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江苏省2013版高中英语 素能提升演练(十五) Unit3 译林牛津版必修5


素能提升演练(十五) 必修 5
Ⅰ. 用下列句型翻译句子 1. 地上湿了,昨天晚上一定下雨了。(must have done 表示对过去发生的事情作肯定推测) ____________________________________________ 2. 过马路时一定要小心。(状语从句的省略) ______________________________________

______ 3. 我们的国家越来越强大了。(比较级+and+比较级越来越??) ____________________________________________ 4. 毫无疑问我们做得对。(There is no doubt that. . . 毫无疑问??) ____________________________________________ 5. 一方面孩子们需要有组织的活动, 另一方面他们也需要时间和自由来放松自己。 (the) (on one hand. . . on the other hand 一方面??另一方面??) ____________________________________________ Ⅱ. 单项填空 1. [2012 郑州模拟]Banks was the first________ crops from one continent to another on a large scale, ________to develop local economies with new imports. A. to have moved; to help C. to move; helping B. to move; to help D. moving; helping

Unit 3

2. [2012 杭州模拟]Despite all the benefits of building a factory here, only a few people argued ________ the project. A. in terms of C. in praise of B. in need of D. in favour of

3. [2012 石家庄模拟] ________there was no conclusive evidence, most people thought he was guilty. A. When C. As long as B. As far as D. While

4. He ________ his plan for dropping out of the university regardless of his parents’ opposition.

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A. pushed along C. pushed for

B. pushed ahead with D. pushed forward

5. The poor mother, who had been ill in bed, had to have her little son________ at his uncle’s. A. adapted C. adjusted B. adopted D. applied

6. [2012 嘉兴模拟]—Was the suspect pronounced guilty? —Yes, the new evidence ________ the first witness’ story. A. confirmed C. declared B. claimed D. observed

7. [2012 合肥模拟]He stood there without daring to lift his head as a ________ of his wrong action. A. summary C. conclusion B. consequence D. effect

8. [2012 南昌模拟]Every country has the responsibility to ensure a safe, ________and healthy development of the nuclear energy. A. flexible C. available B. reliable D. acceptable

9. I would like a job which pays more, but ________ I enjoy the work I’m doing at the moment. A. in other words C. for one thing B. on the other hand D. as a matter of fact

10. [2012 潍坊模拟]My son prefers us to email each other once a week ________ spend half an hour on the phone every night. A. other than C. more than B. rather than D. instead of

11. —Could you do me a ________ and take the box up to the sixth floor? —With pleasure. No problem at all. A. favour C. pleasure
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B. good D. kindness

12. —How can you borrow my computer without my ________? —Oh, I forgot to tell you. I hope you don’t mind. A. permit C. belief B. permission D. instructions

13.[2012 沧州模拟]Exam-takers’ “virtue” will be taken into ________ in the 2012 nationwide public servants’ exam. A. focus C. consideration 14. —How about your school? —Oh, very good. You can’t find ________ one in this city. A. the better C. a better B. the best D. better B. target D. contribution

15. [2012 福州模拟]Not until he left his home ________ to know how important the family was for him. A. did he begin C. he began Ⅲ. 完形填空 [2012 泰州模拟] I always long for romantic moments, like a little girl longing for candies. However, my husband is my complete 1 . His inability to bring romantic moments into our life has made me get tired of our him that I wanted a divorce. “Why? ” he asked, “I am tired; 3 . 4 for everything in the world! ” I answered. 2 . One day, I finally told B. had he begun D. he had begun

there are no

He kept 5 , seeming to be in deep thought, with a lighted cigarette in his hand. Finally he asked, “What can I do to change your 6 ? ”

Looking deep into his eyes I slowly answered, “Let’s say, I want a flower on a mountain cliff and picking the flower will cause your me? ”
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7 . Will you do it for

He answered, “I will give you my answer tomorrow. ” I 8 the next morning, finding a piece of paper on the dining table, which read: 9 .”

“My dear, I would not pick that flower for you, but please allow me to My feeling of disappointment only “You always leave the 10 , but I continued reading:

11 keys behind, so I have to save my legs to 12

home

to open the door for you. You always like to stay indoors and I 13

that you will

feel too lonely, so I have to save my mouth to tell you jokes and stories. You always stare 14 the computer and that will do nothing 16 15 for your eyes, so I have

to save my eyes so that when we grow my dear, 17

, I can help to clip your nails. Thus,

I am sure that there is someone who loves you more than I do, I could

not pick that flower yet, and die. ” My tears fell on the 18 and I continued reading: 19 , please open

“Now that you have finished reading my answer, if you are the front door for I am standing outside milk. ” Love, not words, wins arguments. 1. A. supporter C. follower 2. A. marriage C. career 3. A. annoyed C. frightened 4. A. results reasons 5. A. easy calm 6. A. habit mind 7. A. death trouble
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your favorite bread and fresh

B. opposite D. advocate B. connection D. future B. shocked D. amused B. signs C. causes D.

B. normal

C. silent

D.

