are (be) playing 1.The children ___ outside. 2.John gets ____ (get) up at six o’clock every morning. 3.They have ___ (have) not come yet. 4.Nobody knows __
_ (know) who is going to win in the game.
主语和谓语保持一致， 即谓语动词的形式 必须随着主语人称和数 的变化而变化。 三 大 原 则 语法一致 意义一致 就近/就远一致
have ( have/has ) their own rooms. Both boys____ are (be) really lazy. Few students ___ are , were is, was, has Each boy ____ (have/ book. have, do has) his own has, does comes Every student _______(come) on time.
主语是复数， 主语是单数， 谓语用单数 。 谓语用复数。
The happy family has ____(have) five members. The happy family are ___(be) singing on the stage.
is The group ____(be) made up of nine students. are (be) dancing happily. The group____
这类集体名词常见的有：team，class，family，group, army, crowd，government，audience， public, majority, minority等。
is The actress and singer ____(be) popular in China.
bread and butter knife and fork iron and steel a watch and chain a needle and thread
A knife and fork is
used to have meals.
visits our school The worker and writer ______ today.( visit ) come The worker and the writer have ___________to the meeting . (have come / has come )
当一个冠词搭配多个名词,谓语动词用单数； 当多个冠词分别修饰各个名词,谓语动词用复数。 当and不表并列意义连接两个在意义上表示同一人， 物或由两个部件配成的物品时，谓语动词用单数
has Every boy and every girl ________(have) the right to receive education.
由 each…and （each）…, every…and （every）…, no…and no…, many a …and （many a）… 连接单数名词做主语，谓语用单数。
总结4：定冠词the + 形容词
are (be) not always happy. 1.The rich _____
is 2.The new in modern times _____(be) strange to my great grandfather.
most of the apples
most of the apple
were Most of the apples ______(be) rotten. Most of the apple ______(be) eaten by the rat. was
1.Two thirds of the students in our class are ______(be) boys. is 2.75% of the surface of the earth ___(be) covered with water. were 3.The rest of the boys _____(be) watching TV. was (be) stolen. 4.The rest of the money _______
总结5：分数或百分数或a lot of,
lots of, the rest of, some of, most of, all of ,half of, (a) part of +名词等作主语时,谓语动词的形式 与of 后面的名词的数一致。
1.Tom is one of the best students are who ____(be) fond of music. 2.Tom is the only one of the best students is who ___(be) fond of music. One of+复数名词时，复数名词为先行词， 谓语动词用复数； 谓语动词用单数。
The (only) one of+复数名词，the( only) one为先行词，
is my hobby. 1.Collecting stamps ___ are my hobbies. 2.Swimming and dancing ____ is true. 3.What he said ____ is unknown. 4.Where and when he will go ___ 5.Where he will go and what he will do ___ are not clear. is a 6.What he wants on his birthday ____ bestseller. are 7.What he wants on his birthday _____ two pairs of new sports shoes.
谓语动词通常用单数； 若用and连接两个动名词，不定式或从句， 表示两个不同的概念,则谓语动词用复数; 若表示同一概念，则谓语动词用单数;
What引导主语从句当句子中的表语是 具体名词时，要根据表语的单复决定谓 语的单复。
Ten miles ____(be) is a long distance. Sixty years is （be）a long time. is A million dollars ___(be) really a lot of money. Fifty kilograms is (be) too heavy to be carried. The United Nations was ___(be) born at the end of the Second World War. is Mathematics ___the language of science. His “Selected Poems” was ___(be) first published in 1965.
Someone wants(want) to see you. Everything is (be) ready. Either of the shirts ________(fit) me very well. fits has/have None of the students _____________(have) passe the exam. has/have (have) been to the Neither of them __________ Great Wall.
谓语动词常用单数的情况 总结1： 表示时间、金钱、距离、重量等,表单
总结2：由some, any, no, every
+one/thing/body 所构成的复合代词及either, each little, much 做主语时，谓语用单数。 neither, non 做主语时，指代可数名词，谓语单复数都可。
学科名称mathematics, physics， politics, economics;国名如 The United Nations，the United States等; 报纸名书名如The New Times等,作主语时谓语用单数。
Many a boy likes _____(like) swimming.
like =Many boys _____(like) swimming. has More than one student ___read the book . (have) More students than one have ____ read the book.
many a， more than one 从意义上，它们表示复数，但用作主语时， 谓语却习惯上用单数。
The police ____looking are for the missing child. The cattle ____kept in his farm. are The Rocky mountains ____in are the west of the north America The Olympic Games are ____held once every four years. are The Whites ____going to make a trip to London. The Greens were _____ watching TV when a fire broke out. My trousers ____new. are are The scissors ____sharp. A pair of shoes ____on is the desk.
谓语动词常用复数的情况 总结1:集体名词如people , police, cattle 表
复数概念做主语，谓语用复数。 总结2：山脉、群岛、瀑布、运动会等s 结 尾的复数名词作主语，谓语用复数。
clothes, glasses, scissors, shoes, socks, trousers, gloves, shorts等，作主语时， 谓语动词通常用复数形式； 但如与a kind of, a pair of, a series of 连用 作主语时，谓语用单数。
is (be) to be sent to Xi’an. Either you or Tom ____ Neither he nor I have ____ (have) finished the experiment. likes (like) music. Not only his family but also he ____ am (be) to blame. Not you but I ___
either…or, neither…nor, not…but, not only…but also等连接的并列成分作主语， 其谓语通常要与靠近的主语保持一致。
另外There be 结构的主谓一致也遵循就近原则。 are There ____four chairs and a table in the room. There ____ is a table and four chairs in the room.
is The teacher with three students ____doing an experiment. has learned The girl as well as the boys ______ to drive. is to John, rather than his roommates, _____ blame. is Everybody except you ___in the classroom.
总结：四大就远原则 with, as well as,
rather than, except/but/besides等引出的短语 为附属成分，谓语与这些结构前面的主语 保持一致。
Do the exercises on 优化方案 after class.