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牛津9A


9A
一 重点词汇解析

Unit 1

Star Signs

1. divide 【解析】divide 作及物动词,意为“划分,分”。如: Here the river divides into two branches. 这条河在这里分成两条支流。 divide 作不及物动词 divide …into….

把…分成….. 【练一练】选择填空。 The year ______ four seasons. A. is divided by B. has divided in C. divides into D. is divided into 2. similar 【解析】形容词, “相似的,类似的”similarity (n.) 类似,相似 The two boys look very __________这两个孩子看上去很相似。 My problems are very similar__________ yours. 我的问题和你的差不多。 3. patient 【解析】patient 作形容词,意为“耐心的,忍耐的”。 be patient with 表示“对??有耐心” 。如: He is a_____________ man. 他是一个很有耐心的男人。 He is ______________with me when I was ill. 他在我生病的日子里对我没有耐心。 【知识链接】patient 还可以作名词,表示“病人”,在句中作宾语。如: The doctor ________________________at once and saved his life. 医生立即给病人实施手术,挽救了他的生命。 【练一练】选择填空。 The nurse is always patient ______ her patients. A. to B. at C. for D. with 4. curious 【解析】形容词, “好奇的” curiosity (n.) 好奇心 I'm curious to know what he said. 我很想知道他说了些什么。 be curious __________sth. 对(某事物)感到好奇 be curious ______do sth 渴望(做) (be) curious to say 说来稀奇 5. save 【解析】save 作动词,意为“储蓄,积攒”。save money for… 表示“为??存钱” 。如: I am not good at____________. 我不擅长攒钱。 He__________________ for a new bicycle. 他正在攒钱买一辆新自行车。 save 作动词,还可表示“挽救;节省;保留;收藏”等意思。如: A young man___________ a little girl from falling into the water. 一个青年救起了眼看要 落入水中的女孩。 We’ll take a taxi to save time. 我们乘出租车,好节省时间。 Mother has saved some food for you. 妈妈给你留了点吃的。 I’ve saved one hundred stamps. 我已经收藏了一百张邮票了。 【练一练】根据汉语提示,完成句子。 (1)她在银行中存了许多钱。 She ______ ______ a lot of money in the bank. (2)他试图挽救他们的婚姻。He’s ______ ______ ______ their marriage. 6. argue 【解析】argue 作不及物动词,意为“辩论,争论” 。argue with sb. 与某人争论
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argue about / on sth. 辩论某事”。argue 的名词形式是___________________。如: We______________ with the waiter about the price of the meal. (= We had an _____________with the waiter about the price of the meal.) 我们跟服务员 争执那顿饭的价钱。 Daniel often _______________his classmates about questions. 丹尼尔经常跟他的同学争 论问题。 【练一练】选择填空。 (1)Tony, don’t argue ______ your grandmother. It’s impolite. A. with B. about C. for D. against (2)He argued ______ Mary ______ the best place for a holiday. A. to; about B. with; about C. to; on D. with; on 7. forgive 【解析】及物动词,意为“原谅,宽恕” 。过去式 forgave,过去分词 forgiven。 I hope you'll forgive ______________. 希望你能原谅我。 One could /may be forgiven for____________(do) something. forgivable (adj.) 可宽恕的 forgiveness (n.) 饶恕, 宽大 8. mistake 【解析】名词,意为“错误,失误” 。动词,意为“弄错,误解” 。过去式 mistook,过 去分词 mistaken。 He has ________________他犯了一个严重错误。 mistake one's meaning 误解一个人的意思 do sth. by mistake 错误地 He put salt into his tea by mistake. 他把盐误放进茶里。 mistake for 把...误认为 She________________ him for the teather. 她把他错当作老师了。 9. dream 【解析】dream 作形容词,意为“梦想中的,理想的” 。如: What is your __________________like? 你理想的家是什么样子的? dream 作名词,表示“梦;梦想”。have a (n) … dream 表示“做一个??梦” 。如: He ________________________last night. 昨天晚上他做了一个奇怪的梦。 dream 作动词,意为“做梦,梦见;梦想,向往”,它的过去式和过去分词有 dreamed 和 dreamt 两种形式。dream of / about (doing) sth. 表示“梦想(见)做某事” 。如: The boy __________________a pilot. 那孩子一心想当个飞行员。 I dreamt that I was flying in the sky. 我梦见自己在空中飞翔。 【练一练】根据汉语提示,完成句子。 (1)她经常梦想着成为一名歌手。She often ______ ______ becoming a singer. (2)她从恶梦中醒来。 She woke up in the middle of ______ ______ ______. 10. explain 【解析】explain 作及物动词时,后面既可接名词或代词作宾语,又可接从句和不定式结 构作宾语。explain sth. to sb. 表示“向某人解释/说明某事”。如: It’s difficult _________________the problem. 要解释这个问题很难。 He explained ___________Mr Wu why he was late. 他向吴老师解释了他迟到的原因。 Please explain where to begin and how to do it. 请解释一下从哪儿开始,该怎么做。 Please explain this rule to me. 请把这条规则解释给我听。 He explained that he had to leave at once.他解释说他必须立即离开。
