当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

wy人教版第一单元 book 5 unit 1 language points语言点讲解课件


1.defeat
[教材P2原句] CHOLERA” JOHN SNOW DEFEATS “KING

约翰· 斯诺战胜“霍乱王”

(1)vt.打败;战胜;使受挫 Li Na defeated her opponent and won the first in the final of French Open in 2011

.

在2011年法国网球公开赛决赛中李娜击败对手获得 了冠军。 (2)n.[C,U]失败
The Brazil national football team suffered a defeat in the World Cup. 巴西国家足球队在世界杯上被击败了。

defeat, beat, win 击败,强调过程和 结果

defeat

宾语是对手

beat

打败;(连续)击打

宾语是对手

win

赢得;获胜

宾语是game或 prize等

defeat, beat, win
[自填助记]

Yesterday I Defeated /beat John at chess. He won only
one set, while I won two sets. 昨天我和约翰下棋赢了他。他只赢了一盘,而我

赢了两盘。

2.attend vi.& vt.照料;护理(病人);出席;参加 [教材 P2原句]

John Snow was a famous doctor in London — so
expert, indeed, that he attended her personal physician. 约翰· 斯诺是伦敦一位著名的医生——他的确医术 精湛,因而成了维多利亚女王的私人大夫。 Queen Victoria as

①The professor is rich in knowledge, so we all like

to attend his lecture.
这位教授知识渊博,因此我们都希望听他的演讲。

attend a meeting/a lecture/school 参加会议/听报告/上学

attend (on/upon) sb.

照顾某人;伺候某人

attend to

处理;对付;接待
(顾客);专心;注意

②During his visit to China, Putin attended the 16th ChineseRussian Prime Ministers meeting in October, 2011. 在2011年10月访问中国期间普京出席了中俄总理 第十六次会议。 ③He was badly injured. As a result, he was

attended (on) by three nurses.
他伤势严重。因此,有3名护士护理他。

attend, join, join in, take part in

指参加会议、上课、上学、听报告等

指加入某组织、团体,成为其中的一 员

指参加某种活动,表示与某人一起做某

事则用join sb. in sth.

指参加群众性活动、会议等,往往指参 加并持积极态度,起一定作用

[自填助记]
①I often attend meetings and sometimes I join in/take part in their discussion.

我经常出席会议,有时参与大会的讨论。 ②My wish is to join the army after graduation.

我的愿望是毕业后参军。 ③Lincoln took an active part in politics and was strongly against slavery. 林肯积极参加政治活动,强烈反对奴隶制度。

3.expose vt.暴露;揭露;使曝光;使接触

[教材P2原句]

But he became inspired when he

thought about helping ordinary people exposed to cholera. 但当他一想到要帮助(那些)受到霍乱威胁的普通 百姓,他就感到很振奋。

expose sb./sth. to ...

使??暴露于??; 使??接触到??

be exposed to ...

暴露于??;置身于??

exposure n.

暴露;揭发

形象记忆

1. We want to expose the kids to as much art and culture as possible.

我们想让孩子们受到尽可能多的艺术和文化熏 陶。
2. 别在太阳下晒得太久,你会被晒伤的。 Don't expose yourself to the sun for too long. You will get burnt.

4.cure n.[C]治愈;疗法vt.治愈;治疗;改掉(坏习惯) [教材P2原句] Neither its cause nor its cure was

understood.
人们既不知道它的病源,也不了解它的治疗方法。

1. Doctors are searching for a cure for AIDS.
医生们正在寻找艾滋病的治疗方法。

2. We must cure the children of bad habits. 我们必须纠正孩子们的坏习惯。

3.这种药也许可以治好你的头痛。
This medicine may cure you of your headache.

⑤a cure for ...
⑥ cure sb. of sth.

医治某种病的疗法 治愈某人的病;改掉某

人的坏习惯

cure, treat

cure

强调结果,即“治愈”;可构成 cure sb. of sth.结构 强调过程,不涉及结果;可构成

treat

treat sb. for sth.结构

[自填助记]
①The doctor treated her headache with a new medicine, but didn't

cure her.

②He was treated for his heart disease for three
months, but the doctors said they could cure him of it in one month.

