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九年级英语定语从句专项练习题及答案


九年级英语定语从句专项练习题及答案 定义: 在复合句中作定语,修饰主句中的某一名词或代词的从句,叫做定语从句。 被定语从句所修饰的词叫先行词, 位于从句之前。 定语从句有关系代词 that、 which、 who、 whose、whom 和关系副词 when 、where、why 引导. 定语从句的基本结构为: 先行词 + 关系代/副词 + 句子 Do you know the boy who is wearing a blue jacket? The skirt that /which is made of silk is very expensive. I can’t afford it. The number of the people who/that own cars is increasing. The house that(which、/) the famous person once lived in is very old now. 考点 1. 关系代词: that, which, who, whom, whose 关系副词: when, where, why. a. that-既可指人,也可指物,作主语,不能省略;作宾语,可以省略;不引导非限定性 定语从句 There are lots of things ________ I need to prepare before the trip. (10 河北) A. who (答案: B) b. which-指物,作主语,不能省略;作宾语,可以省略.可引导非限定性定语从句。 This is the dictionary ________ Mum gave me for my birthday. (08 河北) A. which (答案:A) Sorry, we don’t have the coat ________ you need. (09 河北) A. what (答案:D) c. who-般指人,作主语,不能省略;作宾语,可以省略,(常用 whom) B. who C. whom D. which B. what C. whose D. whom B. that C. whom D. whose

Jamie is a young cook ________ wants to improve school dinners. (10 天津) A. who (答案:A) d. whose 作定语,表示所属关系。 I like the teacher ________ classes are very interesting and creative. (09 兰州) A. which (答案:D) e. when 作时间状语:When =介词 + which She will never forget the day when (=on which) she was married. f. where 作地点状语 where = 介词 + which I want to know the place where (= in which) I was born. g. why 作原因状语, 其先行词常常是 the reason. why = for which That is the reason why(= for which) I’m late. 2. 当关系代词在定语从句中作主语时,定语从句的谓语动词形式由先行词定。 1. I prefer shoes that are cool. 2. I like a pizza that is really delicious. 3. 有时只能用 that , 不用 which, 常见的情况有六种: 1).当先行词是 all, any, few, little, none, anything, everything, nothing ,或被它们修饰 时。 That’s all that I know. Is there anything that I can do for you? 2).当先行词被形容词最高级或序数词修饰 That is the most interesting book that I have ever read. B. who C. what D. whose B. whose C. whom D. which

3).当先行词有 the very, the only, the same 等修饰时。 That’s the only thing that I can do now. These are the very words that he used.

4).当主句以 who 或 which 开头时,定语从句的关系词用 that, 而不用 which 或 who. Who is the girl that spoke to you just now? 5).先行词同时包括人或物时,关系词用 that. The man and his dog that I always meet are standing by the gate. 6).当关系代词在从句中作表语时。 China is not the country that it was. 4. 只用 which ,不用 that 的情况: 1).关系代词前有介词时。 This is the cage that / which Polly lives in. = This is the cage in which(where) Polly lives . 2).先行词本身为 that. The clock is that which tells the time. 3). 在非限制性定语从句中。 His English, which used to be poor , is excellent now. 定语从句专项练习 1.Sorry, we don’t have the coat ________ you need. A. what B. who C. whom D. which Which is the pen that you lost ?

2.This is the dictionary ________ Mum gave me for my birthday. A. which B. what C. whose D. whom

3.Do you know the man ________ is sitting behind Nancy? A. what B. which C. who D. whom

4.The book ________ he bought yesterday is very interesting. A. / B. why C. when D. what

5.I have found some pictures of the most interesting places ________ you can visit during the winter holidays. A. where B. which C. what D. that

6.I’d like to tell you about the table manners ________ you should know when you visit Korea. A. which B. who C. what D. how

7.I shall never forget those years ________ I lived on the farm with the farmers, ________has a great effect on my life. A. when; who C. which; that B. that; which D. when; which