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【知识链接】explain 的名词是 explanation。如: She demanded an explanation. 她要求给出一个解释。 【练一练】根据汉语提示,完成句子。 (1)他详细地向我们说明了他的计划。He ______ his plan ______ us in details. (2)我被要求解释这个句子的意思。 I was asked ______ ______ the meaning of the sentence. 11. awake 【解析】awake 作形容词,意为“醒着的” ,反义词是 asleep。它在句中常作表语,也可 作后置定语。wide awake 表示“完全醒着,没有睡意” 。如: Is he___________ or____________? 他是醒着还是睡着了? Anyone awake heard the sound. 任何醒着的人都听到了那个声音。 She is wide awake. 她毫无睡意。 【知识链接】wake 作动词,意为“醒;醒来” 。wake up 表示“叫醒;醒来” 。如: I woke up very early this morning. 我今天早上醒得很早。 【练一练】根据汉语提示,完成句子。 (1)交通噪音使我无法入睡。 The noise of the traffic ______ me ______. (2)别忘了六点之前把他叫醒。Don’t forget to ______ ______ ______ before six o’clock. 12. available 【解析】形容词,意为“可获得的,可找到的” 。 My car is not available, and it is being repaired. 我的车现在不能用因为正在修理。 The ticket is available for three months. 票有效期为三个月。 He is not available for the job. 他不适宜做这个工作。 The doctor is not available now. 医生现在没空。 be available for use 可加以利用 make sth. available to /for 使...可以享受某物; 使...买得起某物 13. lively 【解析】lively 作形容词,意为“活泼的,生气勃勃的” 。如: Mr Wang’s lessons are always_____________________ 王老师的课总是生动有趣。 The marketplace was lively with vendors. 集市上熙熙攘攘,小贩忙忙碌碌。 【词语辨析】lively & living & live & alive lively 意为“生动的;活泼的;有生气的”, 还可引申为“强烈的;敏锐的;紧张的;鲜 艳的” ,可作定语(前置)、表语、主补、宾补。如: The lecture is very lively. 这个讲座很生动。 He makes his class_______________. 他使得他的课生动形象。 living 意为“活着的;现存的” ,还可引申为“生动的;逼真的;栩栩如生的” ,常用来 指某人在某种时候是活着的,常作表语、主补、宾补和前置定语,多用于指物。如: So far man hasn’t found any living things on the moon. 迄今人类在月球上还没有发现生 物。 live 意为“活生生的” ,强调不是假想的,还可引申为“有现实意义的;带电的;燃烧的; 未爆炸的” ,还可作“实况转播的”解。一般作定语;只修饰物;不修饰人。如: The live football match is on TV soon. 电视即将现场直播那场比赛。 alive 意为“活着的” ,还可引申为“有活力的;有生气的;活跃的” ,常作表语、宾补、 主补及后置定语,多用于指人。如: Is the fish _____________or alive? 这鱼是死的,还是活的? There aren’t many pandas alive in the world today. 目前世界上活着的熊猫数量不多。 【练一练】用 lively, living, live 或 alive 填空。
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(1)There are more than 200 ______ languages in the world today. (2)Luckily, he was still ______ when he was found. (3)The scientists decided to do an experiment on those ______ mice. (4)How ______ the Chinese paintings are! 14. expression 【解析】名词,意为“词句,表达” 。也可以表示“表达、表情、感情” He showed his expression of grateful thanks at the end of the letter. 他在那封信的结尾表达了自己的感激之情。 give expression to 表达, 反映, 表现, 叙述 All their ______________were not true. 他们所有的表情都不是真的。 without expression 毫无表情地 Her voice lacked _______________, 她的声音缺乏感情。 15. mark 【解析】mark 作名词,意为“分数” 。_____________ marks 表示“满分” ; _________________mark 表示“及格分等” 。如: The highest mark is A. 最高分数是 A。 Zhang Ming got full marks in the exam. 张明在这次考试中得了满分。 mark 也可作动词,意为“做标记;打分数” 。如: He tried to mark all of the large cities on the map. 他试图在地图上把所有的大城市都标 出来。 Please mark my examination paper first. 请先批改我的试卷。 【练一练】英汉互译。 (1)这个男孩在测试中经常得满分。 The boy often gets ______ ______ in tests. (2)I’ve marked the pages you need to read.(翻译) __________________________________ 15. extra 【解析】形容词, “额外的,附加的” ;副词, “超过一般地; 特别地” extra pay for extra work 额外工作的额外报酬 Can I have extra time to finish my work? (额外的) an extra strong box 加固的箱子 Children were extra glad to see the foreign visitors. (特别地)