5.challenge n.[C,U]挑战vt.向??挑战
[教材P2原句]

John Snow wanted to face the challenge

and solve this problem.

约翰· 斯诺想面对这个挑战,解决这个问题。
①To deal with the economy is a real challenge for Greece.

处理经济问题对希腊来说是一项真正的挑战。

(1)face the challenge
accept/take up a challenge (2)challenge sb. to sth. challenge sb. to do sth.

面临挑战
接受挑战 向某人挑战某事 向某人挑战做某事

②He

accepted a challenge to a TV debate.

他接受了电视辩论的挑战。 ③When I said I ran faster than her, she challenged

me to a race.
当我说我跑得比她快时,她硬逼着要和我赛跑。 ④Mr Wang challenged me to play another tennis game.

王先生向我挑战再打一场网球比赛。

[点津] challenge本身已含“向??;对??”的意义,

因而不要再加多余的to。
? ?[误]to ? ? ?[正]to

向某人挑战

challenge to sb. challenge sb.

6.absorb vt.吸收;吸引;使专心 [教材P2原句] The second suggested that people

absorbed this disease into their bodies with their
meals. 第二种看法是人们是在吃饭时把这种病毒引入体内的。 ①This kind of paper absorbs ink. 这种纸吸墨水。

absorb ... into ...

把??吸收入??

absorb ... from ...
absorb sb.'s attention be absorbed in

从??中吸收??
吸引某人的注意 专心于;全神贯注于

②Plants can

absorb nutrients from the soil.

植物能从土壤中吸收养分。 ③Dolly Song sung by Wu Dongbo absorbed my

attention.
武东博演唱的《甩葱歌》吸引了我的注意力。 ④ Absorbed in his work , Tom simply forgot food and sleep.

汤姆专心工作,几乎忘记了吃饭和睡觉。

7.suspect [教材P2原句] John Snow suspected that the second

theory was correct but he needed evidence. 约翰· 斯诺推测第二个理论是正确的,但他需要证据。 (1)vt.怀疑;认为 ①Never employ the man you suspect, nor suspect the man you employ. [谚语]疑人不用,用人不疑。

suspect that ... suspect sb. of (doing) sth. suspect sb. to be ...

怀疑??;觉得?? 怀疑某人(做过)某事 怀疑某人是??

②What makes you suspect him of stealing the money? 你凭什么怀疑钱是他偷的? ③I suspect that he is a thief. = I suspect him of a thief.

= I suspect him to be a thief.
我怀疑他是个小偷。 (2)n. [C]嫌疑犯 ④The police have taken the suspect to the police station. 警察把那个嫌疑犯带到了警察局。

8.blame

[教材P2原句]

It seemed that the water was to blame.

看来水是罪魁祸首。 (1)vt.责备;指责;把??归咎于 be to blame (for sth.) 对(坏事)负有责任;

(因某事)应受责备
blame sb. for (doing) sth. blame sth. on sb. 因(做)某事而责备某人 把某事归咎到某人身上

①Don't always blame your
own failure on others. Sometimes you yourself are to blame. 不要总把自己的失败归咎于他人。 有时该怪你自己。 ②Who was to blame for the accident of the BeijingShanghai express train?

谁应该为京沪高铁事故负责?

(2)n.[U]过失;责备 bear/take/accept/get the blame (for sth.) (对某事)承担责任 put/lay the blame for sth. on sb. 将某事归咎于某人

③I am ready to take the blame for what I said. 我已准备对我所说的负责。 ④She'll put the blame on me if it gets bad. 如果事情变糟,她会把此事归咎于我。

9.announce vt.宣布;宣告(决定、计划等);(尤指通过 广播)通知 [教材P3原句] With this extra evidence John Snow

was able to announce with certainty that polluted
water carried the virus. 有了这个特别的证据,约翰· 斯诺就能够肯定地宣布, 这种被污染了的水携带着病菌。

(1)announce sth.(to sb.) announce that ... It is announced that ... (2)announcement n.

(向某人)宣布、通告某事 宣布??;通知?? 据宣布?? 通知;通告

make an announcement
(3)announcer n.

