揭阳一中、金山中学2015届高三级第二学期联考 英 语
本试卷共9页，满分135分．考试时间120分钟． 注意事项： 1．答卷前，考生务必将自己的姓名、班级、座号写在答题卷密封线内。 2．非选择题必须用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔作答。 3．答案一律写在答题区域内，不准使用铅笔和涂改液；不按以上要求作答的答案无 效． I. 语言知识及应用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完
形填空（共 15 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 1－15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出 最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 On the course, the first step of the lead usually means the final victory. Therefore, the success and failure of your life may lie in whether you dare to 1 yourself. As a student, I was most 2 to answer questions in class. Whenever the professor asked a question, I always 3 my head, for fear that the professor saw me. In a language class, an expert from the Commercial Bank delivered a lecture. The speaker always 4 someone to be working together with him, so he asked how many students in the classroom learned economics, but no one responded. The expert said with a smile, "Let me tell you a story first." "When I first came to the United States to study, there were often lectures delivered in the university. Before the beginning of every lecture, I found a(n) 5 phenomenon. The students around me always took a cardboard 6 in half, wrote their 7 in bold with the most eye-catching color, then placed it on the seat. So when the speakers need their 8 , he could see and call listeners' names 9 ." "I couldn't understand, so I asked the student in front of me. He told me with a smile that the speakers are all top-ranking people, who mean 10 . When your answer is to his satisfaction, it is very likely that he will give you more opportunities. This is a very simple 11 ." "The fact was also like that. I really saw a few of my classmates went to 12 in the first-class companies because of the excellent insights (洞察力). It had a great 13 on me. The chance will not 14 you itself. You must show yourself constantly to 15 others' attention to find a chance on the card for yourself." 1. A. show B. challenge C. help D. enjoy 2. A. eager B. afraid C. excited D. ashamed 3. A. raised B. nodded C. lowered D. shook 4. A. persuaded B. forced C. ordered D. wanted 5. A. meaningful B. important C. interesting D. mysterious
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D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D.
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第二节 语法填空（共10小题; 每小题1.5分，满分15分） 阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入一个适 当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卷标号为16~25的相应 位置上。 To most Chinese students, studying abroad could be a burden. There are lots of difficulties facing them every day---language barrier, culture shock, gaps 16 Eastern and Western lifestyles, expensive tuition fees and endless research projects. To Song Yinan, however, studying abroad was a(n) 17 (forget) experience. In her book, Kiki’s London Diary, she tells her stories in 18 optimistic way. The language barrier is the biggest difficulty Chinese students will meet abroad. In a story 19 (write) at the beginning of her first term in London, Song suffered some 20 (embarrass) during a welcoming party, __21_____ she was introduced to some drink and wine. However, she found that she couldn’t read most of the English names of the drinks and therefore 22 (drink) only cola and fruit juice. She described about 23 red her face was. Song says __24_______ is normal for most Chinese to lose face when they study abroad. And she is happy to share the story with others. Throughout the book, readers can feel the optimism and persistence of this girl. Her study and life experiences are sure to delight any Chinese 25 (study) abroad or who plan to do so. II 阅读（共两节，满分 50 分） 第一节 阅读理解（共20小题；每小题2分，满分40分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的A、B、C和D项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 A You often hear about how to reduce sodium(钠) in your diet. “Choose the low-sodium options,” the doctor suggest. My doctor told me just the opposite. I was to eat at least twice or three times the amount of sodium I had previously been consuming (about 500 mg) if I wished to change my body’s current state of degeneration(衰退).
