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河南省郑州市2014届高三上学期第一次质量预测英语试题 Word版含解析


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第一卷(选择题 共 115 分) 第一部分 听力 (略)(共两节 满分 30 分)

第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节 满分 45 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从(A、B、C 和 D)四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21.---Shall we open

the window to let some fresh air in? ---_________. I’m feeling a little cold. A. No, I would rather not. C. Sorry, you’d better not. B. Sure, go ahead please. D. Yes, that couldn’t be better.

22. You are well prepared for the job interview, ______ there’s no need for you to get so nervous. A. or B.while C.but D. so

23. In the rice-growing world, ______ Chinese scientist, Yuan Longping, is ______ leading figure. A. a; the B.the; a C.a; a D. the; the

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24. The young couple had a quarrel last night and neither of them would give in to ______. A. the other B.another C.one D. either

25.--- Do we have to hand in our research reports this afternoon, Professor Smith? --- Yes, you _______ . I will be waiting to check them all the afternoon. A. should B. may C. can D. must

考点:情态动词 26. When first ______ to the market, these new products in their company enjoyed a great success. A. Introducing 【答案】B 【解析】 试题分析:过去分词 done 表示与句中主语为逻辑上的动宾关系,表完成,没有一定的时间性。本题中, these new products 与 introduce 之间是动宾关系,故应选 B。本句含义,当他们公司的这些新产品第一次 被介绍到市场上时,它们就享有很大的成功。 考点:非谓语动词
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B.introduced

C.to introduce

D. being introduced

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27. ---May I try on this green skirt? ---______, but I’m afraid the color is not quite suitable for you. A. By all means B.Never mind C.My pleasure D. Forget it

考点:交际用语 28. Larry, we’re glad you ______. We were beginning to drive to the station to meet you. A. would arrive B.arrive C.have arrived D. will arrive

考点:时态 29. ---Would you please help me get this job with the company? ---Sure. You know, I would do ______ for you. A. as much 【答案】A 【解析】 试题分析:——你愿意帮我得到这家公司的这份工作吗? ——当然,你知道,我愿意尽我所能帮你。 I would do as much for you (as I do).故应选 A。 考点:省略 30. --- How easy is it to find a taxi in this city? ---Simply _______ your hand, and a taxi appears in no time. A. to raise B.raise C. raising
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B.too much

C.rather much

D. so much

D. raised

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考点:祈使句 31. How can you expect to learn anything ______ you spend all your time playing computer games? A. unless B.until C.though D. when

考点:连词 32. --- What shall we prepare for our picnic this weekend? --- Well, let’s discuss it ______ lunch. A. at 【答案】C 【解析】 试题分析:——我们将为这个周末的野餐准备些什么? ——哦,咱们在午饭期间讨论这事。 故应选 C。A. at 在(某时刻) B.with 用(某种有形的工具) C.over 在……期间 D. by 后接交通工具, “乘” 考点:介词 33. Thanks to scientific research, we now have a good understanding of ______ an earthquake is and why it happens. A. how B.which C.whether D. what B.with C.over D. by

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考点:名词性从句 34. ---Have you read any novels written by the famous writer Mo Yan? --- Yes, of course. I ______ several of his works when I was studying abroad. A. read B.had read C.have read D. was reading

考点:时态 35. Jenny is quite good at taking notes. She can _______ almost every word her teachers say in class. A. set about B.set aside C.set down D. set out