B. feeling

C. attitude

D.

B. injury

C. happiness

D.

8. A. hurried up C. woke up 9. A. love change 10. A. arose C. reduced 11. A. car house 12. A. leave 13. A. worry remind 14. A. at in 15. A. bad C. terrible 16. A. weak close 17. A. unless because 18. A. photos letter 19. A. hungry C. satisfied 20. A. buying C. heating Ⅳ. 阅读理解

B. looked up D. went up B. explain C. stay D.

B. disappeared D. increased B. office C. bicycle D.

B. walk B. think

C. rush C. believe

D. get D.

B. to

C. on

D.

B. good D. important B. ill C. old D.

B. if

C. since

D.

B. flowers

C. floor

D.

B. thirsty D. regretted B. bringing D. catching

Chelsea Clinton To Become NBC Correspondent(通讯记者) Chelsea Clinton, the 31-year-old daughter of former President Bill Clinton and Secretary of State

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Hillary Rodham Clinton, is stepping into her own spotlight. According to the New York Times, NBC has hired Clinton to become a full-time special correspondent for NBC News. Her feature stories will reportedly be used in the “Making a Difference” series, which runs on “NBC Nightly News”. The sections attract people who volunteer to improve the lives of others in their communities. When Bill Clinton won the presidency in 1992, the first lady asked the press to keep Chelsea out of the public eye. As a young adult, Chelsea continued to avoid media attention in order to attend college and quietly enter the business world. Once her mother decided to run for the presidency in 2007, however, Chelsea made hundreds of public appearances, mostly on college campuses, to support the campaign. More recently, she has worked for New York University and promoted her father’s latest book. She is currently pursuing a doctor’s degree at Oxford. Clinton is the second daughter of a president hired by NBC News; Jenna Bush Hager, daughter of former President George W. Bush, works as a correspondent for NBC’s “Today” show. 1. Chelsea Clinton continued to stay out of media attention to _______. A. improve the lives of others B. help her father in the election C. study and go to the business circle D. support her mother for the presidency 2. What does the underlined word “runs” mean in Paragraph 2? A. is shown C. is managed B. flows D. spreads

3. Which is the right order of the events? a. Chelsea helped to sell Bill Clinton’s latest book. b. Chelsea pursues her doctor’s degree. c. Chelsea supported her mother’s career. d. Chelsea was out of the public’s attention. A. d, a, c, b B. c, d, b, a
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C. c, b, d, a

D. d, c, a, b

4. According to the text, we can conclude that_______ . A. Chelsea Clinton is the second daughter of Bill Clinton B. Chelsea Clinton is in favour of her parents’ career C. Chelsea Clinton always follows her mother’s advice D. Jenna Bush Hager is a correspondent for “NBC Nightly News”

答案解析 Ⅰ. 1. The ground is wet. It must have rained last night. 2.Be careful when crossing the street. 3.Our country has become stronger and stronger. 4.There is no doubt at all that we did the right thing. 5.On (the) one hand, children need organized activities. On the other hand, they also need time and freedom to relax. Ⅱ. 1.【解析】选 C。考查非谓语动词。句意:班克斯是第一个大规模地把农作物从一个洲 运到另一个洲的人, 从而用这种新的进口物资促进了当地经济的发展。 the first to do sth. 意为“第一个做某事”,序数词后面由动词不定式作定语;helping to develop local economies with new imports 在句子中作状语,表示自然而然的结果。 2.【解析】选 D。考查短语辨析。句意:尽管在这儿建一家工厂有优势,但是只有少数人赞 成这项计划。 terms of 依据; in 按照; 在??方面, 以??措辞; need of 需要; praise in in of 赞扬;in favour of 支持,赞成。根据句意选 D。 3.【解析】选 D。考查连词。句意:尽管没有确凿的证据,但是多数人认为他有罪。while 尽管,引导让步状语从句,符合句意。when 当??的时候;as far as 远到??;据??; as long as 只要,均与题意不符。 【变式备选】 ________Stella shows a sense of humor, sometimes, she is somewhat hard to get along
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with. A. Since B. When C. As D. While

