崇明县 2012 学年第一学期期末考试试卷 高 三 英 语（一模）
（考试时间 120 分钟，满分 150 分。请将答案填写在答题纸上） 第Ⅰ卷 (共 105 分) I. Listening Comprehension
Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversatio
ns between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. At 2:30 p.m. B. At 3:00 p.m. C. At 3:30 p.m. D. At 4:00 p.m. 2. A. At home. B. In a hotel. C. In a supermarket. D. In a restaurant. 3. A. She is tired of teaching. B. She is not employed. C. Her salary is too low. D. She is too busy. 4. A. Sit on the seat. B. Sit on the floor. C. Keep standing. D. Get off the bus. 5. A. Boring. B. Helpful. C. Impressive. D. Unnecessary. 6. A. By car. B. By bus. C. By train. D. On foot. 7. A. Teacher and student. B. Sister and brother. C. Daughter and father. D. Wife and husband. 8. A. She doesn’t want to go to the concert. B. She is eager to go to the concert. C. She is interested in American songs. D. She doesn’t like music at all. 9. A. David stopped his project halfway. B. David’s project didn’t get any financial support. C. David has got financial support from the government. D. David’s project was forced to stop by the government. 10. A. Asking for help. B. Expressing her dissatisfaction. C. Telling her plan. D. Offering suggestions. Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. The benefits of traveling. B. The definition of traveling. C. The experiences of traveling. D. The different ways of traveling. 12. A. Traveling makes you independent. B. Traveling helps you become successful. C. Traveling helps you start a conversation. D. Traveling makes you clear about your purpose of life. 13. A. Reserved B. Suspicious. C. Negative. D. Positive. Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following report.
14. A. 368,000. B. 1,220. C. 3,555. D. 2,011. 15. A. Now drunk drivers will not be punished if they do not cause accidents. B. The number of drunk driving cases in Shanghai dropped by 70 percent in 2011. C. There was a drop of 18.8 percent in the number of people killed by drunk drivers in 2011. D. Now drunk drivers’ licenses will be permanently cancelled even if no accidents are caused. 16. A. The new punishments for drunk driving. B. The drop in the number of drunk driving cases. C. People’s attitude to the revised law against drunk driving. D. The reason for issuing the revised law against drunk driving. Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer. A Package Holiday Customer(s): Destination: Hotel: Length of stay: Total price: 17 White & Jane White Niagara Falls Waterfall Hotel 18 days $ 19 20 tour on the boat “The Maid of the Mist”
PS: including a three-hour
Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. What’s the topic of the conversation? Why is it possible for people to work at home? What equipment should home-workers have at home? What’s one of the advantages of working at home? 21 . 22 in the Because of the progress in last ten years. A telephone, 23 computer. It can help people to 24
, a printer, and a
II. Grammar and Vocabulary
Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence. 25. I always sit in the non-smoking section of restaurants to reduce my exposure ________ smoke. A. to B. with C. in D. from 26. I’m always looking forward to owning an electronic dictionary so my father is going to buy ________ for me as my birthday present. A. it B. that C. this D. one 27. You may don’t understand why consumers choose ________ of borrowing money. A. so expensive ways B. such an expensive way C. so an expensive way D. such expensive a way 28. Most plants grow well ________ there is sufficient water and good sunshine. A. where B. unless C. although D. until 29. When ________ to see his badly-injured friend in hospital, he almost went through a red light. A. drive B. driving C. driven D. having driven 30. Someone ________ the tap on, for the water is running over and flooding the bathroom. A. must have left B. could have left C. should have left D. may be leaving 31. ________ careful you are to avoid germs, you will probably get sick sometimes. A. Whenever B. Wherever C. However D. Whether 32. How long do you think it will be before another aircraft carrier ________ in China? A. build B. will build C. is built D. will be built 33. I’d like to see your problem _________ before the end of this term. A. solve B. solved C. to solve D. to be solved 34. Our likes and dislikes are part of ______ makes us unique and interesting, not better or superior. A. what B. that C. which D. it 35. It’s believed that the harder you work, ________ result you’ll get. A. the better B. the more better C. the more good D. better 36. Only when we began our college life ________ the importance of English. A. we realized B. we had realized C. did we realize D. can we realize 37. When ________ he changed his mind to lend you some money? A. it was B. it was that C. did D. was it that 38. Mercedes is the first team ________ the race this year, following Button’s victory in Australia last year. A. winning B. won C. win D. to win 39. Video may also prove useful in situations ________ note taking is difficult, such as in a moving car. A. when B. where C. that D. as 40. ________ was the center of our planetary system was a difficult concept to grasp in the Middle Ages. A. It was the sun and not the earth B. Being the sun and not the earth C. That the sun not the earth D. The sun and not the earth Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. matches F. interested B. accurate G. promises C. emotions H. applications D. informs I. negative E. difficulties J. monitors