8.Is oxygen the only gas ________ helps fire burn? A. that B. / C. which D. it

9.Is ________ some German friends visited last week? A. this school C. this school one B. this the school D. this school where

10.---What kind of music do you like? ---I like music ________ has great lyrics. A. that B. what C. who D. whose

11.That is the only thing ________ I bought from the supermarket. A. which B. that C. what D. where

12.The place ________ interested me most was the Children’s Palace. A. which B. where C. what D. in which

13.The computer ________ last week has gone wrong. A. which I bought it C. what I bought B. I bought D. I bought it

14.That is the poor boy ________ father died in a traffic accident last year. A. who B. whom C. whose D. which

15.Do you know the girl ________ is standing under the tree? A. who B. whom C. which D. where

16.Is the woman ________ talked to our teacher yesterday your mother? A. who B. whom C. which D. what

17.The young lady ________ we met yesterday is our new maths teacher. A. what B. whose C. whom D. which

18.I like to live in a house ________ is big and bright. A. that B. who C. how D. why

19.I hate people ________ talk much but do little. A. whom B. which C. who D. when

20.I am one of the boys ________never late for school. A. that is B. who are C. who am D. who is

21.Mr Green, there is someone at the front desk ________ would like to speak with you. A. he B. who C. which D. whom

22.I love the small village ________ I was born. A. that B. which C. where D. whose

23.Here comes the girl ________ handwriting is the best in our class. A. which B. whose C. that D. who

24.My parents usually buy me some simple clothes ________ can last a long time. A. who B. that C. whom D. whose

25.---Is the girl ________ is interviewing the manager of that company your friend? ---Yes, she is a journalist from CCTV. A. whom B. which C. who D. whose

26.---Do you know everybody ________ came to the party? ---No, I don’t know the one________ you had a long talk with near the door. A. who;/ C. that; which B. whose; that D. /; whom

27.The boy________ won the first prize is called Roy. A. when B. whom C. who D. which

28.Children like houses ________ are painted in different colours. A. which B. they C. those D. what

29.Do you think most students prefer tests ________ have easy questions? A. who B. where C. that D. it

30. He is one of the experienced engineers in this factory ________ hard work was repaid with the development of the factory. A. where B. whose C. in which D. that

Keys: 1-5 DACAD 6-10 ADABA 11-15BABCA 16-20 ACACB 21-25 BCBBC 26-30ACACA

定语从句 1.The journey around the world took the old sailor nine months, _____ the sailing time was 226 days.(全国 03 2004 .28) A. of which B. during which C. from which D. for which

2. George Orwell, _______ was Eric Arthur, wrote many political novels and essays. (北京,2004.26) A. the real name B. what his real name C. his real name D. whose real name 3. ______ is reported in the newspapers, talks between the two countries are making progress. (北京 2004.34) 4.There was time A. It B. As C. That D. What

I hated to go to school .(湖北 2004.23)

A.a; that B.a; when C.the; that D.the ; when 5.There are two buildings , 25) A.the larger stands nearly a hundred feet high .(湖北 2004.

B.the larger of them

C.the larger one that D.the larger of which

6.What surprised me was not what he said but

he said it . (湖南 2004

29) A.the way B.in the way that C.in the way D.the way which 7. Playing tricks on others is _____ we should never do. A. anything B. something C. everything (湖南 2004 21)

D. nothing

8. I work in a business _________ almost everyone is waiting for a great chance.(湖 南 2004 23) A. how B. which C. where D. that (江苏

9. ________ is often the case, we have worked out the production plan. 2004 33 ) A. Which B. When C. What D. As

10.The factory produces half a million pairs of shoes every year , 80% sold abroad .(全国 2004 35) A.of which B.which of C.of them D.of that

are

11. The English play _______ my students acted at the New Year's party was a great success.(全国 2004 23) A. for which B. at which C. in which D. on which

12. There were dirty marks on her trousers ______ she had wiped her hands. A. where B. which C. when D. that

13. American women usually identify their best friend as someone _____ they can talk frequently. A. who B. as C. about which D. with whom

14.—Is that the small town you often refer to? —Right, just the one you know I used to work for years.(福建 2005

35 ) A.that B.which C.where D.what 15. Many people who had seen the film were afraid to go to the forest when they remembered the scenes ______ people were eaten by the tiger. (广东 2005 35) A. in which B. by which C. which D. that (湖北 2005 29)

16.Her sister has become a lawyer, A.who B.that C.what D.which

she wanted to be.

