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高考英语一轮复习:三大从句的区别


主从复合句
一、 学习目标

1、 能够准确判断出三大从句,选用正确的连接词。 2、 能够运用三大从句写作。 二、 学习过程 PartI 课前练习 写出下面主从复合句的类型: Wuhan lies where the Yangtze River(长江) and the Han River(汉水) meet. Wuhan lies in the pla

ce where the Yangtze River and the Han River meet. Where the Yangtze River and the Han River meet is known to us. 完成表格: 关联词 名 词 连词 that 性 从 whether/if 句 as if 连 接 what 词 who whom which whoes where when why how 定 语 从 属 who 从句 连词 Whom Which that Whose Where When Why 意义 无义 是否 好像 什么,所…… 的 谁 谁 哪(一) 谁的 哪里 何时 为什么 怎样 人 指 代 先 行 词 物 人 和 物 ...的... 地方 时间 原因 充当成分 不充当成分 判断依据 1、 连接词的 意义 2、 在从句当 中充当的 成分

主、宾、表 主、宾、表 宾、表 定语 状语

主、宾、表 宾、表 主、宾、表 主、宾、表 定语 状语

1、 先行词 2、在从句当 中充当的成 分

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状 语 时间 从句 地点 原因 目的 结果 条件 方式 让步 比较

当 … … 的 时 状语 候, where,wherever... ……地方 因为 because, as... so that, in order 为了…… that 如此……以 so/such...that 致 如果 if, unless... 按照…… as although, even if 虽然,尽管 ……比…… ...than... when,while, as...

主从句之间 的逻辑关系, 注意从属连 词的意义

PartII 课堂训练 完成下列句子。 1. ___________________________ (我的问题是谁)will take over president of the Foundation. 2. The fact _________________________________ (他什么都没说) surprised me. 3. ___________________________ (他怎样成为一个成功人物) is known to us all. 4. Everyone wants to know _____________________________________________ (他是怎样在短时间内提高他的英语水平的)。 总结: (1) 表语从句位于主句中的系动词之后;(2)同位语从句位于名词如:idea, fact, truth, suggettion, plan 之后;(3) 主语从句位于主句中的谓语或表语之前; (4)宾语从句位于主句中及物动词或介词之后。 5. He is the man _________ (我昨天见的) yesterday. 6. Is this the reason __________ (他拒绝我们帮助的). 总结:定语从句放在所修饰的名词或代词的后面 7. ____________ (随着时间的推移), it’s getting warmer and warmer. 8. He wears a T-shirt _______________________. (尽管天很冷。) 总结:状语从句位置可以在主句前或主句后;时间、条件、原因,让步状语从句 放在句首时需要用逗号与主句隔开。 完成以下与主从复合句相关的历年高考试题。 1. Of course whenever they turn to look at him, they had to look at Mary, 21_________ made her feel like a star. (12’) 2. The new boy looked at the teacher 23 _for_ a few seconds and all the other students wondered 24_________ the boy would do. (12’) 3. My friends walked me to the bus stop and waited with me 17 _________the
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bus arrived. (11’) 4. Behind him were other people to 21__________ he was trying to talk, ... (11’) 5. He filled his leather container so that he could bring some back to an elder 32_________ had been his teacher. (10’) 6. We understand this lesson best 40________we receive gifts of love from children. (10’) 7. Jane paused in front of a counter 35 _________ some attractive ties were on display. (09’) 8. One day, he came up with an idea 35_________ he would pluck up all of his crop a few inches. He did so the next day. (08’) 9. ...I was wondering where I was going to spend the night when I realized that the villagers who had gathered around me were arguing as to 32 _______ should have the honour of receiving me as a guest in their house. (07’) 10. The head of the village was tying up his horse to my car to pull it to a small town some 20 kilometers away 36__________ there was a garage. (07’) 【拓展练习】写作应用 : (尽量使用主从复合句) 暑假即将来临, 你校于上周就“高中生是否应参加暑期补习班”对 3000 名学生进 行了一次调查。以下是调查情况: 39%的同学支持 61%的同学反对 实际情况 原因:补习班能帮他们拓宽视野。 原因:他们需要更多时间放松自己。 更多学生更喜欢一个自由的暑假,这样的暑假让 他们能与朋友玩乐。 我需要在暑假期间好好休息。

我的观点

[写作内容] 根据以上表格, 写一篇短文, 包括以下内容: 1. 调查时间, 地点, 内容以及调查对象; 2. 认为应该的学生比例及原因; 3. 反对的学生比例及原因; 4. 调查反映出的事实; 5. 你的观点。 Last week there was a survey among 3000 students in our school on whether senior students should attend extra classes during the summer vocation. 39% of the students surveyed thought it reasonable because it could help them broaden their horizons. However, 61% of them held their view that they objected to attending such classes, for they needed enough time to relax themselves. From the survey, we know that more students prefer to have a free summer vocation, which enables them to have a good time with their friends and enjoy themselves.
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To be honest, what I need is a good rest during my summer holidays.

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