Going on a date can be a fearful experience for most of us. But now a pair of “social X-Ray” glasses 41 to tell you exactly what the other person is thinking—and when you should stop talking. The glasses have a camera the size of a grain of rice which is put into the glasses’ frame and connected with a wire to a small computer which can be attached to the user’s body. The camera __42 the other person’s facial expressions and 43 them up with 24 known features which convey 44 . How long and how often 24 “feature points” appear on the subject’s face are then analyzed by software developed by a team of Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). This data is then compared with a bank of expressions and the computer tells the wearer through an earpiece(耳机) and lights on the glasses what their date is thinking. In a traffic light-style system, a red light means 45 , yellow means they are a little 46 and green means your date is happy. The glasses are currently under development by researchers at MIT’s Media Lab. They say that wearing them during a conversation with another person is like having an “extra sense”. The glasses were developed for people suffering from autism(自闭症) who have genuine 47__ interacting with others, but now the team behind it has seen wider 48 . So far the glasses are still a work in progress and have been 49 just 64 percent of the time, a figure which is expected to improve with further tests.
III. Reading Comprehension
Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. It’s been so warm in the United States this year, especially in March, that national records weren't just broken, they were deep-fried. Temperatures in the lower 48 states were 8.6 degrees above normal for March and 6 degrees higher than average for the first three months of the year, according to 50 by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. That goes far 51 the old records. The extent of how 52 the year has been in the US has 53 some meteorologists(气象学者) who have warned about global warming. “Everybody has this uneasy feeling. This is not good,” said Jerry Meehl, a climate scientist who 54 in extreme weather at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colo. “It’s a 55 pleasure. You’re out enjoying this 56 March weather, but you know it’s not a good thing.” It’s not just March. “It’s been going on for several months,” said Jake Crouch, a climate scientist at NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center in Ashville, N.C. Meteorologists say an unusual combination of several weather 57 , including La Nina, was the direct cause of the warm start to 2012. While individual events can’t be 58 on global warming, Crouch said this is like the extremes that are supposed to get more frequent because of 59 climate change from the burning of fossil fuels such as coal and oil. Normally, March 60 42.5 degrees across the country. This year, the average was 51.1, which is closer to the average for April. Only one other time — in January 2006 — was the country as a whole that much 61 than normal for an entire month. In March, 62 7,775 weather stations across the nation broke daily high temperature records and another 7,517 broke records for night-time 63 . Combined, that’s more high temperature records broken in one month than ever before, Crouch said. “When you look at what’s happened in March this year, it’s beyond 64 ,” said University of
Victoria climate scientist Andrew Weaver. 50. A. estimates 51. A. beyond 52. A. unusual 53. A. excited 54. A. majors 55. A. magnificent 56. A. freezing 57. A. styles 58. A. focused 59. A. manmade 60. A. defines 61. A. greater 62. A. at last 63. A. heat 64. A. unavailable B. calculations B. behind B. cold B. attracted B. involves B. doubtful B. nice B. conditions B. blamed B. natural B. averages B. quicker B. at most B. wind B. unchangeable C. predictions C. below C. typical C. affected C. specializes C. responsible C. hot C. patterns C. based C. sudden C. includes C. hotter C. at least C. rain C. unavoidable D. introductions D. beside D. fascinating D. alarmed D. fills D. guilty D. terrible D. changes D. depended D. important D. means D. richer D. at present D. moonlight D. unbelievable