17. The place _______ the bridge is supposed to be built should be________the cross-river traffic is the heaviest. A. which; where C. at which; where (江苏 2005 32 )

B. at which; which D. which; in which

18.The schools themselves admit that not all children will be successful in the jobs ______ they are being trained. (江西 2005 25 ) A.in that B.for that C.in which D.for which 19.I walked in our garden, _______ Tom and Jim were tying a big sign onto one of the trees. (辽宁 2005 28 ) A.which B.when C.where D.that

20.Do you have any idea ________ is actually going on in the classroom? (辽宁 2005 29 ) A.that B.what C.as D.which 21. He was educated at a local grammar school, ______ he went on to Cambridge. (山东 2005 30 ) A. from which B. after that C. after which D. from this 22. Last month, part of Southeast Asia was struck by floods, from _______effects

the people are still suffering. (天津 2005 13 ) A. that B. whose C. those D. what

23. Jim passed the driving test, _________ surprised everybody in the office. (浙江 2005 2 ) A.which B.that C.this D.it

24. _________ I explained on the phone, your request will be considered at the next meeting. (浙江 2005 17 ) A.When B.After C.As D.Since

25. Mark was a student at this university from 1999 to 2003, ____ , he studied very hard and was made Chairman of the Students' Union. ( 重庆 2005 32 ) A. during which time time 26.I have many friends , some are businessmen . (全国 02 2005 24 ) B. for which time C. during whose time D. by that

A.of them B.from which C.who of D.of whom 用定语从句翻译下列句子。 1) 这就是我最喜欢的那本杂志。 2) 这是我曾经住过的村庄。 3) 正在唱歌的女孩是我的同学。 4) 全心全意为人民的人应当受到尊重。 5) 应当做的事情都已经做了。 6) 他失败的原因是他粗心大意。 7) 他用来写字的钢笔丢了。 8) 你去过毛泽东出生的那间小屋吗? 9) 今天下午我们要去看你们参观过的照片展。

10) 老师把老外介绍给我,他就是著名的教授。 三 句型比较 1.①The man she married last year was a soldier. D.whose

A whom B to whom C with whom ②The man A whom

she was married was a soldier. B to whom C with whom D who

2.①The reason

she gave up teaching was her serious illness. D.why

A for that B for which C which ②The reason A that

he was dismissed is not difficult to explain. D for that

B for which C which

3.①The day A./

she spent with us was never to be forgotten. D.in which

B.on which C when

②The day A. that

she played with us was never to be forgotten. C. which D. /

B. when

4. ① Is this the factory A where B which ② Is this factory A. that B which

you visited last week?

C. to which D. in which you visited last week? C in which D. the one

5. ① The house A. which B. that

window faces south is for the doctor. C. whose D. of which

② The house A. which

faces south is for the doctor. C. who D. where we couldn’t agree.

B. whose

6. ① She brought forward a plan

A. that

B. which

C/

D. to which we couldn’t accept. D .of which

② She brought forward a plan A. / B. for which 7. ① The invention C. to which

she spent 2 years will do well to the world.

A.which B. / C. on which D. when ②The invention took her 2 years will do well to the world. D. it I do well , is important in middle schools.

A. which B. / C. on which 8. ① The English subject,

A which B that C in which D. at which ②The English subject , I have mastered well , is important in middle school.

A / B at which C that D in which 9. ①Tom, I went to the concert , is a friend of mine.