宣布;下通知
广播员;播音员

①Guangdong police announced a reward for reporting
crime clues. 广东警方宣布将给予提供犯罪线索者一笔赏金。 ②The spokesman of the Foreign Ministry announced the news to the reporters.= The spokesman of the Foreign Ministry announced to the reporters the news. 外交部发言人向记者发布了新闻。

[点津]
表示“向某人宣布某事”用announce sth. to sb.或 announce to sb. sth.,而不用于announce sb. sth.结构。 ③It is announced that there will be a celebration on National Day. 据宣布,国庆节要举行庆祝会。 ④The announcer made an announcement that all

the details should be announced through the broadcast.
广播员宣布所有的细节都应通过广播公布出来。

announce, declare announce 指正式公布、宣布,侧重预告人们关心或 感兴趣的事情,尤指新闻 declare指正式向公众宣布,侧重“当众 declare 发表”,多用于宣战、议和或宣判等。 declare后可跟复合宾语

[自填助记] ①The date of his visit has not been announced . 他来访的日期尚未公布。 ②Fighting has been going on for a year, but war has not yet been declared . 仗已打了一年,但并没有宣战。

10.instruct vt.命令;指示;教导
[教材P3原句] The water companies were

instructed not to expose people to polluted water any more. 供水公司得到指示,再也不能让人们接触受污染

的水了。
①When I met him, he was instructing his son how to deal with the car problem. 当我见到他时,他正在教儿子如何修汽车。

(1)instruct sb. in sth. instruct sb. to do sth.

教授某人某事 命令某人做某事

(2)instruction n.

[用复数]说明书;使用指南
[C,常用复数]指示;命令

give sb. instructions to do sth. 命令某人做某事 follow one's instructions 听从某人的指示

②My job is to instruct her in English.
我的工作是教她英语。 ③He instructed me to deliver it to a customer . 他吩咐我把东西传送给顾客。 ④The teacher gave them instructions to arrive early tomorrow morning. 老师命令他们明天早晨要早到。

1.put forward

提出;推荐

2. draw a conclusion
3.expose ... to ...

得出结论
使显露;暴露

4. of sb.'s/sth.'s day
5.face a challenge

在某人/某物存在的时候
面临挑战

6.mark ... on ...

在??上把??标出来

7.be to blame
8.link ... to

该受责备;应负责
将??和??联系或连接起来

9.look into
10.slow down

调查
减速;减缓

1.put forward 提出;拨快;将??提前;推荐
[教材P1原句] black holes? 谁提出了黑洞理论? Who put forward a theory about

写出put forward的汉语意思 ①During the “10+3” summit, Premier Wen put forward proposals on how to establish an East Asia 提出 free trade area.

②The women's final has been put forward to 2:00
pm. 提前

③He put his watch forward to avoid being late for the
meeting. 拨快

④We put Mary forward to take part in the competition to find a designer for the new airport 推荐;提名 building.

⑤We're trying to put aside a few hundred dollars
every month towards our vacation.

我们尽量每月存几百美元供度假用。
⑥Before we leave the office, let's put these files away. 离开办公室之前,让我们把这些文件收拾好。

2.draw a conclusion得出结论
①The debate did not arrive at/come

to/reach/draw a conclusion until midnight.
辩论直到午夜才结束。 ②In conclusion, I'd like to say how much I have enjoyed myself. 最后,我想说说我过得有多么愉快。

③arrive at/come to/reach/draw a 得出结论

conclusion
④in conclusion 最后

⑤We will conclude our concert with the national

Anthem.
我们将以国歌结束我们的音乐会。 ⑥What do you conclude from the experiment?

从这次试验中你得出了什么结论? ⑦From the evidence I must conclude that you are wrong. 从证据看,我敢断定你错了。

3.link ... to/with ...把??和??连接起来
[教材P3原句] In another part of London, he

found supporting evidence from two other deaths
that were linked to the Broad Street outbreak. 在伦敦的另一个地区,他从两个与宽街爆发的霍 乱有关联的死亡病例中又发现了有力证据。

①For centuries farmers have linked the behavior of animals to changes in the weather. 几个世纪以来农民们一直把动物行为与天气变化联系 在一起。 ②Our economy is closely linked with America's. 我们的经济与美国经济紧密相连。

link up (with) join ... to/and ... connect ...to/with/and ... relate ...to ... combine ...with ...