二 词性转换:
n →adj.
peace→______________ sadness→____________ power→ ______________ happiness →___________ energy→ ___________ practice→_____________ person→______________ humor→____________ success →_____________ confidence→_____________elegance →___________

v→adj.
act →_____________ suit →____________ create →____________ imagine→_______________ organize→____________ relax →_____________
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sleep →______________

worry→ ____________thought →__________

三 反义词:
active →____________ proud→_____________selfish→_______________ hard-working →__________strong →__________patient→____________ fair→________________ shy→_______________ silly→___________ easy-going→____________lively→______________formal→_____________ 复合形容词: adj./adv. + v.ing hard-working easy-going outgoing good-looking

四 【短语及句型归纳】
1. read your stars 看你的星座 2. What is your star sign? = What star sign are you? 你什么星座? 3. it is nice/ kind of you to do sth. 你做某事真好。 be kind to sb. 对某人友善 4. bring me the newspaper 带给我报纸 5. have lots/ a lot /much to eat and drink 有许多吃的喝的 6. worry about (not)dong sth 担心(不)做某事 7. learn about 了解…… 8. be divided into …….. 被分成…… 9. people born under the same star sign 出生在同一星座的人 10. share similar characteristics 有(分享)相同的性格 the date of your birth 你的出生日期 the place of your birth 你的出生地 11. at times = sometimes = from time to time 有时 12. like to be the leader 喜欢成为领导 13. give up easily 轻易放弃 14. take care of others 照顾别人 15. love one’s home and family 爱家庭,爱家人 16. save money 省钱,节约钱 17. be confident of sth. 对….有信心 18. be confident of doing sth. 有信心做某事 19. buy sb sth/ buy sth for sb 为某人买某物 20. worry too much 担心太多 21. pay attention to details 注意细节 22. argue with others 和别人争吵 23. argue with sb. about/over sth. 就某事与某人争吵 24. love peace 热爱和平 25. keep secrets 保守秘密 26. energetic = be full of energy = have lots of energy 精力充沛/充满活力 27. forgive others for their faults 原谅别人的过错 28. have a good sense of humour 有很好的幽默感 29. love travelling to different places 喜欢到不同的地方旅行 30. be good at doing sth.=do well in doing sth. 擅长做某事 31. hate to be like anyone else 讨厌和别人一样 32. be patient enough to wait without getting angry 有足够的耐心等待而不生气 33. try to do everything differently 努力把每件事做得不一样
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34. dream about everything 梦想一切 35. agree with each other 彼此同意 36. care only about oneself 只在意自己 37. treat everyone equally 平等对待每人 38.have a good sense of humour 有很好的幽默感 39. feel sure about one’s ability 对自己的能力有信心 40.love being friends with him 喜欢和他是朋友 41.tell jokes/tell a lie /tell a story 讲笑话/说谎/讲故事/ 42.share sth. with sb. 和某人分享某物 43.all kinds of different ideas 各种各样不同的想法 44. spend time /money doing sth 花时间/钱做某事 45. explain things to sb 向某人解释某事 46. show off 炫耀 47.balloons of all colours 各种颜色的气球/五颜六色的气球 48. give each of us two gifts 给我们每人两份礼物 49.at all times = all the time 一直,总是 50. lend me a dictionary= lend a dictionary to me 51. the first cloned sheep 第一只克隆羊 52. pass …… (on ) to ……. 把…..