Section B Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. （A） Marshall was a promising young artist. He painted with great feeling. His paintings were all characterized by a strong love and sympathy for people. His high school art teacher felt he had a special talent. Marshall’s father didn’t want him to be a painter, however. Mr. Donaldson wanted his son to be a stockbroker( 股 票 经 纪 人 ). He wanted Marshall to continue the dynasty started by his great-great grandfather in 1820. The family business, Donaldson and Donaldson Inc., was now a large, successful investment firm. Mr. Donaldson felt Marshall was much too individualistic. “Listen,” he told his son, “I had no say in choosing my career. I just did what my dad told me.” “But you are good at business,” Marshall replied. “I’m not. I’m sure I would just cause trouble for you and problems for the company.” Marshall felt there was no way he could ever fill his father’s shoes. And, although he was no stranger to high society, he didn’t feel comfortable among the wealthy. He preferred the ordinary, working-class people of the city. His paintings told of their struggles and their hopes. Sometimes after school Marshall would hang around outside a factory gate. He would draw the workers as they came out at the end of their shift. Marshall wondered how they could keep doing that hard, boring work year after year. Then he realized most of them would be doing something different if they could. But their great obstacle in life was lack of education. When Marshall got home, he would take out his paintings. The paintings expressed his sympathy and respect for those hard-working people. Well, Marshall never did enter the family business. This angered his father. But as Marshall got older, his career as an artist began to take off. He became quite famous, and people paid large amounts for his “plain people” paintings. In time, this success won Marshall’s dad over. Mr. Donaldson could see his son was born to paint. Marshall was glad his father finally came around. And happily, the two began to work together after all. Twice each year they held a benefit art show.
Marshall donated a number of his paintings to be sold at each show. The persuasive Mr. Donaldson got his wealthy friends and clients(客户) to attend—and to spend. The money from the art sales was used to help factory workers improve their education. 65. Why didn’t Marshall’s father want Marshall to be a painter at first? A. He thought Marshall was good at business rather than art. B. He expected Marshall to continue their family business. C. He wanted Marshall to earn more money. D. He thought Marshall was individualistic. 66. From the passage we can learn that ___________. A. Marshall’s choice turned out to be wrong B. Marshall’s choice affected their family business C. Marshall’s father at last supported Marshall’s choice D. Marshall’s father was always unhappy with Marshall’s choice 67. The underlined phrase “take off” in paragraph 7 probably means “__________”. A. to take away or remove B. to go away unexpectedly C. to stop working temporarily D. to suddenly become very successful 68. It was __________ that made Marshall a successful artist. A. his talent and diligence B. his dad’s help with art shows C. his art teacher’s support D. his desire to help poor people （B） To whom it may concern, I highly recommend Jane Doe as a candidate for employment. Jane was employed by Company Bubble from 2008 to 2011. She was responsible for office support including word processing, scheduling appointments and creating brochures, newsletters, and other office literature. Jane has excellent communication skills. In addition, she is extremely organized, reliable and computer literate. Jane can work independently and is able to follow through to ensure that the job gets done. She is flexible and willing to work on any project that is assigned to her. Jane was quick to volunteer to assist in other areas of company operations as well. Jane would be a valuable employee for your company and has my highest recommendation. If you have any further questions with regard to her background or qualifications, please do not hesitate to call me. Sincerely, John Smith Dear Hiring Manager, I’m interested in the summer position at Sarasota Store advertised in The Sarasotian. I have excellent communication skills and a talent for customer service. My past experience as a volunteer at Sarasota Hospital made it necessary for me to focus on providing quality customer service, and also enabled me to work with all types of people. I believe that my communication skills, customer service abilities, and positive work ethic would make me a valuable person for your store. I can be reached at email@example.com or 129-2278-3490. Thank you for your consideration. Sincerely, Angela Merlyn
Dear Ms Alba, The purpose of this letter is to announce my resignation from ABC Company, effective two weeks from this date. This was not an easy decision to make on my part. The past ten years has been very rewarding. I’ve enjoyed working for you and managing a very successful team dedicated to a quality manufactured product delivered on time. I have accepted a position as Vice President at Manufacturing for Land Lubber Industries in Watertown, West Virginia. This opportunity gives me the chance to grow professionally and we will only be a few miles from my family. I wish you and the company all the best. I do hope our paths will cross again in the future. Sincerely, Aubrey White 69. What probably was Jane in Company Bubble? A. A receptionist. B. An accountant. C. A saleswoman. D. A secretary. 