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【开学大礼包】2013届高考英语一轮复习 Unit3AtasteofEnglishhumour限时训练 新人教版必修4


Unit 3
(时间:30 分钟 满分:40 分) Ⅰ.单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 1.He's perfectly________to live in the mountain and paint pictures all day,though he is badly off. A.curious B.proud C.anxio

us D.content

答案 D [考查形容词词义辨析。curious 好奇的;proud 骄傲的;anxious 焦急的;content 满足的。句 意:尽管他清贫,但对于能够住在大山里面整天作画,他感到非常满足。] 2. The________look on his face showed that he hadn't expected it.(2012·南郑中学高三期中) A.astonished C.being astonished 答案 A B.astonishing D.having astonished

[考查形容词作定语。astonished look(因看到、听到或知道某事而)感到震惊的表情;

astonishing look(表情本身)令人吃惊的表情。句意:他脸上吃惊的表情说明他是始料未及的。可知应选 A 项。] 3.He was robbed last night, but________he didn't have much on him then. A.fortunately C.certainly B.eventually D.surprisingly

答案 A [考查副词词义辨析。fortunately 幸运地;eventually 最终;certainly 当然;surprisingly 吃惊地。句意:昨晚他被抢了,但幸运的是当时他没带多少钱。可知应选 A 项。] 4.—Jane, Peter has got a well?paid job in a foreign company. —You mean he is________than he used to be. A.badly off C.worse off B.well off D.better off

答案 C [考查短语辨析。由句意“??你的意思是他比以前有所好转了”可知应选 better off than... 比??富有;worse off than...比??更差。] 5.Mr Green, who was________of the________speech, fell asleep.(2012·黑龙江牡丹江一中高三期 末) A.tired; boring C.tired; bored B.tiring; bored D.tiring; boring

答案 A [考查形容词用法。be tired of...对??感到厌倦的;boring speech 令人厌烦的演讲。句意: 格林先生对乏味的演讲感到厌倦,睡着了。] 6.Don't give up! If you work hard, you will________ this problem.(2012·北京京源学校高三期 中) A.defeat B.respond C.inspect D.overcome

答案 D [考查动词词义辨析。defeat 打败;击败;respond 回应;答复;inspect 视察;检察;overcome
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克服(困难)。句意:不要放弃,只要你努力,你会克服这一问题的。] 7.With the good care taken by doctors and nurses, many patients are beginning to________. A.pick out C.turn out B.turn up D.pick up

答案 D [考查动词短语辨析。A 项意为“挑选;辨认”;B 项意为“出现;露面”;C 项意为“结果(证 明)是”;D 项意为“(身体)好转”。句意:因为有医生和护士们的精心照料,很多病人都处于康复当中。 可知应选 D 项。] 8.He was in the mountain for a year. He felt as if he was________from the outside world. A.cut out C.cut up B.cut off D.cut through

答案 B [考查动词短语辨析。句意:他在山里住了一年,感觉好像与外界隔绝了一样。cut out 删去; 割掉;cut off 切断;隔绝;cut up 切开;切碎;cut through 抄近路;克服。] 9 . The volunteers try to convince people________the fact that some species are in danger of________.(2012·北京四中高三期末) A.for; dying away C.of; dying out B.about; dying down D.on; dying off

答案 C [考查固定搭配和动词短语辨析。convince sb of sth 说服某人相信某事;使某人信服某事;die away(声音、光线等)逐渐变弱;逐渐消失;die down(风、雨等)逐渐平息;变弱;die out 灭绝;绝迹; die off 相继死去;凋谢。句意:志愿者们努力使人们相信有些物种正处于频临灭绝的危险这一事实。] 10.—What's the matter, doctor? —Nothing serious.Take this medicine according to the________,and you'll get better soon. A.introductions C.advice B.explanations D.directions

答案 D [考查名词词义辨析。introduction 介绍;explanation 解释;借口;advice 建议;direction 指导;说明(常用复数)。句意:??根据说明服药,很快你就会好起来的。可知应选 D 项。] 11.Unemployment is on the increase. A growing number of young people,________,are finding themselves out of work. A.in case C.in particular B.all in all D.in total