传给…… 53. be on the phone 在电话里 54. have /let /make sb do sth 让某人做某事 55. have my bike repaired 请人修理我的自行车 56.find a wallet lying on the ground 发现地上有一只钱包 57.have a lot to celebrate 有许多事情要庆祝 58. make a new friend 交了新朋友 59. have success at school or work 在学习和工作中取得成功 be successful at school or work 60. around the middle of the month 大约这个月的中旬 61. call Mr zhang on 84166488 打电话 84166488 找张先生 62. both good luck and bad luck 好运与坏运并存 63. have problems with one’s health 健康方面有问题 64. have difficulty/problems dong sth. 做某事有困难/问题 65. have fun doing sth. 做某事有乐趣 66. need to get lots of rest 需要好好休息 67.be able to = can 能 后面加动词原形 68.come up with new ideas = think of new ideas 想出新主意 69.recommend sb. as the new chairperson 推荐某人作新的主席 68, finish all the summer homework 完成所有的暑假作业 70.get full/good marks in English exams 在英语考试中得到好分数/满分 71. get high / low marks 获得高分/低分 72. be afraid of making a speech to a large group of people 害怕给一群人演讲 73. speak in front of the whole school 在全校面前发言 74.show sb. how to use the library 向某人展示如何使用图书馆 75. try one’s best = do one’s best 尽力 76. worry about my ability to do all the extra work 担心我做所有额外工作的能力 77. learn to use the computer 学习使用电脑
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78. get more organized 变得更有条理 79. have many good personal qualities 有许多好的个人品质 80. mind doing extra work 介意做额外的工作 81. have all the qualities to be a good chairperson 具备当一名好的学生会主席的所有品质 82. agree with sb 同意某人 83. It’s our pleasure. 这是我们的荣幸 84. have the ability to do all the extra work 有能力所有额外的工作 85. the most suitable person 最适合的人 86. It’s very nice of you to say so.你这样说真是太好了 【难点解析】 1. be able to 能, 会 可用于各种时态 ;can 只有一般现在时,一般过去时 2. I’ll have lots (lots of things ) to eat and drink today . 今天我将有许多可以吃喝的东西 ↖______↙ to eat and drink 为后置定语 3. 为(不) (干)某事而担心 worry about (not) (doing ) sth / be worried about (doing ) sth You should worry about _________(get) fatter. 你应该担心发胖。 I have been worried about (having) the exam for a whole week. 我一个星期以来都担心那场考试。 6. Your star sign is decided by your date of birthday. = Your date of birthday decides your star sign. 你得生日日期决定了你的星座 I decided to go fishing this afternoon = I made a decision to go fishing this afternoon. 我决定今天下午去钓鱼 7. Some people believe that people (who are )born under the same star sign share similar characteristics . ↖______↙ 一些人认为出生在同一个星座下的人都着相似的特征 that 引导宾语从句,(who are )born under the same star sign 为后置定语 similar 相似的, 类似的 be similar to sb/sth My answer is similar to yours . My answer is like (looks like )yours My answer and your answer are alike. My answer is the same with yours. 9. Don’t give up easily. 别轻易放弃。 Give up doing sth.==Stop doing sth. 11.You like to buy your friends nice gifts. 你乐意为朋友购买精美的礼物。 ★buy 作动词时,后面常接双宾语,即有 buy sb. sth.或 buy sth. for sb.的用法。如: ① He bought me a new coat. 他给我买了件新外套。 ★除了 buy 外,在英语中, 还有一些动词后面带有两个宾语。其中一个宾语是直接宾语, 另一是间接宾语,我们把它称为双宾语现象。双宾语里有些位置基本是固定的,teach, ask 就属这种情况。 He taught us English. May I ask you some questions? 有些位置可前可后, 如: 但要在两个宾语之间加介词。 如在 give, pass, lend, show, bring 等词后加 to; ask, buy, draw, 在 get, make 等词后加 for。如: ① Please give me the pen. =Please give the pen to me. 请把那支钢笔给我。 ② Can you pass him the ruler?=Can you pass the ruler to him?你可以把那把尺递给我 吗?

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★如直接宾语是代词,则无论间接宾语是名词还是代词都应将直接宾语放在动词之后。 如: ① Would you please give it to me? 你把它给我, 好吗? 不能说 (

Would you please

give me it.)
② I will buy it for you. 我就给你买。 (不能说

I will buy you it.)

