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unit two 人教版必修一第二单元知识点详解与练习


内容(课题) 教学目的 重难点 教学过程 Part one 短语检测

unit2 English around the world
复习巩固 unit 2 重要知识点与语法点 强调句 宾语从句时态

1 even if /even though 2 at present 1 In some important ways they

are very different from one another. In some ways 在某种程度上 The changes are not great in some ways. 归纳拓展 By the way 一路上,一直 In a way 在某个方面,从某种意义上 In the way 挡道,碍事 In this way 以这种方式 On one’s way 在路上 典题例析 1 i think he is taking an active part int social work. - i agree with you _______. A in a way B on the way C by the way D in the way 2 完成句子。 (1)Don’t be _________ (挡道).let me go! (2)A storm is _______ (即将来临) 2 i ‘d like to come up to your apartment. Come up (1) 走过来,走近 She came up and said ,”Glad to meet you.” (2) 太阳,月亮等,升起,上升 The sun came up . (3) 被提出,被讨论 A number of questions came up at the meeting. 归纳拓展 Come up with 提出 Come across / upon 偶遇,碰到 第 1 页 (共 8 页)

Come to 苏醒,总数为,涉及,谈到 Come on 表示鼓励,催促等,快点,走吧,行了 Come out 出版,显露,发表,结果是 Come around 苏醒,复原 典题例析 1 The dictionary is being printed and it will soon _______. A turn out B come out C start out D go out 2 Now , where is my purse ? _____!We ‘ll be late for the picnic. A take your time B Don’t worry C come on D take it easy

3 It was based more on German that the English we speak at present. 常用结构 Base A on /upon B 以 B 作为 A 的基础 A be based on/ upon B A 以 B 为基础 I base my hopes on the good news we had yesterday. This novel is based on historical facts. Base n 基底,基部 典题例析 1No one can give a speech without an outline ,which will give you a good structure to _____ your speech_____ A set ; in B keep ; on C focus; in D base; on 2 完成句子 (1)They built a house at the ______ of the mountain. (2)I think the film which is _______ on the story is good. (3)No building can be set up without any _______. (4)We must ______ the theory ______ the fact. 4 So by the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to make use of a wider vocabulary than ever before. 常用结构 Make good/full use of 充分利用 Bring /put into use 使某某得到使用 Come into use 得到使用 Go out of use 不用了,被抛弃 We will make good use of our time. The present phone boxes will go out of use next year. 典题例析 1 Every possible use ______ advanced technology. A should be made B should be made of C should make D should make of 2 Can you list the uses we have ______ the natural resources? A taken of B made of C used D applied to

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5 English is also spoken in Singapore and Malaysia and countries in Africa such as South Africa. 易混辨析 Such as 像某某一样,诸如此类的,用以列举事物,且 such as 位于所举的事物之前 For example 用以举例说明,其位置较灵活,可位于句首,句中或句末,往往用逗号隔开。 In this paragragh there are many nouns ,such as boy ,girl ,and book. It is possible to conbine Comprter Science with other subjects,for example Pyhsics. 典题例析 1 As we all know, many Chinese words have come into English ,______ tyhpoon,tofu,and kungfu. A for example B that is C such as D so as to 完成句子。 1 our monitor does well in sports and games_________. 2 i like drinks ,_______ tea and coffee. 3 Many great men,________ Lindon and Edison,have rised from poverty. 6 India has a very large number of fluent English speakers. 易混辨析 A number of /numbers of +名词复数 大量的 The number of +名词复数+单数谓语动词 某某的数量 A number of students are planting trees on the hill. The number of students in our class is 50. 归纳拓展 A large number of 大量的 A small number of 少量的 A certain number of 一定量的 典题例析 1 The number of people invited ______ fifty, but a number of them______ absent for different reasons. A were ; was B was ; was C was; were ; D were; were 2 i hear______ number of workers of that factory _______ out of work. ---- Yes ,and ______ number ______ quite large. Part two Grammar

直接引语变间接引语 2 一 祈使句直接引语变间接引语的注意事项 1 肯定祈使句的动词原形变成动词不定式,并在动词不定的前面加上 ask/tell/order ,即 ask/tell/order sb to do sth 的句式。 “Follow his instructions,”she said to me. She told me to follow his instructions. 2 否定祈使句的“don’t +动词原形”变成“not +动词不定式” ,并在 not 前加上 ask,tell,order,即 ask /tell /order sb not to do sth 的句式 “Don’t make a noise ,”he said to the children. He told the children not to make a noise. 3 转述含有 please 的祈使句和 can/could you...?Will/would you...?句型时,动词多用 ask. “can you lend me two yuan?”he asked me. 第 3 页 (共 8 页)

