the Simple Present Tense（一般现在时态） 一．定义 1.表示现在的状态： e.g. He’s twelve. She’s at work. 2.表经常或习惯性的动作： e.g. I get up at 6:30 every day. He often goes to the English corner. 3.表主语具备的性格和能力等： e.g. She
likes noodles. They speak French. 4.普遍真理和自然规律： e.g. Two plus four is six. The moon goes around the earth. 二．常用的时间状语 1. 频 度 副 词 : sometimes( 有 时 ), often( 经 常 ), always( 总 是 ),
usually(通常), seldom（很少）, never(决不) 2. in the morning/afternoon/evening 3. every day/morning… 4. on Sundays(星期日)…
三．句式 （一）be 动词的一般现在时句式： 1. 肯定句：主语+be+表语(n., adj.等) e.g. He is a worker. You are thirteen. They are in the classroom. 2. 否定句：主语+be+ not+表语 e.g. He is not a worker. You aren’ t thirteen. They aren’t in the classroom. 3. 一般疑问句：Be+主语+表语? e.g. Is he a worker? Are you thirteen? Are they in the classroom? Yes, he is./No, he isn’ t. Yes, I am./No, I am not. Yes, they are./No, they aren’t.
4. 特殊疑问句：疑问词+be+主语? e.g. What is he? How old are you? Where are they ? Exercise She is from China. She is a student.
总结 Be 的用法：
I 用 am， you 用 are， is 用于他(he)、她(she) 、它(it)， 复数(we,you,they)全部都用 are. 练习：用 be 动词的适当形式填空。 1. I ______ a student . You ______ a teacher . 2. She ______ my friend. 3. It _______ nice to meet you. 4.______ Mr. green very busy?Yes , he ______ . 5. ________ your Number Seven? 6. What class _______you in ? 7. Your name _______ nice. 8. You and I_______good friends . 9. His friends_______very funny . 10. The twins _______very happy because they want to go to a movie . 11. The girl in red clothes _______my sister . 12. Lily’s room _______not very big .
（二）实义动词的一般现在时句式： 第一种情况（非第三人称单数） 1. 肯定句: e.g. I/We/You/They）+v.+其他 We study in a high school. They have a pet. 2. 否定句：主语（I/We/You/They）+do+ not+v.+其他 e.g. We don’ t study in a high school. They don’ t have a pet. 3. 一般疑问句：Do+主语（ I/we/you/they）+v.+其他？ e.g. Do you study in a high school? Do they have a pet? 4. 特殊疑问句：疑问词+ do+主语+v.+其他？
第二种情况(第三人称单数） 动词三单的变化： 1、一般动词后加 s，如：reads,plays,works,makes 2、以 s,x,ch,sh, 结尾，后加 es. 如：watches, 3、以辅音字母加 o 结尾,一般加 es ,如：does,goes 4、辅音字母+y 结尾的单词,去 y,加 ies,如：worries ,studies 5. have---has be-is
1. 肯定句：主语（He/She/It）+v-s/es+其他 e.g. He studies in a high school. Lucy has a pet. 2. 否定句：主语（He/She/It）+does +not+v.+其他 e.g. He doesn’ t study in a high school. Lucy doesn’t have a pet. 3. 一般疑问句：Does+主语（ he/she/it）+V .+其他？ e.g. Does he study in a high school? Does Lucy have a pet? 4. 特殊疑问句：疑问词+ does+主语+v.+其他？ e.g. What do you want? What does she want? How do you spell it? How does he spell it? How do you go to work? (your father) (he) (she)
How does your father go to work? 练习：用所给动词的适当形式填空。 1. We often _____ (play) on the playground. 2. He ______ (get) up at six o’clock. 3. _____ you _____ (brush) your teeth every morning? 4. ______he ______(like) English ? 5. Danny________(study) English, Chinese, Maths, Science and Art
at school. 6. Mike sometimes _____(go) to the park with his sister. 7. At eight at night, she ____ (watch) TV with his parents. 8. _____ Mike ____(read) English every day? 9. How many lessons _____ your classmate ______(have) on Monday? 10. What time ______ his mother _____(do) the housework? 11. My classmate______(know) the man on the bike . 12. His sister usually ______(go) to school at 7:00 am . 13. Lin Tao ______(like) his new sweater . 14. He ______(not know)the teacher ’s name . 15. He______(have) an egg and a banana for breakfast . 16. Li Min ______(take) a shower after lunch . 17. People usually ______(eat) dinner in the evening . 18. What time______Mary usually______(play) basketball ? 19. Where ______his parents ______ (work) now, do you know? 20. Where ______ their father______ (work)? He ______ (work) on a farm. 21. Miss Guo ______ (teach) us Chinese this term. She ______ (be) a very good teacher. She often ______ (talk) with us after class.Many of us (talk) with Lily. ______ (like) talking with her. Now, she ______
综合练习 一.改错 1. I goes to school at six every day. 2. He don’ t like playing football. 3. They likes playing games. 4. Daming watchs TV in the evening. 5. Does he usually has a party? 6. What do they on Sunday? 7. Tony goes always to school at eight o’clock. 8. What they eat in the party? 9. Lily haves lunch at school. 10. What do his parents usually gives him ? 二．单项选择 1. Do they have a new car? Yes,_____. A.they are B.they have C. they don't D. they do
2. He often _________ supper at 6:00 in the evening. A. have B. has C. is having D. is eating
3. We _____________ any Chinese classes on Friday. A. are having B. aren’ t having C. don’t have D. are have
4. --- ______ your sister often go to school by bus? --- No, she doesn't. She ______ to school on foot.
A. Do; goes
B. Does: go
C. Do; go
D. Does; goes
5. Jack doesn't ______swimming. A. loves B. to love C. love D. loving
6. The teacher usually ______ us to come to school on time. A. ask B. asking C. asks D. to asking
7. John always ______ others. A. help B. Helping C. helps D. to help
8. Uncle Wang ______ never late for work. A. are B. am C. be D. is
9. --- ______ your mother get up early in the morning? --- Yes. She always gets up at 5 o'clock and makes breakfast for us. A. Does 三．句型转换 1. My brother works in Shenzhen. ______ ______ your brother ________? 2. One of my classmates comes from Australia. ______ ______ one of your classmates______ _______? 3. He does his homework every day.( 否定句) He _______ _______ his homework every day. 4. David wants to see me. _______ ______ David _______ to see? B. Do C. Are D. Is
5. She teaches English in No.8 Middle School. ________ ______ she _______ English? 6. My parents live in Chongqing now. ________ live in Chongqing now? 7. They look very young.( 一般疑问句) ______ they _______ very young.