12. You worry too much at times. 你有时过于小心。 ★too much 可以修饰不可数名词,在名中作定语;too much 也可以单独使用,相当于一 个代词,在句中可作主语、表语或宾语。too much 也可作副词,修饰动词,在句中作 状语,表示“过于” “太多” (=more than enough) 。如: ① I drank too much beer last night. 昨天晚上我啤酒喝得太多了。 (作定语) ★ much too 在句中只用作状语,修饰形容词或副词,表示“太、过、非常” 。如: 小试身手 ① It is ___________________hot today. 今天实在太热了。 ②I don’t enjoy reading____________________. 我不喜欢看太多书。 (作状语) ③ She talks_______________ 她说话简直太多了。 (作状语) 15. You like to keep secrets. 你能保守秘密。 ★keep secrets 或 keep a secret。 意为“保守秘密” 。这种“keep + 名词”的用法,在英语中遇然见到。如: They asked us to keep secrets for them. 他们要我们为他们保守秘密。 ★keep + 形容词表示“继续保持某种状态” ,其中 keep 为连系动词。如: ① I hope to keep healthy. 我希望保持健康。 ② Keep quiet and listen to me. 安静,听我说。 ★“keep + 宾语 + 形容词/分词/介词短语”是个常用词组,其中“形容词/分词/介词短语” 是宾语补足语,表示“使??保持某种状态” 。如: ① I was too tired to keep my eyes open. 我累得连眼睛都睁不开了。 ② It’s a good way to keep our classroom clean. 最好的办法是保持我们的教室干净。 ★词组 keep…away (from), “不让靠近”接介 from 短语时, “妨碍” “免遭??” 意为 。 表示 或 。 如: ① You should _______________________________the running machine. 你应该让你的长发远离转动的机器。 ② I mustn’t____________ your work. 我不能妨碍你去干你的工作。 ③ We must keep this from ________________(get) dirty. 我们一定要尽力别把这弄脏了。 ★keep 后面可以直接用动词+ing 的形式,表示“持续做某事” “不间断地做某事” 。如: ① My father kept coughing all right. 我父亲整夜咳嗽。 ② Don’t keep talking in class. 课上不要一直讲话。 16. However, some people think that you are strange. 但也有人认为你有点怪。 ★副词 however 表示上、下文在意义上的转折,意为“然而” “不过” “但是” 。However 在句中的位置比较灵活,可以在句首、句中或句末,有时用逗号与句子其他成份隔开, 有时则不用,须看其在句中的意义而定。如: ① His efforts, however, proved a failure. 但他的努力结果都失败了。 ② He hasn’t arrived; he may come later, however. 他还没有来,不过,他可能晚点来。 17. hate to do sth 讨厌做某事 make/be friends with 和??交朋友
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I hate to ____________________selfish people.我讨厌和小气的人交朋友 18. be good at 擅长于做某事 do well in 在??方面做得不错 19. balloons of all colours =colourful balloons 五颜六色的气球 20. Peter has had his bicycle repaired. Peter 请人把他的自行车修理好了. (强调是别人而不是 Peter 修电脑) 21. Help her complete her notes with as much information as possible / you can 帮助她用尽可能多的信息完成她的笔记 As…as possible / sb can/ could 尽可能的?? Run away as quickly as you can 尽可能快地跑开 22. You will have success at school or work around the middle of the month 在这个月的中旬左右你将要在学业或工作上 取得成功。 have success at school = be successful in your study = succeed in… You are a success = You are a successful person 23. More details are available on request 一经所求/要求 更多详情备索 25. However, I may have some problems with my health 然而,我健康方面可能有点问题。 have some problems______________ sth 在做??方面有问题/困难 (后面接 v-ing) I may have some problems working out the tough maths problem 把那道数学难题解决掉我也许有些困难 27. Remember to give it to the police remember to do… 记得去做??(强调还没做) remember doing… 记得做过??(强调已做了) police(警方) ,people(人民,人们)为集体名词谓语动词用复数形式。 The police ____________(be) coming. 28. He is imaginative enough to come up with new ideas 他是富有足够的想像力去想出新主意。 29. be suitable for…. 适合于??。 31. David is afraid of making a speech to a large group of people. David 害怕向众人做演讲 向??做演讲 make a speech to 34. pleasure 的 4 短语 With pleasure. 很乐意 My pleasure. It's a pleasure. It's my pleasure.都表示是一件 愉快的事----常用对别人 Thank you 的回答, 应表示不用谢。 36. Who else would be suitable? 还有谁会更适合呢 ★else 作形容词用时,常跟在疑问代词、不定代词之后,有时也可修饰疑问副词,表示“别 的” “其他的” 。如: ① What else do you want? 你还要别的什么? ② Who else did he want to invite to his party? 他还邀请了其他什么人去参加他的聚会了吗? ★other 通常与 any, some, no 及定冠词 the 搭配使用,表示“另外一些” ;与 every 搭配使 用,表示“每隔??” 。后面接可数名词的单数形式时,other 前面必须有限定词,否则 只能用 another。如: ① Mary is here, but the other girls are still out in the playground. 玛丽在这儿,可是其他的女生都还在操场上。 37. He would not mind doing extra work for the students’ Union. 在学校里,他常帮助其他同学。 ★mind 用作动词时,常见的意义为“介意” “在乎” 。如: ① Do you mind if I open the window? 你介意我开窗吗?
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② Never mind, I’ll teach you to sing Beijing Opera? 别介意,我教你唱京戏。 ★mind 后面接“动词+ing”的形式,意为“介意做??” 。如: ① He didn’t mind doing work for the club. 为俱乐部做事情,他一点儿不介意。 ② Do you mind asking your age? 问一下你的年龄,你介意吗? ★mind 作动词时,可以用于警告人们,意为“当心、注意” 。如: ① Mind that step. 当心台阶。 ② Mind your head. 小心,别碰着头。 ★mind 作名词时,意为“头脑” “思想” 。如: ① Keep your mind on your lessons. 专心做你的功课吧。 ② I couldn’t have peace of mind before she came back. 她没有回来,我心里就不踏实。 38. sometimes, sometime, some times, some time 区别:sometimes adv.有时,用于一般现在时 sometime adv.在某一时候 用于一般过去时和一般将来时中, some times 短语,几次, 用于现在完成时中, some time 短语 一些时间,在句中作宾语。