答案 C [考查副词短语辨析。 项意为“万一”; 项意为“总之”; 项意为“尤其是”; 项意为“总 A B C D 起来”。由句意“失业正在增加,尤其是越来越多的年轻人发现他们无工作可干了。”可知应选 C 项。] 12.________,I have to put it away and focus my attention on study this week. A.However the story is amusing B.No matter amusing the story is C.However amusing the story is
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D.No matter how the story is amusing 答案 C [考查状语从句引导词的用法。 However amusing the story is=No matter how amusing the story is.句意:无论这个故事多么有意思,本周我都必须把我的注意力集中于学习之上。] 13.This is one of the explanations________people hang stockings in front of the fireplace for Father Christmas to put presents in.(2012·江苏盐城中学高三期中) A.why C.for why B.for which D.that

答案 A [考查名词性从句引导词。why 引导同位语从句修饰 explanation,并且 why 要在从句中作原因 状语。句意:这是为什么人们要在火堆的前面挂上一只袜子让圣诞老人往里放礼物的解释之一。] 14.It is reported that the government has________ the outbreak of violence by sending a large group of soldiers to police the area.(2012·湖北黄冈中学高三月考) A.gone for C.appealed to B.reacted to D.made for

答案 B [考查短语辨析。A 项意为“适应;喜爱”;B 项意为“对??做出反应;应对”;C 项意为“呼 吁;恳求”;D 项意为“走向;导致”。句意:据报道,政府已经向发生暴力的地区派出了大批士兵以维 持该地区秩序。] 15.No matter how frequently________,the works of Beenthoven still attract people all over the world. A.being performed C.to be performed B.performing D.performed

答案 D [考查状语从句的省略用法。句子主语 the works of Beenthoven 与 perform 之间是动宾关系, 故应用过去分词作状语。No matter how frequently performed 是让步状语从句 No matter how frequently the works of Beenthoven were performed 的省略形式。句意:贝多芬的作品无论演出多么频繁,都一样 能吸引世界各地的人们。] Ⅱ.阅读理解(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) If you feel at present that you don't have enough friends in your life,one reason may be that you have let yourself become too busy to spare the time for the relationships you already have.Starting and keeping friendships requires effort and commitment. Our lives let many of us become so busy with work and other things that we don't get around to scheduling time for pleasure and talking with our friends,relatives and acquaintances we already have. Making an effort to call your friends more regularly and accept more of the invitations you receive from others can improve your social life quickly! Are there any people you could call right now and are assured of a pleasant welcome?Are there people that you could count on to help you in the time of difficulty?Can you have close talks
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with them?Do you have fun when you are together?Are you happy to have them in your life? If you haven't seen most of them lately,is it because you have become too busy?Have you lived apart?Was there an argument? If the main reason that you haven't been getting together with the people you already know is that you have gotten too busy,take a good look at how you spend your time.Compare it with your real values and priorities(优先考虑的事)in life.Is your busy lifestyle really bringing you the quality of life that you want? If you have become too busy to have time for friends,why does this happen?Are you seeking material joys in your life at the expense of relationships with other human beings?Have you allowed your time to be over?committed because you never say “No” to anyone?Do you insist on doing things by yourself that could be delegated to others?If so,why?Do you believe that everything depends on you? Examine whether the way you are now spending your time accurately reflects your deepest values and priorities.Make sure that you schedule adequate time for the things that are truly most important to you. If you really want to keep friends in your life,make space in your schedule and in your heart for them. 【解题导语】 本文是一篇议论文。作者指出了友谊需要付出努力和义务,然后论证了如何赢得友谊的问 题。 16.In this passage the author mainly discusses________. A.how to balance friendships and work B.how to spend our spare time C.whether we should keep friendships D.whether we should invite friends to dinner 答案 A [主旨归纳题。通读全文可知,作者分析了人们缺少朋友的原因并给出了建议,其中最重要的就 是如何平衡友谊和工作。] 17.Which of the following doesn't indicate a good relationship? A.You have someone to count on when you are in trouble. B.You have someone to have close talks with. C.You feel depressed about others in life. D.You have fun when you are with someone. 答案 C [细节理解题。根据第四段可知 A、B、D 三项都是拥有良好人际关系的表现,只有 C 项不符合文 意。] 18.What does the underlined word “delegated” in Paragraph 7 probably mean? A.appointed
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B.replaced
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C.declined

