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上海市金山区2015届高三英语一模试卷及答案(官方版)


金山区 2014-2015 学年第一学期期末试卷 英语
I、听力(略) II. Grammar and Vocabulary
Section A Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatic

ally correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank.

(A)
Most of time black and white appears as opposites. White means light and purity. Black is darkness and evil. But not always. Sometimes the words are used differently. White hats and black hats represent the traditional meaning of the words. The hats are the symbols of the “good guys” and the “bad guys” in American western movies. Now the tradition of white hats and black hats is no longer a part of movie making. ____25____you still hear the expression when people talk about good guys and bad guys. A black sheep is a person ___26_____ does things that are not accepted, the violate tradition. A black sheep is rejected____27____ he brings shame to his group. A family may have a member who ___28_____(think)of as a black sheep, a person who is not welcome at family gatherings. Black ___29_____ (use) in some expressions is described as good things. Being “in the black” for example is a good situation for anyone. It is a business expression that means a company is earning money. When someone says his business is “in the red”, he means it is losing money. White usually means something good. A “white color” job, for example, is the kind of job many people seek. It is a job where you work at a desk, using your brain __30___ ______your muscles Sometimes white is used in an expression that is not good. Whitewash is such____31_____expression. At first whitewash meant to paint over something with a white paint to make____32_____look better. But now “whitewash” has a different meaning: to hide or cover up mistakes or failures.

(B)
I was 9 years old when I found out my father was ill. It was 1994, but I can remember ___33_____my mother told me as if it were yesterday: "Kernel, I don't want you to take food from your father, because he has AIDS. Be very careful when you are around him." AIDS wasn't something we talked about in my country when I _____34____ (grow) up. From then on, I knew that this would be a family secret. My parents were not together anymore, and my dad lived alone. For a while, he could take care of himself. But when I was 12, his condition got ___35____.(bad) My father's other children lived far away, so it fell to me to took after him. We ___36_____ not afford all the necessary medicine for him, and because Dad was unable to work, I had no money for school supplies and often couldn't even buy food for dinner. I would sit in class ___37_____ (feel) completely lost, the teacher's words muffled as I tried to figure out how I was going to manage. I did not share my burden with anyone. I had seen people reacted to AIDS. Kids laughed at classmates who had parents with the disease. And even adults could be cruel. When my father was moved to the hospital, the nurses would leave his food on the bedside __38____ ________ he was too weak to feed himself. I had known that he was going to die, but after so many years of keeping his condition a secret, I was

completely unprepared____39_____he reached his final days. Sad and hopeless, I called a womanat the nonprofit National AIDS Support. That day, she kept me on the phone for hours. I was so lucky ____40___(find) someone who cared. She saved my life. I was 15 when my father died. He took his secret away with him, having never spoken about AIDS to anyone, even me. He didn't want to call attention to AIDS. I do. Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. workload B. describe engaged G. well-rounded H. increasingly C. pressure I. temporarily D. say J. stuff E. gap K. heading F.

