Unit 2 The United Kingdom
Vocabulary and Useful Expressions v. 1. have or possess in combination: She unites charm with a good business sense.
2. be composed of: What does thi
s dish consist of? 3. be consistent in form, tenor, or character; be congruous: Desires are to be satisfied only so far as consists with an approved end. 4. have its essential character; be comprised or contained in; b e embodied in: The payment consists in food. divide v. 1. separate into parts or portions: Divide the cake into three equal parts.
2. perform a division: Can you divide 49 by seven? 3. act as a barrier between; stand between: The mountain range divides the two countries. puzzle n. a particularly baffling problem t hat is said to have a correct solution: He be uncertain about; think about without fully
loved to solve chessmate puzzles. v.
understanding or being able to decide: We puzzled over her sudden departure. debate n. 1. the formal presentation of and opposition to a stated proposition (usually
followed by a vote.) 2. a discussion in which reasons are advanced for and against some proposition or proposal v. of abortion. clarify v. 1. make clear by removing impurities or solids, as by heating: Clarify the argue with one another: We debated the question
butter. 2. make clear and (more.) comprehensible: Clarify the mystery surrounding her death. relation n. 1. (usually plural.) mutual dealings or connections among persons or groups:
international relations 2. an act of narration: He was the hero according to his own relation. 3. (law.) the principle that an act done at a later time is deemed
by law to have occurred at an earlier time: His attorney argued for the relation back of the amended complaint to the time the initial complaint was filed. 4. a person
related by blood or marriage: He has distant relations back in New Jersey. educational adj. 1. providing knowledge: an educational film 2. relating to the process of
education: educational psychology convenience n. 1. the quality of being useful and convenient: They offered the convenience
of an installment plan. 2. the state of being suitable or opportune: Chairs arranged for his own convenience. roughly adv. 1. with roughness or violence (`rough’ is an informal variant for
`roughly’.): He was pushed roughly aside. 2. (of quantities.) imprecise but fairly close to correct: roughly $3,000 industrial adj. 1. having highly developed industries: the industrial revolution 2. employed
in industry: the industrial classes 3. of or relating to or resulting from industry: industrial output 4. employed in industry: industrial workers 5. suitable to stand up to hard wear: industrial carpeting attraction n. the quality of arousing interest; being attractive or something that attracts:
Her personality held a strange attraction for him. construct v. 1. draw with suitable instruments and under specified conditions: construct
an equilateral triangle 2. make by combining materials and parts: Some eccentric constructed an electric brassiere warmer. 3. cre ate by organizing and linking ideas, arguments, or concepts: construct a proof 4. create by linking linguistic units: construct a sentence 5. reassemble mentally: reconstruct the events of 20 years ago. influence n. 1. a power to affect persons or events especially power based on prestige etc:
use her parents’ influence to get the job. 2. a cognitive factor that tends to h ave an effect on what you do: Her wish es had a great influence on his thinking. 3. one
having power to influence another: She was the most important influence in my life. 4. the effect of one thing (or person.) on another: the influence of mechanical action. 5. have and exert influence or effect: The artist’s work influenced the young painter. project v. 1. project on a screen: The images are projected onto the screen. 2. cause to 3. communicate vividly: He projected his
be heard: His voice projects well.
feelings. 4. transfer (ideas or principles.) from one domain into another 5. throw, send, or cast forward: project a missile arrange 1. arrange thoughts, ideas, temporal events, etc.: arrange my schedule. 2. make arrangements for: Can you arrange a meeting with the President? 3. put into a proper or systematic order: Arrange the books on the shelves in chr onological order. 4. set (printed matter.) into a s pecific format 5. plan, organize, and carry out (an event.) fold n. 1. the act of folding: He gave the napkins a double fold. 2. a folded part (as
a fold of skin or muscle.) 3. an angular or rounded shape made by folding: a fold in the napkin. v. 1. incorporate a food ingredient into a mixture by repeatedly
turning it over without stirring or beating: Fold the egg whites into the batter. 2. become folded or folded up: The bed folds in a jif fy. 3. bend or lay so that one part covers the other: Fold up the newspaper. 4. int ertwine: fold one’s hands, arms, or legs fold adj. 1. obtainable or accessible and ready for use or service: kept a fire extinguisher available.) 2. convenient for use or disposal: The house is available after July 1. 3. not busy; not otherwise committed: He was not available for comment. delight n. 1. a feeling of extreme pleasure or satisfaction: His delight to see her was
obvious to all. 2. something or someone that provides pleasure; a source of happiness:
The new car is a delight. v. royal adj.
take delight in: He delights in his granddaughter.
1. being of the rank of a monarch: of royal ancestry 2. of or relating to
or indicative of or issued or performed by a king or queen or other monarch: the royal party 3. established or chartered or authorized by royalty: the Royal Society 4. invested with royal power as symbolized by a crown: The royal (or crowned) heads of Europe. 5. belonging to or befitting a supreme ruler: treated with royal acclaim occasion n. 1. reason: There was no occasion for complaint. 2. an opportunity to do
somethin g: There was never an occasion for her to demonstrate her skill. 3. the time of a particular event: on the occasion of his 60th birthday 4. an event that occurs at a critical time: It was needed only on special occasions. 5. a vaguely specified social event: an occasion arranged to honor the president uniform n. clothing of distinctive design worn by members of a particular group as a means provide with uniforms: The guards were uniformed. adj. 1.
of identification v.
evenly spaced: at regular (or uniform) intervals 2. always the same; showing a sing le form or character in all occurrences: a street of uniform tall white buildings splendid adj. 1. having great beauty and splendor: splendid costumes 2. characterized by
or attended with brilliance or grandeur: the splendid coronation ceremony longitude n. an imaginary great circle on the surface of the earth passing through the north
and south poles at right angles to the equator: All points on the same meridian have the same longitude. navigation n. 1. the guidance of ships or airplanes from place to place 2. ship traffic: The
channel will be open to navigation as soon as the ice melts. original adj. 1. being or productive of something fresh and unusual; or being as first made
or thought of: a truly original approach 2.
(of e.g. information.) not secondhand
or by way of something intermediary: His work is based on only original, not secondary, sources. 3. not derived or copied or translated from something else: The play is original. 4. preceding all others in time or being as first made or performed: the original inhabitants of the Americas thrill n. something that thrills: the thrills of space travel v. 1. cause to be
thrilled by some perceptual input: The men were thrilled by a loud whistle blow. 2. feel sud den intense sensation or emotion: He was thrilled by the speed and the roar of the engine. 3. fill with sublime emotion; tickle pink (exhilarate is obsolete in this usage.): The children were thrilled at the prospect of going to the movies. unfair adj. smart adj. 1. characterized by quickness and ease in learning: Smart children talk not fair; marked by injustice or partiality or deception: used unfair methods
earlier than the average. 2. elegant and stylish: a smart new dress consistent adj. 1. the same throughout in structure or composition: Bituminous coal is often
treated as a consistent and homogeneous product. 2. (sometimes followed by ‘with’) in agreement or consistent or reliable: testimony consistent with the known facts. 3. capable of being reproduced