(与??)连接;联合 把??与??连接起来 把??与??连接起来 把??和??联系起来 把??和??联合起来

③The bands have linked up for a charity concert. 这些乐队已联合起来,准备办一场慈善音乐会。 ④Wealth is seldom related to happiness. 财富鲜与幸福相关。

1.[句型展示]

Neither its cause nor its cure was

understood.
它的起因和治疗办法都未为人所知。

[典例背诵]
Neither Libya nor Iran was the main focus of the

attention at the moment in Asia.
现在在亚洲利比亚和伊朗都不是人们关注的焦点。

2.[句型展示]

So many thousands of terrified people

died every time there was an outbreak.
因此每次(霍乱)爆发,就有成千上万惊恐的人们死去。 [典例背诵] Every time I saw the pictures, I was reminded that Guo Meimei showed off wealth online.

每次我看到这些图片,我就会想起郭美美在网上炫富
的事。

3.[句型展示]

①The first suggested that cholera multiplied in
the air. 第一种看法是霍乱病毒在空气中繁殖。 ②To prevent this from happening again, John Snow suggested that the source of all the water

supplies be examined .
为防止这种情况再度发生,约翰· 斯诺建议所有水 源都要经过检测。

[典例背诵]

①Premier Wen's remarks suggested that Tiangong1
had been sent up into space successfully. 温总理的话表明“天宫一号”已发射成功。 ②He suggested Conocophillips (should) take measures to stop oil leaking. 他建议康菲公司应采取措施阻止漏油。

4.[句型展示]

A woman, who had moved away from

Broad Street, liked the water from the pump so much that she had it delivered to her house every day. 一位已经从宽街搬走的妇女,很喜欢从这个水泵里抽 上来的水,每天都要让人把水送到她家。

[典例背诵]
Wang Shipeng had his foot injured while playing basketball. 王仕鹏打篮球时脚受了伤。

1.So many thousands of terrified people died every time there was an outbreak. 因此每次爆发(霍乱)时,就有成千上万惊恐的人们 死去。 every time在句中引导时间状语从句,与each time 相同,意为“每次??的时候”。

①Every time I went to Beijing I would visit the Great Wall. 我每次去北京都会去参观长城。 ②Every time I see him, he's always wearing a smile on

his face.
我每次见到他时,他总是面带笑容。 可以用作连词引导时间状语从句的名词短语有以下三类:

(1)表示习惯、经常性:every time, each time,

next time, the first/second/last ... time等;
③ The first time I went abroad , I couldn't understand what foreigners said. 第一次出国时,我听不懂老外说什么。 (2)表示瞬间变化,意为“一??就??”:the moment,

the minute, the instant, the second等;
④The moment I saw him, I knew what had happened. 见到他的那一刻,我就知道发生了什么事。

(3)表示具体时间,意为“??的那天/那周/??”:
the day, the week, the month, the year, the spring, the summer, the autumn, the winter等。 ⑤We got together the night he returned from abroad. 他从国外回来的那个晚上我们聚会了。

2.To prevent this from happening again, John Snow suggested that the source of all the water supplies be examined.

为防止这种情况再度发生,约翰· 斯诺建议所有水
源都要经过检测。 句中suggest表示“建议”,另外suggest还有 “表明;暗示”的意思。其用法如下:

suggest doing建议做某事

suggest

提议;建议

suggest that sb. (should) do (从句中常用虚拟语气) suggest thatclause(从句中

suggest 表明;暗示

用陈述语气)

①His attitude suggested that he was not interested in it at all.
他的态度表明他对此一点也不感兴趣。 ②I suggested that he (should) adapt himself to his new conditions. 我建议他应该适应新的环境。

③My deskmate's sleepy look suggested that he was
of his study and I suggested he (should) have a rest .

tired

我的同桌困倦的表情显示他学习 累了。我建议他休息一下。

3.A woman, who had moved away from Broad Street,
liked the water from the pump so much that

she had it delivered to her house every day.
一位已经从宽街搬走的妇女,她特别喜欢从那个水 泵里抽上来的水,每天都要让人把水运到她家。

句子结构分析: A woman, who had moved away from Broad Street ,

liked ...

