高效复习探究学案------倒装句 一． 创设情境，导入复习要点 Enjoy the following story: Long long ago, ____________; On the hill____________; In the temple ______________; The old monk was telling stories to a little mo
nk. What story was he telling? 二． 学习考纲----关于倒装句部分(高考考什么)
二．复习倒装句 任务一 结合课本句子分析出倒装的概念和种类 Ask the Ss to find out the sentences beginning with never, not only ,only if or here in the reading passage. A. Never will Zhou Yang forget his first assignment at the office of a popular English newspaper. B. Not only am I interested in photography, but I took an amateur course at university to update my skills. C. Only if you ask many different questions can you acquire the information you need to know. D.Here comes my list of dos and don’t. 观察比较这几个句子，找出语序的不同。 基本语序（I love English）______________ a,b 和 c 的语序；______________________ d 的语序；____________________ 总结：英语句子通常有两种语序：一种是陈述语序，一种是倒装语序。将谓语的一部分或全部置于主语之前的语序叫做_____________________。而倒装可分为
二种：将整个谓语提到主语之前的叫____________________；而只将 be 、情态动词或者助动词放在主语之前的叫做________________________ 任务二 部分倒装的情况： 1. ______________，修饰______、________或_________从句时 e.g.:Only when the war was over in 1918 was he able to get happily back to work. 只有用这种方法我们才能把英语学好__________________________________________ 注意：如果 only 后的词组不是状语，不需倒装。 eg. Only Wang Lili knows this. 2. __________的词或词组放在句首时，应采用部分倒装。这类词或词组常用的有：never，little，few，hardly, not only, not, seldom，rarely(罕有地), , not a bit(一 点也不)，at no time (从不), by no means (绝不), in no case (绝不)， on no condition. (绝不) eg. Little did he say at the meeting. 我绝不会忘记我参军的那一天________________________________________________ 现在的年轻人几乎不做饭____________________________________________________ 在任何情况之下我都不会背叛（betray）祖国____________________________________ 3. 用在以 so, nor, neither 开头，表示谓语所述的情况也适用于另一个人或一事物的肯定或否定句中，so 用于_______，表示“也这样”; nor, neither 用于_______， 表示“同样也不，也不这样”e.g. I am watching TV. So is she. 练习：.李伟回答不出来这个问题，我也不行。 _______________________________________________ 注：如果前面所指的事情有肯定有否定，则用 so it is with ... 这个女孩很聪明，但是她不努力学习。______________________________________________ 注意： so 表示“是的，确实”时，主谓不倒装。 e.g 昨天很冷。---确实如此。____________________________________________________ 4. 结构词：hardly... when，no sooner... than...，scarcely...when 置句首倒装 译为__________ As soon as I got to the bus stop, the bus started = Hardly had I got to the bus stop when the bus started = No sooner ________to the bus stop ______the bus started = Scarcely________ to the bus stop_______ the bus started 练习：铃声一响，老师就进教室· ： （一句多译） Sentence1：___________________________________________________ Sentence2：___________________________________________________ 5. Not until（直到...才）放在句首，_________进行部分倒装。 He didn’t get up until his mother came in. 变强调句：________________________________________________（It was not until...that...） 变倒装句：_________________________________________________(Not until....)
