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2014 届高考英语一轮复习语法部分专项训练 15
1. Tom, you’d better find money for the rent______, or I’ll sweep you out. A. somehow B. anyhow C. anyway D.somewhat 2.----Which of the story books do like best? -----_____. They both are expensive and of little interest. A. None B. Nothing C. Neither D. Either 3.Maybe If I get my grades_______at school, I can enter the key university. A. up B. out C. on D. over 4.With the aid of the scientists, more new facts about the sea will _______ gradually. A. bright to light B.come to light C. see through light D. giveout light 5. She found a lot of______were______. A. passers-by; grown-ups B. passers-bys; growns-up C. passers-bys; grown ups D. passers-by;growns up 6. Do you like to accept________idea in modern society? A.outdate B. update C. up-to-date D. out of-date 7. This wine isn’t bad; I’m begining to_______ a taste for it. A. be used to B.acquire C. achieve D. attain 8.----Can I buy a Friday’s air ticket for London? ----- I’m sorry. But there no tickets____ for Friday’s flight. A. left B. convenient C. available D. useful 9. I don’t believe_____: he said he had finished his homework by himself. A. you B. him C.that D.this 10.______, he couldn’t get the door open. A. Might as he try B. As he might try C.Try as might try D.Try as he might 11. The teacher was _____in thoughs when I came to see him. A. deeply B. stuck C.losing D. absorded 12. I think it is you rather than the student who____ for being late for the speech. A. is to blame B. are to blame C.is to be blamed D.are to be blamed 13. Eating too much fat can_____ heart disease and cause high blood pressure. A. result from B.result into C.contribute to D.devote to 14. Please remain seated until the plane_____to complete landing. A. has come B.had come C.will come D.comes 15.The wise parents can tell whether their children are telling the truth_____ they listen to their excuses to wrong deeds. A. the first time B. for the first time C. every time D. for every time 16.As we came into the supermarket, I got_____ from my parents. A. separated B.divided C. spared D. missed 17._____ is no possibility to visit the factory, for the rain is so heavy. A. It B. There C. That D. This 18. His words remind me____ we did toghter during the past holidays. A. of which B. of what C. of that D. what
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19.Though____money, his parents managed to send him to go abroad. A. lacked B. lacking of C. lacking D. lacked in 20. Finding a job is very difficult, so the forst_____ is very important in a job interview. A. impression B. appearance C. expression D. looking 21. I’m sorry, ____ I won’t be able to come tonight. A. for B. and C. but D. or 22. The key point is not who said the words, _____ they are true or not. A. but whether B. and whether C. but why D. and how 23. Just because they make more money than I do, _____ they seem to look down on me. A. so B. and C. while D. 不填 24.----- “Don’t you believe me?” -------“______, I’ll believe _______ you say.” A. No; whatever B. Yes; no matter what C. No; no matter what D. Yes; whatever 25. “Haven’t seen you for ages! Do you still work in Guangzhou?” “_______. It’s two years since I worked there.” A. Yes, I have B. Yes, I do C. No, I haven’t D. No, I don’t 26. “I‘ve never found a better job.” “_____.” A. I don’t think so B. Too bad C. Congratulations D. Don’t worry 27. While typing, Helen has a habit of stopping _____ to give her long and flowing hair a smooth. A. occasionally B. simultaneously C. eventually D. directly 28. In my opinion, you can widen the _____ of these improvements through your active participation. A. dimension B. volume C. magnitude D. scope 29. The young man was____ stealing possession of his factory and put into prison. A. accused of B. accused with C. charge of D. charged for 30. Sorry, sir. It wasn’t my_____ to disturb you last night. A. means B. suggestion C. advice D. intemtion 31. Have you heard of the case____ a child accused his paeents of being ill-treated? A. what B. how C. where D. why 32. The noise was so _____ that only those with excellent hearing were aware of it. A. dim B. soft C. faint D. gentle 33.She may have missed the train,____ she won’t arrive for another hour. .A. whose case B.in which case C. in any case D. in that case
