东莞市 2013-2014 学年度第一学期期末调研考试
I 语言知识及应用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完型填空（共 15 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 1-15 各题所给的 A、B、C、D 项中， 选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Five-year-old Jocelyn Rojas spent all day
playing merrily with her friends outside. Her mom, Jaimee, kept her ___1__on the little girl from a window. At about 4 p.m., Jocelyn walked to get her bicycle. However, half an hour later, she ___2____. Jaimee called 911. A short time later, police officers and firefighters crowded in the area, blocking streets and searching the neighborhood. Officers ____3____ photos of the girl wearing thick- framed glasses. Temar Boggs, 15, a school ____4___ in track, who once won a championship in 400-metre race, happened to know it. And a little bit later, Temar and his friends went to check out the ____5___. By 6:30 p.m., Jocelyn had been missing for more than two hours, and the search team was ___6___ that the sun would set before she was found. Just at that moment, Temar felt a(n) ____7___ feeling that he was going to find her. He and his friend Chris Garcia, 13, rode alongside, simply keeping a sharp eye out as they cycled around. Then Temar___8____ a car circling around, as if the driver were ___9___ with the block. Temar saw the driver ___10____ a tiny blond girl in the passenger seat with his eyes. Temar ___11___ realized that it must be the missing girl! The boys cycled after the car, but the driver kept moving, winding his way. Finally, the driver had to ___12___ the car ahead of them and push open the passenger-side____13____. A girl slipped out of the car. It was Jocelyn! Just then, the police arrived. Neil Harkins, chief of the Manheim Police Department, says, “The boys’ heroics is something we don’t ___14____ hear about. It is a very brave thing for young boys to do that.” But when asked, Temar says, “I didn’t do it for ___15____. I just wanted to help.” 1. A. nose 2. A. arrived 3. A. handed out 4. A. worker 5. A. position 6. A. worried 7. A. depressed 8. A. sensed 9. A. unfit 10. A. spying 11. A. instantly 12. A. carry B. eye B. approached B. took off B. assistant B. destination B. puzzled B. upset B. spotted B. unfamiliar B. holding B. gradually B. push
C. mouth C. disappeared C. hung up C. dancer C. situation C. disappointed C. weak C. heard C. unsatisfied C. pressing C. anxiously C. park
D. ear D. dismissed D. turned in D. athlete D. station D. confused D. strong D. guessed D. unfriendly D. controlling D. nearly D. place
13. A. window 14. A. occasionally 15. A. courage
B. handle B. usually B. bravely
C. glass C. completely C. money
D. door D. actually D. attention
第二节 语法填空(共 l0 小题；每小题 l.5 分，满分 l5 分) 阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入 一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空， 并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16～25 的相应位置上。 One day, an old monk named Wisdom, followed by two young monks, was walking from one town to another__16__ they caught sight of a lake. Tired and thirsty, they stopped to have a rest.__17__ old monk, pointing to the lake, asked the __18__(young) one to get him some water. When the little monk reached the lake, a cart__19__(draw) by an ox started crossing the lake,__20__ made the water very muddy. The little monk thought, “How can I give this muddy water to my master to drink!” So he came back ___21__ any water, saying, “The water is very muddy. I don’t think__22__ is suitable to drink..” After a while, the same monk was asked to get water again. When he went back to the lake, he found that the mud__23__(settle) down already, so he collected back a pot of water. Wisdom looked at the water__24__(happy) and then up at the monk. “To make the water clean,__25__ you need to do is just to let it be and the mud would settle down on its own,” It is also the same with your mind. When it is disturbed, just let it be. Give it a little time and it will settle down itself. 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 50 分) 第一节 阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Chih-Ming and I met in Zhuhai, China. We were studying at the same school, and he soon discovered he could practice his new language skills with me. Chih-Ming sought me out whenever he had free time, including breakfast, lunch and dinner. Whenever I asked Chih-Ming a question in English, he could breathe in and out deeply in disappointment, because he didn’t know how to communicate exactly what he wanted to. Eighteen months after I returned home Hawaii, Chih-Ming went there to continue studying English. When we met up, I was greeted by a transformed man, he could now speak English fluently! Chih-Ming said that he had devoted himself to mastering the English language. Otherwise, he would never get another chance to spend time with me. With our relationship growing stronger, he got married in 2006. Our plan was to move to my husband’s home Taiwan after the wedding. However, with the annoying arrangements, I had to reach Taiwan first and meet his family by myself! I was nervous because I didn’t speak a word of Chinese and no one in his family