70. The second letter is mainly written to _________. A. apply for a position B. make friends with the addressee C. make an appointment D. report the result of Merlyn’s work 71. In the third letter which of the following reasons is mentioned as to why the writer is leaving the company? A. Promotion of another colleague. B. Bad relationship with present colleagues. C. Further professional development. D. Bad health condition of a family member. （C） Thirty years ago, public health officials in the United States reported on the first cases of what came to be known as AIDS. But today an estimated sixteen and a half million children have lost one or both parents to AIDS. Millions more live with adults who are sick from AIDS. Lucie Cluver from Oxford University in England has studied children of AIDS(AIDS orphaned children and children living with sick adults) in South Africa. She says children can be deeply affected by their experiences. And one of the biggest impacts we see is mental health, their psychological health. So, for example, we see that AIDS orphaned children have very much higher levels of depression, anxiety and stress disorder than children who have a live parent or children whose parents have died of other causes. Lucie Cluver says children have to live with the sense of shame connected to AIDS. Many are abused(欺负) at school or excluded from the community. Children living with sick adults are more likely to live in poverty and face physical and emotional abuse. Also, Lucie Cluver says the children often become the caregivers. They’re missing school to go and get medication. They’re often taking them to the toilet, cleaning their wounds or washing their bedclothes. So these kids find it very stressful and upsetting. They’re very worried about the health and feel responsible for the health of the sick person. Close contact with sick adults can sometimes spread tuberculosis(肺结核) or other diseases. And, as Lucie Cluver said, even when the children are in school, paying attention can be difficult. It’s constantly on their minds and really making it difficult for them to do well at school. She calls for testing more children for tuberculosis. She also calls for giving more parents the drugs needed to keep them healthy longer with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. There are programs to help children, but there is “far more to be done.” Interventions(干预治疗) and support groups are “urgently needed” for those orphaned by AIDS or living with sick adults. But the evidence for which interventions are effective “is still thin”.
72. The topic of the passage is __________. A. children of AIDS doing badly at school B. more and more children suffering from AIDS C. children of AIDS facing mental problems D. an increasing number of people dying of AIDS 73. According to Lucie Cluver, AIDS orphaned children have very much higher levels of depression mainly because they __________. A. have a sense of shame connected to AIDS B. cannot focus their attention on study at school C. are more likely to be affected with tuberculosis D. often have to miss school to look after their sick parents 74. We can infer from the last paragraph that __________. A. enough has been done for children of AIDS B. interventions prove very effective for children of AIDS C. nothing can be done to help children except interventions D. interventions may be useful for helping children of AIDS 75. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. The first case of AIDS occurred 30 years ago. B. Children whose parents are infected with AIDS often help with housework. C. Children whose parents have died of causes other than AIDS don’t have stress disorder. D. Children don’t have psychological problems when their parents are still alive with HIV. Section C Directions: Read the following text and choose the most suitable heading from A-F for each paragraph. There is one extra heading which you do not need. A. Ask questions. B. Choose to give back. C. Do your homework. D. Read between the lines. E. Seek quality assurance. F. Make tourism ecological.
Making informed choices before and during your trip is the single most important thing you can do to become a responsible traveler. With a little planning, you can improve the quality of your trip, while making a real difference to the people and places you visit. 76. ______________________________ Search the web and consult guidebooks to start your pre-trip homework. Look for information and resources on ecotourism. Ecotourism Explorer, TIES’ interactive online directory, makes searching for your perfect eco-holiday easy! Choose guidebooks with information on your destination’s environmental, social and political issues, and read before booking. 77. ______________________________ Call or email tour operators that have firsthand knowledge of the place you are considering visiting. Check the websites of all accommodations. Let tour operators/hotels know that you are a responsible consumer. Before you book, ask about their social and environmental policies. For instance - What is your environmental policy? What percentage of your employees are local citizens? Do you support any projects to benefit the local community?