Instead of enjoying the final days of summer by hanging out at the pool or the mall, many students ate reading and writing —— cramming (填鸭式) to complete assignments before ____41_____ back to school. Summer homework has _____42_____ become a popular tool used by teachers to bridge the _____43_____ between the end of one school year and the start of another. But some parents worry that the _____44_____ is making summer fun slip away. “I don’t know what good this really does,” said Sheryl, a parent of twin 13-year old girls. “Life isn’t always about a test. I think it’s important for children to be children, to be ____45____.” Sheryl said her daughters spent weeks in summer camps and away on vacation before they had a chance to start their summer assignments. “Basically I have the summer reading hanging over my head when I’d like to do other ____46 ,” said her daughter. She said she enjoyed reading “The Color of Water” by James McBride, but the assignments that go with it —— choosing five passage to ____47 and analyze —— seem redundant(多余的). Some education experts ____48 the “lazy, hazy, crazy” days of summer are over as schools feel increased ____49_____ on accountability for student achievement under the federal No Child Left Behind Act. “It’s really going to focus attention on this period of time when kids aren’t _____50_____ ,” said Ron Fairchild, executive director of the Center for Summer Learning at Johns Hopkins University. But parents from Prince George’s County to Salt Lake City are lately fighting back, questioning the usefulness and of teachers piling on summer reading and math problem. Ⅲ.Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that vest fits the context. Brief History of the World’s Fair World’s Fairs originated in the French tradition of national exhibitions, a tradition that ended with the French Industrial Exposition of 1844 held in Pairs. It was soon followed by other national _____51_____, in continental Europe, and finally came to London _____52_____ the first real international exhibition was held. Since their start in 1851, the _____53_____ of world expositions has developed gradually. Three eras can be distinguished: the era of industrialization, the era of cultural exchange, and the era of nation branding. Industrialization (1851-1938) The first era could be called the era of industrialization and covered the period from 1851to 1938. In these days, world expositions were _____54_____ focused on trade and famous for the display of technological inventions and advancements. World expositions were the _____55_____, where the state of

the art in science and technology from around the world was brought together. Inventions such as the telephone were first presented during this era. An important part of the _____56______ of World’s Fairs stems from this first era. _____57_____exchange (1939-1991) The 1939 New York World’s Fair and the 1949 Stockholm World’s Fair were different from the original focus of the expositions. From then on, World’s Fairs became more strongly based on a ____58____ theme of cultural significance, and began to address issues of humankind. Technology and inventions remained ____59____, but no longer as the principal subjects of the Fair. Cross-cultural dialogue and the exchange of solutions became ____60____ elements of the expos. It was also during this time, specifically in the 1960s, that BIE organizers started calling World’s Fair “Expos”. Nation branding (1992-present) From Expo’88 in Brisbane onwards, countries started to use World Expositions more widely and more strongly as a platform to improve their national images through their pavilions. Finland, Japan, Canada, France and Spain are cases in point. A large study by Tjaco Walvis called “Expo 2000 Hanover in Numbers” showed that improving national images was the primary participation goal for 73% of the countries at Expo 2000. In a world where a strong national image is a key asset(财产), pavilions became advertising ____61 , and the Expo a channel for nation branding. ____62____, cultural and symbolic reasons, organizing countries (and the cities and regions hosting them) also use the world exposition to brand themselves. Future expositions 2017will see a recognized exposition Bidding may begin as early as 2012 for this smaller-sized exposition. Already, Edmonton, Alberta and Canada have ____63____, to go on with the second stage of putting together a bid for Edmonton EXPO 2017. 2020 will ____64____ a registered category of exposition. Bidding may begin as early as 2011 for this larger sized exposition. There are citizen _____65_____ in American cities with the intention of bringing a World’s Fair back to the United States. 51. A. organizations B. shows C. exhibitions D. customs 52. A. which B. when C. how D. where 53. A. character B. name C. aim D. goal 54. A. honestly B. strangely C. especially D. hardly 55. A. place B. platform C. area D. hall 56. A. representation B. image C. illustration D. outlook 57. A. Industrial B. Historical C. Cultural D. Original 58. A. special B. specific C. strategic D. simple 59. A. important B. equal C. alternative D. unchangeable 60. A. honorable B. communicative C. considerable D. defining 61. A. purposes B. A. images C. campaigns D. designs 62. A. As long as B. As well as C. As far as D. As soon as 63. A. moved B. begun C. put D. voted 64. A. see B. bid C. mark D. establish 65. A. complaints B. efforts C. energies D. achievements