五 【语法复习】
“It is/was +adj+ of/for sb. to do…” 句型译成 “对某人来说,做某事是……(样子的)。” ★…for sb.的句型通常使用表示客观情况的形容词,说白了就是针对“事”; …of sb.的句型是一般用表示主观感情或态度的形容词, 也就是针对“人”, 牵涉到人的性格 品质 1, It is impossible for you to pass the difficult exam. 对于你来说通过这个难的考试是不可能的。 It is silly of you not to forgive others for their faults 对于你来说不原谅他人的错误是愚蠢的。 ★其次,…of sb.句型一般都可以转换成带一个不定式作状语的句子,而…for sb.的句型则不 可以这样转换。 It is very clever of you to work out the problem . = You are very clever to work out the problem . 对于你来说把这难题解决掉真聪明 ★后面能够接…for sb.的常见形容词有: hard difficult easy important interesting necessary possible impossible uninteresting. ★后面能够接…of sb.的常见形容词有: good kind nice clever right careful rude wise(明智的) foolish(愚蠢的) stupid(笨的) silly selfish wrong cruel(残忍的) honest generous careless 2.“sb.+ be/do + adj./adv + enough to do…”句型 “某人在某方面已经能够达到做某事的程 度”。 enough 修饰前面的形容词或副词,位置在被修饰词的后面。如:careful enough / fast enough 注意: 形容词或副词前没有任何诸如 very,quite 等之类的修饰词。
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You are energetic enough to be a leader . You can sing well enough to attract everyone. 4.五种句子结构 (a)主语+谓语(S+V)→Millie smiles. (b)主语+谓语+宾语(S+V+DO)→I eat a banana. (c)主语+系动词+表语(S+V+P)→She looks happy. (d)主语+谓语+宾语+宾语补足语(S+V+DO+OC)→I find her smart. (e)主语+谓语+间接宾语+直接宾语(S+V+IO+DO)→Millie passed me the salt.

