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【语法考点突破+优化方案】2015届高三英语(人教版)一轮专项复习 第二部分第十二讲典题精炼能力提升


Ⅰ.单句填空 用括号内所给词的适当形式填空。 1. I was supposed to arrive at the airport on time.____________ (fortunate), I was held up by the heavy traffic jam. 答案:unfortunately 2.Therefore,when they become older

they are ________________________________________________________________________ (able) to do any other kind of work. 答案:unable 3.Very early the next morning,amazingly,we got completely satisfied in a totally____________ (expect) way. 答案:unexpected 4.I won’t do the purchase because the price of this dress is ____________ (reason). 答案:unreasonable 5.Job ____________ (apply) need to show their ability to be both organized and flexible in taking on many tasks at the same time. 答案:applicants 6.All facts are the source of ____________ (conclude). 答案:conclusions 7. However, most ____________ (science) agree that EQ has a lot to do with ____________ (educate). 答案:scientists, education 8.Excellent oral and written ____________ (communicate) skills in Chinese and English are of ____________ (important). 答案:communication, importance 9.Fresh fruits and vegetables can provide much of our daily ____________ (require). 答案:requirement 10.It is your ____________ (free) to do what you want after class. 答案:freedom 11.As is known to us all,the Entrance Exam is a great ____________,and the students are ____________ (compete). 答案:competition, competitors 12.I am ____________ (grate) to you for your help. 答案:grateful 13.He gave me some ____________ (construct) suggestions. 答案:constructive 14.A jury’s decision in a court case must be absolutely ____________ (object). 答案:objective 15.He devoted much money to building schools in ____________ (mountain) areas. 答案:mountainous 16.Unfortunately, my car broke down on a ____________ (mud) road. 答案:muddy 17.Everyone should play his part in building a
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________________________________________________________________________ (harmony) society. 答案:harmonious 18.The ____________ (mystery) letter sent from Taiwan made the professor lost in thought. 答案:mysterious 19 . To make myself ____________ , I would do some ____________ exercise after work.(relax) 答案:relaxed, relaxing 20 . All the children felt ____________ when they heard the ____________ news.(discourage) 答案:discouraged,discouraging 21.We ____________ (apology) for the late departure of this flight. 答案:apologized 22.The article can ____________ (long) out a little by adding some examples. 答案:lengthen 23.His illness ____________ (worse) during the night. 答案:worsened 24.Letting that animal escape was no accident;you did it ____________ (intention). 答案:intentionally 25.The black people were against slavery and fought for their freedom ____________ (brave). 答案:bravely 26.Our products are sold ____________ (world). 答案:worldwide 27.He went out of the office ____________(hurry) to run after her. 答案:hurriedly 28.I lost my balance and fell ____________ (back). 答案:backward 29.They live in the ____________ (west) part of village. 答案:western 30.It’s very important to eat ____________ (health). 答案:healthily Ⅱ.语篇填空 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,使用括号 中词语的正确形式填空。 Walt Disney was an American film producer, 1.________ (direct), screenwriter, voice actor, animator,entrepreneur, entertainer, international icon and philanthropist (慈善家).Disney is famous for his influence in the field of 2.________ (entertain) during the 20th century.Along with his brother Roy O.Disney,he co-founded the Walt Disney Productions,which later became one of the well-known motion picture 3.________ (produce) in the world. Disney is particularly 4.________ (note) for being a film producer and a popular showman, as well as an innovator in ammation and theme park design.He and his staff created a number of the world’s most famous fictional characters including Mickey Mouse, a character for which Disney himself was the 5.________ (origin) voice. He gave his name to the Disneyland and Walt Disney World Resort theme parks in the United States, as well as the international resorts like
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Tokyo Disney Resort, Disneyland Paris,and Hong Kong Disneyland. The new series,Alice Comedies,was reasonably 6.________ (success),and featured both Dawn O’Day and Margie Gay as Alice.By the time the series ended in 1927,the focus was more on a cat named Julius. Disney’s cartoons became 7.________ (wide) popular in the Kansas City area.Through their success,Disney was able to acquire his own studio,also called Laugh-O-Gram, for which he hired a vast number of additional animators. Unfortunately , the studio profits were 8.________ (sufficient) to cover the high salaries paid to 9.________ (employ),for Walt was 10.________ (able) to successfully manage money then. As a result,the studio became loaded with debt.Disney then decided to set up a studio in the movie industry’s capital city, Hollywood, California. 答案:1.director 2.entertainment 3.producers 4.noted 5.original 6.successful 7.widely 8.insufficient 9.employees 10.unable Ⅲ.语法填空 阅读下面材料, 在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词 的适当形式。 M:Hi,Mr.Green! W:Hi,Liu Ping.Mr.Li plans to send me to Qingdao for a business meeting. M:Well.It’s good for you have the chance 1.________ (visit) more place while working in our company. W:Yes,it is.By the way,2.________ is the weather there? M:Er,generally,it is very pleasant 3.________(especial) in summer.But it is a bit cool in spring and autumn. W:What about the environment? M: On 4.________ whole, the environment is very beautiful, especially along the coast.There are lovely beaches,ever?green grass lands and beautiful parks.5.________ there is one thing that isn’t so good. W:What’s that? M:The weather is 6.________ (pollute),quite badly polluted from what I hear. W:Oh,that’s terrible.How about the inner part of the city away from the coast? M:Er,it’s also very pretty 7.________ in the industrial area 8.________ the air is a little dirty. W:Nowadays,pollution is a serious problem worldwide.Our city has the same problem 9.________ you can see here. M: Yes, thankfully, people 10.________ (become) more aware of the environmental pollution and thinking about different ways to solve it. 1.解析:考查非谓语动词。 “有参观更多地方的机会。”此处是不定式作后置定语。 答案:to visit 2.解析:考查疑问副词。此处是问“天气怎么样?” 答案:how 3.解析:考查副词。“总的来说,夏天特别令人愉快。”此处是副词作状语。especially adv.尤其,特别。 答案:especially 4.解析:考查固定搭配。 “基本上,环境不错。”固定短语 on the whole(基本上)。 答案:the 5. 解析: 考查连词。 上文列举了种种好处, 故此处表示转折。 “但是有一件事情不好。 ”
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答案:But 6.解析:考查语态。此处意为:空气被污染了。 答案:polluted 7.解析:考查介词。“除了工业地区的空气有点脏之外,还是很好的。” except 除了。 答案:except 8.解析:考查定语从句。先行词是 area,定语从句中不缺主语或者宾语,故用 where 引导。 答案:where 9.解析:考查介词。 “我们的城市有和你在这里看到的同样的问题。”the same...as... 与??同样。 答案:as 10.解析:考查时态。由下文的 thinking about...可知此处用现在进行时。 答案:are becoming

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