【解析】选 D。考查连词。句意:尽管斯特拉有幽默感,但有时候人们很难与她相处。while 引导让步状语从句,意为“虽然,尽管”,符合句意。 4.【解析】选 B。考查短语辨析。句意:他不顾父母的反对,毅然按照自己的计划从大学退 学了。push ahead with 义无反顾地进行,符合句意。push along 把??推向前;push for 一再强烈要求;push forward 继续前进。 5.【解析】选 B。考查动词辨析。句意:贫穷的母亲生病在床,她不得不把小儿子寄养在他 叔叔家。adapt 适应,修改,改编;adopt 收养,寄养, 采用,采纳;adjust 调整;apply 申请,应用。 6.【解析】选 A。考查动词辨析。句意:——那个犯罪嫌疑人被定罪了吗? ——是的,新的证据证明了第一个目击证人的话。confirm 证明,证实;claim 声称,认领; declare 宣布,声明;observe 观察, 注意到。 7.【解析】选 B。考查名词辨析。句意:他站在那里,因为他的错误行为而不敢抬头。as a consequence of 由于,因为,符合题意。summary 总结,概况;conclusion 结论;effect 影响, 效果。 8.【解析】选 B。考查形容词辨析。句意:每个国家都有责任确保核能源的安全、可靠、健 康发展。flexible 灵活的;reliable 可靠的,可信赖的;available 可利用的;acceptable 可接受的。根据句意可知,答案选 B。 9.【解析】选 B。考查短语辨析。句意:我想找一份薪水高的工作,但是另一方面,我很喜 欢我当前的这份工作。 other words 换句话说; the other hand 另一方面; one thing in on for 一方面;as a matter of fact 实际上。 10.【解析】选 B。考查短语辨析。句意:我儿子宁愿我们每周彼此发一次电子邮件也不愿 意每天晚上花半小时时间打电话。other than 除了;rather than 而不是;宁可??也不愿; more than 比??多,不止;instead of 代替;而不是。根据句意可知答案选 B。 【变式备选】 Some will run the risk of killing themselves and their families ________ admit they don’t know how to mend the lamp that has gone wrong. A. less than C. more than B. rather than D. other than
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【解析】选 B。考查短语辨析。句意:某些人宁愿冒着使他们自己和家人被害死的危险也不 愿意承认他们不懂得如何修理坏了的灯。 less than 比??少; rather than 而不是; more than 比??多, 不仅仅;other than 除了。rather than 引导两个并列的动词 run 和 admit。 【知识拓展】more than 的用法 (1)more than+数词,表示“比??多, 不止”。例如: More than one answer is right. 不止一个答案是正确的。 (2)more than+名词,表示“不仅仅是”。例如: We need more than material wealth to build our country. 建设我们的国家我们不仅仅 需要物质财富。 (3)more than+形容词/副词,表示“很,非常”。例如: They were more than willing to help you. 他们非常乐意帮助你。 (4)more than. . . can/could,表示“不能, 难以”,其中 more than 表示否定,相当于 not。例如: Some of the stories were really more than could be believed. 有些故事实在难以令 人相信。 11.【解析】选 A。考查名词辨析。do sb. a favour 帮某人一个忙。根据第一人所说的. . . take the box up to the sixth floor 可知 A 项符合句意。 12.【解析】选 B。考查名词辨析。句意:——你怎么能不经我的允许就借我的电脑?—— 哦,我忘了告诉你。希望你别介意。without sb. ’s permission 未经某人允许,符合句 意。permit 作名词意为“许可证”;belief 相信,信心;instructions 用法说明,均与题 意不符。 13.【解析】选 C。考查名词辨析。句意:2012 年全国公务员考试将会考虑考试人员的“道 德”因素。take. . . into consideration 考虑??;把??考虑在内。符合句意。focus 焦点;中心;target 目标;靶子;contribution 贡献;捐献;投稿。 【变式备选】 Although everything seems to have been taken into________ , an accident can happen when the astronauts walk in space. A. consideration B. reality
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C. effect

D. measure

【解析】选 A。考查名词辨析。句意:尽管所有的事情似乎已经被考虑到了,但是当宇航员 在太空行走的时候事故仍有可能发生。take sth. reality 现实;effect 效果,影响;measure 措施。 14.【解析】选 C。句意:——你的学校如何?——哦,非常好。在这个城市里你再也找不 到一个更好的了。“否定词+比较级”相当于最高级,“一个更好的学校”是泛指,故答案 选 C。 15.【解析】选 A。考查倒装结构。句意为:直到他离开家才知道家对他来说多么重要。not until 引导的从句放在句首,主句用部分倒装,答案选 A。 【变式备选】 Never ________ time come again. A. has lost C. will lost B. will lose D. lose into consideration 认真考虑某事。