Section B

Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several question or unfinished statements. For each of them there ate four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) What is the meaning of “madness”? In the US every March, it’s 64 men’s college basketball teams playing 63 games in less than a month. But it’s not just the tournament that’s a little crazy —— people all over the country also go mad trying to predict the winner. Even billionaire investor Warren Buffet seems to be going crazy. In late January, Buffet announced that he’ll give $1 billion (6.1billion yuan) to anyone in the US who can correctly predict the winners of all 63 games this year, Reuters reported. Each year, in the week before the first round begins, people usually print and fill out March Madness brackets. A brackets is a kind of diagram that lists all the teams that play each other in the first round, leaving blank spots tor all of the rounds after that. In offices and classrooms all over the US, people compete to fill out the most accurate bracket. Some people compete for prizes, like money or expensive gifts, while others do it for personal glory. According to the Wall Street Journal, the sports media company ESPN has held a national bracket contest every March for the last 16 years. And in all that time, not a single person has ever correctly predicted all 63 game results. So, will anyone win Buffet’s billion? While it’s unlikely, the person with the best shot is probably Craig Gilmore, a business analyst in Virginia, US. Last year, Gilmore beat over 8 million others in ESPN’s contest, correctly predicting 50 out of the 63 games, including that No 1-ranked Louisville would beat No 4-ranked Michigan for the championship. Gilmore has said that he filled out that bracket pretty quickly— —after first drinking four glasses of beer. “I didn’t overanalyze it,” he told ESPN, “I just kind of went with my gut.” That’ funny——he doesn’t sound mad at all, does he? 66. Why does the author mention Warren Buffet in the article? A. To show the excitement and popularity of predicting the winner of the tournament. B. To show how people have tried to make money from other’s madness. C. To invite readers to predict the winner of March Madness. D. To introduce the bracket contest ESPN holds each year. 67. Which of the following statements is true according to the article? A. March Madness has been held in the US for the last 16 years. B. Lots of people competed in the bracket contest held by ESPN in March 2014. C. Caig Gillmore is very likely to $1 billion award offered by Warren Buffet. D. Most Americans follow March madness because they want to win all kinds of money and prizes. 68. The underlined word “gut” in the second-last paragraph is closest in meaning to _________. A. luck B. calculation C. instinct D. statistics 69. Which best describes the writer’s tone in the article? A. Optimistic. B. Humorous C. Critical.

D. Doubtful.

(B) You have in hands the next generation of ez-link cards that match the new Singapore Standard for Contactless ePurse Applications (CEPAS) that can be used for LTA’s new c-payment system for public transport. NEW ez-link card ◆ NO TRAVEL DEPOSIT. Balance reflected· at all devices is the actual stored value in the new card. ◆ CAN BE USED IN THE NEXT GENETATION IN-VEHICLE UNIT. For Electronic Road Pricing (ERP) and payments in carparks with upgraded Electronic Parking Systems(EPS). ◆ $500.00. Maximum stored value. WHERE YOU CAN USE YOUR NEW ez-link cards MERCHANT NAME AND/OR TYPE ◆All public buses, MRT and LRT trains run by both SBST & SMRT ◆School canteens, printing services, F&B outlets, Private buses ◆7-Eleven convenience stores, ERP, EPS, SMRT Taxis, NLB library branches and McDonald’s Restaurants, school bookstores ◆Coca-cola vending machines, Singapore Pools and Hospitals BUS AVAILABILITY Immediately 2nd Quarter 2015 3rd Quarter 2015 4th Quarter 2015

USE OF NEW ez-link CARD IN TRANSIT ◆To travel on the bus, you need to have the minimum stored value to cover the cost of travel from the point you get on, to the last stop on that service. ◆If you are unsure of the minimum amount required, we recommend that you have at least $3 in your card for basic bus services. ◆When the card reader flashes green, it is a reminder that you have less than $5 in your card. ◆When the card reader flashes red, you have insufficient value to travel. Please pay cash

for your journey. MRT ◆With the new ez-link card, you will need at least $3 in your card fore you can start your journey on the MRT/LRT. ◆This value ensures that you have the required fare when you exit the gate, even for the longest train journey. 70. The new ez-link card can NOT be used ______________. A. for LTA’s new e-payment system for public transport B. for Electronic Road Pricing(ERP). C. in carparks with upgraded Electronic Parking Systems(EPS) D. to store value more than five hundred dollars. 71. According to WHERE YOU CANUSE YOUR NEW ez-link cards, people can use the new ez-link cards______________.