第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 The day that I met my best friend for the first time, I was full of anxiety. I was trying to do some ___36___ for an important oral exam in the local library, but people kept ___37___ me. I was getting annoyed and of course, I wasn’t able to ___38___. Suddenly I heard someone singing behind me. I ___39___ and glared at the person who was singing. It was a tall girl about the same age as me. She looked like a sensitive, friendly girl didn’t matter. If anything, it made me even angrier.” How could she be so selfish?” I thought ___40___. I picked up my books, glared at her and whispered coldly, “Thanks to your ___41___, I’ve been unable to study. You’re so ___42___!” I left the library in such a hurry, I left the most important textbook ___43___. when I got home two hours later, I found that textbook gone. I was so ___44___ that I almost cried. Just then, the phone rang. a gentle voice
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___45___ the speaker as Jenny and asked if I was Jane. After ___46___ that I was, she said that she had noticed I’d left my book in the library and as my ___47___ was in it, she’d asked a librarian to get my phone number f. She said that she didn’t live far away and could bring it around for me if I needed it. I sighed with ___48___and agreed to meet her at the convenience store down the road. Of course you’ve ___49___ who Jenny was. She was the girl I had shouted at for singing in the library. When I recognized her in the convenience store, I was filled with ___50___ and apologized for my ruled behavior I felt so ___51___, but Jenny just laughed, saying she was glad to see that I’d also left my ___52___ in the library! I couldn’t help laughing at this and I invited her back to my apartment for a quick cup of tea. Ever since then we’ve been best friends and we got along really well. To be honest, I trust her more than any one else. I often think how __53____ I am. If Jenny hadn’t been a kind person who was willing to ___54___ my shortcomings, I would ___55___ have experienced such true friendship.

【小题 1】 A. research 【小题 2】 A. watching 【小题 3】 A. speak 【小题 4】 A.turned around 【小题 5】 A. sadly 【小题 6】 A. practice 【小题 7】 A. selfish 【小题 8】 A. out 【小题 9】 A. nervous 【 小 题 10】 【 小 题 11】 【 小 题 12】 【 小 题 13】 【 小 题 A. recognized A. comfort A. address A. deciding A. introduced

B. revision B. asking B. improve B. turned down

C. work C. warning C. concentrate C. turned off

D. experiment D. disturbing D. follow D. turned over

B. hopelessly B. noise B. active B. around B. careless B. considered

C. angrily C. attitude C. sensitive C. aside C. upset C. took

D. crazily D. existence D. stupid D. behind D. forgetful D. remembered

B. conforming

C. realizing

D. thinking

B. class

C. writing

D. name

B. relief

C. confidence

D. satisfaction

B. found

C. guessed
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D. heard

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14】 【 小 题 15】 【 小 题 16】 【 小 题 17】 【 小 题 18】 【 小 题 19】 【 小 题 20】 【答案】 【小题 1】B 【小题 2】D 【小题 3】C 【小题 4】A 【小题 5】C 【小题 6】B 【小题 7】A 【小题 8】D 【小题 9】C 【小题 10】A 【小题 11】B 【小题 12】D A. ever B. never C. seldom D. Fstill A. overcome B. share C. hide D. forgive A. considerate B. pleased C. luck D. grateful A. glare B. expression C. virtue D. friendship A. worried B. sorry C. terrible D. excited A. courage B. energy C. doubt D. shame