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To be honest, I don’t remember when I stopped having enough sodium in my diet. The habit began at a very young age. I never ate salty chips or fatty foods, only sweet candies and pretty much anything but salty foods. I never thought much about it. No one ever advises you to get enough sodium, but you hear all about calcium(钙). Dizziness upon standing, extremely low blood pressure and pulse, and clubbing fingers are all indicators that your sodium intake is not enough. I grew up thinking that becoming very dizzy after I stand is just a fact of life-- same with my low blood pressure. Once my fingers started to club and my circulation was very bad, I knew something serious was happening. Later I was recommended to my current doctor who then diagnosed me with POTS (basically I become dizzy upon standing due to low blood pressure). The treatment? Have salty foods to increase blood volume. The funny thing is that my mom was telling me for months that sodium would help. Although I took my mother’s advice, it didn’t really hit home until my doctor recommended the same. What you eat is no laughing matter and it turns out I was doing more harm than good to myself. Bouillon cubes and salty popcorn are my new best friends, along with light Gatorade. I’m still hesitant about the artificial sweeteners in the Gatorade, but hey, it’s a start. I realize that most people have the opposite problem and need to reduce sodium intake, but all I ask is that you do not go to the other extreme either. There is a happy medium when it comes to our diets. 26. According to Paragraph 1, what was the writer advised to do by her doctor? A. To eat food that is not salty. B. To consume more sodium than before. C. To avoid doing whatever others often do. D. To consume at least 500 mg sodium each day. 27. We infer that when the writer was young, she . A. liked eating all kinds of food B. didn’t know the importance of calcium C. often received advice from her doctor D. didn’t think lacking sodium would be a problem 28. What can we know from Paragraph 3? A. What causes most people to feel dizzy. B. What the harm of having low blood pressure is. C. What will happen if we don’t take in enough sodium. D. When the writer had the habit of taking in little sodium. 29. We can infer from the passage that the writer’s mother . A. was very particular about her diet B. didn’t care about the writer’s health C. knew what was wrong with her daughter D. didn’t think a doctor would help her daughter 30. At the end of the passage, the writer concludes that . A. taking in salt is very important B. people like going to extremes C. people don’t eat healthy food nowadays
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D. people should avoid eating something too much or too little B Chinese immigrants have lived and worked in America since the 1800s. Today, Asians are America’s fastest growing minority. Almost every major city in the country has an area called “Chinatown.” From San Francisco to New York, people visit Chinatown for restaurants, grocery stores, herbal cures, and other businesses. But many Chinese have moved out of traditional Chinatown neighborhoods and now live in suburbs just outside the inner city. For example, one of the largest mainly Chinese suburbs is just outside Los Angeles, California. But such areas are very different from the old Chinatown. Steve Wong is acting director of the Chinese American Museum in Los Angeles. He says Chinatowns in major American cities are now mainly for tourists. He said, “If you walk around Chinatown today in Los Angeles and many other big cities, you have these facades( 外 观) of Chinese-ness, which sometimes is real and sometimes it's not. And so you have gift shops and Chinese food which is catering towards American tastes. I don't even call it Chinese food” But at one time, Chinatown was the only place where Chinese immigrants could live. The first Chinese immigrants arrived from southern China in the 1800s as laborers. Many worked on building America's first railroads. Then, in 1882, the United States banned Chinese immigration. Hostility(敌意) toward the Chinese led to the creation of Chinatowns. Steve Wong tells about how the neighborhoods developed. He said, “Without being able to bring in families and women, Chinese men weren't able to develop their communities. So they had to turn to the outside and create an economy based on tourism.” Min Zhou is a professor at the University of Southern California Los Angeles. In the past thirty years, Chinese immigrants from China came to America as students and then stayed in the United States. He said, “A lot of them are from middle class, they want to buy or rent houses rather than live in apartments and they also want to find good school districts. So Chinatown is not attractive to them.” 31. What can we learn from Paragraph 1? A. Most immigrants to the US in the 1800s were Chinese. B. Chinese people in the US mainly live in Chinatowns. C. Most new immigrants to the US are from China. D. Chinatowns are very common in America. 32. We learn that after Chinese immigrants in the US moved to the suburbs, they . A. built new Chinatowns to attract tourists there B. built many traditional Chinese restaurants there C. didn’t make their new homes look like their old ones D. often visited restaurants, grocery stores and herbal cures downtown 33. What is implied about the Chinese food mentioned by Steve Wong? A. It is actually very American. B. Americans don’t like it.