A. on public buses, MAT and LRT at once. B. to pay for meals in school canteens in January,2015. C. to buy books in any school bookstore after July,2015. D. in Singapore Pools and Hospitals all year round. 72. When transiting between BUS and MRT, ___________. A. the green flash reminds you that there is only $5 in your card. B. the card reader flashes green to tell you to pay your fare by cash. C. you’ll pay at most $3 for the longest train journey on the MAT/LRT. D. you should store at least $5 in your card for basic BUS or MRT services. 73. What’s the main purpose of the poster? A. To show people how to buy a new ez-link card. B. To tell people what’s new about the new ez-link cards. C. To list the places where the new new ez-link cards can be used. D. To introduce the financial function of the new ez-link cards.

(C)
How does someone step up to a cash machine and withdraw money from an account holder half world away? Even when the debit card is still in the victim’s wallet? It is easy, actually, say experts. The recipe for creating fake cards is right there on the Internet. It is often called “white card” fraud. Criminals somehow get their hands on the electronic information stored on a legitimate card’s magnetic stripe. Generally, it’s stolen from a retailer or payment processor’s database, as happened when thieves last year broke into computers at CardSystems Solution Inc. Luckily for the criminals, Cardsystems didn’t store just account numbers-it even stored customer’s secret codes that were never meant to be copied on magnetic stripes. Stolen “ mag stripe” data is the holy grail for card thieve. Then they take the stolen data and write it onto a new, blank card-a card that’s often plain white and they are off to the bank. To show me how easy it was, two executives from MagTek Inc, one of the largest markers of credit card stripe gave a demonstration. Within minutes , I was withdrawing money from my account using a plain white piece of plastic at an ATM. And the key is to get an encoder. Andy and Paul Deignan are brothers who both word for MagTek. Both came by to show me how easily thieves can manufacture scores of fake codes. MagTek sells both card readers, which are seen in stores across America, and card encoders, which very few people should ever see. Encoders actually write information onto that mysterious piece of magnetic tape on the back of the card. Banks use them to create credit cards. Readers cost about $100. Encoders cost between $1500 and $2000 except on eBay, where stolen encoders can sell for as little as $500. Armed with one, someone can create and debit cards that work exactly like the cards produces by financial institutions. For demonstration purposes, the Deignan brothers took my debit card, dropped it in an encoder, copied the data from the back, and handed the card back to me. Then they took a piece of white plastic, a second card, instead that into the encoder, and essentially pasted my ATM information onto the second card. The process took less than 15 seconds.

The walk to the nearest cash machine took longer. Within a minute, I had taken a white piece of plastic and withdrawn $100 from my own checking account. Obviously, with slightly different data and a PIN number, I could have taken the money from someone else’s account. With a database of stolen information, I could have withdrawn money from hundreds of accounts. 74. What does “ white card” fraud refer to? A. A person who sells fake credit card to retailers or payment processors. B. Thieves withdraw money from a cash machine with a plain card and stolen data. C. People buy stolen or salvaged encoders from the Internet. D. People can create credit and debit cards to cheat financial institutions. 75. What is an encoder used for according to the passage? A. Identifying account numbers from a credit card. B. Creating magnetic tape on cassette tapes. C. Stealing data from a retailer or payment processor’s database. D. Writing information onto magnetic stripes on the back of the card. 76. The purpose of this article is probably to________________ A. tell people how to make a fortune. B. explain how a credit card is used when buying things. C. warn people not to use credit card to pay for anything. D. expose a fraud that is often used these days. 77. What is likely to be talked about in the next paragraph? A. Some other way to withdraw money at an ATM. B. Where to buy card readers and card encoders. C. How to protect yourself against the white card fraud. D. The disadvantages of using credit card on the Internet..