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【解析】

【小题 9】考查形容词,结合空前一句,可知我很难过,以至于快哭出来了。故应选 C。A. nervous 紧张的 B. careless 粗心的 C. upset 难过的 D. forgetful 健忘的
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【小题 20】考查副词,结合“I would ___55___ have experienced such true friendship.”可知,我永远不会 经历这样的真正的友谊。故应选 B。A. ever 曾经 B. never 从未 C. seldom 不常 D. still 仍旧 考点:记叙文 第三部分 阅读理解(共两节, 满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该
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项涂黑。 A My interest in Chinese food started years a90, when l was a young reporter for the Washington Post. Our office wasn’t far from Chinatown, where I found some very good Chinese restaurants. The first time I ever ate Chinese food I loved it. I noticed the fresh taste of the meat and vegetables. When I learned more about the food, I began to understand why it has this special feature. Many years ago, China had an energy crisis because it lost much of its wood due to over population and poor management of its forests. This loss was very bad for the country, of course, but it turned out to be very good for the food. Wood became very expensive and hard to get,so the Chinese had to either find a substitute for their valuable wood,or learn how to use it better. There weren’t any substitutes so people found ways to economize. In order to economize in cookin9, they had to use very little wood. So they started cutting their meat and vegetables into small pieces before they put them in the hot oil. That way, the food cooked faster and they saved their fuel. The food prepared in this way kept its fresh flavor 一 and it's this flavor that attracts people from other countries to the art of Chinese cooking. 【小题 1】This text is mainly about________. A. what caused Chinese food to taste fresh B. how Chinese food is cooked in the US C. when the author started to make Chinese food D. why most foreigners like cooking Chinese food 【小题 2】The author mentioned the energy crisis to show________. A. it is important to protect the forests B. it is necessary to find substitutes for wood C. why the Chinese changed their way of cooking D. what problems a big population is causing China today 【小题 3】It can be inferred from the text that before the energy crisis Chinese food________. A. was cooked in rather large pieces B. was cooked in water but not oil C. didn’t taste good D. didn’t look fresh

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考点:说明文 B Americans use many expressions with the word dog. People in the United States love their dogs and treat them well. They take their dogs for walks, let them play outside and give them good food and medical care. However, dogs without owners to care for them lead a different kind of life. The expression, to lead a dog's life, describes a person who has an unhappy life. Some people say we live in a dog-eat-dog world. That means many people are competing for the same things, like good jobs. They say that to be successful, a person has to work like a dog. This means they have to work very, very hard. Such hard work can make people dog-tired. And, the situation would be even worse if they became sick as a dog. Still, people say every dog has its day. This means that every person enjoys a successful period during his or her life. To be successful, people often have to learn new skills. Yet, some people say that you can never teach an old dog new tricks. They believe that older people do not like to learn new things and will not change the way they do things. Some people are compared to dogs in bad ways. People who are unkind or uncaring can be described as
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meaner than a junkyard dog. Junkyard dogs live in places where people throw away things they do not want. But mean dogs are often used to guard this property. They bark or attack people who try to enter the property. However, sometimes a person who appears to be mean and threatening is really not so bad. We say his bark is worse than his bite. Dog expressions also are used to describe the weather. The dog days of summer are the hottest days of the year. A rainstorm may cool the weather. But we do not want it to rain too hard. We do not want it to rain cats and dogs. 【小题 1】A person who lives an unhappy life can be described as “_______”. A. becoming sick as a dog C. living in a dog-eat-dog world B. leading a dog ’s life D. Working like a dog

【小题 2】The underlined word “mean” in Paragraph 4 most probably means “_______”. A. violent B. selfish C. wild D. Poor

【小题 3】What can we learn from the text? A. Everyone can be successful if he learns from the old. B. It might be difficult for the young to learn new skills. C. Junkyard dogs are careful in money arrangement. D. Fierce persons aren’t so awful as their appearance sometimes. 【小题 4】To support his idea, the author develops the text mainly by _______. A. listing reasons C. giving examples 【答案】 【小题 1】B 【小题 2】A 【小题 3】D 【小题 4】C B. using idioms D. Making comparisons