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C. It is too spicy for American people. D. It is catered towards Chinese tastes. 34. Chinese immigrants started building Chinatowns because they wanted to . A. make a living on tourism B. develop their communities C. build houses for their wives D. attract more Chinese to live together 35. Students who go to America for their further education don’t like living in Chinatowns because . A. they don’t want to be considered Chinese B. everything there is too familiar to them C. they cannot afford expenses there D. they want to live in better places C To prevent crowding on the mountain, some have suggested limiting the total number of climbers permitted per season and the size of each team to no more than ten members. Others are skeptical. “That will not happen,” says New Zealander Guy Cotter, 50, owner of Adventure Consultants, which has led 19 expeditions to Everest. “Everest is big business for Nepal, and it will never turn down the money.” Another way to make the mountain safer is with technology, says Conrad Anker, 50, who led our expedition in 2012. The mountain is already high-tech -- everyone at Base Camp has access to a cell phone or the Internet -- but last summer in a meeting with the Nepalese ministry, Anker advised something new: identification cards issued with every climber. “The Everest ID would contain data that could save the life of a climber or Sherpa,” Anker explains. It would have the climber’s photo, of course, but more importantly, it would also have a QR code—a type of bar code. “Scanned with a smart phone, the QR code would show information such as age, experience, health history and emergency phone numbers.” Anker says that bureaucrats(官员) just looked at him with blank faces when he tried to explain the benefits of the ID. Despite all the problems on the mountain, Everest still stands alone. I’ll never forget the breathtaking view from our place at Camp III, clouds rolling up the Western valley. I’ll always treasure the memory of climbing with friends. Such moments are the reasons why climbers keep coming back to Everest. It’s not simply about reaching the top but about showing respect for the mountain and enjoying the journey. Now it’s up to us to restore a sense of sanity(理智) and safety to the top of the world. 36. Why do some people want to limit the number of climbers? A. Nepal won’t allow more climbers. B. The top of the mountain is high and dangerous. C. Climbers are not environment-friendly. D. Crowding makes the mountain not safe. 37. Which of the following shows Nepal’s attitude towards the crowding? A. Nepal does care about it.
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B. Nepal strongly object to it. C. Nepal prefers to see more climbers. D. Nepal has decided to limit the number. 38. Which of the following statements about the Everest ID is NOT true? A. It has the climber’s photo. B. It has a QR code. C. It has all the information of a climber. D. Bureaucrats seem to have no interest in it. 39. In the face of the problems on the mountain, climbers . A. take the problems for granted B. decide to get the Everest ID C. should take safety into consideration D. like to challenge any danger 40. What can we learn for the passage? A. Anker’s advice has been adopted. B. The Everest ID shouldn’t be issued. C. Everest brings in lots of money for Nepal. D. The author suggests climbing less frequently. D Improving nutrition is one of the best ways to achieve lasting progress in development. “Ensuring that a child receives enough nutrition, particularly in the critical 1,000-day window from a woman’s pregnancy to her child’s second birthday, can be beneficial for a lifetime. A well-nourished child will perform better at school, more effectively fight off disease, and even earn more as an adult. Nutrition is central to ending preventable child death,” wrote United States Agency for International Development, or USAID Administrator, Dr Rajiv Shah in a blog posted recently. However, some 165 million children suffer from long-term undernutrition, leading to 3.1 million child deaths every year. It also leaves many of those children that do survive permanently impaired and unable to reach their full potential. A child that suffers from malnutrition tends to suffer childhood illnesses, as well as long-term diseases such as diabetes(糖尿病), hypertension(高血压) and cancer later in life. Such a child will find learning more difficult. As an adult, he or she will be less productive, will earn less money, and will contribute less to the community and to his or her country. That is why the United States has been offering food aid, agricultural development, and nutrition programming to where it is most needed, from delivering emergency food aid to helping farmers and their families grow and consume greater quantities of nutritious foods. In fact, nutrition is the defining link between the Global Health and Feed the Future Presidential Initiatives. “We have nearly doubled nutrition-specific funding through our global health programs. And we have tripled agriculture funding since 2008, targeting our investment where we can deliver meaningful impact,” said Dr Shah. “We’ve also been a strong supporter of the Global Agriculture and Food Security Program, which funds country priorities in agricultural