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34. I hear____ boys in your school like playing football in their spare time,though others prefer basketball. A. quite a few B.quite a lot C. quite a bit D. quite a little 35. Don’t touch anything in the lab unless____. A. to be allowed B. allowed C, to be allowing D.allowed to 36.How can you pass the examination_____ you never attended class? A. in case B. even if C. unless D. when 37. I heard_____ voice that had been shouted to me as a child. A. every B. such C. any D. one 38. If he refuses to _____ my plan, I can probably find someone more cooperative. A. put up with B. fall in with C. keep up with D. catch up with 39. Some people either _____ avoid questions of right and wrong or remain neutral about them. A. violently B. sincerely C. properly D. deliberately 40.The rain yesterday was heavy._____, the road were flooded. A. As a result of B. As a consequence C. Consequent D. In consequence of 41 —Hi, this way, please. —OK.I sometimes have no sense of ______ when I arrive at the crossroad. A. position B. direction C. way D. road 42. She had prepared carefully for her English examination so that she could be sure of passing it on her first ________. A. try B. attempt C. purpose D. hope 43. His letter was so confusing that I could hardly make any ______ of it. A. use B. meaning C. sense D. guess 44. You’ve just missed your ______, and you will have to wait for the next round. A. chance B. turn C. time D. round 45. Jim was late for two classes this morning. He said that he forgot both of the ______. A. rooms’ number B. room number C. room’s numbers D. room numbers 46. In order to learn the _______ of the family business, Bill took a job as messenger boy in one of the offices. A. ins and outs B. dos and don’ts C. heads and tails D. p’s and q’s 474Her skirt had been so _____ in packing that she had to iron it before going out. A. faded B. torn C. dirty D. crushed 48. The environment is exactly everything that affect us in some_____. A. aspect B. aspects C. suspect D.prospect 49._____ with a big family the man worked hard day and night. A. Loading B.Having loaded C. Loaded D. Being loaded 50. He was busy last night, otherwise he ______ to the meeting. A. would come B. would have come C.came D. had come 1.【解析】A 考查副词词义辨析。Somehow 不管怎么样,以某种方式或方法;anyhow 随便地;
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anyway 加之,而且;somewhat 有一些,稍微。句意:汤姆,你最好弄到钱交房租,否则, 我就会把你赶出去。 2. 【解析】C 考查不定代词的辨析。由后面的 both 可知是两本书。 3. 【解析】A 考查介词的辨析。句意:要是我在学校的成绩再高一点,我就能考上重点大 学了。高一点,上升,A 最合适。 4. 【解析】B 考查动词短语。Come to light 显露,被发现;bright to light 揭发,发现; see through 识破光;give out light 发出光;句意:在科学家的帮助下,关于海洋的更多 新的真相逐渐地被发现。 5. 【解析】A 考查合成词的用法。在表示中心意思的词上变化。Passer-by 过路人,复数 为 passers-by;grown-up 成年人表示整体意思,复数 grown-ups 6. 【解析】C 考查合成词作定语。Up-to-date 现代的,新式的;outdate 为动词,使过时; update 动词使现代;out of-date 过时的,不合题意。 7. 【解析】B 考查同义词辨析。Be used to 习惯于与 be begining to 一时不符;acquire 指逐渐获得和养成;achieve 强调经过极大地努力,克服困难获得;attain 经过艰苦努力使 人达到完美。 8. 【解析】C 考查近义词辨析。left 剩余的意思与星期五的航班语境不吻合,不能说剩余。 Convenient 便利,方便;useful 有用的不作后置定语;available 可以得到的。 9. 【解析】C 考查代用法。要注意标点符号,that 替代前面内容,符合句式用法,this 替代后面内容。 10. 【解析】D 考查 as 构成的让步状语从句。过顶用法为“谓语动词+as+主语+情态动词” 11. 【解析】D 考查动词词义辨析。Be absorded in though=be lost in thought 陷入沉思。 如果把 deeply 改为 deep 也可以。Stick 与 to 连接。 12. 