Section C
Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. Sugar is blamed for fueling the nations’ obesity crisis. Yet many of us don’t realize just how quickly our intake creeps up and the crucial link it has to health. There is nothing inherently(固有地) unhealthy about sugar so we shouldn’t be afraid of it or try to eliminate it from our diets completely. It doesn’t directly cause heart disease or diabetes(糖尿病) so there’s nothing wrong with the occasional sweet treat. The problem arise because most of us are eating far too much. There are different types of sugar and it’s found in all sorts of everyday foods. It occurs naturally in fruit and is added by manufacturers to make snacks such as cakes and biscuits. All types of sugar, whether found in cakes or fruit , will push up your intake of calories. If you don’t burn them off through exercise

you are likely to get fat. That’s where the real health problems begin, including increase risk of heart disease, diabetes and some cancers. With sugar found naturally in fruit there is a balance. This sugar can play a role in making us overweight but fruit is also bursting with other sources of goodness. The added sugar found in snacks and sweets doesn’t contain many nutrients so we are encouraged to get our sugar allowance from fruit instead. Tom Sanders, professor of dietetics and nutrition at King’s College London, says: “we advise people to eat up to three portions of fruit a day but only have confectionery occasionally, because sweet can also tend to be high in better to get most of your carbohydrates intake from starchy foods such as bread, rice, potatoes and pasta because they also contain useful amounts of other nutrients such as proteins and vitamins.’ It is recommended that no more than 11% or our total daily calories intake should come from sugars. Professor Sander says:’This translates into 60g of sugar” There is no evidence that sugar is addictive, adds the professor , but it is habit forming . “We have special taste receptors for sugars on our tongue,” he explains. “ Sweet tastes give us pleasure, unlike bitter and acidic flavors.” (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements with NO MORE THAN 10 WORDS) 78. The health problems caused by sugar, such as increased risk of heart disease, come from_____________________________________________ 79. What kind of balance does fruit contain? _____________________________________________________________________________ 80. Though a type of carbohydrate, sugar doesn’t contain nutrients like _____________________________. 81. Why is sugar habit forming?

第Ⅱ 卷 (共 47 分)
I. Translation Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1.时下,网上购物在年轻人中很流行。(popular) 2.练得越多,你的钢琴弹的就越好。(the more) 3.只有当你理解领会了这种知识,才能记住它。( Only ) 4.如何保护我们的视力是个重要的问题,每个青少年都应该知道答案。(whose) 5.毫无疑问,小时候没有受过教育的父母经常叮嘱他们的孩子要好好读书。( access )

II. Guided Writing

Directions: Write an English composition in 120-150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese.(注意:不必逐字翻译中文,文章中不得出现本人真实的姓名与学校) 高考改革后的首次上海春考,允许应届生参加,这是对多元录取方式的一次新探索。作为一名 高三应届生,你如何看待此次春考?你的作文应包括以下内容: 1 简述你对此次春考的看法 2 说明你参加或不参加的理由。 (春考:Spring College Entrance Examination; 应届生:fresh graduate)

2015 金山区一模参考答案及解析
25 【参考答案】but 【考查内容】连词 【试题解析】难度适中。根据句子与句子之间的关系,两句之间的逻辑关系是转折,可以根据后面 的 still 做出判断。 26 【参考答案】who 【考查内容】定语从句 【试题解析】难度适中,主句中插入了一个定语从句,先行词是 someone, 从句缺主语 27 【参考答案】because 【考查内容】连词 【试题解析】难度较大,易错,考查句子逻辑关系,根据句子表达的内容应翻译成因为。 28 【参考答案】is thought 【考查内容】谓语