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考点:说明文 C In 1980,Candy Lightner’s 13-year-old daughter Cad was killed by a drunk driver as she walked down a suburban street in California. “I promised myself on the day of my daughter ’s death that I would fight to make this needless accident count for something positive in the years ahead,” Candy Lightener later wrote. The drunk driver received a two-year prison sentence. However, he avoided prison by serving time in a work camp and a halfway house. Ms. Lightner was very angry about that and so organized Mothers Against Drunk Drivers (MADD), which later changed to Mothers Against Drunk Driving. The aim of her organization was to raise public awareness of the serious nature of drunk driving and to promote tough legislation against the crime. Before Ms. Lightner’s MADD, intoxication ( 醉 酒 ), including drunk driving, was not taken seriously. Intoxication was often used as an excuse for otherwise unacceptable behavior: “I didn’t know what I was doing—I was drunk.” Candy Lightner appeared on major television shows, spoke before the US Congress, addressed professional and business, groups, and worked tirelessly for years to change public attitudes, change judicial( 审判的) behaviour, and promote tough new legislation. Ms. Lightner left MADD because the organization that she herself created is changing its focus. “I didn’t start MADD to deal with alcohol. I started MADD to deal with the issue of drunk driving.” The President of the United States awarded her the President’s Volunteer Action Award and she was the subject of the movie “Mothers Against Drunk Drivers: the Candy Lightner Story”. 【小题 1】One of the purposes of MADD was to______ .
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A. make the public aware of the danger of drunk driving B. fight against the drunk hit-and-run drivers on the road C. make new laws against crimes caused by drinking D. warn people not to drink alcohol while driving 【小题 2】which way didn’t Ms. Lightner use to achieve her MADD’s goals? A. Talking on major TV shows. B. Giving a talk to businessmen. C. Applying for a job with the government. D. Giving suggestions to the US Congress. 【小题 3】We can learn from the passage that______. A. the drunk driver had not been caught B. drunk driving didn’t receive enough attention before MADD C. Candy Lightner played a leading role in a film D. MADD didn’t get much support from society 【小题 4】What would be the best title for the passage? A. Ways to prevent drunk driving B. Purposes of founding MADD C. New law against drunk driving D. Candy Lightner and her MADD 【答案】 【小题 1】A 【小题 2】C 【小题 3】B 【小题 4】D

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考点:说明文 D There was great excitement on the planet of Venus (金星) . Venusian scientists managed to land a satellite on the planet Earth, and it has been sending back signals as well as photographs ever since. The satellite was directed into an area known as Manhattan, named after the great Venusian astronomer Professor. Manhattan, who first discovered it with his telescope 20000 light years ago. Because of excellent weather conditions and extremely strong signals, Venusian scientists were able to get valuable information as to feasibility (可行性) of a manned flying saucer landing on Earth. A press conference was held at the Venus Institute of Technology. "We have come to the conclusion, based on last week's satellite landing," Prof. Zog said, "that there is no life on Earth." "How do you know this?" the science reporter of the Venus Evening Star asked. "For one thing, Earth's surface in the area of Manhattan is made up of solid concrete and nothing can grow there. For another, the atmosphere is filled with carbon monoxide (一氧化碳) and other deadly gases and nobody could possibly breathe this air and survive." "What does this mean as far as our flying saucer program is concerned?" "We shall have to take our own oxygen with us, which means a much heavier flying saucer than originally
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planned." "Are there any other dangers that you discovered in your studies?" "Take a look at this photo. You see this dark black cloud hovering (盘旋) over the surface of Earth? We don't know what it is made of, but it could give us a lot of trouble and we shall have further tests before we send a Venus Being there." "Over here you will notice what seems to be a river, but the satellite findings indicates it is polluted and the water is unfit to drink. This means we shall have to carry our own water, which will add even greater weight to the saucer." "If all you say is true, won't this set back the flying saucer program several years?" "Yes, but we shall continue as soon as the Grubstart gives us the added funds(资金)." Profession. Zog replied. 【小题 1】According to the passage, the Venusian scientists succeeded in getting important information about _____. A. the feasibility of landing a satellite on Earth B. the possibility of making a first-rate flying saucer C. the feasibility of sending a Venus Being to Earth D. the possibility of directing a flying saucer into Manhattan 【小题 2】 Why will the Venusian have to take their own oxygen with them when they carry out their flying saucer program because _____. A. they need it in their way to the planet of Earth B. the Earth's atmosphere is filled with deadly gases C. there is a low level of oxygen for Venusians D. there is no air on the planet of Earth 【小题 3】It can be inferred from the passage that ______. A. landing a manned flying saucer on Earth will be carried out soon B. Venusians will land on Earth to help to stop serious pollution C. it’s unnecessary to land a manned flying saucer on Earth at present D. pollution on Earth makes it impossible for Venusians to survive there 【小题 4】Where can you probably read such a passage?. A. In a popular magazine. C. In an observation journal B. In a fairy tale. D. In science fiction
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【小题 4】考出文章出处题,纵观全文并结合常识,可知应选 D(科幻小说) 。 考点:科幻小说 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。选项中 有两项为多余选项。 Are you a saver or a spender? ___71___ This old saying calls attention to the wisdom of saving money. "Putting money away for a rainy day" is another way to talk about saving for the future. People who hate to spend money are known as "tightwads," while those who like to get the most value for their money are called "thrifty." ___72___A spendthrift is someone who spends wastefully. People like that are often said to spend money "like a drunken sailor" or "like there's no tomorrow."
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In the United States, people who want to start a savings account have different choices of where to put their money. ___73___ Credit unions are cooperatives for people who have some kind of connection. For example, the members might work for a university or a government agency. Most credit unions are nonprofit organizations. Credit unions, banks and other financial institutions pay interest on savings accounts. But the interest rates are low. Certificates of deposit (存款) pay higher returns. With a certificate of deposit, or CD, a person agrees not to withdraw the money for a certain period of time. This term could be anywhere from a few months to several years. ___74___ People can withdraw their money early but they have to pay a penalty(罚金). In a number of countries, people have been saving less over the years. It is reported that in 2000, Americans had a household savings rate of 7%. ___75___ Many European countries have higher rates, but Americans save more than families in Japan. A. People are willing to save money for the future. B. A penny saved is a penny earned. C. Before gold, even kings take off their hats. D. These include banks and credit unions. E. Longer terms, and larger amounts, pay higher interest. F. A thrifty person is different from a spendthrift. G. This year the rate is expected to be a little more than four percent. 【答案】 【小题 1】B 【小题 2】F 【小题 3】D 【小题 4】E 【小题 5】G 【解析】