D.handled

答案 A [词义猜测题。根据第七段中的“Do you insist on doing things by yourself that could be delegated to others?”的前后分句的逻辑关系可知“be delegated to others”和“doing things by yourself”相对应,故 delegate 是“委任,指派(某人)去做”的意思。] 19.The reasons why you have become too busy to have time for friends may be the following EXCEPT that ________. A.you spend too much time seeking material joys in your life B.you feel it difficult to keep friendships C.you stick to doing everything all by yourself D.you never refuse whatever other people ask you to do 答案 B [细节理解题。由第七段的内容可知 A、C、D 三项都是太忙而顾不上友谊的原因。] 20.Which would be the best title for the text? A.Too Busy for Friendships B.Too Busy with Work C.How to Spend Your Time? D.How to Make New Friends? 答案 A [标题归纳题。B 项只是文章提到的一个方面,不能用来概括全文;C 项和 D 项与文章的主题

“Starting and keeping friendships requires effort and commitment.”不符合,故选 A。] Ⅲ.阅读表达(共 5 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 15 分) [1]Wang Ying is among the 313 college graduates employed by Changxing County of Zhejiang Province.She is now a village official in Gangkou Village.Recently , she was awarded the ‘Agricultural Pacemaker', a prize of Zhejiang Province because she took villagers to a new level in modern agricultural development. [2]However, she had a tough time when she first came here.Wang Ying says,“our village was mainly based on traditional farming.Villagers had little knowledge about modern agriculture.Almost no one wanted to contract (订合同)the farming land when the new land system was first adopted

in 2008—thought it was my responsibility to change the situation.” [3]That was no easy job.Most villagers did not trust her at the beginning because she was a college graduate with no experience in

agriculture.She_came_up_with_the_idea_that_village_officials_take_the_lead_to_contract_part _of_the_farming_land.And Wang Ying borrowed 20,000 yuan from her parents to take part in the investment. [4]Her plan worked.Villagers soon contracted the remaining farming land to follow their village officials. They began to set up a vegetable production base and have earned a total of more than 2 million yuan after a year's hard work.
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[5]As a result,she has won the approval and trust from the villagers.One of the local officials, Sun Genfa,says,“Villagers of Gangkou Village knew nothing about modern agriculture until Wang Ying came here.________,we would not have made such achievements.” [6]When asked about plans for the future,Wang Ying says,“I will stay here.I have the confidence to make life better for the villagers.”Many college graduate village officials,like Wang Ying, are contributing greatly to the development of China's rural areas.And they are expected to accomplish more in the future. 21.What is the main idea of the text?(no more than 10 words) ________________________________________________________________________ 答案 College graduate village officials have contributed greatly to the rural areas./The

policy of college graduate village officials has worked. 22.Which sentence in the text is the closest in meaning to the following one? At first,owing to her college graduate identity and inexperience in farming,the majority of the villagers were doubtful about her. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案 Most villagers did not trust her at the beginning because she was a college graduate with no experience in agriculture. 23.Fill in the blank in Paragraph 5 with proper words.(no more than 4 words) ________________________________________________________________________ 答案 Without her (help)/But for her (help) /If she hadn't come 24.Do you want to be a village official? Give the reasons.(no more than 20 words) ________________________________________________________________________ 答案 Yes/No.( The reason varies.) 25.Translate the underlined sentence in Paragraph 3 into Chinese. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案 她有了一个想法,那就是让村官们带头签一份耕地合同。 写作素材集锦 单词 delegate 授权,指派(某人)去做 短语 1.count on sb 依靠,依赖 2.at the expense of 在牺牲??的情况下 句子 1.Starting and keeping friendships requires effort and commitment. 建立并保持友谊需要努力和责任。
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2.Make sure that you schedule adequate time for the things that are truly most important to you. 一定要安排出足够的时间做那些对你来说真正重要的事情。

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