spoke English. Even during the flight, a hundred questions zoomed around my head. How would Chih-Ming family recognize me? How could I communicate with them? After landing, I met my husband’s parents waiting nearby. They were both smiling widely, but it felt very awkward because of the language barrier. I handed over my husband’s note and we went to a steak restaurant. Communication continued to be difficult. When the waitress asked me a question, my father-in-law took great pains to translate for her. “She asks you…um, your food,” he said, then turning his hands over and over. I realized only much later that the waitress was asking how I wanted my steak done. Later at night, as I was about to go to sleep, Ming-Que, my mother-in-law, came to my room. I didn’t understand what she was saying, but I couldn’t miss the apologetic tone in her voice for keeping me so embarrassed. That night I slept soundly, knowing that all my fears about coming to Taiwan were unfounded. 26. When asked questions in English, Chih-Ming acted like that because _________. A. he was not good at English B. the questions were too difficult C. they stayed together almost all the time D. he was not good at communicating with others 27. Chih-Ming could speak fluent English 18 months later for the reason that _________. A. he spent time with the author B. he transformed himself C. he practiced English D. he stayed in Hawaii 28. From the underlined sentence in Paragragh5, we can know that _________. A. she prepared many questions to ask her husband’s family B. meeting husband’s family worried her so much C. she had to finish 100 questions during the flight D. 100 questions crowded into her mind 29. From what happened in the restaurant, we know _________. A. the waitress asked a difficult question B. there was something wrong with her father-in-law C. her father-in-law turned his hands over and over again D. her father-in-law had difficulty translating the waitress’ question 30. What comforted the author in Taiwan? A. Her mother-in-law’s apologetic tone B. Her husband family’s words C. Her husband family’s love D. Her husband’s personal note B A global survey has found that most people can’t live without their mobiles , never leave home without them and ,if given a choice , they would rather lose their wallets .
Calling mobile phones the “remote control” for life, market research firm Synovate says cell phones are so common that more people own more than one phone. Among over 8000 answers voted online in 11 countries, three-quarters say they take their phones with them everywhere, with Russians and Singaporeans the most attached. More than a third also say they can’t live without their phones, topped by Taiwanese and again Singaporeans, while one in four find it harder to replace the mobiles than their purses. Some two-thirds answer that they go to bed with their phones nearby and cannot switch them off, even though they want to. They are afraid they will miss something. “Mobiles give us safety and instant access to information. For some young people, they are the number one tool of communication for us, sometimes even more than face-to-face communication. They are our connection to our lives,” Synovate’s director in Taiwan said . Mobiles have also changed the nature of relationships .At present , nearly half of the people use text messages to chat; a fifth begin first dates by text messages and almost the same number end their love story by text messages . Apart from the obvious calling and texting, the top three features people use regularly on their mobile phones are the alarm o’clock ,the camera and the games . It may also let you surf the Internet, listen to music wherever you are. Yet, owning a smart phone may not be smart as you think. The all-singing, all-dancing mobile phones may make you addicted, especially the young. So scientists warn that people should be aware of the disadvantages they bring us. 31. People love mobile phones so much that _____________. A .they should lose their wallets . B . they would control their lives . C .they would buy two cell phones. D. they would take them everywhere. 32. Among the surveyed, about how many people think mobiles are less important than money ? A. 2600 B . 5300 C . 800 D . 2000 . 33. Most people keep their phones on while sleeping so as to ___________ A . live with them . B .keep safe by phones . C. avoid missing messages or phone calls . D. use the alarm o’clock to wake them up . 34 . Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage ? A . Mobiles help gaining the latest information . B. Mobiles are now the first choice in communication . C. Face-to-face communication is no longer necessary . D. Mobiles are always used to end a love affair . 35. What is the main theme of the passage ? A . Cell phone popularity . B . cell phone shortcoming . C. Cell phone functions . D. cell phone safety .