【试题解析】难度适中,易错,要用一般现在时的被动语态 29 【参考答案】used 【考查内容】非谓语动词的过去分词 【试题解析】难度适中,易错,句子里已有谓语动词 is, 所以要填非谓语动词,用作定语,所以用过 去分词 30 【参考答案】instead of 【考查内容】连词 【试题解析】难度适中,两空的连词平时多给学生进行归纳,这边主要表达的意思是而不是,代替 的意思,所以是 instead of 31 【参考答案】an 【考查内容】冠词 【试题解析】难度适中,考查冠词内容,可数名词单数前面注意冠词的使用,expression 第一个音节 发元音,所以填 an 32 【参考答案】it 【考查内容】代词 【试题解析】难度适中,谓语动词后面缺少了宾语,应用代词,根据前面的名词表达,应用单数it 33 【参考答案】what 【考查内容】宾语从句 【试题解析】难度适中,放在动词后的从句是宾语从句,根据句子成分分析,从句中缺少了宾语, 应用 what 34 【参考答案】was growing 【考查内容】动词时态 【试题解析】难度较难,分析句子为时间状语从句,另外主句部分用的是一般过去时,从句用 when

引导的,根据 when 的用法,推断出用过去进行时 35 【参考答案】worse 【考查内容】形容词副词比较级最高级 【试题解析】难度适中,根比较级据语法填空规则,形容词部分要填比较级和最高级,根据句意应 是 36 【参考答案】could 【考查内容】情态动词 【试题解析】难度适中。此空后面为动词原型,分析句子不缺成分,因此填情态动词,再根据句意 和时态,应填 could,能够 37 【参考答案】feeling 【考查内容】非谓语中的动名词 【试题解析】难度适中,非谓语的动名词主要在句子表示伴随状语 38 【参考答案】even if/though 【考查内容】连词 【试题解析】难度适中,易错,句与句之间缺连词,根据意思和逻辑关系,表示虽然,又为两空连 词,所以填 even if/though 39 【参考答案】when 【考查内容】连词 【试题解析】难度较难,考察状语从句连词的选择,根据句意应该是时间状语从句,填 when 40 【参考答案】to find 【考查内容】非谓语中的动词不定式 【试题解析】难度适中,考查句型 be 动词+形容词后用用动词不定式后置定语。

41 【参考答案】K 【考查内容】词汇在固定搭配的运用。 【试题解析】 此题判断词性为动词, 并且 before 后面是 ing 形式, 只有 K 为这个形式, 而且 head backto 为返回的意思,符合句意。 42 【参考答案】H 【考查内容】词汇在具体语境中的运用。 【试题解析】此题判断词性为副词,只有 HI 为这个形式,根据句意,“回家作业已经日渐成为一个 工具”。 43 【参考答案】E 【考查内容】词汇在具体语境中的运用。 【试题解析】此题判断词性为名词,只有 ACEJ,根据前面的动词 brige 以及后面的 between,只能 选择 E 44 【参考答案】A 【考查内容】词汇在具体语境中的运用。 【试题解析】此题判断词性为名词,结合前面的句意,老师布置作业,所以就是选 A 45 【参考答案】G 【考查内容】词汇在具体语境中的运用。 【试题解析】此题判断词性为形容词,只有 FG 符合条件,根据句意“生活不应该是考试,对于学 生重要的是要多才多艺”所以选 G 46 【参考答案】J 【考查内容】词汇在具体语境中的运用。

