景德镇市 2012 届高三第三次质检试题
试卷满分 150 分 考试时间 120 分钟
注意事项： 1. 答题前，考生在答题卡上务必用直径 0. 5 毫米黑色墨水签字笔将自己的姓名、准考证 号填写清楚，并贴好条形码。请认真核准条形码上的准考证号、姓名和科目。 2. 每
小题选出答案后，用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑，如需改动，用 橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其他答案标号，在试题卷上作答无效。 第一部分 听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 做题时，先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案 转涂到答题卡上。 第一节 （共 5 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅 读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例：How much is the shirt? A. ￡19.15. B. ￡9.15. C. ￡9.18. 答案是 B。 1. Which restaurant will the speakers mostly likely choose? A.Italian. B. French. C. Chinese. 2. What does the man mean? A.He will go to the park with the woman. B.The weather report is not always true. C. They?d better stay indoors tomorrow. 3. What?s most important for the woman? A. Living enviroment. B. Convenient transportation. C.Job opportunities. 4. Why is the man complaining ? A. He dislikes filing documents. B. His work is always the same. C. His co-worker was careless. 5. How did Adam probably get the football ? A. He bought it himself. B. He borrowed it from someone else. C. It was given to him as a birthday gift 第二节（共 15 小题：每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有几个小题，从题中所给出的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟； 听完后，各小题给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答 6、7 题。 6. What does the man want the woman to do？ A. Attend an art course. B. Paint a portrait of her mother . C.Pay for the portrait. 7. How does the woman feel in the end?
A. Unconfident. B. Annoyed. C. Excited. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 10 题 8. What does the woman show the man? A. A magazine. B. Some clothes. C. A new store. 9. What is the problem at the store? A. The clothes are too expensive. B. The clothes are not the right size. C. The clothes are not available. 10. What will happen next Tuesday? A. There will be a party. B. The man can get what he wants. C. The clothes will be delivered to the man. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. What did the woman do for the man? A. She cleaned his house. B. She made him breakfast. C. She said something nice about him. 12. What does the man think the woman wants to do ? A. Something bad. B. Something nice. C. Something funny. 13. What do we know about the woman? A. She is fond of shopping. B. She wants to borrow some money. C. She took up a new hobby. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 16 题。 14. What are the speakers mainly talking about? A. The woman?s favorite TV shows. B. An online service. C. The quality of TV shows nowadays. 15. What does the woman like to watch? A. Current TV shows. B. Movies rented from stores. C. Old TV shows. 16.What does the man want to do? A. Buy a TV. B. Join Netflix. C. Watch a movie. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17.What?s the speaker?s suggestion in the talk? A. Getting a variety of clothes. B. Taking an umbrella in summer. C. Drinking plenty of water. 18. What is summer like in the United States? A. It lasts for about 5 months. B. It often rains in most areas C. The temperature almost keeps the same. 19. Why are many homes and buildings cool in summer? A. They are built with special materials. B. Doors and windows are kept open. C. They often have fans or airconditioners. 20. Where might the talk take place? A. On TV. B. In a classroom. C. On the radio. 第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 单选填空（共 15 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 从 A、Ｂ、Ｃ、Ｄ四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该选项 涂黑。 例：It is generally considered unwise to give a child ____ be or she wants. A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever
答案是 B。 21. It is known to all that many people use _________ education as a way for _________ better life. A. /; a B. the ; / C. /; / D. the; a 22. Nicky _____________ enough money then; otherwise, he would have lent you some. A. mustn?t have got B. can?t have got C. might have got D. must have got 23. —Why? Dad, the door________. —Well, I?ll have it repaired as soon as possible. A. is locked B. won?t lock C. does lock D. isn?t locked 24. It is not right to think teachers can become the ____________ of parents in the long run of student training. A. exchange B. agent C. alternative D. substitute 25. It is said that people are likely to tell lies over the phone as they are in emails. A.twice as B. as twice C. twice more D. twice than 26. We had a lot of dreams when young, few of ___________ realized later, though. A. which B. whom C. them D. ones 27. Before the war broke out, many people put away in safe places ____________ they couldn?t take with them. A. that B. what C. where D. which 28. The man refused to admit that he was guilty as the court had judged, and ______the High Court. A. adapted to B. related to C. appealed to D. referred to 29. —May I use your computer now? —__________. I won?t use it this morning. A. Take your time B. Forget it C. It doesn?t matter D. By all means 30. I wonder why ____________ the river has become so dirty. A. is it that B. is it C. it is D. it is that 31. The Chinese government is trying to restore an economy _______ everyone does their fair share. A. where B. which C. that D. when 32. —What do you think of the recent weather? —Awful! Never before ____________ a longer period of rainy days. A. we have spent B. have we spent C. did we spend D. we did spend 33. The policeman had the motorcycle knocked down by a car ______ to the roadside. A. moving B. to move C. moved D. to be moved 34. Do you think you can escape _________ in face of a hungry tiger? A. alive B. lively C. living D. live 35. —I don?t like these little cakes. —Me, either. ______________ I think the shapes of them are too ugly. A. But B. So C. And D. Yet 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题：每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面的短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Have you ever felt that life is bad, really bad, and you wish you were in another situation? Read the following story, and it may 36 your views about life: One of my friends told me 37 taking 2 jobs, he brought back merely above 900 dollars per month. 38 , he was happy as he was. He explained that it was through one 39 that he saw in India… that happened a few years ago when he was really feeling 40 and touring India after a major defeat.