C My dad used to ask me that when I was little. It’s one of those questions that parents want to find out how smart their young children are. During my teenage years, my dad jokingly told me that he thought I was going to be clear-sighted because I pointed at him whenever he asked me where the light was. Dad never spoiled (宠爱) me, but he did buy me nice things for my birthday. Despite my father ’s busy schedule, we still spend time with each other walking and chatting, and so on. He has always shared with my brother and me the values of living an honest life, constantly educating oneself, and praying heartily. These are, he says, stepping stones to success in anything. His father died when he was very young. To make ends meet, the family except him had to find work to survive. When he was in grade school, his mother couldn’t afford to buy him new shoes, so he would walk to school in his bare feet. In spite of these, he graduated from high school at the top of his class. Dad loved reading and always looked for opportunities to educate himself. One day, when my father was 16 and out of work, a priest (牧师) saw him sitting under a tree lost in a book. After hearing Dad’s story, the priest recommended him to Baguio Colleges as a working student. He also gave Dad a job as a door-keeper at a local church. Thanks to the priest, Dad got his Bachelor of Arts degree, then went on to study Law. Dad studied very hard. He went on to become a successful lawyer. He is now president of the College of Law of a University. Most importantly, my dad gave our family a life he didn’t have during his childhood days. He showed his love and support in many ways. Like a light, he shines with dignity and respect because of his achievements, maintaining our family as a close unit with love and faith. “Where is the light?” when asked, I just smile, and point at him. 36. Parents asked their children those questions in order to ___________. A. check their children’s wisdom B. find out where the light was C. play jokes on each other D. train their children 37. As a father, the author ’s dad____________. A. shared his working experiences with his children B. shared his keys to success with his children C. was busy buying things for his children D. prayed sincerely with his children 38. Dad walked to school without shoes because ___________. A. his father died B. he had to survive C. his family was very poor D. he liked to walk in his bare feet 39. Why did the priest recommend Dad to study at college? A. Because Dad was out of work.
B. Because Dad lost the book. C. Because he found Dad was working hard. D. Because he appreciated Dad’s devotion to study. 40. Dad instructed his children mainly by __________. A. loving them B. respecting them C. achieving his life goal D. asking them questions D Are GM (genetically modified（转基因的）) foods safe fore people? Can they help solve the poverty problem? They have been the subjects of a hot debate. This debate is related to increasing challenges from rising climate change, population growth, urbanization （城镇化） , and natural resource consumption. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization, food production needs to increase by 60 percent by 2050 in order to feed 9 billion people. Scientists and policymakers are searching for effective ways to gain nutritious food, for today and future. Unlike previous agricultural methods (such as the Green Revolution), GM crops are to fight food safety and poverty challenges. The great expansion of GM crop varieties over the last two decades can be seen easily. The total area devoted to GM crops has increase 100 times from 1.7 million hectares in 1996 to 170 million hectares in 2012. Developing countries now grow more GM crops than developed countries (in terms of area), largely driven by Brazil ’s rapid adoption of GM crops. China is home to about 4 percent of the total global area devoted to GM crops. Beans, corn, and cotton are main global GM crops, while China’s focus is on cotton, papaya, and poplar. Recently, a scientific study shows that GM crops are safe for people and the environment. According to a 2010 report on the safety of GM crops by the EU, “the main conclusion to be drawn from the efforts of more than 130 research projects, covering a period of more than 25 years of research, and involving more than 500 research groups, is that biology methods, are not more risky than traditional planting technologies, for example.” Other international and national scientific bodies, such as the World Health Organization, have reached the same conclusion. 41. Nowadays, people are developing GM foods mainly to fight against ________. A. urbanization B. population growth C. rising climate change D. natural resource consumption 42. As for GM crops, what do people mainly focus on? A. Food production. B. Food nutrition. C. Food safety. D. Food variety.
43. What does Paragraph 3 talk about? A. More GM crops in developing countries. B. Less GM crops in developed countries. C. Rapid adoption of GM crops in Brazil. D. The expansion of GM crop varieties of the world. 44. From a recent scientific study, we can infer that ________. A. traditional planting technologies are more risky B. the safety of GM crops has been proved in many ways C. the safety of GM crops was reported by the EU in 2010 D. present GM crops are safe for people and the environment 45. What’s the writer ’s attitude towards GM crops? A. Supportive. B. Opposed. C. Unknown. D. Indifferent. 第二节信息匹配(共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 l0 分) 阅读下列应用文及相关信息， 并按照要求匹配信息。请将答案填涂在答题卡标号 为 46～50 的相应位置上。 首先，请阅读下列书籍内容的简介：
A． The Chinese Dream is valuable for readers to gain a better understanding of modern China and its people. The book, published in Chinese with an English edition, aims to explore what a Chinese Dream means for China and the rest of the world.
