Revision for Sentence Patterns ( 160 句 ) I. 强调` 1. 正是这场沙尘暴(dust storm)的后果才使人们充分认识到植树的重要性(It?) It was the result of the dust storm that made people fully realize the importance of planting tre
es. 2. 直到 20 世纪后期，中国运动员才以他们在奥运会上的杰出表现让世界对他 们刮目相看。( begin to surprise the world) It was not until the late twentieth century that Chinese athletes began to surprise the world with their excellent performances at the Olympics. 3. 我做梦也没有想到会在这次化学竞赛中获一等奖。( Little?) Little did I dream of winning the first prize in the chemistry contest this time. 4. 我们只有从这件事中吸取教训才能避免再犯类似的错误。( Only?) Only by learning from this matter can we avoid making similar mistakes again. 5 . 从来没有一个国家能在这样短的时间内取得这样大的进步（ Never?） Never has any country made such great progress in such a short time. 6. 一个人不经历失败几乎体会不到成功的喜悦。( Hardly?) Hardly can one feel the happiness of success without experiencing failure. 7. 学生只有通过一起学习和玩耍,才能学会具有团队精神( team sprit)。( Only?) Only by working and playing together can students learn to have team spirit. 8. 是那些在奥运会上为国争光的运动员为我们树立了学习的榜样。( It...) It was these athletes who have won honor for our country at the Olympics 9 世界上再也没有这样美丽恬静的地方了。( Nowhere??) Nowhere else in the world can there be such a quiet, beautiful place. 10. 昨天发生的事完全应责怪我，而不能怪他。(blame) It was not he but I that was to blame for what happened yesterday. Be + P.P. + Prep. 11.千万别参加赌博,否则你迟早会陷入困境。 （involve） Be sure not to get involved in gambling. Otherwise you’ll get into trouble sooner or later. 12.我们的图书馆有 20 多万图书。( stock) Our school is stocked with over 200,000 books. 13.我认为就能力而言，他完全有资格做这项工作。(qualify) In my opinion, as far as ability is concerned, he is qualified for the position. 14.一切行动均以判断为基础。( base) All action is based on judgment. 15.没有一个良好的管理，一家工厂即使装备了最先进的机器也不能赢利。( equip) Without good management, a factory can’t make profit even if it is equipped with the most advanced machinery.
16.这次访问的目的是发展两国的关系。( aim) This visit was aimed at expanding relations between the two countries. 17.那家新造的宾馆位于河边。( locate) The newly-built hotel is located on the riverside. 18.市长非常关心市民不遵守交通规则的问题。( concern) The mayor is much concerned about the problem of the citize
ns’ disobeying the traffic regulations. 19 据说一个人晚上所做的梦与他白天想的和做的有关。( connect) It’s said that what a person dreams of at night is connected with what he has thought and done in the day. 20.普遍认为街头暴力的增加和电视恐怖片有密切的关系。( relate) It’s generally believed that the growth of the street violence is closely related to horror films on TV. 21.从那以后，他一直在从事探索英语学习的新方法。( engage) Since then he has been engaged in exploring new approaches to English learning. 22.全世界都对中国近年来取得的巨大成就极为惊讶。( amaze) The whole world is amazed at the great achievements that China has made in recent years. 23. .邓小平同志被公认为世界上杰出的领导之一。 ( regard) Comrade Deng Xiao Ping was universally regarded as one of the outstanding leaders in the world. 24. 一位教师的收入无法与一个商人的收入相比，但是这些学生还是愿意毕 去教书。(compare) A teacher’ s income cannot be compared with a businessman’ s, but these students choose to teach after graduation. 25. 我的父母非常满意这学期我在各门学科上取得的进步。( please) My parents are very pleased with the progress I have made in all my subjects this term. III.英语和汉语主语不同的句型 A: 被动语态 26. 必须教育学生关心他人和周围的世界。(educate) The students must be educated to be concerned about others and the world around them. 27. 希望所有的学生掌握一门外语。( expect) All the students are expected to have a good command of a foreign language. 28. 已 采 取 一 系 列 的 行 动 来 拯 救 濒 临 灭 绝 的 动 物 ， 因 为 他 们 受 到 掠 杀 的 威 胁.( start?.campaign) A series of campaigns has been started to save the endangered animals because they are threatened with being hunted/being killed. 29.只有在中国才有大熊猫 ( find)