He said that right in front of his very eyes. He saw an Indian mother 41 her child?s right hand with a chopper（斧子）. The helplessness in the mother?s eyes, the scream of pain from the 42 4-year-old child confused him until today. 43 did the mother do so; had the child been naughty, had the child?s 44 been infected ? No, it was done for two simple words—TO BEG! The 45 mother deliberately caused the child to be 46 so that the child could go out to the streets to 47 . Taken aback by the scene, he 48 a piece of bread he was eating half way. And almost 49 , a group of 5 or 6 children rushed towards this small piece of bread covered with sand, 50 bits from one another—the natural reaction of 51 . He began to tell himself how 52 he is to be able to have a complete body, have a job, have a family, have the chance to 53 what food is nice and what isn?t nice, have the chance to be clothed , have the many things that are 54 from these people in front of him . Now I begin to think and feel it, too! Was my life really 55 bad? Perhaps no. “ Contentment is not the satisfaction of what you want; it is the realization of how much you already have.” 36. A. form B. gain C. change D. abandon 37. A. despite B. for C. regardless of D. because of 38. A. Therefore B. However C. Otherwise D. Besides 39. A. accident B. view C. affair D. incident 40. A. good B. low C. happy D. tired 41. A. put off B. take off C. cut off D. knock off 42. A. naughty B. incurable C. disappointing D. innocent 43. A. Why B. When C. How D. Where 44. A. hair B. hand C. head D. heart 45. A. desperate B. native C. rude D. smart 46. A. amazed B. frightened C. upset D. disabled 47. A. show B. act C. beg D. perform 48. A. dropped B. swallowed C. handed D. sent 49. A. imaginably B. carelessly C. ridiculously D. immediately 50. A. eating B. robbing C. sharing D. cutting 51. A. poverty B. thirsty C. hunger D. competition 52. A. magical B. ordinary C. fortunate D. strange 53. A. remember B. complain C. thank D. accept 54. A. taken away B. put away C. washed away D. given away 55. A. even B. much C. fairly D. that 第三部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题：每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 A It was at least two months before Christmas when nine-year-old Almie Rose told her father and me that she wanted a new bicycle. As Christmas drew nearer, her desire for a bicycle seemed to fade, or so we thought. We bought the latest rage, Baby Sitter's Club dolls, and a doll house. Then, much to our surprise, on December 23rd, she said that she “really wanted a bike more than anything else.” It was just too late , what with
all the details of preparing Christmas dinner and buying last-minute gifts, to take the time to select the “right bike” for our little girl . So, here we were Christmas Eve around 9:00 p.m., with Almie and her six-year-old brother, Dylan, nestled snug in their beds. Now we could only think of the bicycle and the disappointment of our child.” What if I make a little bicycle out of clay (泥) and write a note that she could trade the clay model in for a real bike?” her dad asked. “This is an expensive item and she is ?such a big girl,' it would be much better for her to pick it out.” So he spent the next four hours painstakingly working with clay to make a tiny bike. On Christmas morning, we were excited for Almie to open the little heart-shaped package with the beautiful red and white clay bike and the note. Finally, she opened it and read the note aloud. “Does this mean that I trade in this bike that Daddy made me for a real one?” Beaming, I said, “Yes.” Almie had tears in her eyes when she replied, “I could never trade in this beautiful bicycle that Daddy made me. I'd rather keep this than get a real bike.” At that moment, we would have moved heaven and earth to buy her every bicycle on the planet! 56.Choose the right time order of the following events. a. The girl opened the little heart-shaped package. b. The girl asked for a new bike. c. The father made the girl a bike with clay. d. The parents bought the girl a modern and popular doll. e. The girl would rather keep the clay bike than get a real one . A. b, d, c, a, e B. b. d, a, c, e C. a, b, c, e, d D. a, b, d, c, e 57.Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? A. The parents wanted the girl to have the clay bike for ever. B. Tears were in the girl's eyes because she didn't like the present at all. C. The parents didn?t want to buy the present as the girl desired. D. The girl never lost her desire for a bike. 58.Why did Dad make the clay bicycle? A. He wanted his daughter to buy a real one . B. He thought his daughter would like it . C. He didn't want to disappoint his daughter. D. He wanted to give his daughter a surprise. 59. How did the girl feel when she received her Christmas gift from her parents? A. She was disappointed. B. She was delighted and moved. C. She was angry. D. She was calm. 60.What can be inferred from the last sentence? A. The parents were happy and encouraged. B. The parents felt comfortable and relaxed. C. The parents felt disappointed and sorry for the girl. D. The parents were moved and felt proud of the girl. B That there are an increasing number of college students applying to study economics is due to the global economic crisis awakening a public thirst for knowledge about how the financial system works. Applications for degree courses beginning this autumn were up by 15% this January, according to UCAS, the Universities and Colleges Admissions Service. A spokesman for the Royal Economic Society said applications to do economics at A -level were also up. Professor John Beath, the president of the society and a leading lecturer at St Andrews
University, said his first-year lectures — which are open to students from all departments — were drawing crowds of 400, rather than the usual 250. “There are a large number of students who are not economics majors, who would like to learn something about it. One of the things I have done this year is to relate my teaching to contemporary events in a way that one hasn?t traditionally done，” he added. University applications rose 7% last year, but there were rises above average in several subjects. Nursing saw a 15% jump, with people?s renewed interest in careers in the public sector(部门), which are seen as more secure in economic crisis. A recent study showed almost two thirds of parents believed schools should do more to teach pupils about financial matters, and almost half said their children had asked them what was going on, although a minority of parents felt they did not understand it themselves well enough to explain. Zack Hocking, the head of Child Trust Funds, said: “It?s possible that one good thing to arise from the downturn will be a generation that? s financially wiser and better equipped to manage their money through times of economic uncertainty. ” 61. An increase in students applying to study economics at university is because______. A. economics is easy to learn B. they are interested in economics C. the global economic crisis makes them want to know more about economics D. during the global economic crisis, they have to study economics 62.Careers in the public sector are more attractive because of their________. A. higher pay B. greater stability C. fewer applications D. better reputation 63.In the opinion of most parents，________. A. economics should be the focus of school teaching B. more students should be admitted to universities C. children should solve financial problems themselves D. the teaching of financial matters should be strengthened 64.According to Hocking, the global economic crisis might make the youngsters______. A. have access to better equipment B. wiser in money management C. confident about their future careers D. get jobs in Child Trust Funds 65.What? s the main idea of the text? A. Universities have received more applications. B. College students benefit a lot from economic uncertainty. C. Economics is attracting an increasing number of students. D. Parents are concerned with children? s subject selection. C Sometimes， simplest ideas are the best . For example， assimilate heat from the sun to heat the to water, you need large, flat，black surfaces. One way to do that is to build those surfaces specially, on the roofs of buildings. But why go to all that trouble when cities are full of black surfaces already, in the form of asphalt (柏油) roads? Ten years ago, this thought came into the mind of Arian de Bondt, a Dutch engineer. He finally persuaded his boss to follow it up. The result is that their building is now heated in winter and cooled in summer by a system that relies on the surface of the road outside. The heat collector is a system of connected water pipes. Most of them run from one side of the street to the other, just under the asphalt road. Some, however, dive deep into the ground.