B. Harvard University student John Thornton approaches the country from different aspects? In his first novel, Beautiful countryside, the author describes Chinese culture and social phenomena through the eyes of a 14-year-old American boy.
C. The publication of Gal Jianqun’s Tongwan City in English marks another step forward in the country’s efforts to promote its publications abroad. Gao’s novel is one of 165 projects enlisted in this year ’s China Classic International project.
D. A book detailing the Tokyo War Crime Trials was published for the first time on the Chinese mainland on Sept. 2, making the 68th anniversary of China’s victory on the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression (1937-45)
E. The new book “Lean In: Women, Work, and the will to Lead” was written by Sandberg. In this book a group of China’s most powerful women CEOs joined to talk about the challenges faced by women in business and how to overcome gender inequality.
F. In 2011 --- two years after Jackson’s tragic death, Cascio published the book “My Friend Michael, to reveal”. Cascio offers a deeply personal and behind-the- scenes look at the Michael Jackson he knew, with never –before-told stories and 32 pages of never-before-exposed private photos. 以下是读者需求的介绍，请匹配他们需要购买的书籍。 46. Alex is a history professor in Oxford University, majoring in international relationship, especially about China. He often reads books about Chinese policy and knows well about Chinese events. He is seeking a book about modern China. 47. Angela is in a bad mood these days. She is puzzled about the falling down of her company’s business. If it were last year, her company would be the busiest these months. But now she can have time to play golf. She wants to find a book to help her out of dilemma. 48. Anastasia is a senior school girl. She is asked to help her cousin buy a book about Chinese culture and social phenomena. Her cousin is a thoughtful girl and often thinks about some social problems. She wants to know some descriptions about Chinese countryside.
49. David is a Michael Jackson’s authentic fan. He was sad for a year when Michael left his music world. David likes to collect everything about Michael, including jeans, T-shirts, CDs and books as well as magazines. 50. Beatrice’s grandpa Daniel loves peace. He suffered a lot in World War Two. He has been living with a single leg since the war. Every day he is concerned about the worldwide news and also reads some books. Next week he will be invited to give a speech about war crime trials. III 写作（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 基础写作（共 1 小题，满分 15 分） 成人礼在中国又开始流行了。应《中国日报》的约稿，你用英语写一篇介绍 中国成人礼的稿件。 【写作内容】 成人礼 起源：在中国据说起源于汉朝 人员：年满 18 岁的年轻人 时间：每年 9 月份以后 服饰：穿戴一新 仪式：1. 家长、亲友陪同 2. 老师或长辈致辞祝福，勉励他们遵守社会法律，报效国家 3. 穿越“成人门” 4. 父母赠送子女礼物和鲜花 5. 拍照留念 意义：1. 长大成人 2. 开始承担社会责任 * 成人礼 Coming-of-age Ceremony 【写作要求】 只能使用 5 个句子表达全部内容。 【评分标准】 句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章结构连贯。 第二节 读写任务(共 1 小题，满分 25 分) 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 Plumb was a successful US pilot in the war against Vietnam. However, once his plane was destroyed by the enemy and he was forced to jump out. Fortunately, with the help of the parachute(降落伞) he landed safely, but he was caught by the enemy and was put in prison for 6 years. One day, many years after the war, Plumb and his wife were sitting in a restaurant when he found a man staring at him. Plumb looked back but didn’t recognize him. The man stood up and said, “You’re Captain Plumb?” Plumb looked up at him and nodded. The man said, “You were a pilot soldier in Vietnam. You landed into the enemy land with the help of your
parachute.” Embarrassed and surprised, Plumb asked, “How did you know all that?” The man continued, “Because I packed your parachute and it worked well.” Plumb stayed awake that night. He wondered how many times he had walked past his life saver without saying anything or ignored him completely. Think about this for ourselves. We sometimes completely ignore the people around, who help us out when we need them badly. They are just like the man who was just out there packing parachutes. [写作内容] 1. 以约 30 个词概括这段短文的内容。 2.以约 120 个词谈谈你对“感恩”这一主题的想法，内容包括： （1）读完这篇短文的感受； （2）举例说明你周围的人是如何默默地帮助你的； （3）你会成为一个懂得感恩的人吗？说说你的做法。 [写作要求] 1. 在作文中可以使用自己亲身的经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的 内容但不得直接引用原文中的句子； 2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 [评分标准] 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，篇章连贯。