【解析】B 考查 blame 表示该受责备固定及主谓语的一致性的用法。Be to blame 为固 定用语;定语从句修饰的是 you 而不是 student,要注意主谓语的一致性。 13. 【解析】C 考查短语动词的辨析。Result from 后接原因;result into 不用此短语, result in=lead to 导致,前因后果;contribute to 有助于,对----有贡献,成为---的 原因,后接结果符合句意。 14. 【解析】A 考查语境下的时态。飞机着陆要有一个过程,用现在完成时。 15. 【解析】C 考查连词用法。表示每一次的意思并且后接从句应该用 every time. 16. 【解析】A 考查动词词义辨析。separate 隔开,隔离符合句意;divide 把整天分成若 干部分。Spare 均出;miss 丢失,怀念。 17. 【解析】B 句型考查 There’s no possibility to do sth.没有可能做某事,要防止误 选 it,如果用的话,它的句型为 It is not possible to do sth. 18. 【解析】B 考查固定搭配和宾语从句。Remind sb. of sth.使人想起某事;后面是我们 一起做的用 what. 19. 【解析】C 考查 lack、省略、分词的用法。Lack 为及物动词意思是缺乏,缺少;前后 主语一直可以发出 lack 这个动作。 20. 【解析】A 考查名词辨析。句意是第一印象,impression 印象符合句意;appearance 外表;expression 表情;looking 相貌。 21【解析】C 考查交际用语。 事实上,I’m sorry 后习惯上不接表示原因的连词 for,而 接表示转折的连词 but(也可省略 but) ,用以委婉地提出一个使对方不快的事实。但防止 误选 for. 22. 【解析】A.考查 not----but 不是---而是---固定搭配。此题涉及两个搭配:一是 not ? but ?(不是??而是??) ,二是 whether ? or not (是否) 。
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23.【解析】D 考查英汉之间的口语差别。按英语语法,because 为从属连词,用以引导原 因状语从句,它表明整个句子为复合句;而 so 在表示“所以”时,它是并列连词,用以连 接两个简单句使之成为并列句。 由于在同一句中既用了从属连词 because, 又用了并列连词 so, 使得该句一半像复合句, 一半像并列句, 容易导致错误。 突破方法是: 任意去掉 because 和 so 中的一个,使之要么成为复合句,要么成为并列句。 24. 【解析】D 考查 no 和 yes 的答语。在回答否定疑问句时,要特别注意 yes, no 的正确 理解。回答 yes 时,可视为 yes, I do 之类的省略形式;回答 no 时,可视为 no, I don’t 之类的省略形式。针对上题而言,“Don’t you believe me?”的意思是“你难道不相信 我?”其答句 “Yes, I do” 的实际意思便是“不,我相信你”,这与 I‘ll believe whatever you say 的意思完全吻合。注意,第二空不宜填 no matter what,因为它只能引 导让步状语从句,不能引导宾语从句。 25. 【解析】D 考查交际用语 yes 与 no 的用法。本题中 It‘s two years since I worked there 的实际意思是“我没在那儿工作已有两年了”。 弄清此句的意思后, 再结合上下文的 语境,就能选 26. 【解析】C 考查比较级的否定句的句意。I‘ve never found a better job 的实际 意思是“这是我所找到的最好的一份工作”,可视为 I’ve never found a better job than this job (我从来没有找到比这份工作更好的工作,即这是我所找到的最好的工作)省略。 只要正确理解了这话的实际含义,答案选 C 也就不难理解了。 27. 解析】 考查副词词义辨析。 【 A. occasionally 偶尔; Simultaniously 同时地; eventually 最后; directly 直接。 28.【解析】D. 考查名词词义辨析。scope (活动)范围,机会,余地;dimension 尺寸,尺 度;magnitude 大小,数量;volume 体积。均不切题。句意:依我看,通过你的积极参与, 你能够扩大这些改进措施的范围。 29.【解析】 考查动词短语辨析。 A “指控某人干某事”为 accuse sb.of sth 或 charge---with 也可以。 30. 【解析】D 考查名词词义辨析。句意: 对不起,先生,昨晚打扰你不是我的本意。 31. 【解析】C 考查定语从句的用法。先行词为 case 它在定语从句中作状语,应为 in the case 32.【解析】C.考查形容词词义辨析。 faint “微弱的,模糊的,不清楚的”。Dim 不亮的, 看不清的;soft 软的;gentle 轻微的。 33. 【解析】B 考查定语从句的用法。句意:她可能错过了火车,在这种情况下她还得一个 小时到。空前面的逗号是关键,它的使用排除了 C,D. 34. 【解析】A 考查形容词短语辨析。C,D 两项为修饰不可数名词;B,C 两项修饰名词时后 加 of 35. 【解析】D 考查从句省略。完整的句子是:unless you are allowed to touch 36. 【解析】D 考查状语从句的连接词。句意:既然你从没上过课,你怎么能通过考试呢? When conj.相当于 considering that 既然,考虑到;in case 万一,以防;even if 即使; unless 除非。 37. 【解析】A 考查不定代词的用法。B,C,D 都有语法错误。 38.【解析】B. 考查动词短语的辨析。fall in with 同意; put up with 忍受。C,D 都为 追赶。句意:如果他不肯同意我的计划,我或许能找一个更能合作的人。 39.【解析】D. 考查副词的词义辨析。deliberately 故意地。Sincerely 真诚地;violently 强暴的,激烈的,暴力引起的。properly 好好地,恰当地;严格地。 40. 【解析】B 考查介词短语辨析。A.D 都表示由于----的结果,后接名词和动名词;C 表
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示作为结果的为形容词;as a consequence=consequently 结果,因此作副词用法。 41.【解析】B。考查名词词义辨析。have no sense of direction 意为“没有方向感”。 42.【解析】B。考查词义辨析。需根据句意来分析,attempt 在此表示“尝试”。Try 为动 词,此处需要名词。 43. 【解析】C。考查名词和动词构成短语意思辨析。make sense of 意为“明白”、“理 解”。比较:make sense 意为“有意义”、“意思清楚”、“有道理”。 44. 【解析】B 考查短语的构成意思辨析。miss one’s turn 电为“错过机会”,注意下 文的 ?have to wait for the next round 所表示的语境。 45. 【解析】D 考查名词作定语的用法。room 为无生命名词,不用 room’s 这样的所有格 形式,在此可直接用名词作定语,后面有 both 因此 number 勇复数。 46. 【解析】A 考查固定的意义辨析。ins and outs 意为“细节”,dos and don’ts 意 为“注意事项”,heads or tails 为掷钱币打赌时用语,意为“你赌正面还是赌反面”, p’s and q’s 主要用于 mind one’s p’s and q’s,意为“留意自己的言行”。结合句 意,选 A 最合适。 47.【解析】D 考查形容词的用法。crush 把......弄皱。因为后半句中 iron 指“熨平”, 所以不能选其他答案了。 48. 【解析】B 考查名词词义辨析。句意:环境就是能影响我们某些方面的一切事物。In any aspect 意为“在任何一个方面”,符合句意。Suspect 怀疑;prospect 前景,前途均不符 合句意。 49. 【解析】C 考查动词形式。Load sb. with sth.用---装满,使某人负担---;the man 与 load 的关系为被动。 50. 【解析】B 考查虚拟语气的用法。依据前面句子 last night 可知与过去相反的假设。

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