78. ______________________________ Are the businesses you’re considering certified? Do they have eco-label ratings, or have they won eco-awards? Have you heard of the AAA or 5-star rating systems? These long-standing labels judge hotel quality and services. Many certification programs have also been created in tourism to rate the environmental and social impacts of tourism businesses. These programs are important tools for distinguishing genuine ecotourism companies, products or services from those that are merely using “eco-” as a marketing tool to attract consumers. More and more companies have earned eco-labels, and we encourage you to purchase from these businesses. 79. ______________________________ A growing number of tourism businesses are helping to financially and materially support community projects and offering travelers the opportunity to get involved. Many of TIES members around the globe are leading the efforts to give back to local communities and enhance the livelihoods of local people through ecotourism. We encourage you to contribute to and participate in these projects, and support those companies that are making positive impacts on the lives of local hosts. 80. ______________________________ Don’t Be Fooled by green-washing. “Eco” is a fashionable label used widely in the tourism industry. It sounds appealing, but much of what is marketed as “eco” is simply traditional tourism with superficial changes. So it’s important to check behind the labels. Section D Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. A finding in recent years shows that men cannot manufacture blood as efficiently as women can. This makes surgery riskier for men. Men also need more oxygen because they do not breathe as often as women. But men breathe more deeply and this exposes them to another risk. They draw more of the air into their lungs when it is polluted. Men’s bones are larger than women’s and they are arranged somewhat differently. The female walk that causes so many whistles is a matter of bone structure. A man has broader shoulders and a narrower pelvis(骨盆), which makes him walk with no waste motion. A woman’s wider pelvis, designed for childbearing, forces her to put more movement into each step she takes with the result that she displays a bit of jiggle and sway(摇摆) as she walks. If you think a man is brave because he can climb a ladder to clean the roof, don’t forget it is easier for him than for a woman. The angle at which a woman’s thigh(大腿) is joined to her knees makes climbing difficult for her, whether it is a ladder or stairs or a mountain that she is climbing. A man’s skin is thicker than a woman’s and not nearly as soft. This prevents the sun’s radiation from getting through, which is why men wrinkle less than women do. Women have a thin layer of fat just under the skin and there is a plus to this greater fat reserve. It acts as an invisible fur coat to keep a woman warmer in the winter. Women also stay cooler in summer because the fat layer helps protect them against heat. Men’s fat is distributed differently. And they do not have that layer of it underneath their skin. In fact, they have considerably less fat than women and more muscle. 41 percent of a man’s body is muscle compared to thirty-five percent for women, which means that men have more muscle power. The higher proportion of muscle to fat makes it easier for men to lose weight. Muscle burns up five more calories a pound than fat does just to maintain itself. So when a man wants to lose weight, the pounds roll off much faster. (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN TEN WORDS.) 81. What is this passage mainly about? _______________________________________________________________________________ 82. That men breathe more deeply can result in a risk of _____________________________________.
83. The female walk with a bit of jiggle and sway is caused by the fact that ______________________ _______________________________________________. 84. Why do women lose weight more difficultly than men? ________________________________________________________________________________
第Ⅱ卷（共 45 分） I. Translation
Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 人人该为世界和平作贡献。(contribution) 参加社区活动一定会对你有益的。(sure) 这个教授并不在乎穿什么，但对于吃什么却非常挑剔。(particular) 那位老父亲看了儿子的照片之后激动得热泪盈眶。(So) 一得到消息，我就给我表弟发了封电子邮件，祝贺他在英语演讲比赛中获一等奖。(congratulate)
II. Guided Writing
Directions: Write an English composition in 120-150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 昨天放学回家的路上，你遇到了右图中 一幕。回家后你进行了反思，并用英语写在 你的博客中，内容包括： ? 对当时场景的描述； ? 你当时的心理； ? 你的反思。