东莞 2013-2014 学年度第一学期期末调研考试
I 语言知识及应用(共两节; 满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 1-5 BCADC 6-10 ADBBA 11-15 ACDBD 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分)
16. when 17. The 18. younger 19. drawn 20. which 21. without 23. had settled 24. happily 25. what
II 阅读(共两节; 满分 50 分) 第一节 阅读理解(共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分) 26-30 ACBDC 31-35 DDCAA 36-40 ABCDC 41-45 BCDBA 第二节 信息匹配（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 46-50 AEBFD III 写作(共两节，满分 40 分) 第一节 基础写作(共 1 小题，满分 15 分) Sample 1
Coming-of –age Ceremony In China, the Coming-of-age Ceremony is said to have begun in Han Dynasty . After September every year, those teenagers who are at least 18 years old and in their new clothes are accompanied by their parents, relatives or friends to celebrate the Coming-of-age Ceremony. At the ceremony, their teachers or the old will bless the teenagers and encourage them to obey laws and be ready to serve their country. Man y activities are included, such as passing through the “Adult Gate”, presen ting gifts and flowers to their children or taking photos as well. Cerebrating the Coming-of-age Ceremony means one h as grown up and he begins to bear the social responsibilities. Sample 2 Coming-of –age Ceremony It is said that the Coming-of-age Ceremony in Chi na dates back to Han Dynasty. After September every year, those teenagers of at least 18 years old, wearing new clothes, are accompanied by their parents, relatives or friends to celebrate the Coming-of-age Ceremony. At the ceremony, first of all, not only do their teachers and elders present bes t wishes to them, but also encourage them to obey the laws of society and spare no effort to make great contributions to their country. After passing through the “Adult Gate”, children receive wonderful gifts and fresh flowers presented by their own parents, followed by taking photos. Celebrating the Coming-of-age Ceremony is of great significance, which means that one has grown up and he begins to bear social responsibilities.
第二节 读写任务(共 1 小题，满分 25 分) Sample 1 : Plumb met a man unexpectedly, who packed his parachute and saved him during a flight in the war. However, during the war time, Plumb even didn’t notice such a man at all. After reading this passage, I am moved a lot. We also pay little attention to the neighboring people who have been helping us on our way to growth. Sometimes we even take others’ help for granted and hardly appreciate the goodness. Take my mother for example, mom has always been accompanying me since I was able to memorize something. Whenever I am ill or something wrong is with me, mom will take care of me without any reason. I enjoy such a privilege and never think of saying “thank you”. Besides, I often keep my mouth shut after shopping or eating outside and so on. How shallow I am! Appreciating others is a kind of good virtue. Of course, I want to be a grateful person. First of all, I begin to s ay “Thank you” to whoever has helped me. Moreover, I will encourage my friends or the people around to appreciate others for the smallest offer, even a simple “Good morning”. Without a thankful heart, our life would be meaningless. Sample 2: Plumb came across a man who packed his parachu te and saved him during a flight in the war, but before that Plumb even didn’t notice such a man at a ll. A fter reading this passage, I can’t help feeling ashamed of myself. In the past, not only did I pay little attention to those who helped me out of dilemma, but also I took others’ help for granted. However, now I come to realize that learning to be grateful is of great importance in our life. On my way to growth, there is no doubt that many people helped me a great deal. Take my English teacher for example. My English teacher, Mr Li, has a lways been paying special attention to me since he taught me. Finding my writing ability terrible, he instantly asked me to his office and conducted face-to-face correcting. It w as his help and encouragement that made me have more confidence and gradually improve my writing ability. Appreciating others is a kind of good virtue. Of course, I want to be a grateful person. First of all, I will begin to say “Thank you” to whoever has helped me. Moreover, I will encourage my friends or the people around to learn to be grateful. Last but not least, I will try my utmost to do what I can for others in return.