A whom B who C with which D whose ②Tom, bicycle 1 went to the concert,is a friend of mine.

A whom B who C whose D on whose 10.①The place A where B which you visited during your holidays is where I used to be for years C in which D.to which

②The place

you stayed for 3 years is where an ancient city used to be.

A where B which C that D to which 11.①She will fly to Washington, A that B where C which D in which ②She will fly to Washington, she can enjoy herself. is the capital of the U.S.

A where B that C which D / 12.①The story happened on a day A when B which C in which D on when ②The story happened on a day A then was wet and cold. the weather was wet and cold.

B on which C which D / we all know.

13.①The sun heats the earth, A that B which C as D where

②The sun heats the earth, A which B that C as D where 14.①Tom,

makes it possible to grow crops.

we had expected,got the 1st place in the competition(比赛).

A as B which C whom D who ②Tom, we had expected to help us,didn’t even show his face .

A as B whom C that D which 单项选择题: 1. I, ___your good friend, will try my best to help you out. A.who is B.who am C.that is D.which am

2. The old man has two sons, ___are lawyers. A.both of them B.both of who C.both of whom D.both of they 3. He is a man of great knowledge, ___much can be learned. A.in whom B.about whom C.from whom D.of whom

4. I can tell you ___he told me last week. A.all which B.all what C.that all D.all that

5. Is oxygen the only gas ___helps fire burn?

A.that

B./

C.which

D.what

6. Air, ___we breathe every day, is around us all the time. A.that B./ C.which D.it

7. This is the museum ____we saw an exhibition the other day. A.that B.which C.where D.in that

8. This museum is ___you visited the other day. A.that B.which C.where D.the one

9. This is the museum ___you saw the other day. A.that B.where C.in which D.in that

10. It is the third time ___late this month. A.that you arrived C.that you’ve arrived B.when you arrived D.when you’ve arrived

11. It was in 1969___the American astronaut succeeded in landing on the moon. A.that B.which C.in which D.when

12..We often think of the days ___we spent together on the island. A.when B.which C.in which D.during which

13. Have you ever been to Shanghai, ____I left ten years ago? A.where B.which C.that D.when

14. He has left Beijing, ___a meeting is to be held. A.when B.where C.as D.which

15. This is the very place ___I’m wishing to live in.

A.where

B.which

C.that

D.in which

16.I have bought the same dress ____she is wearing. A.as B.that C.which Dthan

17.Can you solve such problems ___raised by the audience? A.what were B.as were C.that were D.which were

18.The reason ___he didn’t come was ____he was injured. A.that,because B.why,that C.why, because D.that, that

19.He must be from Africa, ____can be seen from his skin. A.that B.as C.it D.what

20.His father died last year, ____made it impossible for him to go abroad. A.when B.which C.as D.that

21.___is natural,he married Mary. A.It B.What C.Which D.As

22.The buses, ____were already full,were surrounded by an angry crowd. A.most of them B.most of which C.which most D.that most

23.All___is needed is a supply of oil. A.the thing B.that C.what D.which

24.He paid the boy 10 dollars for washing ten windows,most of ___had not been cleaned for years. A.these B.those C.that D.which

25.In the dark street,there wasn’t a single person ______she could turn for help. A.that B.who C. from whom D.to whom

26. This is one of the means ____the electic energy is conducted from one place to another. A.by which B.by that C.through which D.through that

27. The place ___you are going to visit is the ruin of a place. A.in which B.at which C.where D.which

28. The factory ___I am going to is the place ___my mother used to work many years ago. A.where,where B.where, which C.which,where D.that,which

29. Don’t do such things ___you are not sure about. A.that B.which C.as D.what

30. Rober is good at language, ____we all know. A.because B.for C.as D.since

二.改错 1.Is this the book your father bought it for you? 2.Who is the comrade you talked with him? 3.Have you been to the place where she works there ? 4. They are talking about the people and the things which they saw on their way home. 5.This is the very thing which I can tell you. 6.Is this all what you Wahl to say? 7.Shanghai is the biggest cit y,that has a population of more than ten million. 8.Which is the clock which is made in China?