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development and nutrition.” In early June, Dr Shah announced that over years 2012-2014, the United States Government will provide more than $1billion for nutrition-specific interventions, as well as nearly $9 billion for nutrition-sensitive activities. These investments will help prevent stunting(生长迟缓) in some 2 million children. “In a world of plentiful, nutritious foods and advanced science, malnutrition in children is unacceptable,” said Dr Shah. “We can do better. And we can do it together.” 41. In paragraph 1, the writer emphasizes that . A. child death is preventable with good nutrition B. children can perform better at school with good care C. nutrition is very important for babies and young kids D. early education is very important for the future of babies 42. What does the underlined word “impaired” in Paragraph 2 mean? A. Cared. B. Needed. C. Harmed. D. Supported. 43. We can learn from Paragraph 3 that a child who suffers from malnutrition will . A. have no chance to develop diabetes later in life B. be at an increased risk of suffering cancer later in life C. have no chance to suffer from hypertension later in life D. surely not suffer from long-term diseases with improved nutrition 44. What does what Dr Shah says in Paragraph 5 tell us? A. Children will not receive enough nutrition without agricultural development. B. The US has been attaching great importance to nutrition in children. C. The US is the leader in offering food aid to where it is most needed. D. Most countries around the world have attached great importance to nutrition in children. 45. What would be the best title for the passage? A. Malnutrition can be harmful to children. B. Children suffer stunting due to malnutrition. C. Provide food aid for countries around the world. D. Make development progress through better nutrition. 第二节 信息匹配(共5小题；每小题2分，满分l0分) 请阅读下列应用文及相关信息，并按照要求匹配信息。请在答题卡上将对应题号的 相应选项字母涂黑。 首先，请阅读以下招聘信息。 A. Secretary — experienced office worker with excellent typing (50 words per min), good computer skills, and strong customer service ability needed to run the office for the manager. Experience in import-export industry an advantage but not required. Part-time position 3 days (18 hours) per week. B. Sales clerk — busy city-centre women’s clothing store looking for well-presented 20 to 30-year-olds, with good understanding of fashion trends and brands. Must have good customer service skills and some sales experiences. Part time position, salary negotiable.
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C. Manager — a highly motivated and competent manager is required to run a computer company employing over 60 staff. Technical skills and previous industry experience are not required, but candidate must have a proven record of managing all aspects of a company employing over 30 people. 2-year contract. D. Bank trainee — Central Bank is now offering entry positions for new employees. No previous work experience is required but candidates must have or are about to complete a degree in economics, marketing, finance or accounting. You will be given 3 months’ full-time paid training before being assigned to one of our branches. E. Technical support officer — Advertising and marketing company needs an energetic technical officer with good personal relationship skill. You will be required to solve any computer problems our office staff have, so a computer related degree and strong knowledge of the Windows operating system and computer networks are essential. F. Kitchen assistant — the chef of a 4 star, inner-city restaurant needs an experienced kitchen worker to assist in meal preparation. Must have familiarity with French cooking style and be willing to work hard. This is a permanent part-time position which will mainly involve evening and weekend shifts. 阅读以下人物介绍，将人物与适合的职位匹配起来。 46. John — has just graduated from university with a degree in computer science and is looking for a job where he can put his knowledge and skills to use. While a student he was responsible for managing his department computer network. 47. Julie — Now that her children have started school, Julie is interested in returning to the workforce. She has over 10 years’ experience as an assistant office manager where she developed strong typing, computer and customer skills. As she must still take care of her children after school she is not interested in full-time work. 48. Bill — in the ten years since he graduated from university with a finance degree, Bill has become the chief administrator of a large bank branch. But he is now bored of working in this industry and would like to move to a new sector where he can use his excellent management skills. 