六 【练习巩固】
一、根据提示或首字母写出下列单词: 1. Mike is very ______(谦虚的) even though he is the top student in our class. 2. Tom was born on 22nd August. He is a strong and ______ feels certain of his own ability) person. 3. Bill is good at doing things. He is ______ 动手能力强的). 4. I was born on 26th March. Some people think I’m a little ______(自私的). 5. Kitty likes to take part in school activities. She is an a_______ girl. 6. Edison was very i__________ when he was only a child. 7. She doesn’t want to do her homework, so she is not a h______ student. 8. Sandy always gives money to charities. She is g________. 9. Suzy was born on 26th January. She should be kind and w______. 10. Peter loves dreaming about every. He is very c_______ and imaginative. 二、用所给单词的适当形式填空: 1. My cousin is a _______(practice) boy. He always pays attention to details. 2. Tom is an _____(act) man and you can find him in many school _____(act). 3. Sandy doesn’t like to going fishing. She is an _______(patient)girl. 4. If you want to be a inventor, you must be _______(imagine). 5. Cheng Yanqian is a ____(success) player. 6. He is very stubborn. You can’t make him give up _______(easy). 三、句型转换 1. He is a strong and confident boy. (划线提问) _____________________________________________________. 2. Jack always worries too much at times. (一般疑问句) ______________________________________________________. 3. I like to dream about everything. (划线提问) ______________________________________________________. 4. Mr. Wang divides us into five groups. (被动语态). ______________________________________________________. 5. David is curious. He asks his parents many questions every day. (同义句) _________________________________________________________________. 6. My sister is very kind. She likes to take care of others. (同义句) ________________________________________________________________. ________________________________________________________________. 四、单项选择 ( )1. Where are you going to visit there?
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A. other B. another C. else D. also )2. Some young people are now to buy private(私人的) cars. A. rather rich B. very rich C. rich enough D. enough rich )3. It is very important us it. A. to; to remember B. for; to remember C. for; remembering D. to; remembering )4. Half of the class done most of the work. The left rather difficult. A. have; is B. has; is C. have; are D. has; are )5. Lei Feng went, he was always ready to help others. A. When B. Where C. Wherever D. Whenever )6. That’s very kind you me. A. of; help B. of; to help C. to; to help D. for; helping )7. It’s good for you to keep when you have something difficult . A. trying; to do B. doing; to do it C. to try; to do D. trying; to be done )8. “You must keep in the hospital,” the woman said to me . A. quietly; quiet B. quietly; quietly C. quiet; quietly D. quiet; quiet )9. The river is too wide for the swimmers . A. to swim B. to swim in C. to swim across D. swimming )10. He didn’t think the shirt , so he didn’t buy it. A. enough cheap B. enough expensive C. cheap enough D. expensive enough )11. The factory has been for two years. A. open B. to open C. opening D. opened ) 12. “It’s too cold. Would you mind the window?” _______________, But don’t do it now.” A. to close; Sure B. closing; Good idea C. closing; Better not D. closing; Of course not )13. The headmaster stopped to me because there was a call for him. A. talking B. to talk C. saying D. to say )14. Teachers often ask us make any noise in class. A. to try not to B. not try to not C. not to try to D. try not to )15. I can’t it in English because I can’t English. Can I you the story in Chinese. A. speak; say; tell B. say; speak; tell C. tell; speak; say D. say; tell; speak )16. “Mum, I think I’m to get back to school.” “Oh, my dear. You’d better stay at home for another day.” A. so well B. so good C. well enough D. good enough )17. Which sign tells us the way out of a building? A. EXIT B. PUSH C. ENTRANCE D. PULL )18. If a=3, b=4, what’s the answer to the problem; a+2ab+1=? The answer is . A. twenty-eight B. twenty-eighth C. thirteen D. eighteen )19. Many girls go to your house. They bring all their pet dogs. In all, there are 22
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heads and 72 feet. How many girls and dogs are there in the room? A. 6 girls and 16 dogs B. 7 girls and 15 dogs C. 8 girls and 14 dogs D. 9 girls and 13 dogs. ( )20. He is businesslike and is often . I hope he will have more his business. A. success; successful B. successful; success C. successfully; successful D. successful; successful 五、完成下列句子: 1. 你不应该为没有吃早饭而担心。 ________________________________________________________. 2. 一年分为 12 个月。 ________________________________________________________. 3. 我们不能轻易放弃学习。 ________________________________________________________. 4. 你不应该太在意细节,对你的身体不好。 ________________________________________________________. 5. 她爱好和平,不喜欢和别人争论。 ________________________________________________________. 6. 我热爱生活,很有幽默感。 ________________________________________________________. 7. 她经常炫耀她的新衣服。 _________________________________________________________. 8. 你不原谅别人的过错是很傻的。 ________________________________________________________. 9. Lucy 足够耐心地等待别人而不生气。 ________________________________________________________. 10. Bill 够大方,他为希望工程捐了许多钱。 _________________________________________________________.

