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Unit 3 Period Three


Unit 3

Science and nature

Period Three
基础自测 要点探究 写作专题

Task

自主学习 落实基础知识 探究重点 互动撞击思维 Writing a letter of advice

基础自测

自主学

习 落实基础知识

重点单词

1. relation n.
relate vt.

关系;亲戚
把??联系起来

2. conduct vt.
3. majority n. major adj. v i.

实施;指挥乐队
多数,大多数

主要的;多数的;
主修

4. summary n.
5. consideration n. consider vt.

总结;概括,概要
仔细考虑;必须考虑的因素;体谅,顾及

思考,考虑
答案

6. hunger n.

饥饿;饥荒 饥饿的 普通的,一般的 可依靠的,可信赖的 依靠,依赖;信任,信赖 精确的,准确的 短时间的,短暂的;简洁的,简单的 真实的,实际的 事实上,实际地 证实,证明;确认;使确信
答案

hungry adj.
7. ordinary adj. 8. reliable adj. rely vi. 9. accurate adj. 10. brief adj. 11. actual adj. actually adv. 12. confirm vt.& vi.

重点短语 1. follow in one’s footsteps 2. in summary 3. take...into consideration 效仿某人 总的来说,概括起来 认真考虑

答案

好句积累 1.We can clone a cow so that it will produce high-quality milk. 我们可以克隆一头牛,以便于生产出高质量的牛奶。 2.In a discussion,you not only give information but also ask others to give you information. 在一个讨论中,你不仅提供信息,也请求其他人为你提供信息。 3.I would be grateful if you could... 如果你能??我将不胜感激。

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要点探究

探究重点 互动撞击思维

1.

I understand that other countries have already begun

trying to clone human beings,but this does not mean that we should follow in their footsteps. 我明白其他国家已经开始尝试克隆人类,但这并不意味着我们 应该效仿他们。

归纳拓展
follow in one’s footsteps效仿某人

follow one’s example=follow the example of sb.以某人为榜样
follow the instructions按照说明

as follows如下,如下所述

语境助记

(1)She works in television,following in her father’s footsteps.
她继承了父亲的事业,在电视行业工作。

(2)The father doesn’t want his children to follow his example.
父亲不希望孩子们以他为榜样。

(3)Follow the instructions very carefully when filling in the form.
请按照说明仔细填写表格。

题组训练
(1)We should follow the example of ( 以 ?? 为榜样 ) our parents ,

giving more and taking less.
(2)This code could also be written as follows .

这样的代码也可以写成如下的样子。

答案

(3)After graduation,he worked as a lawyer, C .
A.to follow in his father’s steps

B.to follow his father’s advice
C.following in his father’s steps

D.followed his father
解析 句意为:毕业后,他继承了他父亲的事业,做了一名律师。

he与follow存在逻辑上的主谓关系,故用现在分词表主动;follow in
one’s steps步某人后尘,继承某人的事业。

解析答案

2.

I am sure that if you conducted a survey among UK

citizens,it would show that the majority of people would not
support this type of scientific research.

我确信如果你在英国民众中做一次调查的话,结果将表明大多
数人不支持这种类型的科学研究。

归纳拓展
(1)conduct vt.实施;指挥乐队;n.行为,举止;管理方法
conduct yourself...(formal)举止,表现

(2)majority n.多数,大多数
in the majority占大多数

major adj.主要的;n.主修(课程);v.主修
注意:“the majority of+复数名词”作主语时,谓语动词用复数;

其后接不可数名词时,谓语动词用单数;单独使用时,谓语动词用
单、复数均可。

语境助记
(1)Who will you arrange for to conduct the concert?

你将安排谁来指挥这次音乐会?
(2)Your children conduct themselves well.

你的孩子们表现甚佳。
(3)The majority of us lads are professional drivers.

我们大多数小伙子是专业司机。
(4)The majority is/are young people.