When the street surface gets hot on hot days, water pumped through the pipes picks up this heat and takes it underground through one of the diving pipes. At a depth of 100 meters lies a natural aquifer (蓄水层) into which several heat exchangers (交换器) have been built. The hot water from the street runs through these exchangers, warming the groundwater, before returning to the surface through another pipe. The aquifer is thus used as a heat store. In winter, the working system is changed slightly. Water is pumped through the heat exchangers to pick up the heat stored during summer. This water goes into the building and is used to warm the place up. After performing that task, it is pumped under the asphalt and its remaining heat keeps the road free of snow and ice. 66. The underlined word “assimilate” in the first paragraph most probably means “_____”. A. release B. absorb C. produce D. increase 67.Which of the following is true according to the first two paragraphs ? A. Heat can also be collected from asphalt roads. B. Arian de Bondt got his idea from his boss. C. Large, flat, black surfaces need to be built in cities. D. The Dutch engineer? s system has been widely used. 68．For what purpose are the diving pipes used? A. To carry heat down below the surface. B. To absorb heat from the sun. C. To store heat for future use. D. To turn solar energy into heat energy. 69．From the last paragraph we can learn that________. A. some pipes have to be rearranged in winter B. the exchangers will pick up heat from the street surface C. the system can do more than warming up the building D. less heat may be collected in winter than in summer 70．What is most likely to be discussed in the paragraph that follows? A. What we shall do if the system goes wrong. B. What we shall do if there are no asphalt roads. C. How the system collects heat in spring and autumn. D. How the system cools the building in summer. D Scientists have tried to come up with biological explanations for the difference between boys and girls. However, none were believable enough to explain the general picture. As one scientist points out,“ There are slight genetic differences between the sexes at birth which may affect the subjects boys and girls choose. But the difficulty is that by the time children reach school age, there are so many other effects that it is almost impossible to tell whether girls are worse at science and mathematics, or whether they've been brought up to think of these subjects as boys'? territory?”. Statistics show that in mathematics, at least, girls are equal to boys. A recent report suggests that girls only stop studying mathematics because of social attitudes. One of the reports' authors says, “While it is socially unacceptable for people not to be able to read and write, it is still acceptable for women to say that they are ?hopeless? at mathematics. Our research shows that, although girls get marks which are as good as the boys', they have not been encouraged to do so.”
The explanation for the difference, which is very clear during the teenage years, goes as far back as early childhood experiences. From their first days in nursery school, girls are not encouraged to work on their own or to complete tasks, although boys are. For example, boys and not girls, are often asked to ?help? with repair work. This encouragement leads to a way of learning how to solve problems later on in life. Evidence shows that exceptional mathematicians and scientists did not have teachers who supplied answers; they had to find out for themselves. A further report on mathematics teaching shows that teachers seem to give more attention to boys than to girls. Most teachers who took part in the study admitted that they expect their male students to do better at mathematics and science subjects than their female students. All of this tends to encourage boys to work harder in these subjects, gives them confidence and makes them believe that they can succeed. Interestingly, both boys and girls tend to regard such ?male? subjects like mathematics and science as difficult. Yet it has been suggested that girls avoid mathematics courses, not because they are difficult, but for social reasons.Mathematics and science are mainly male subjects, and therefore, as girls become teenagers, they are less likely to take them up. Girls do not seem to want to be in open competition with boys. Neither do they want to do better than boys because they are afraid to appear less female and so, less attractive. 71. we can infer______ according to this passage. A. people often think science and mathematics are “male “subjects B. people often think science and mathematics are “female “subjects C. in mathematics, girls are superior to boys D. in mathematics, girls are inferior to boys 72. According to scientific studies ,_________. A. girls can learn mathematics as well as boys if given enough encouragement B. mathematics is not fit for girls to learn C. boys have a special sense of mathematics D. girls are poorer at mathematics because they are the weaker sex 73. Those who made extraordinary contribution in mathematics and science . A. usually had good teachers to help them B. had the abilities to solve problems by themselves C. usually worked harder than others D. were encouraged to repair things when young 74.According to the last paragraph, girls avoid mathematics courses, because_____. A. mathematics courses are difficult B. girls have no ability to complete with boys C. girls have no confidence to study mathematics well D. girls are afraid to appear less female and less attractive 75. What would be the best title for the text? A. Who's Afraid of Mathematics Anyway? B. Boys Are Better at Mathematics than Girls by Birth C. Are Boys Cleverer than Girls?
D. Mathematics -A Difficult Subject