He asked me if i could lend him two yuan. 二 指示代词,时间状语,地点状语和动词的变化一览表 直接引语 间接引语 指示代词 this /these places that place /those places 地点副词 here there 动词 come /bring go take 时间状语 now /today/tonight then /that day/that night This week /month that week /month Yesterday the day before Last week/month the week /month before Two days /a year two days /a year before Ago earlier Tomorrow the next /following day Next week/month the next /following week /month 典题例析 将直接引语变为间接引语 1 “Do some shopping for me ,please ,”he said to her . 2 Mary said to me ,”Don’t forget to answer that letter.” 3 “Don’t touch anything in the lab.”the teacher said to us. 4 “Make sure the door is shut”,he said. 5 Mike asked,”can you tell me the way to the post office ,Bob?” Part 3 1 This is because in the early days of radio,those who reported the news were expected to speak excellent English. 常用结构 Sb be expected to do 某人被期待做 Expected (sb) to do 料想、期待(某人)做 Expected that 期待,盼望做 I expectded not./i don’t expect so . He expected to finish the work by March. We expected that you would succeed. I expected you to be punctual. 典题例析 1 According to the art teacher,the painting _______ to go for at least a million dollars. A is expected B expects C expected D is expecting 2 Geography also plays a part in making dialects. 常用结构 第 4 页 (共 8 页)

Play a part /role in 在某某中起作用,在某某中扮演角色 Play the part/role of 演某某的角色 He played an important part /role in the film. She played the part /role of a mother in the show. 典题例析 完成句子 他在这部电影中演雷锋。 He plays _____ role _______ Lei Feng in the movie. 3 she suggested using CDs to listen to English songs and learn English expressions. Suggest 建议 suggest +n+doing She suggested an early start. I suggest doing it in a different way. Suggest +that 从句 从句用虚拟语气 She suggested that the class meeting (should) not be held on Saturday. 暗示,表明 Suggest +that 从句,从句用虚拟语气 The expression on his face suggested that he was very angry. 典题例析 完成句子 1 那些话表明他生气了。 The words suggested _______________________________. 2 他建议我们立刻出发。 _____________________________________________________. 一、 单项选择 1. _________ these, he failed in the exam last week. A. Because B. Because of C. Since D. As 2. Pandas are native ______ China. A. with B. to C. for D. in 3. If you can’t _____ a better plan, we have to carry out the present one. A. come along with B. come up with C. come across D. come about for 4. She pretended to be calm but _______she was more than nervous at the time she was being questioned. A. in actual B. actually C. as matter of fact D. in a fact 5. Everybody has ______ to play _____ our environment. A. a part; to protect B. a role; in protecting C. part; in protecting D. a role; to protect 6. When the expression first came into being, people refused to use it but _____ they began to accept it. A. usually B. gradually C. frequently D. quickly 7. You won’t be able to make a wise _____ of a word until you know all the _____ of it. A. use; uses B. usage; usages C. use; usages D. usage; uses 8.My elder sister is _______ studying in Britain and she can speak English quite fluently like a native speaker. 第 5 页 (共 8 页)