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考点:阅读补全题 第二卷(非选择题 共 35 分) 第四部分 写作 (共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌 写的以下作文。文中共有 10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或 修改。 增加:把缺词处加一个漏符号(∧ ) , 并 在 其 下 面 写 出 该 加 的 词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线( \)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。 Recently I have been quarrel ling about my mother over whether I can watch TV after the school. She holds the view that Senior Three students have to make fully use of every minute to work hard at their lesson. It seem
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to her that I am allowed to watch TV, I won’t be able to control me and I’ll forget all about my studies. She also thinks that it is bad to my eyes. But I really can’t accept her ideas. In my opinion, watch TV can set my mind at rest after a day’s hard work. Besides, it is important for me to know what had happened both at home and abroad. However, I shouldn’t be forbidden to watch TV.

【解析】 试题分析:最近,我和母亲就“放学后是否可以看电视”持不同观点,并为此而一直争吵。 【小题 1】考查动词短语,和某人就某事争吵,应用 quarrel with sb. over / about sth..故 about—with。本句 含义,最近我和母亲就“放学后是否可以看电视”一直在争吵。

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第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假定你是你们班的班长李华。来自澳大利亚的高中生访问团一行 20 人明天上午将到你们班经行交流, 请你根据下列内容提示用英语写一篇发言稿。 1. 表示欢迎;2.班级简介;3.同学特点;4.学校生活;5.表达愿望。 注意: 1. 次数:100 左右(开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数) ; 2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3. 不要在发言稿中使用你的真实姓名和学校的名字。

Dear friends, Good morning! I’m Li Hua, monitor of our class. ___________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________
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_______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________ Thank you!

2、描述人的词汇:friendly 友好的, active 积极的、活跃的, hard-working 勤奋的, confident 自信的 3、较高级的词汇和短语:such as 例如 ,and so on 等等, a variety of 各种各样的, association 社团、协会.

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