大多数是年轻人。
(5)At present,I major in Software Engineering at a common university. 目前,我在一所很普通的大学,主修软件工程。

题组训练
(1)The majority of the work has been finished (已完成). (2)Men are in the majority (占多数) in college. (3)Experiments of this kind before the Second World War. A.conducted C.had been conducted 解析 B.was conducted D.had conducted C well in both the U.S.and Europe long

句意为:在二次世界大战之前这种实验在欧洲和美国进行得很好。

the Second World War发生在过去,又因为before“在??之前”,所以

表示的是“过去的过去”,Experiments of this kind与conduct是被动关
系,故用过去完成时的被动语态。
解析答案

(4)As we all know, D of people are in favor of having only one child in a family now. A.most C.majority B.the most D.the majority

解析 表示“大多数,大部分”时,可以用“most of the(或其他限定 词)+名词”或“a/the majority of+名词”,故选D项。

解析答案

3.

In summary,I insist that you take the opinions of the people

of the UK into consideration,and end this practice immediately. 总之,我坚持认为你要考虑全英国人的想法,立即结束这件事。

归纳拓展
(1)take...into consideration把??考虑在内
in consideration of考虑到;由于;作为对??的报酬

under consideration在考虑中
(2)considering prep.鉴于,就??而言
?n . ? ?doing ? +to do ?wh(3)consider+ ? ?that从句 ?宾语+?to be? n./adj. ? ?sb.to have done sth.认为某人做了某事 ?

语境助记
(1)There are several things to take into consideration when you are
searching.

当你搜索信息时,请考虑以下几点。
(2)We must consider what to do next.

我们必须考虑下一步怎么办。
(3)He’s considering studying abroad.

他正考虑出国留学。

题组训练
(1)用所给词的正确形式填空 ①He is considered to have invented (invent) the fish washing machine. ②—What are you up to? —I’m considering solving (solve) the demanding problem. ③ Considering (consider) the strength of the opposition,we did very well to score two goals.

答案

(2)一句多译
人们觉得他是傻瓜。

①People consider him (as/to be) a fool.
②He is considered as/to be a fool.

③ It is considered that he is a fool.

答案

(3)It is acknowledged that an iphone5, B

to be the most useful and

fashionable,is what many teenagers are dying for. A.consider C.considering B.considered D.to be considered

解析 句子主语iphone5和动词consider是被动关系,故选B。

解析答案

4. For
animals.

example , cloned animals are not very healthy—they

nearly always live brief, painful lives compared with ordinary 例如,克隆的动物并不健康——与普通动物相比,它们的一生更 短暂、更痛苦。

归纳拓展
brief adj.短时间的,短暂的;简洁的,简单的
? in brief ? ? 简言之,简单地说;总之 to be brief ? briefly speaking?

语境助记
(1)Please be brief. 请简洁地说。 (2)In brief,your work is badly done. 总之,你工作做得不好。

题组训练
(1)句型转换

The journalist reported the accident without details.
→The journalist reported the accident in brief .

(2)Please give a brief summary/conclusion ( 简 要 的 总 结 ) of your
opinions.

(3)The president paid a brief visit to (短暂的访问) Europe.

答案

5.

Therefore , we cannot confirm that food from cloned

animals is really safe for humans to eat. 因此,我们不能证明人类食用来自克隆动物的食物是安全的。 归纳拓展
confirm vt.& vi.证实,证明;确认;使确信 confirm sb.in...使某人在??方面更加坚定 confirm sb.in the belief that...使某人坚信?? It is/has been confirmed that...已经确定??

语境助记
(1)You’d better confirm your flight reservation at latest 3 days in

advance.
你最好至少提前三天确定一下你预定的航班。

(2)This latest information confirms me in the belief that he is to
blame.

这一则最新消息使我坚信他该受到责备。

题组训练
(1)This confirmed her in her dream .

这使她坚定了她的梦想。
(2) It has been confirmed that all had passed the math exam.

已经确定所有的人数学考试都及格了。

答案

(3)—When does your plane take off? —At 3:00 p.m.tomorrow.I’ve just called the airport to D it. A.intend C.organize 解析 B.argue D.confirm

句意为:——你的飞机什么时候起飞?——明天下午三点。我

刚刚打电话给机场确认。 intend 打算; argue 争论; organize 组织; confirm确认。

解析答案

(4)Before you

B

the design of this product,you need to study the

market carefully. A.memorise C.order 解析 B.confirm D.express

句意为:在你证实这个产品的设计之前,你需要认真研究一下

市场。memorise记住;confirm证实;order命令;express表达。

解析答案

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写作专题

Writing a letter of advice

写作指导 建议信是向收信人对某事提出写信人的建议或忠告。建议可以是
写给个人的,就某些问题提出自己的看法或建议;也可以是写给单位

或机构的,这类信往往就改进其目前的不合理现状提出建议或忠告。
建议信要写出提建议的原因,建议的内容,以及如果被采纳可能

会出现的积极结果。提出理由一定要合情合理,语气要委婉。建议信
的写作要简明扼要、目的明确,具有合理性和说服力。

建议信的写作步骤: 首段:表明写作意图。陈述事由,简单介绍自己,注意语气要 委婉。 主体段落:应该首先肯定对方的优点,然后再写需要改进的地 方或针对具体情况提出具体建议或忠告。千万注意不要让别人以为 你是在投诉或说教,而不是提建议。 结尾段:对提出的建议进行总结,展望建议被采纳后的良好结 果,要注意有礼貌使被建议者容易接受。

友情提醒:写作这类题目时,考生要注意不要跑题,因为这类 题很有可能写成议论文,如“ 我认为一 ??二 ??,所以要如何如 何 ”。考生应该时刻记得书信的交际功能,要考虑到收信人的感受。 在给对方提建议时应该不时的说到 I和 you,要让人时刻感受到这是 一种交流。

常用句型: 1.我写信的目的是……:I’m writing to... 2.很遗憾我听说……/我知道你在……方面有困难 I’m sorry to hear/know that you have some difficulty/trouble/ problems with sth./in doing sth.

3.我的建议是??: (1)May I suggest that you should...? (2)I wish... (3)I really hope that... (4)What about...? (5)How about...? (6)My suggestions are as follows. (7)It is my pleasure to offer you some advice on... (8)When it comes to such a situation,I would like to suggest that you should...

4.如果你采纳了我的建议,情况会有所改观的。 The situation is easy to change if you follow/take my advice. 5.对某人来说,干??是明智的。 It is advisable for sb.to do sth.

典例展示
假设你是高中生李华,有感于校园中存在的随意涂写和乱丢垃圾的不 文明行为,请用英文给校长写一封150词左右的信,信中包括以下内容: 1.写信的目的;

2.对这些行为进行批评;
3.提出建议。

参考词汇:随意涂写to scribble;乱丢垃圾to litter

写作步骤 一、谨慎审题,合理谋篇
1.时态:一般现在时

2.人称:第一、三人称
3.写作目的:针对现象,提出建议,以维护校园形象。

4.文章布局:
(1)陈述校园里的不文明行为,及其造成的后果;

(2)提出自己的感受和建议;
(3)总结全文,表达自己的愿望。

二、列出要点,初步成稿
1.我写信的目的是请您注意我们校园的一些不文明行为:随意涂写和

乱丢垃圾。
(1)我写信的目的是I am writing to...

(2)吸引??的注意力draw...attention to...
(3)随意涂写和乱丢垃圾scribbling and littering

2.这使得我们的校园脏乱不堪,有损于我们学校的形象。
(1)使某人/某物……make sb./sth....

(2)对??有害do harm to...

3.一个学生乱扔垃圾,乱写乱画是很不合适的。
对某人来说做某事是不合适的It’s not appropriate for sb.to do sth.

4.同时,我们应该鼓励学生养成好习惯更好地约束自己的行为。
(1)与此同时at the same time/meantime/meanwhile

(2)鼓励某人做某事encourage sb.to do sth.
(3)约束自己behave oneself

5. 我相信在我们师生的共同努力下,我们的学校在不久的将来会变 成一个更宜人的地方。 (1)在??的共同努力下with the joint efforts of... (2)在不久的将来in the near future (3)一个更宜人的地方a more enjoyable place

三、巧用连接,通顺全篇

Dear Mr.Headmaster,
I am Li Hua,a student from Class 1,Senior Ⅱ.I am writing to

draw your attention to some improper behavior among us students on
our campus : littering and scribbling , which makes our school a

dirty and unpleasant place to study in and does great harm to the
image of our school.I always feel ashamed whenever I see this.

It is clearly not appropriate for a student to litter and scribble
about.I wonder if the school could place more dustbins around and set

up specific rules against such behavior.At the same time,students
should be encouraged to develop good habits and better behave

themselves.
I believe that,with the joint efforts of both teachers and students,

our school will become a more enjoyable place in the near future.
Thank you for your consideration.

Yours faithfully,
Li Hua
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