【解析】选 C。考查倒装。never 等否定副词放于句首,句子用部分倒装。根据句意“失去 的时光将永不会再来”可知答案选 C。 Ⅲ.【文章大意】妻子是个喜欢浪漫的人,而她的丈夫却不懂浪漫,于是有一天,妻子向他 提出离婚,没想到丈夫的一封信使妻子回心转意。 1.【解析】选 B。考查名词。此空前的 However 表示此句与前一句意思相反。我总是渴望浪 漫的时刻,而我的丈夫正好与我相反。他不能给我带来浪漫。 2.【解析】选 A。考查名词。由常识可知。我们夫妻间没有浪漫可言,这使我对我们的婚姻 感到很厌倦,想结束两人间的婚姻。 3.【解析】选 B。考查动词。夫妻间没有什么矛盾,我突然告诉丈夫我要与他离婚,他当然 感到很震惊。 4.【解析】选 D。考查名词。前文有 Why,所以此处表示“原因”。 5.【解析】选 C。考查形容词。根据后面的 in deep thought(沉思)可知丈夫此时没有说话。 6.【解析】选 D。考查名词。丈夫问:“我怎样做才能改变你的想法?”,故用 change your mind。 7.【解析】选 A。考查名词。由常识可知,在悬崖上采花是有生命危险的。第 17 空后的 die 对此题有暗示作用。 8.【解析】选 C。考查动词短语。第二天早晨我醒来(wake up)时,发现餐桌上有一张丈夫
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留下来的纸。 9.【解析】选 B。考查动词。丈夫留言说:“我无法为你采到那朵花,但请允许我解释。” 10.【解析】选 D。考查动词。读到丈夫无法满足自己的愿望时,作者不禁对丈夫更加失望 了。 11.【解析】选 D。考查名词。根据后面的 open the door for you 可知妻子经常忘记带房 子钥匙。 12.【解析】选 C。考查动词。妻子忘记带钥匙,丈夫不得不跑回家为她开门。 13.【解析】选 A。考查动词。妻子喜欢待在屋内,丈夫担心她会感到孤独。 14.【解析】选 A。考查介词。stare at 为固定词组,意为“盯着??看”。 15.【解析】选 B。考查形容词。由常识可知,长时间盯着电脑看,对眼睛是不好的。 16.【解析】选 C。考查形容词。丈夫担心妻子长时间用电脑会视力不好,所以说当他们年 老时,他可以帮妻子修剪指甲。 17.【解析】选 A。考查连词。除非我确信有人爱你胜过我爱你,否则我不会去冒险的。 18.【解析】选 D。考查名词。很明显丈夫在纸上写的是一封信。 19.【解析】选 C。考查形容词。读完信后,如果你满意的话,就打开前门。 20.【解析】选 B。考查动词。丈夫站在门外,买回了妻子最喜欢的面包和新鲜的牛奶。 Ⅳ. 【文章大意】 美国前总统克林顿和现任国务卿的女儿切尔西逐渐步入公众的视野, 《纽 据 约时报》报道,切尔西已经成为美国全国广播公司的一名通讯记者。 1.【解析】选 C。细节理解题。根据第三段中的“. . . Chelsea continued to avoid media attention in order to attend college and quietly enter the business world. ”可 知切尔西·克林顿避开媒体的关注是为了上大学并进入商业圈,故选 C 项。 2.【解析】选 A。词义猜测题。联系上文可知“Her feature stories will reportedly be used in the ‘Making a Difference’ series, which runs on ‘NBC Nightly News’. ” 的句意为“切尔西的专题报道将被应用到‘Making a Difference’系列节目中,这档节目 在‘NBC Nightly News’中演出。”根据句意可知此处 run 意为“(连续地)演出”,故选 A。 3.【解析】选 D。细节理解题。根据文章第三段的叙述可知 D 项符合题意。 4.【解析】选 B。推理判断题。根据文章第三段中的内容可知,当比尔·克林顿当选为总统 后美国第一夫人希拉里要求媒体不要报道有关其女儿切尔西的新闻,切尔西也非常赞同妈 妈;2007 年,希拉里竞选总统时切尔西为其助阵;近来,切尔西又为克林顿的新书作宣传。 通过切尔西的这些举动,我们可推断出她非常支持她父母的事业,故选 B。文中没有信息告
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诉我们切尔西是克林顿的第几个女儿, 排除 A 项; 虽然在第三段中我们得出切尔西支持其父 母的事业的结论, 但不等于她总是听从妈妈的建议, 排除 C 项; 通过最后一段可知 Jenna Bush Hager is a correspondent for NBC’s “Today” show,而不是“NBC Nightly News”, 故排除 D 项。

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