【试题解析】此题判断词性为名词,只有 CJ 符合条件,根据前面的动词 do,只能选择 J 47 【参考答案】B 【考查内容】词汇在具体语境中的运用。 【试题解析】此题判断词性为动词,而且是原形,只有 BD 符合条件,根据句子应该是 describe the passage,不能说 say the passage,所以选择 B 48 【参考答案】D 【考查内容】词汇在具体语境中的运用。 【试题解析】此题判断词性为动词,后面加了一句宾语从句,只能选择 D 49 【参考答案】C 【考查内容】词汇在具体语境中的运用。 【试题解析】此题有一定难度,学生容易选成副词,先是看 feel 后面肯定是加一个词组,因为不会 feel increased,所以可以判断出 increased 做后面名词的定语,再根据后面的介词 on,以及句意,得出 答案为 C pressure 50 【参考答案】F 【考查内容】词汇在具体语境中的运用。 【试题解析】此题判断词性为形容词或者动词过去分词,只有 F 符合条件

51-55 51【参考答案】C 【考查内容】上下文联系 【试题解析】注意第一句话有一个 national exhibition, 所以选择 C

52【参考答案】D 【考查内容】定语从句

【试题解析】前面的名词为 London,是个地点名词,所以 BC 排除,因为从句不缺主语以及宾语,所 以选 D

53【参考答案】A 【考查内容】名词 【试题解析】可以从后面一句的文化交流等看出选择 A

54【参考答案】C 【考查内容】副词 【试题解析】注意前一句话说到工业化,那这句话肯定是强调所着重的东西,所以选择 C 55【参考答案】B 【考查内容】定语从句 【试题解析】后面的从句表明的是各国的科学技术等被放置到一起,那就是一个展出的平台,所以 选择 B 56-60 56【参考答案】B 【考查内容】名词 【试题解析】这题可以采用排除法,A 是表现的意思,B 是象征,形象的意思,C 是阐述的意思,D 是观点的意思,所以根据 stem from 起源于,所以选择 B

57【参考答案】C 【考查内容】上下文联系 【试题解析】从第一段的最后一句话就可以得出这个答案

58【参考答案】B 【考查内容】形容词 【试题解析】从后面的话可以得出,主题是 mankind, 所以是特定的主题

59【参考答案】A 【考查内容】形容词 【试题解析】前后句子转折,后面的意思是不再是最主要的一个项目了,所以前半句应该是说还是

很重要 60【参考答案】D 【考查内容】形容词 【试题解析】因为这段在讲解文化的交流,所以文化交流以及解决方案的交流已经成为了非常明确 的元素,其他句意不通顺 61-65 61【参考答案】C 【考查内容】名词 【试题解析】从文章句意可以推测,展览馆成为了一种广告活动

62【参考答案】B 【考查内容】连词 【试题解析】注意这句话后面有个 also,那就是递进的关系,所以选择 B

63【参考答案】D 【考查内容】副词 【试题解析】注意这段第一句有个单词 bidding(投标,出价),所以相类似的是 D 64【参考答案】A 【考查内容】动词 【试题解析】这里根据句意只能选择 A 65【参考答案】B 【考查内容】名词 【试题解析】根据句意市民努力要把这个世界展览会带到美国 66-69 66【参考答案】A 【考查内容】推断题 【试题解析】本题较为简单,从第一段“people all over the country also go mad trying to predict the winner.”,以及 even 这个单词的语气可以推断出 A 的答案 67【参考答案】B 【考查内容】推断题 【试题解析】 本题较为难, 学生容易选 C, 因为在最后第二段说这个人猜对了很多, 但是第二段 “Buffet

announced that he’ll give $1 billion (6.1billion yuan) to anyone in the US who can correctly predict the winners of all 63 games this year”得出要全部猜对才能拿到奖金,所以 C 排除,B 选项可以从第三段 “In offices and classrooms all over the US, people compete to fill out the most accurate bracket. Some people compete for prizes, like money or expensive gifts, while others do it for personal glory.”得出答案

