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book8 unit3 reading


Unit 3

Activity 1

Guess what the invention is or who the inventor is.

? This invention looks like a bird.
? 30 It’s made of metal.

40

? It makes it possible for people to fly to 20 different places in the world. ? It is powered by an engine and is flown by a 10 pilot.

What is it?
Airplane

? This invention can help people in the street.

40

30 ? It looks like a tree standing beside the street. 20 ? It directs cars and trucks.
? It uses colored lights. Red means stopping, 10 green means going.

What is it?
Traffic lights

40 made of plastics and metal. It’s It looks like a small box with a 30 screen and buttons on it. ? With 20 the invention you can contact someone while you are walking. ? ?

What is it?
Mobile phone

? 40 The inventor is from America.
? 30 He is one of the father of inventions. ? 20 The inventor invented the bulb.

Who is he?
Edison

? He was a world-famous inventor from Sweden.

50

40 is one of his photos. ? Here 30invented dynamite (炸药). ? He
? A famous prize was named after him.

20

Who is he?
Alfred Nobel

It is one of the four great inventions in 50 ancient China.

40 It is used by people everyday now
Before it was invented, people wrote 30 characters on tortoise shells, animal bones. 20 It was invented by Cai Lun

What is it?
Papermaking

50 It’s always equipped in high buildings.
It looks like a room. 30
People can go up and down in it instead of 20 climbing steps.

What is it?

elevator

50 It is a kind of make-up invented by

30
20

French. It smell good.

Women especially like to use it.

What is it?
perfume

Group

Please tell whether the following are discoveries or inventions.

a discovery. It’s ___________

Mar.15 , 1493

Columbus

the New Continent

an invention. It’s ________

An amphibious car

水陆两用汽车

an invention. It’s ________

Stephenson’s “Rocket”

a discovery. It’s ________

DNA

It’s an ___________ invention.
Zhang Heng

Seismograph (地震仪)

Difference between a discovery and an invention
existing A discovery is something________
known in nature but not yet _______. created An invention is something_______ by human beings.

Connection between discoveries and inventions?
lead ___inventions. to Discoveries often ____

Inventions are ___often_____ ___ discoveries. based on

Pre-reading
steps every inventor must go through
Applying for a patent Finding a problem Doing research Testing the solution Thinking of a creative solution Deciding on the invention

1.___________________________ 2.___________________________ 3.___________________________ 4.___________________________ 5.___________________________ 6.___________________________

Reading

The problem of the snakes

What if some snakes are in your home?

What do you use to catch snakes?

skimming What’s the main idea of the text?
The text narrates the p______ roblem of the snakes and presents the p_________ rocedures of catching them

and applying for a p______. atent

Scanning

Find out which paragraph or paragraphs deal with each inventing steps and fill in the blanks

Fill in this form:
Paragraph Steps Find a problem Do research Think of a creative solution Test the solution Apply for a patent

1 2 3 4,5,6

7,8

Para. Stages

Examples in this story

1 2 3 4,5,6 7,8

Find a problem

caught The snake must be _________ harmed but not_________.

habits of Research the ________ snakes. three possible Think of a Identify ______ one creative solution approaches and choose_______. three times to make it Test the solution Try_______ Efficiently/successfully several times work____________.
Do research Apply for a patent This means the solution is recognized _____________.

Choice:
The purpose of the text is __________. A. to show us how to trap the snakes but not to kill them B. to tell people how to apply for a patent of the writer’s new idea C. to introduce the writer’s new idea of trapping the snakes and her application for a patent D. to tell the readers how to get a new idea and make it a patent

Careful reading
Read the passage carefully and answer the following questions.

1. What was the mother upset about? The mother was upset because a family of snakes had made their home in their courtyard. 2. Why was the writer happy to help her mother? The writer was happy because it gave her a chance to help her mother and invent something to catch the snakes without hurting them at the same time.

3.How many approaches did the writer think about? What are they? Three. Firstly ….secondly….thirdly….. 4.Which approaches did the writer use? The third one.

Disscuss in groups
5.What are the three creative steps that the writer takes to catch the snakes without hurting them?

① to put the frozen bowl over the snakes’ habitat in the morning ______________. ②to put the frozen bowl over the snakes’ habitat in the evening _______________. ③to put the frozen bowl over the snakes’ habit in the evening a net to collect the ______________and carry______ snakes without harming them the next morning.

6.The writer was successful to catch the snakes in ________ attempt. A.the first B.the second C.the third D.every 7.How did the writer catch the snakes? A. using something the snakes were interested to attract them into a trap. B. taking their habitat to another place. C. placing the snakes at a low temperature for them to sleep and then caught them. D. All the above.

8.Which statement is the TRUE according to the text? A. The snakes were so sleepy in the second attempt that they couldn’t bite the writer at all. B. your product must be different from everybody else’s if you want to receive a patent. C. The writer decided to send her invention to the patent office the moment she succeeded in catching the snakes. D. If an application for your product proves to be valid, you can get a patent immediately.

9.According to the text, which subject do you think can be given a patent? A. A new star discovered by a scientist. B. A new novel written by Yao Ming. C. A new way to make dirty water clean. D. A new kind of grass found in a mountain which can be used as a medicine.

Fill in blanks
My mother was very annoyed because there were some snakes in our courtyard and she asked me for help.I would like to help since this was a chance great _______ to distinguish myself.To find the easiest way to trap them,I set about researching _______ the habits of the snakes. three approaches, Finally I figured out _____ of which I decided to use the last one: cool them and make them sleepy so that they would be easily caught.

However _____,I failed in the first two attempts.

For the third attempt, with help of a small fishing net, I collected the passive snakes and released them into the wild. Persuaded by my friends and seize the relations, I decided to ______ apply for a patent for my chance to _____ invention. So I have filled in the form filed my patent application with and______ the Patent Office. Wish me luck!

Post-reading
What good qualities should an inventor have?
creative curious patient imaginative hard-working adventurous challengeable …



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