49. Roberta — is currently a marketing student at university and has recently lost her part-time job as a waitress in a French restaurant. Although she was very popular with her customers, she would prefer her new part-time job to be in the area that she loves most, women’s fashion. 50. Kelly — is about to graduate from university with a degree in economics and is trying to find a job that is suitable for her. She is worried that she won’t be able to find anything suitable as she has never worked before and has little experience. III. 写作（共两节，满分 25 分） 第一节 基础写作（共1小题，满分15分） 请根据提示内容，写一篇短文，介绍下面的观点。 你是校报小记者，最近就“网络购物”进行了采访，以下是这次采访的情况： 采访时间 上个星期
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采访对象 采访主题 采访结果
全校 230 个学生 你是否会选择在网上购物？ 愿意：72% 1.方便，在家可以购物、收货； 2.网上商品众多，可以买到物美价廉的产品。 不愿意：28% 1.容易买到劣质产品；2.担心个人信息被泄露*。 采访结论 1.只在信誉好的商家购物；2.理性考虑产品的质量和价格。 *泄露 leak out 【写作内容】 根据以上情况写一篇采访报道，并包括如下内容： 1. 采访时间、对象和主题； 2. 采访结果及其事由原因； 3. 采访结论。 【写作要求】只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容。 【评分标准】句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章结构连贯。 第二节 读写任务 (共1小题，满分25分) 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 All parents hope their children will have a bright future. However, parents’ expectations for their children are not always consistent with their children’s personal ideals, and sometimes they are even conflicting with each other. This is often a main cause for quarrels and gaps between parents and children. But what leads to the conflict between parental hopes and personal ideals? The following three factors contribute to the conflict. First of all, in this fast-changing society, parents and children have too many differences in mind. Secondly, traditional patriarchy(父权制) is still influencing Chinese parents in modern society. They are used to making decisions for their children. Thirdly, nowadays young people have strong independence, and want to plan their own future and control their own destiny(命运). Thus the conflict between parents and children inevitably appear. In order to solve the conflict, both parents and children should make their efforts. As a father, I think we parents should give children rights to make their own decisions. Although we have more life experience, we may only help them make choices instead of replacing them to make decisions. Besides, more communication with them is necessary to a better understanding of each other. 【写作内容】 1.以约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容； 2.以约 120 个词谈谈你对处理父母的期望与个人理想冲突的想法，内容包括： （1）你同意上文中作者的观点吗？ （2）你父母对你的期望和你的个人理想是否存在冲突？请举例说明； （3）谈谈你对处理这类问题的建议。 【写作要求】 1.作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得直 接引用原文中的句子。
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2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，语篇连贯。
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完形填空 1-5 ABCDC 6-10 语法填空 16. between 21. where 阅读理解 26-30 BDCCD 46-50 EACBD BDBAB 11-15 DABCD
17. unforgettable 22. drank
18. an 23. how
19. written 24. it
20. embarrassment(s) 25. studying
基础写作： Last week, we interviewed 230 students in our school on whether they would choose to shop online. 72% of those interviewees are willing to shop online, because it is convenient for them to buy whatever they need and receive the products at home. Besides, there are many products to sell online, so they can buy the products of excellent quality and reasonable prices. On the other hand, 28% of the interviewees are not willing to shop online, arguing that it is easy to buy the products of poor quality, and that their personal information may leak out. In conclusion, if we are to shop online, we should buy the products only from the sellers with a good reputation, and take the price and quality into reasonable considerations. 读写任务： Children’s ideals often conflict with their parents’ expectation because of their differences in mind, traditional patriarchy and children’s desire for independence. To solve this, parents should allow children to make their own decisions and communicate more. After reading the passage, I think the author is a considerate father. I quite agree with him because his analysis of the problem and suggestions to parents are reasonable and acceptable. Such conflict also exists in my family. My parents want me to become a useful doctor. They often say that the family would have less worry about being sick if I were a doctor. However, I like children and I want to become a teacher. Now I begin to understand my parents. As children, we should respect our parents’ advice since they have more life experience. Besides, we should learn to communicate with them and let them know about our interest. As long as we put ourselves in each other’s shoes, the conflict between us can be avoided.
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