A. in the present B. at present C. at the present D. for the present 9. Some minority(少数民族) languages are losing their ______ because of the invasion(入侵) of more popular spoken ones. A. ideas B. natures C. identities D. characters 10. Some animals ______ the tiger, the lion and the wolf are meat-eaters. A. such like B. such as C. for example D. includes 11. Some people are good at _____ voices on the phone while others ______. A. knowing; aren’t B. recognizing; don’t C. knowing; don’t D. recognizing; aren’t 12. Different people from different provinces speak English _____ different accents. A. in B. by C. with D. on 13. American English is more or less different _____British English ______ pronunciation and spelling. A. from; in B. with; in C. from; with D. with; on 14. --Do you think it true that all the theories should ________ facts? --I don’t suppose so. If so, there would be no predictions(预言) A. be made on B. be based on C. be set up with D. be built with 15. ---What do you think of my article, professor? ---The former part is well written but _____ is just so so. A. the later B. the last part C. latest D. the latter 二、阅读理解: A Most people want to work, but it has become more difficult in today’s world to find work for everyone. The economy (经济) of the world needs to grow by 4% each year just to keep the old number of jobs for people. Often this is not possible, and so more people are out of work. Some people have no jobs now because new machines can do the work of many people in short time. Also, machines do not ask for more money and longer holiday. In all of the countries of the world, machines are taking work from people not only in factories but also on the farms. One machine can often do the work from forty people. About 75,000 people are moving to the cities a day to look for jobs, but only 70% of them can find jobs. 1. It was _______ for people to find work before than today. A. not possible B. difficult C. more difficult D. easier 2. If the economy of the world grows by 4% each year, _______. A. people will have no jobs B. people can still have jobs as before C. 4% of the people will have jobs D. 97% of the people will have jobs 3. One machine can do as much work as _______. A. 40% of the people B. 4% of the people in the world C. 40 people D. 75,000 people 4. How many people outside cities go into to look for jobs each day? A. 70% of the people. B. 4% of the people in the world. C. More than 75,000. D. About 75,000 people. 5. Which of the following is NOT true? A. Machines are taking work instead of people. B. Now more people are out of work. C. Machines need more money and longer holidays. D. Most people want to have jobs. B 第 6 页 (共 8 页)

A young man once went into town and bought himself a pair of trousers. When he got home, he went upstairs to his bedroom and put them on. He found that they were about two inches too long. He came downstairs, where his mother and his two sisters were washing up tea things in the kitchen. “These new trousers are too long.” He said. “ They need shortening (缩短)by about two inches. Would one of you mind doing this for me, please?” His mother and sisters were busy and none of them said anything. But as soon as his mother had finished washing up, she went quietly upstairs to her son’s bedroom and shortened the trousers by two inches. She came downstairs without saying anything to her daughters. Later on, after supper, the elder sister remembered her brother’s trousers. She was a kind-hearted girl, so she went quietly upstairs without saying anything to anyone, and shortened the trousers by two inches. The younger sister went to the cinema, but when she came back, she , too, remembered what her brother had said. So she ran upstairs and took two inches off the legs of the new trousers. 6. The young man bought the new trousers _______ his size. A. as long as B. two inches longer than C. as big as D. two inches shorter than 7. He asked _______ to shorten his new trousers. A. his mother and sisters B. his two sisters C. his elder sister D. his mother and one of his sisters 8 His mother and sisters ________. A. agreed to do that B. didn’t want to do that C. said nothing to him D. said something to him 9. His elder sister shortened the trousers ________. A. after finished washing B. before she went to bed C. when she came back from the cinema D. after having supper 10. The next morning the young man would find the trousers were _______. A. two inches shorter B. four inches shorter C. six inches shorter D. eight inches shorter 五、根据句子句意及单词首字母、汉语提示或括号内单词,写出所缺单词的正确形式。 (满分 6 分,每空 1 分) 1 What the British call “petrol” the Americans call “g____________”. 2 He c (命令)that the students not leave the classroom before he returned 3 F English is b on frequent practice 4 Later in the next century, people from England made v to c other parts of the world. 六、用方框中短语的适当形式填空。 at the end of come up with more than even if than ever before 1 He ______________a good idea and shared with us at the meeting. 2 Mr. Li gave a speech _____________conference. 3 ____ one person has been concerned in this. 4You’ll speak English much better . 5 he is poor, she loves him 七、翻译 第 7 页 (共 8 页)

1 目______ _______,Mary is too young to understand the expression _______ _______ “good morning”. 2 这本书应当被充分利用。 3 信不信由你,这个人能够和老虎在一起生活两年。 _______ _______ _______ _______, this man can live with tiger for two years. 4 随着社会的发展,汽车的数量正在增加。 5 为避免发生错误,男生们在拼写时比以前更小心。 In order to avoid the mistakes, the boys are more careful in ________ ________ ________ ________. 八、将下列直接引语改为间接引语。 (满分 9 分,每空 0.5 分) 1). The teacher said to me, “Come in.” The teacher ________ ________ to ________ ________. 2) “ What are you going to do?” he asked. He asked me ________ I________ ________ to do. 3) She asked me, “Do you agree with me?” She asked me ________ ________ ________ with her. 4 The teacher said,“The sun is bigger than the earth.” The teacher ________ that the ________ ________ ________than the earth. 5“Be quiet, children.” said Mrs. Wilson Mrs. Wilson the children________ ________ ________

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