68【参考答案】C 【考查内容】语义辨析题 【试题解析】可以从“I didn’t overanalyze it,” he told ESPN, “I just kind of went with my gut.””没有分 析,只是凭我的直觉 69【参考答案】B 【考查内容】推断题 【试题解析】本题比较容易,可以从文章的写法看出,A 是乐观的,B 是幽默的,C 是批判的,D 是怀疑的,只能选择 B 70-73 70【参考答案】D 【考查内容】细节题 【试题解析】从表格的第一个空里“$500.00. Maximum stored value.”得出答案 D 71【参考答案】C 【考查内容】细节题 【试题解析】本题较难,依据很容易找,但是文章中是 3rd Quarter 2015,学生不太明白这个意思, 所以容易选错 72【参考答案】C 【考查内容】推断题 【试题解析】本题比较难,可以从最后一个空里找,◆With the new ez-link card, you will need at least $3 in your card fore you can start your journey on the MRT/LRT. ◆This value ensures that you have the required fare when you exit the gate, even for the longest train journey. 从中可以 得出答案,学生容易选 D,因为被 it is a reminder that you have less than $5 in your card. 误导 73【参考答案】B 【考查内容】推断题 【试题解析】本题是主旨题,根据第一段得出,在推行这个新卡,所以选择 B 74-77

74【参考答案】B 【考查内容】细节题 【试题解析】本题较简单,可以从第一段“How does someone step up to a cash machine and withdraw money from an account holder half world away? Even when the debit card is still in the victim’s wallet? It is easy, actually, say experts. The recipe for creating fake cards is right there on the Internet.”得出答案 75【参考答案】D 【考查内容】细节题 【试题解析】 本题较简单, 先找到 encloder 这个单词在第四段, 然后 “Encoders actually write information onto that mysterious piece of magnetic tape on the back of the card.”得出答案 76【参考答案】D 【考查内容】推荐题 【试题解析】本题较难,学生可以采用排除法,AB 肯定是错的,而且这篇文章这个“white card” 贯穿了全文,所以选择 D

77【参考答案】D 【考查内容】推断题 【试题解析】本题问的是下面的篇章会写什么,那就从最后一段看,他讲述了我可以容易的取别人 钱,所以后面肯定讲述保护好自己的钱财以及信息

78.答案:people eating far too much 解析:根据题干的关键词“disease”可以把答案定位在第二段 The problem arise because most of us are eating far too much.,然后进行修整,因为后面只能加短语

79.答案:It contains other sources of goodness. 解析:根据题干的关键词“balance”可以把答案定位在第四段 This sugar can play a role in making us overweight but fruit is also bursting with other sources of goodness

80. 答案:proteins and vitamins 解析:根据题干的关键词“carbohydrates”可以把答案定位在倒数第二段 because they also contain useful amounts of other nutrients such as proteins and vitamins.’

81. 答案:Because people feel pleasure when using sugar. 解析:根据题干的关键词“habit form”可以把答案定位在倒数一段“We have special taste receptors for sugars on our tongue,” he explains. “ Sweet tastes give us pleasure, unlike bitter and acidic flavors.”

翻译 1.【参考答案】Nowadays, shopping online is very popular with young people. 【考查内容】词组 be popular with 【试题解析】网上购物是 shopping online 2.【参考答案】The more exercise you do, the better you can play the piano. 【考查内容】句型 The more…., the more…… 【试题解析】弹钢琴是 play the piano 3.【参考答案】Only when you understand this knowledge can you remember it. 【考查内容】Only 倒装 【试题解析】Only +状语倒装,时间状语是 when you understand the knowledge, 主句部分倒装 can you … 4. 【参考答案】 How to protect our eyesight is an important question whose answer to every teenager should know. 【考查内容】定语从句 【试题解析】主句是“如何保护我们的视力”,要找到 whose 的放置地点,只能放在 question 后面, 所以还要注意 answer to the question, 所以从句中 to 不能漏 5.【参考答案】There is no doubt that those parents who had no access to education in their childhood often ask their children to study hard. 【考查内容】There is no doubt that …..; have no access to;定语从句 【试题解析】先把毫无疑问的句式写好,“小时候。。”做父母的后置定语


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