9.Who is the man who is speaking to your mother? 10.I shall never forget the days when I spent with you? 11.He has written a book.the name of it I have forgotten. 12.Father came back on April 4th when was my birthday. 1 3.Is this factory which you set up yourselves? 1 4.Is this the city where you visited last year? 15.This is the necklace for which she is looking. 1 6.Do you still remember the day which you joined the Party? 1 7.This is the boy his handwriting is the best in our class 18.It was the meeting which importance I didn’t know. 1 9.My father,that has been away recently, wants to see you. 20.He has three sons,two of them are music lovers. 21.As you know it,he has left for America. 22.Miss Li,who you met,is our English teacher. 23.The computer center,that was opened last year,is very large. 24.My pen which writes smoothly was given to me by my sister. 25.Those who wants to see the film put up your hands. 26.Those have seen the film think highlv of it. 27.That is the way which they work. 28. I have made the same mistakes like you have. 29.Here is,so big a stone as no one can move it. 30.The news which a war broke out in the Middle East surprised us.



1-5 ADBBD

6-10 ABCDA

11-15 CADCA

16-20 DCDCB

21-26

CBACAD 二 1. This is the magazine I like best. 2. This is the village where I used to live. 3. The girl who is singing is one of my classmates. 4. Those who serve the people heart and soul should be respected. 5. Everything that should be done has been done. 6. The reason why he failed is his carelessness. 7. The pen with which he writes is lost. 8. Have you ever been to the small house in which Chairman Mao once lived. 9. This afternoon we’ll go to see the photo show that you have visited. 10. The teacher introduced me the foreign guest, who is a famous professor. 三句型比较 1 1-5 AB BD,B AB BD CA 6-10DA CA CA CD BA

11-14 CA A C CA AB 四 答案:1-5 BCCDA 6-10CCDAC 11-15ABBBC 16-20ABBBB 21-25 DBBDD 26-30ADCCC 五.改错答案与分析: 1.去掉 it。因为被省去的关系代词是从句中谓 语动词的宾语。 2.去掉 him。 3.去掉 there,因为关系副词是从句中的状语。 4.改 which 为 that。

5.改 which 为 that,先行词被 only,very,a11, much,little,few,nobody,no one,anybody,some— body,everything,nothing,anything 以及形容词最高 级、序数词所修饰时,关系代词用 th。t。 6.改 what 为 that。 7.改 that 为 which,在非限制性定语从句中,修 饰物用 which。 8.改第二个 which 为 that,以免重复。 9.改后面的 who 为 that,以免重复。 10.改 when 为 which 或 that,用作 spent 的宾语。 11.改 the name of it 为 the name of which。 12.改 when 为 which,作从句的主语。 13.改 which 为 the one。 14.改 where 为 which 或 that,作 visit 的宾语。 15.100k for 是短语动词,不能拆开使用。 第一部分语法知识 16.改 which 为 when。 17.改 his 为 whose。 18.改 which 为 whose。 19.改 tllat 为 who,非限制性定语从句,表示人的 主格时用 who。 20.改 two of them 为 two of whom 21.去掉 it,因为 as 在此句中是关系代词,作

know 的宾语。 22.改 who 为 whom,非限制性定语从句。表示 人的宾格。 23.改 that 为 which。 24.改 My 为 The,限制性定语从句的先行词不 用物主代词和指示代词修饰。 25.改 wants 为 want。 26.Those 后面加 who。 27.改 which 为 that 或 in which.也可省去 which。 28.改 like 为 as,定语从句中主句中有 the same. such。as,so 时,关联词用 as。 29.改 as 为 that,that 是从属连词引导状语从 句;或去掉句中的 it。 30.改 which 为 that,这是同位语从句,不是定语


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