Not until all the fish died in the river_____________(村民们才意识到)how serious the pollution was. 6.在 so...that, such....that 句型位于句首时, so，such 部分要倒装，that 从句不倒装 so+ _____ + ______ +________ such + ______ + _______ +_______ 如：It’s such a heavy box that nobody can move it _____ _____ ______ _____ ______ ______ that nobody can move it. The box is so heavy that noboody can move it _____ _____ ______ _____ ______that nobody can move it 7. ______________________要倒装（形容词/ 副词/ 名词/ 动词 + as + 主语 + 谓语） 。as 翻译为_________ e.g. Proud as they are, they are afraid to see me. 前置词为_____，作____________ Child as he is, he seems to know everything.（child 前不加冠词） 前置词为_______, 作______ Hard as he worded, he made little progress. 前置词为______，作___________ Although the test was difficult, many students got high marks = ______________________________________________________________________________ Although he is just a young boy, he speaks like an adult. = ______________________________________________________________________________ Although he may try, he might fail as well = ______________________________________________________________________________ 8. not only..but also..连接两个分句，not only 置于句首时，前一个分句用部分倒装 Eg; Not only can I improve my oral English, but also I can learn some customs in western countries. 把下面的句子改为倒装句：They not only offer us joy and excitement, but also encourage us to think critically. __________________________________________________________________ 9. neither ..nor.. 连接并列的句子，前后两个分句都要倒装 Eg. Neither ________（我既不知道） what has happened, ____________(我也不关心) it. 10. if 引导的虚拟语气，从句中出现过去完成时的助动词 had,或情态动词 should,或 were 时，此时省略 if ， 并将 ______________ 放在句首，其余成分不变； 例：If I had known the ban, I wouldn’t have done it. →_____________________________________________ If he were to take his place, I would leave the position. →_____________________________________________ If it should snow tomorrow, we wouldn’t go to school. →_____________________________________________ 任务三 完全倒装：将谓语动词直接提到主语前。常见情况有： 1.当 here /there/now/then/out/in/up/down/away 等位于句首时;常用全倒装结构，以表示强调。 Eg: ①Now comes your turn. ② Here comes the bus. 注意：代词作主语时，主谓序不变。 Eg: ①In he comes. ②Here it is.
2．___________+谓语+主语；此时，地点状语为标志词; Eg:⑴ From the valley came a frightening sound. ⑵ South of the city lies a big steel factory. 例：① .A pine tree stands on the top of the hill. →__________________________________ ② . A playground is in front of the classroom. → __________________________________ ③They ask to take photos where stands the tower. 还原为：→ __________________________________ 3. such, the following 放句首时；例：①Such are the facts. 情况就是如此 ②______________ 生活就是这样。③___________ is the answer to the question. 4. There be/lie/exist/ stand/live +主语+地点状语.(there be 句型) 例：There is a tall building on the top of the mountain. There stands an ancient tower on the top of the mountain. 5. 表语+系动词+主语； 例： Mr Green and many other guests were present at the party.→ __________________________________ A group of young men are seated on the ground →___________________________________________________ 任务四 找出短文中的倒装句并画出来。 When I arrived, I saw there was a tall tree at the entrance to the village. In front of the tree sat a lady in red. I did not know who she was at first, partly because I was near-sighted. Only when I came near could I recognize that she was my mother. My brothers have not returned home in the past two years, neither have I. We are all too busy with our work. I said to myself: “ Were I free, I would often visit my mother.Of course I know this is only an excuse. Not until my father died did I make up my mind to return home and stay with my mother for some time. We three brothers gave our mother a call and promised to have a winter holiday with her. Never will I make my mother feel lonely. 任务五 书面表达中倒装句的应用 Writing: As a foreign tourist, you have witness the opening ceremony of London Olympics. You write to your friends and tell him how you feel: 1. 直到亲眼看见，才知道开幕式是多么令人震撼。 2. 开幕式的导演 Danny Boyle 设计的“工业革命”(the industrial revolution) 如此精彩，它让我们明白科技改变人类历史。 3. 虽然 London 有些拥挤，但我可以了解不同国家的文化和习俗。 4. 我绝不会浪费这次机会了解英国的历史。 5. 只有在那个时候我才意识到我喜欢上了英国。 ______________________（我如此的幸运）that I attended the opening ceremony of London Olympics.____________________（直到亲眼看见，我才知道）how brilliant it was. It was The Industrial Revolution Danny Boyle directed that made us realize science and technology changed the history of mankind. ___________________(虽然伦敦有些拥挤), I was able to get a better understanding of various culture and customs different countries. _____________________________ (我绝对不会错过)the chance. Only then ______________(我才意识到)I fell in love with Britain.