Pandas can be found only in China. 30. 应当鼓励学生提出不同观点和用多种方法解决同一个问题。( put forward) Students should be encouraged to put forward different opinions and solve the same problem in various ways. 31.宣布和平后，到处可以看到欢笑的脸。( declare) Smiling faces could be seen everywhere when peace was declared. B: It ?? 32.控制人口的增长依然是艰巨的任务。( remain) It remains a hard job to have the growth of population under control. 33.确保青少年的健康成长是全社会的职责。( ensure) It’s the duty of the whole society to ensure young people’s healthy growth. 34.这次会上做出的决定是否可行尚得证明。( remain) It remains to be proved whether the decision made at the meeting will be practical. 35.用不了多久又一条新的遂道就要建成穿过浦江。( before) It won’t be long before another new tunnel is built acr
oss the Huang pu River. 36.谈到数学，他是门外汉。( come) When it comes to maths, he is completely at a loss. 37.我觉得她似乎总躲着我。( seem) It seems to me that he always avoids me. 38.他说什么并没有关系，重要的是他怎样干。( matter) It doesn’t matter what he says. What matters is how he works. 39.我从没有想到我的粗心大意会使自己付出如此巨大的代价。( occur) It never occurred to me that my carelessness would cost me so much. 40.如果方便的话，请替我从邮局取回包裹。( convenient) If it is convenient, please fetch me the parcel from the post office. 41.最好多化点时间读各种类型的书而不是把时间浪费在跳舞上。(better) It’s better to spend more time reading different kinds of books than to waste time dancing. 42.对我们来说吃平衡的膳食和进行充分的锻炼是必要的。 It’s necessary for us to eat a balanced diet and have plenty of exercise. 43.王教授化了多少时间学这三门外语？( take) How long did it take Professor Wang to learn three foreign languages? 44.很难想象这么小的光盘了包含了那么多的信息。( compact disk) It’s hard to imagine such a small compact disk contains so much information. 45.在西方国家里把五岁的孩子一个人留在家里是违法的。(against the law) In some western countries it’s against the law to leave a five-year-old child at home alone. 46.过了好多年他才知道谁在他困难时帮助了他。( before)
It was many years before he knew who had helped him when he was in trouble. 47.非常遗憾他做的和他说的不想符合。(agree)。 It was a pity that what he did didn’t agree with what he said. 48.用电子邮件与国外朋友保持联系对我们来讲既快有方便。( keep) It’s quick and convenient for us to keep in touch with foreign friends by E-mail. 49．红黄蓝是三种主要颜色这是常识。(common sense) It’s common sense that red, yellow and blue are the three primary colors. 50. 众所周知,李先生是个很难对付的艺术家。( deal) It is well known that Mr Li is a difficult artist to deal with. 51．懂不懂心理学对一个老师来说是至关重要的。( matter) It matters much/a lot to a teacher whether he or she has a good knowledge of psychology. C: There be? 52.人类的想象力 和创造力有无止境。( limit) There is no limit to human imagination and creativity. 53.他有可能通过这次考试。( possibility) There is possibility of his passing the exam. 54.毫无疑问，心脏病已成为西方世界最大的杀手之一 ( doubt) There is no doubt that heart trouble has become one of the greatest killers in western countries. 55.在我校有三个篮球场和两个乒乓房供使用。( available) In our school there are three baseball courts and two table tennis rooms available (to students).
56.我不知是否有任何东西可以取代母爱和关怀。( replace) I wonder if there is anything that can replace a mother’s love and care. 57.商店里有许多计算机可供选择。( choose) There are many computers to choose from in the shop. 58.周五的演出票子没有了。( available) There are no tickets available for Friday performance. 59.我不再劝说他了，因为跟他争论毫无意义。( point) I have given up persuading him/I no longer persuade him because there is no point in arguing with him. 60.缺乏实践经验的大学毕业生不太可能马上找到高薪的工作。(little chance) There is little chance that a university graduate without any practical experience can find a job with high salary. 61.有一条市场规律：当一个物品供大于求时，它的价格就会下降。( do down) There is a rule of the market that when supply is greater than demand for something, its price will go down. 62.我们的花园里曾经有过他们种的许多美丽的花朵。( used)