at

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Keys: 1. D 2. D 3. (1) has saved (2) trying to save 4. (1)A (2)B 5. (1)dreams of / about (2) a frightening dream 6. (1) explained; to (2)to explain 7. (1)keep; awake (2)wake him up 8. (1)living (2)alive / living (3)live (4)lively 9. (1)full marks (2)我已经把你需要阅读的页码做了 标记。 【试题答案】 三、句型转换; 1. What is he like 2. Does Jack worry too much at times? 3. What do you like to dream about? 4. We were divided into five groups by Mr. Wang. 5. David is curious enough to ask his parents many questions every day. 6. It is very kind of my sister to take care of others. My sister is kind enough to take care of others. 四、单项选择 1. 选 C。also 主要是“也”的意思,只用在肯定句中。其余三个词都有“别的”意义。Other 后面要接修饰对象,如“What other things do you want(你还需要别的什么东西吗)?只 有 else 跟在疑问代词、疑问副词和不定代词后面。 2. 选 C。本题主要考查对“(to) be + adj + enough to do…”句型的运用。enough 要放在被修 饰对象的之后。 3. 选 B。在 It is/was + adj + of/for sb. to do ??这一句型中,表示客观情况的形容词后面用 for sb.,表示主观感情或态度的形容词后面用 of sb.。 4. 选 A。这是有关主谓一致问题的试题。前面句中的主语“Half of the class”是复数形式, 所以应该在 A 项和 C 项中选择。后面的主语“The left”是表示前面句中“the work”余 下部分,是不可数名词,因此,排除 C 项。 5. 选 C。本题是个连词选择题。从句中所表达的意思看,雷锋“was always ready to help others” 说明他无论何时何地,以助人为乐为荣,这就需要选引导让步状语连词,所以 A , 项和 B 项就先行排除。而句中所用动词 went,要求用引导地点让步状语的从属连词。 6. 选 B。这是人们在口头经常用来向别人表示致谢的口语。在 kind 后接介词 of you 后接动 词不定式。 7. 选 A。 动词 keep 后应接动名词, 全句的后半句是个从句, 需用动词不定式作定语, difficult 而 暗示要用动词 try。 8. 选 C。keep 用作连系动词时,后面跟形容词,所以,先排除 C 项和 D 项。修饰动词“said to me”要用副词,故 D 项不符合题意。 9. 选 C。根据题意,河太宽,对 swimmers 来说, “swim across”有困难,而 too??to 结构 有否定的意义。在 too??to 结构中,当出现主语是后面动词不定式的逻辑宾语的现象时, 如果动词不定式中的动词是不及物动词,要用小品词(介词)过渡。 10. 选 C。当 enough 作为副词修饰形容词时,要放在修饰的后面。根据句意,是嫌衬衫贵而 没有买。 11. 选 A。open 是瞬间动词,不能和完成时态连用。open 作形容词,be open 表示状态“开 着的” 。 12. 选 D。mind 后接 doing sth.,所以 A 项首先排除。B 项与题意明显不符。 “Better not”与 “But don’t do it now”的语气不符。 13. 选 A。stop to do sth.是“停下来去做某事” ,stop doing sth.是“停止做某事” ,句意是“因 为校长有电话,所以他停止和我交谈” ,故排除 B 和 D。say 是“说话” ,talk 是“谈话, 交谈” 。 14. 选 A。首先以前学过“ask sb. to do sth.”或“ask sb. not to sth.”的词组。而 try to do sth. 的否定形式是“try not to do sth.” 。 15. 选 B。这是一个全面考查“说”的试题。解这个题可以从中间的空先入手,讲什么语言
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要用“speak” ,这样就排除了 A 项和 D 项。Say 后面接“sth.” ,而 tell 后接“sb.” 。 16. 选 C。本题是主要考查两项内容。一是 good 和 well 的区别。根据句意,是“我”身体恢 复了,可以回学校上课。Well 能够用于表示“身体好” ,而 good 是表示“人品好” 。所以 A 项和 D 项不在此列。其次,是考查关于“(to) be + adj + enough to do…” 。 17. 选 A。这是一道与生活内容有关的试题。在大型商场、超市,人们经常可以看到选项中 的几个符号。Push 表示“推” ,entrance 表示“入口” ,pull 表示“拉” 。根据题意,是要 选表示出口的符号。exit 表示“出口” 。 18. 选 A。这是一道多元思路题。英语作为交流工具,理应学以致用。本题取自中学学习课 程数学方程式内容,使英语更贴近学生的学习生活,只要能读懂题目,通过简单计算,便 知答案。 19. 选 C。这也是一道多元思路题,取自数学中传统的“鸡兔共笼”问题,学生在读懂题目 的基础上,通过简单计算,便能够找到答案。 20. 选 B。本题是考查 success、successful 和 successfully 的正确运用。按句子结构,第一空 是在 is 后面,并且与 businesslike 相对应,所以需用形容词。第二空是接在 have 的后面作 宾语,要用名词。 五、完成下列句子: 1. You should not worry about not having breakfast. 2. A year is divided into 12 months. 3. We cannot give up studying easily. 4. You shouldn’t pay much attention to the details. It is not good for your health. 5. She loves peace and does not like to argue with others. 6. I enjoy life and have a good sense of humor. 7. She often shows off her new clothes. 8. It is silly of you not to forgive others for their faults. 9. Lucy is patient enough to wait without getting angry. 10. Bill was generous enough to donate lots of money to Project Hope.

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