冠 词 冠词分为不定冠词(a, an )和定冠词 (the)
一、 不定冠词的用法 1)用与可数名词的单数形式前,指人或事物的某一种类：例如： She is a girl. Pass me an apple , please. 2)、指某人或某物,但不具体说明何人或何物。例如： A boy is
waiting for you We work six days a week. 3). 表示 “一”这个数量,但数的概念没有 one 强烈.例如: We are going to have an English lesson tomorrow. I have a mouth , a nose, two eyes and two ears. 4). 用于某些固定的词组中.例如: a few, a little, a lot of 注: 用 a 还是 an, 要看后面的词读音以辅音开头还是以元音开头. 二、定冠词的用法 1) 特指某(些)人或某(些)物.例如: the photo of the boy 2) 指双方都知道的人或物.例如: -Where are the new books, Jim? - They are on the small table. 3) 指上文提过的人或物.例如: Today he is making a machine. He wants to ride the machine like a bike and fly it like a plane. 4). 用在世界上独一无二的事物前.例如: The sun is bigger than the moon. 5). 用在序数词或形容词最高级前.例如: The first truck is carrying a few baskets. The third one is carrying the fewest of all. 6). 用在由普通名词构成的专有名词前.例如: the Great Wall the North Street Hospital 7). 用在一些习惯用语中.例如: in the morning (afternoon, evening), on the left(right) at the end of 三、不用冠词的情况 1）在专有名词前和不可数名词前。例如： China, Grade Two, Bill Smith, milk 2）名词前已有作定语用的 this, that, my, your, some, any 等代词。例如： The letter is in her pocket.
I think the shop is closed at this time of day. 3）复数名词表示一类人或事物时。例如： My father and mother are teachers. I like cakes. 4）在星期、月份、季节、节日前。例如： It is Sunday (Monday, Tuesday, etc.) Today is Mid-Autumn Day. It is cold in winter. 5）在称呼语或表示头衔的名词前。例如： Uncle Wang likes making things. What colour are Mrs Green’s shoes? 6）在三餐饭和球类运动的名称前。例如： He went to school after breakfast. Can you play basketball? 注： 在某些固定词组中，如：at home, by bus, go to school 等的名词前不用冠词。
1. _______ milk is food. ________ milk in this cup has gone bad. 2. ---Do you like playing _________ football? ---Yes. But I have only _________ basketball. 3. Do you know _______girl on ________another side of ________ lake? 4. There’s ________ “u” and ________ “s” in ________work “use”. 5. She says ________animals cant’s live without __________air, either. 6. His father, who is ________honest man, is teaching in ________ university. 7. Which is heavier, ________elephant or ________ horse? 8. ________ cold wind was blowing from the north. 9. He is always ready to help _________ old and ________ young. 10. ________ Greens are traveling in _________ South China. 11. Although ________ most of us like to drink beer, those who drink ________most are _______ least healthy. 12.Xiaomei saw _________ interesting film last night. ________ film was about _________ kind doctor. 13. You can have _________ second try if you fail _______ first time. 14. Tom went to _________ school as usual, but he didn’t know his father went to ________school for a parent meeting. 15. ________ knowledge begins with _________ practice. 解析：１．/, the (milk 是物质名词，一般不用冠词， 但后面加上一个定语 in the cup 后， 使其成为特指，所以需要用定冠词 the.) 2. / , the (球类运动前不用 the ; 指一个物体要用不定冠词 a ) 3. the,/, the ( 特指这个女孩用 the;名词前已有定语 another;) 4. a, an, the (“u” 发音以辅音开头所以用 a;“s” 发音以元音开头所以用 an; 特指这个单词用 the)
5. /,/ (泛指动物所以不用任何冠词; air 不可数名词，其前一般不用冠词) 6. an, the ( honest 发音以元音开头，故用 an, 在大学里为 in the university) 7. an, a 或 the ,the ( 不定冠词 a , an 和 定冠词 the 与名词单数连用表示种类) 8. a (物质名词 coffee, food, tea, fog, rain, snow, wind 等， 在表示 “一种”或 “一场”的意义时， 前面要加不定冠词。 9. the, the ( 形容词前加定冠词，表示一类人) 10. The ,/ ( 姓氏的复数前加定冠词 the 表示一家人；在华南是 in South China) 11. /, the, the ( most 当大多数讲时前面不用 the；后两空均为形容词的最高级，前面要加 the) 12. a, the, a ( 第一空和第三空都指一个事物，第二空是特指前面提到的电影) 13. a, the (a second try 指的是第二次) 14./, the (go to school 去上学， go to the school 去那所学校) 15./,/ (具有单纯意义的物质名词或抽象名词前，一般不用冠词)
一、在空白处填入 a / an 或 the。 1. ---Mum, what shall we have for _______dinner? ---Dumplings. ---Oh, what _______ wonderful dinner! I enjoy it very much. 2. _________ PLA was founded on __________August 1st,1927 3. _______ Kings came to us at _________ noon. 4. The scientists from ________ United States live in __________ Ninth Street. 5. The doctor to him, “Take ________ medicine twice ________day. Stay in _________ bed and you’ll be better soon.” 6. September 10th is ____________ Teachers’ Day. 7. Mr Black arrived here on __________ Tuesday morning. 8. There are four seasons in _______year. ________ first season is spring. It is __________ best one of __________ four. 9. Some people have been to _________moon, in _______ spaceship. 10. _______ China is _________ old country with _________ long history
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二、选择填空： A. / B. a C. an 1. They are living ______happy life now. 2. ______bag on ______desk is mine. 3. There is ______empty box on the table. 4. Do you like ______music of the film “Titanic”? 5. On ______Saturday, I stay in ______bed till 12:00. 6. ______Browns have been to China twice.
7. Don’t make any noise in ______class. 8. This is such ______interesting story that you must listen to it. 9. Next week they will go to Australia by ______air. 10. Which is bigger, ______sun or ______moon? Key: 1----5 BDCDA 6----10 DACAD 三、在空白处填入 a / an 或 the。 1. This morning I bought _____ newspaper and _____ magazine. _______ newspaper is in my bag but I don’t know where I put ______ magazine. 2. I saw ______ accident this morning. ______ car crashed into ______ tree. ______ driver of ______ car wasn’t hurt but ______ car was badly damaged. 3. There are two cars parked outside: ______ blue one and _______ grey one. _______ blue one is my neighbour’s; I don’t know who ______ owner of _______ grey one is. 4. My friends live in _______ old house in _______ small village. There is _______ beautiful garden behind _______ house. I would like to have ______ garden like that.
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