There used to be many beautiful flowers that they had grown in our garden. 63.关注健康很重要，但是过分害怕疾病也是没有必要的。 ( need) It’s very important to take care of your health, but there is no need to fear too much of diseases. 64.不久的将来人们能够找到艾滋病的方法? ( possibility) Is there any possibility that people will find a way to cure Aids in the near future? 65.似乎没有留下什么问题分析。 （appear） There appeared to be no problems left to analyze. D. accessible and available 66.所有的教师都可以得到这份教材。 （ accessible） The teaching material is accessible/available to all the teachers. 67.一般的游客均可以参观人民大会堂。( accessible) The Great Hall of People is accessible to ordinary visitors. 68.先生，很抱歉，你要的尺寸没有。( available) I’m sorry, sir. The size you ask for is not available. 69.在这里人们 24 小时都能从收音机里听到音乐。( available) Music is available on the radio twenty-four hours a day here. 70.公众看不到这些档案。( accessible) These documents/files are not available/accessible to the public. 71.汽车是无法开到位于山边的一些房子去的。( accessible) Some of the houses on the hillside are inaccessible to cars. 72. 学生可以借到图书馆里的任何一本书。( unavailable) No book in the library is unavailable to the students. 73.药品不应该放在孩子们容易拿得到的地方。( accessible) Medicine should not be kept where it is accessible to children. III.成语 74.俗话说得好“ 读书长见识”. 因此我们应活到老学到老。 There is an old saying, “Enlarge one’s view by reading”, for we should never be too old to learn. 75.对他们来说“失败乃成功之母” ， 他们总是尽其所能在失败中找到机会。 To
them, “failure is the mother of success”, and they always try their best to find opportunity in failure. 76.名言“千里之行始于足下” 告诉我们成功取决于每天的努力。 The famous saying“Every journey begins with the first step”tells us that our success depends on our everyday hard work. 77.他们应该从这件事中吸取教训：玩火者必自焚。 They should learn a lesson from his incident: he who always plays with fire will surely get hurt.
78.世界是你们的也是我们的，但归根到底是属于你们的。 The world belongs to us as well as to you. However it will belong to you in the end. 79.像“有志者，事竟成” 这样的谚语一定会代代相传。 Such a proverb as “Where there is a will, there is a way” is certain to be passed on from generation to generation. 80.你能领会“知识就是力量”这句名言吗？ Can you realize the real meaning of the famous saying that knowledge is power? 81.英语中有一句古话,”勿以貌取人” There is an old saying: don’t judge a book by its cover. IV. V. + O. + OC 82.没通过期末考试使得他与父母的关系很长一段时间很糟糕。(make) That he failed his final exams made/cause him (to)have a difficult/poor relationship with his parents for a long time. 83.智力平平的学生会觉得完成这张卷子很困难。(find) Students of average intellect will find it difficult to finish/complete the test paper. 84.他们有一个规矩： 每年向希望工程捐一次款。( make) They have made it a rule to donate money to the Hope-Project once a year. 85.电视使我们不断获知世界上发生的事情。( keep) TV keeps us informed of what is happening in the world. 86.是宇宙飞船的问世，使得人类到月球成为可能。 （make） It’s the invention of the spaceship that makes it possible for man to go to the moon. 87.你觉得有没有必要把高中未毕业的孩子送到国外留学？(think) Do you think it necessary to send the children who have not graduated from senior high schools to study abroad? 88.世界上人口的不断增长使得工农业迅速发展变得非常重要。( make) The increasing population of the world makes it necessary for agriculture and industry to develop fast/rapidly. 89.我觉得教练把那位表现差的守门员换下来是很明智的。( think) I think it wise for the coach to substitute the goalie who performed poorly in the match. V.非谓语动词 90.与过去相比，现在学校更加重视( lay emphases)对学生能力的培养,不是仅仅关心考试成 绩。(more than) Compared with the past, schools are laying more emphases on training students ’ abilities than being concerned about the success of exams. 91.知道了这孩子生病，父母马上送他到医院。 （ send） Knowing that the child was ill, his parents sent him to hospital at once. 92.笑话没
有代代相传的成语源源留长。( not as ?as ) Jokes are as permanent/long-lasting as proverbs passed on from generation to generation. 93.考虑到他的实用价值，这本书值得一读。( worth) Considering its practical value, the book is well worth reading. 94.在许多证据面前，那人不得不承认那是他第五次在夜里抢劫别人。( face) Facing/faced with so much evidence the man had to admit that it was the fifth time that he had robbed people at night. 95.世界各国领导人在会上就如何反对恐怖主义( terrorism)发表了各自的意见。( fight) Leaders from different countries expressed different opinions on how to fight terrorism at the meeting. 96.实现这一目标的最好办法是尽量多团结人。( accomplish) The best way to accomplish this goal is to unite as many people as possible. 