无需用介词) (全国卷) (8) It was very kind for them to meet me at the railway station. (for 改为 of，注意句型 It’s kind of sb to do sth) (全国卷) (9) In fact, they are planning to visit China in next year. (去掉 in，在由 next, this, last 等构成的 时间短语中，一般可直接用作时间状语，无需加 in, on, at 这样的介词) (全国卷) (10) We practise for three times every week. (去掉 for，在表示频率的名词前通常不加介词) (11) We must keep in mind that we play for the team instead ourselves. (instead 后加 of，instead of 为复合介词，在此表示“而不是”) (全国卷) (12) Unfortunately, there are too many people among my family. (among 改为 in，in my family 意为“在我家里”) (全国卷) (13) I was happy with any programme but the others spent a lot time arguing…(a lot 后加 of，因 a lot 不能直接修饰名词) (全国卷) (14) Thanks very much on inviting me to your birthday party on Sunday. (on 改为 for， thanks for doing sth 意为“因某事而感谢某人”) (北京春季卷) (15) So I’m really sorry that I won’t be able to come in this time. (去掉 in， 因 this time 可直接 用作状语) (北京春季卷) (1) We must serve for the people heart and soul. (2) I followed the man for a while, and saw him enter into the bank. (3) Soon the nurse married with my friend Jim. (4) I took a great many of photographs in the mountains. (5) In English class, we often talk each other in English. (6) Don’t talk. What the man says is well worth listening. (7) The chair looks hard, but it is comfortable to sit. (8) She was very kind and insisted lending her car to us. (9) I asked to her what she would be doing on Saturday. (10) Are you glad to be going to back to school?
(1) 去掉 for，serve 表示“为……服务”，是及物动词，后接宾语时无需用介词。 (2) 去掉 into，enter 表示“进入”时，是及物动词，后接宾语时无需用介词。 (3) 去掉 with，marry 表示“与……结婚”时，是及物动词，后接宾语时无需用介词。 (4) 去掉 of，a great many 后可直接跟名词，无需用介词。但若其后的名词有 the, thes e, my 等表特指的限定词，则要用介词 of，如 a great many of my friends。 (5) talk 后加 to，因 talk 为不及物动词。 (6) listening 后加 to，因 what the man says 是 listen to 的逻辑宾语。 (7) sit 后加 on 或 in，因为从逻辑上说就是 sit on/in the chair。 (8) insisted 后加 on，insist 后可接从句作宾语，但不接名词、代词、动名词等作宾语， 遇此情况应用 insist on。 (9) 去掉 to，因 ask 是及物动词，后接宾语时无需用介词。 (10) 去掉 back 前的 to，因 back 是副词，其前不用介词。