定语从句,修饰woman

句中had it delivered是“have+sth.+过去分词”结构,
该结构有以下三种常见用法: (1)表示“请/让别人做某事”,句中所用的便是此义。 ①I'll have my bike repaired tomorrow. 我明天得(请人)修一下我的自行车。

(2)表示“经历或遭遇(一些不好的事)”。 ②She had her computer stolen the other day. 前几天她的电脑被偷了。 (3)表示“完成/解决某事”,此时主语也可能是过去分

词所表示的动作的执行者。
③When will you have your homework handed in? 你什么时候交家庭作业?

have sth. done, have sb. do, have sb. doing
让/叫/使/请别人做某事。宾语sth.后 have sth. done 面用过去分词作宾语补足语,sth.与过 去分词表示的动作之间是被动关系

have sb. do
have sb. doing

让某人做某事。do与sb.是主动关系
让/叫/使某人一直做某事。doing与sb. 是主动关系

[自填助记] ①You shouldn't have your horse running so fast. It's too dangerous.

你不该让你的马跑得这么快。这太危险了。
②I have my husband do some housework every day. 我每天让丈夫做些家务。 ③He had his leg broken while playing football. 他踢足球时摔断了腿。

[点津] 作“照顾;护理”讲时,可用attend,也可用attend on/upon;作“出席;参加”讲时,attend多作及物 动词。

④ Attend to your study and stop talking.
专心学习,不要讲话。 ⑤Excuse me, but I have an important matter to attend to. 对不起,我有件要事要办。

④A teacher should
situations.

reallife

教师应让他的学生接触到真实生活环境。
expose his students to


相关文章:
Unit 1 Book7 Language points
Unit 1 Book7 Language points_英语_高中教育_教育专区。选修7 第一单元知识点导学案Unit 1 Book7 Language points 一、 重点短语 1. 换句话说 ___ 3. 切去...
人教版高中英语Book5Unit1教学预设计
人教版高中英语Book5Unit1教学预设计_高二英语_英语...让学生感觉到所学知识与现实语言环境有真正的联 系...【教学流程】 一.创设情境 整体感知 {课件投影} ...
人教版英语必修1 Unit 1 Friendship language points
人教版英语必修1 Unit 1 Friendship language points_高一英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。本文档为人教版高一英语第一单元重点知识点的用法和相关练习。讲练结和,让...
Book4 Unit1 language points
新课标人教版必修四Book... 16页 1下载券 Book4 unit1 language p... 暂无评价 2页 免费 Book4 Unit1 Period5 la... 暂无评价 2页 免费 unit1-language...
必修一unit5language points1
必修2第一单元语言点Lan... 36页 免费 必修3 unit1 Language p... 53页 ...Unit 5 Nelson Mandela—a modern hero Language points 1 Learning aims: 1....
Book 5 Unit 1 教案
Book 5 Unit 1 教案_英语_高中教育_教育专区。Book...Teaching important & difficult points 教学重难点 ...Target language 目标语言 重点词汇和短语 Language ...
Book6 Unit1语言点 学案 (答案)
高二英语学案课题:Book6 Unit1 Language points 科组:英语 年级:高二 中心备课人:钟琼 时间: 十二周 学习目标: the usage of the words and expressions 一....
人教版必修一 Unit1 Language points精品学案
人教版必修一 Unit1 Language points精品学案_英语_...扎实掌握重点单词、短语的用法,提高自己的语言运用...5 分钟完成复习任务。 正课: 1. 15 分钟,理解和...
人教版unit1book8语言点导学案
人教版unit1book8语言点导学案_高二英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。人教版必修八第一单元语言点导学案,含本单元重点单词短语句式的讲解与练习。Book...
Book1Unit5LanguagePoints 导学案
Book1Unit5LanguagePoints 导学案_高一英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。人教版必修一Unit5语言点学案 Unit 5 Nelson Mandela a modern hero 语言点练习 Part 1 熟...
更多相关标签: