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【开学大礼包】2013届高考英语一轮复习 Unit3TheMillionPoundBankNote限时训练 新人教版必修3


Unit 3
(时间:30 分钟 满分:40 分) Ⅰ.单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 1.— Sorry, but I still don't quite understand that phrase. — OK,let me make another sentence to________its meaning. A.bring

about C.bring out B.bring up D.bring in

答案 C [考查动词词义辨析。bring about 导致;引起;bring up 抚养;教育;bring out 生产;阐明; bring in 提出;引入。句意:——对不起,可是我仍然不明白那个短语的意思。——好的,我再造一个 句子来阐明它的含义。] 2.Only under special circumstances________to take make?up tests. A.are freshmen permitted B.permitted are freshmen C.freshmen are permitted D.are permitted freshmen 答案 A [考查倒装句的用法。only 修饰状语位于句首句子用倒装结构。句意:只有在特殊的条件下一

年级新生才被允许参加补考。] 3.—Do you mind me putting your photo on the Internet? —________. A.Yes, go ahead, please B.No, I do mind C.I'd rather you didn't D.No, I'd love to 答案 C [I'd rather you didn't.你最好别这样做。符合语境及句意。] 4.—I wonder why he has been acting so strangely these days. —Recent pressure at work may________his behavior. A.account for C.change for B.call for D.stand for

答案 A [考查动词短语的辨析。account for 解释;说明;call for 需要;要求;change for 替换; 更换;stand for 代表。由语境可知 A 项正确。句意:——我想知道他最近的行为为什么这么怪。——最 近工作上压力可能会说明这一原因。] 5.—Do you know how I can________him? —On his mobile phone. A.learn B.reach C.seek D.touch

答案 B [考查动词词义辨析。learn 学习;得知;reach 到达;抵达;此处指联系;seek 寻找;touch
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触摸。由语境可知 B 项正确。句意:——你知道我怎么能联系到他么?——打他的手机。] 6.The company can't afford to buy the latest equipment at present.________,they keep trying new ways to improve efficiency. A.On the contrary C.Nevertheless B.In contrast D.Furthermore

答案 C [考查插入语辨析。on the contrary 相反地;in contrast 对比;nevertheless 不过;然而; furthermore 而且。句意:公司目前买不起最新的设备,尽管如此,他们在不停的尝试提高效率。两句话 之间存在让步关系,故选 nevertheless。] 7.The theme park offers a wide________of activities for the tourists.(2012·黄冈质检) A.circle B.amount C.range D.quantity

答案 C [考查名词词义辨析。circle 圆;圆形;amount 数量;range 范围;一系列;quantity 数量。a wide range of 一系列的。句意:这家主题公园为游客提供一系列的活动。] 8.The policemen arrived and soon________the house in which the robbers hid themselves. A.locked B.placed C.spotted D.ruined

答案 C [考查动词词义的辨析。lock(用锁)锁上;被锁住;place 放置;spot 看见;注意到;ruin 毁坏。 由语境可知 C 项正确。句意:警察到了并很快就看到了那所抢劫犯隐藏的房子。] 9.—How often do you visit your parents in the country? —I feel ashamed.________. A.Very often C.Just once in a while B.By accident D.All of a sudden

答案 C [考查情景交际。由上句的 feel ashamed 可知“只是偶尔去看看。”just once in a while 偶 尔;by accident 偶然地;all of a sudden 突然地。句意:——你隔多久去看望你在乡下的父母?—— 很不好意思,我只是偶尔去看看。] 10.Our attitude towards life is________makes the difference between our being happy or not. A.that B.whether C.what D.which

答案 C [考查名词性从句的引导词。 分析句子结构可知, 从句缺少主语, which 表范围, 而 不符合句意。 ] 11.What impresses me most is________he appears in front of others, he always wears a charming smile. A.when C.wherever B.that D.that whenever

答案 D [that 引导表语从句时不省略。whenever 引导时间状语从句,意为“无论何时”。句意: 给我 留下印象最深的是无论什么时候他出现在别人面前他都面带迷人的微笑。] 12.After losing a large amount of money on my last business,I'm not________this time. A.taking a chance C.taking on
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B.taking away D.taking off
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答案 A [考查动词短语的辨析。take a chance 冒险;take away 带走;take on 呈现;take off 起飞; 脱下。句意:上一次生意我损失了一大笔钱,这次我不能再冒险了。] 13.This football player was accused of taking money for not scoring goals________. A.by chance C.in turn B.on end D.on purpose

答案 D [考查介词短语的辨析。by chance 碰巧;on end 竖着;连续地;in turn 反过来;on purpose 故意地。句意:这位足球队员被指控收了别人的钱而故意不进球。] 14.—Is that the small town you often refer to? —Right, just the one________you know I used to work for years.(2012·东北三校联考) A.that B.which C.where D.what

答案 C [考查定语从句的引导词。句中 you know 为插入语,where 在从句中作状语。句意:——那就 是你经常提到的那个小镇吗?——是的,你知道那就是我过去在那儿工作了好多年的地方。] 15.The trip to the mountain reminded me of the________of my childhood when I lived in the countryside. A.views B.scenes C.scenery D.sights

答案 B [考查名词词义的辨析。view 观点;景色;scene 场景;scenery 风景;sight 名胜;风景。句 意:到那座山上去旅游使我想起了住在乡下的童年时代。] Ⅱ.阅读理解(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) A car made from a banana Have you experienced a car made from a banana or a pineapple?It's not a joke.Scientists in Brazil have developed a new way to use fibers from fruit plants to reinforce car plastics. By using fibers from seemingly delicate fruits such as bananas and pineapples,the scientists claim that they can strengthen new plastics,making them not only stronger and lighter,but more sustainable(可持续的)as well. “They(the new plastics)are light,but very strong—30 percent lighter and three to four times stronger than old plastics,”research leader Alcides Leao from Sao Paulo State University in Brazil told the American Chemical Society.Some of the fibers can be as strong as Kevlar,a

super?strong material used to make bulletproof vests.Besides, plastics are also more resistant the to damage from heat,water,oxygen and even spilled gasoline. Cellulose(纤维素)is the main component(成分)of wood and has been used for centuries to make paper.Recently scientists have discovered that intensive(密集的)processing of wood releases tiny or nano?cellulose fibers, tiny that 50,000 could fit across the width of a single human hair.When so mixed with other raw materials,these nano?cellulose fibers can make plastics stronger. According to Leao,pineapple leaves and stems(茎),and a plant related to the pineapple in South America,called curaua,rather than wood may be the most promising source for nano?cellulose.To
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create the plastics,researchers put the leaves and stems of pineapples and other plants into a device similar to a pressure cooker.Then they added certain chemicals and heated the mixture over several cycles,producing a powder that was then added to the plastics. The process is costly,but it takes just 1 pound of nano?cellulose to produce 100 pounds of super?strong,lightweight plastics,Leao pointed out. Some car makers have already tested these nano?cellulose plastics and scientists have predicted the plastics would be in use within two years,mainly for bodies for cars. 【解题导语】 本文是一篇有关科普产品的介绍。作者介绍了一种新型的超强、轻型塑料产品的优势以及 对此产品的展望。 16 . The underlined word “reinforce”in to“________”. A.take the place of B.make something stronger C.increase the percentage of D.get rid of 答案 B [词义猜测题。根据第二段中的“strengthen new plastics,making them not only stronger” 可知 reinforce 的意思相当于 strengthen,故 B 项是最佳答案。] 17.Which of the following statements about the nano?sized fruit fiber is TRUE? A.It is used to make bulletproof vests. B.It is used to replace steel and aluminum automotive parts. C.It can resist damage from heat,water or oxygen. D.Leao thinks it is better than nano?cellulose from wood. 答案 D [细节理解题。根据第三段可知用作防弹背心的是另外一种材料 Kevlar,故排除 A 项。B 项在文 章中没提到。C 项不是说“nano?sized fruit fiber”的,而是说用它们制成的新塑料的特征的。根据第 五段中的“...rather than wood may be the most promising source for nano?cellulose”可判断出 D 项正确。] 18.According to the article,which of the following is the correct order that researchers produced super?strong,lightweight plastics? a.put pineapple leaves and stems into a device similar to a pressure cooker b.a powder is formed c.add some powders to the plastics d.add certain chemicals and heat the mixture over several cycles A.b,c,a,d C.b,a,c,d B.a,b,c,d D.a,d,b,c the first paragraph is closest in meaning

答案 D [细节理解题。第五段介绍了制造这种塑料的加工过程。首先把菠萝的叶子和茎及一种和菠萝相
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关的植物放入像压力锅一样的设备中,然后放入化学原料,加热几次,形成能被填入塑料中的粉状物。由 此可知 D 项是最佳答案。] 19.We can conclude from the article that nano?cellulose________. A.costs too much to produce B.is the best if produced from wood C.is about the width of a single human hair D.is currently being tested to build bodies for cars 答案 D [细节理解题。第六段介绍 1 磅的 nano?cellulose 就能生产 100 磅的这种塑料,由此可知 A 项 错误。第五段第一句话告诉我们来自于木头中的 nano?cellulose 并不是最好的原材料,故 B 项错误。根 据第四段中的“...so tiny that 50,000 could fit across the width of a single human hair...” 可知 C 项错误。根据最后一段可判断出 D 项正确。] 20.The writer holds ________ attitude toward the new plastics. A.positive B.negative C.indifferent D.objective

答案 A [态度推断题。第一段中作者以问句开头,引出了他想介绍的新产品,再根据第一段中的“It's not a joke.”可知作者相信这种产品的可靠性,从最后一段我们也可看出作者对这种产品持肯定态度。] Ⅲ.阅读表达(共 5 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 15 分) [1]Queuing, warm beer and afternoon tea—what do they have in common? They are all part of British life, or so I thought. However, the ability to queue for long periods of time, once believed to be a typical traditional characteristic of the British, is no longer tolerated by people in the UK, according to a survey done by the Payments Council. It would seem they are no longer prepared to wait in line. [2]Once upon a time, queuing was seen as normal. During the Second World War, everyone had to queue up to receive their daily ration(配给)of foods. In fact, if you didn't stand up and wait in line with all the others, it was________uncivilized (不文明).The famous English double?decker buses, with only one entrance, might also help explain why queuing was seen as a part of life. Almost always, there is a queue to get on. [3]But perhaps the British are tired of being pushed by the Spanish, the Italians or the French as they queue up to get a table at a restaurant. The people of these other European countries have more than one entrance to their buses, which could explain their more relaxed attitude to the queue. [4]Two minutes is now the longest time most British are prepared to stand and wait. But could it be that the Internet, which allows us to carry out tasks quickly, is the main reason why British people are no longer prepared to queue? As the Internet has become more popular among shoppers, impatience with queuing has increased. [5]“Used to buying without delay, customers are even abandoning purchases rather than wait their
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turn



”says

Stuart

Neal

of

Barclaycard.“Shoppers_are_also_less_likely_to_queue_for_longer_if_the_item_they_are_buying _is_of_low_value.”Perhaps I will have to replace“queuing”with“impatience”in my list of things I associate with the British. 21.What is the main idea of the text? (no more than 8 words) ________________________________________________________________________ 答案 British people are no longer prepared to queue/Britain can't wait any more. 22.Which of the fol1owing can be replaced by the following one? In the past queuing was thought to be a traditional feature of the British, but now they can't stand it any more. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案 However,the ability to queue for long periods of time,once believed to be a traditional characteristic of the British, is no longer tolerated by people in the UK. 23.Fill in the blank in Paragraph 2 with proper phrases.(no more than 4 words) ________________________________________________________________________ 答案 seen as/viewed as/considered(to be) 24.Why do British people tend not to queue any longer? (no more than l5 words) ________________________________________________________________________ 答案 Maybe because the Internet allows them to carry out tasks quickly. 25.Translate the underlined sentence in Paragraph 5 into Chinese. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案 如果购物者买的东西价值低的话,他们也不会排很长的队。 写作素材集锦 单词 1.delicate 柔软的,精致的 2.strengthen 加强 短语 be resistant to 可以抵抗?? 句子 When mixed with other raw materials,these nano?cellulose fibers can make plastics stronger. 这些纳米纤维素与其他的原材料混合时,可以使塑料更加坚固。

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