97.我已安排好一辆车去车站接他们。( arrange) I have arranged for a car to pick them up at the railway station. 98.中国成为 2008 年奥运会的主办国是当之无愧的。( deserve) China fully deserves to be the host nation of the Olympic Games in 2008. 99.充分利用时间并不意味着从早到晚不停的看书。( mean) Making full use of time doesn’t mean keeping reading book from morning till night 100.他喜欢嘲笑别人，结果发现自己被别人嘲笑。( find) He enjoys laughing at others, only to find himself laughed at. 101.与他原来的期待相反，做这个工作需要经常乘飞机出国。 ( involve) Contrary to what he expected, to undertake the job involves constantly going abroad by car. 102 勿容置疑，青少年过渡玩电子游戏机对他们的身心极其有害。 （ harmful） Undoubtedly/There is no doubt that/ the youngsters’ playing video games too much is extremely harmful to their physical and mental development. 103 非常感谢你给我提供了这么好的练习口语的机会。 （appreciate） I appreciate it very much that you provide me with such a good opportunity to practice speaking English.( I appreciate your kindness in providing me?. 104 为了解决一系列的社会问题， 他们决定在政府的支持下建立更多的养老院。( set up) With the help of the government they decided to set up more nursing homes for the old in order to solve a series of social problems. 105 从观众的掌声判断,他的告别演出非常成功。 （judge） Judging from the loud applauding from the audience, his farewell performance is very successful. VII. 复合句 A: 定语从句 106.不守诺言的人是不会被信任的。( trust)
Whoever doesn’t keep his word/promise won’t be trusted. 107.在你游览过的城市中那个人口最多？( population) Which one of the cities you have visited has the largest population? 108.我们应努力争取到高中毕业时掌握一门外语。(strive) We should strive to master a foreign language by the time
when we graduate from the senior high school. 109.一个教师们把所有的课堂时间都用在训练学生应试的国家怎能与其它国家在科学技术方 面竞争？(compete) How can a country where teachers devote all their class hours to training students to take exams compete in science and technology with other countries? 110.汤姆计算这道数学题的奇特方法给教授留下深刻的印象。(impress) The unique way that Tom worked out the maths problem impressed the professor deeply. 111.虽他已去过上海三次，但这是他第一次去那儿庆祝春节。( celebrate) Although he has been to Shanghai three times, this is the first time that he has celebrated the Spring Festival there. 112.年龄在 25 岁到 45 岁之间的教师都有出国的机会。 ( range) All the young teachers whose ages range from 25 to 45 have the opportunities to make/have a further study abroad. 113.众所周知，成功来自勤奋，不努力则一事无成。(result) As we all know, success results from hard work; without efforts nothing can be done/achieved. 114.十月一日是中华人民共和国成立周年纪念日.(anniversary) October 1 is the anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China. 115.父母有时要他们的孩子做他们不会做的事。(want). Parents sometimes want their children to do what they cannot do themselves. 116.一个刚从大学毕业的没有实践经验的人是很难找到一个高薪职位的。( difficulty) It is difficult for a university graduate without any practical experience to find a job with high salary 117.他在每次比赛中的得分都比其他的队员高，说明他是个称职的队长。(which) He scored more goals than other team members in each game, which shows/ suggests that he is a worthy captain. B: 状语从句 118. 无论它化了你多少钱，它都值这个价。( however) However much it costs you, it is worth the price. 119.据我所知，派谁去那里帮助他们仍没决定。(as far as) As far as I know, it has not been decided who will be sent over to help them out. As far as I know who will be sent over to help them out remains undecided. 120.你最好带把伞以防下午下雨。( in case) You’d better take an umbrella with you in case it rains this afternoon.
121.每次我见到这张照片就使我想起我们在国外度过的日子。( every time) Every time I see the photo, it reminds me of the days we spent abroad. 122.一旦下定决心, 无论遇到什么困难也不要放弃。( once) Once you have made up your mind, don’t give up whatever difficulties you meet with. 123.中国对外开放已 20 年了。(since) It’s over twenty years since China opened to the outside world. 124.这是一次对他的傲慢如此痛苦的教训(a lesson to?)她永远也不会忘记。 ( such?that) It was such a bitter lesson to her pride that she could never forget it. 125.
任何犯错误的人， 只要他不讳疾忌医， 我们都要帮助他。 (so long as) We shall help anyone who has made a mistake so long as he doesn’t conceal his fault and refuse to be criticized. 126. 哪儿有人类的苦难，哪儿就有红十字会的成员。( where) Where there is human suffering, there are Red Cross members. 127.谁要读这本书就把它借给谁吧。( whoever) You may lend the book to whoever wants to read it. 128.除非现在就采取有效的措施, 否则人类就会发现自己面临灾难。( unless) Man will find himself faced with a disaster unless effective measures are taken now. C: 名词性从句 129.中国再也不是过去的中国了。中国从来没有今天这样强大。( no longer) China is no long what it used to be. Never has China been so powerful as it is today. 130.很多人化时间去想的是他们可以从别人那里得到什么， 而不是自己能给予什么。 (what) Many people spend their time wondering what they can get out of others instead of what they can give to others. 131. 一些专家认为中国加入世贸组织 ( China ’ s WTO entry) 意味着机遇和挑战并存。 ( consider) Some experts consider/think that China ’ s entry to WTO/entering WTO means opportunities as well as challenges. 132.众所周知，台湾是中国大陆的一个部分。(known) It’s known to us all that Taiwan is a part of the Chinese mainland. 133.我认为一本书除非值得反复读，否则不值得买。(don’t think) I don’t think a book is worth buying unless it is worth reading several times. 134 令人惊讶，我居然在别人认为很难的一次测验中获全班最高分。(It?) It’s surprising that I should have got the highest scores in what is considered to be a hard test./exam 135.“ 水往低处流”是个不可改变的自然法则。( flow) It is the inevitable law of nature that water always flows to lower places. 136.你是否可以给他输血要看你的血型与他的血型是否想配。( depend) Whether you can transfuse your blood to him depends on whether your blood type matches
his. 137.开车前禁止喝酒的原因是它会使司机的判断力减弱。(forbid) The reason why drinking is forbidden before driving is that it will decrease the driver’ s judgment on road conditions. 138.真正重要的不在于别人怎么看待你， 而在于你怎么看待你自己。(not?but?). What matters is not how others think of you but how you think of yourself. 139.给我印象最深的是这一仪器的发明者是一位中学生。( impress) What impressed me most was that the device was invented by a high school student. VIII.比较级 140.人们普遍认为，用脑越多，智力就越活跃。( the more?the more) It’s generally believed that the more our brains are used, the more active e our intelligence will be. 141.相对而言, 污染带来的威胁比疾病更
加严重。( more than) By comparison, the threat caused by pollution is more serious than that of getting sick. 142.欧洲面积虽小，但它对世界历史的影响比任何别的大陆都要大。(impact) Europe has a greater impact on world history than any other continent in spite of its small size. 143.在中国南方通常比北方下雪少。( less) In China it generally snows less in the south than in the north. 144.你的知识越宽，你阅读的困难就越少。( range) The wide range of knowledge you have, the less difficult it will be for you to read. 145. 一个人的出身和相貌并不重要，重要的是他长大后将成为什么样的人。 ( not as??as) A person’s family background and his appearance are not as important as what he grows to be. 146.众所周知，亚洲位于世界的东方，其面积是欧洲的四倍。( the size of). It’s known to us all that Asia, located in the east of the world, is four times the size of Europe. 147.为了解决饮水问题，村民们集资挖了口深达 60 米的井。( as?as?) The villagers raised some money to dig a well which was as deep as 60 meters so as to solve the problem of drinking water. 148.调查表明男人戒烟比女人更容易些。 （show） The survey indicates that it is easier for men to give smoking than women do IX. 主动还是被动 149.在农村长大的人往往不习惯在城市里生话。( bring)
Those who are brought up in the countryside are generally not accustomed to living in the city. 150.百分之九十的学生考上了大学的消息终于传来了。( admit) The good news came at last that 90 percent of the students had been admitted into universities. 151.根据报道，1998 年中国很多地区发生了严重水灾。 （occur）. It is reported that serious floods occurred in many parts of China. 152.要不是你的及时帮助， 他就要困在雪地了。( strand) But for your timely help, he would have been stranded in the snow yesterday. 153.能做的都应当按计划提前完成。( accomplish) What can be done should be accomplished ahead of time as planned. 154.由于他在志愿者工作中的杰出表现，他得到了金牌。 ( award) He was awarded a gold medal for his outstanding service to the volunteer work. 155.过去十年浦东发生了巨大的变化。( take) Great changes have taken place in Pudong in the past ten years. 156.如果你犯法，你就要准备承担后果。( prepare) If you break the law, you must be prepared to suffer the consequences 157.奥运会的开幕式的整个过程将向世界各国进行实况转播。(televise) The entire process of the opening ceremony of the Olympic Games will be televised live to the whole world. 158.据说在那个国家，周围没人时违反交通规则的人不能在政府中担任任何职务。( hold) It is said that in that country anyone who breaks the traffic regu
lations without being seen by others can’t hold a position in the government office. 159. 在外语学习过程中，应特别重视阅读速度的提高。(improve) While learning English students should pay special attention to how to improve the efficiency of/in reading 160. 在五十年代 ，这个村庄遭受多次旱灾( strike) In the 50s, the village was stricken by droughts for many times.