2017 高三一轮复习---状语从句 （Adverbial Clause） 思考：什么是状语？
1. Naturally, our grandparents were pleased to get our phone call. 2. We worked hard, from sunrise to sunset. 3. To help my disabled
aunt, I spend an hour working in her house every day. 4. Seen from a distance, the farmhouse looked deserted. 5. I know how to light a camp fire because I had done it before. 6. When she came in, I stopped eating.
九种状语从句: ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ I. ________状语从句
You ought to do as Paul tells you. The work is not so difficult as you imagine. We didn't know what to do as we were just visiting there. Tired as he was, he sat up late. As a Party member, I'll take the lead in everything. As was expected, she has married again,
While John was watching TV, his wife was cooking. I didn’t realize how special my mother was until I became an adult. No sooner had I arrived home than it began to rain. The children ran away from the yard the moment they saw the guard. Every time I listen to your advice, I get into trouble.
常用引导词：_______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ 考点一：比较 when/ while/ as
When I got to the airport, the plane had taken off. Do be careful while crossing the street. Strike while the iron is hot. Just as I stopped my car, a man came up to me. As time went on, her hair turned grey. I was reading __________mom came in. I was about to leave __________it rained. I had just finished my homework ___________the light went out.
1. ---Where’s that report?—I brought it to you _________ you were in Mr. Black’s office yesterday. A. if B. when C. because D. before (07北京) 2. One Friday, we were packing to leave for a weekend away _______my daughter heard cries for help. A. after B. while C. since D. when (11浙江) 3. She had just finished her homework_______ her mother asked her to practice playing the piano yesterday. A. when B. while C. after D. since (09福建) 4. He was about halfway through his meal ______ a familiar voice came to his ears. A. why B. where C. when D. while (08 辽宁) 5. How can you expect to learn anything _______you never listen？? A. in case B. even if? C. unless D. when (06 山东) 6. ---Are you ready fro Spain? ---Yes. I want the girls to experience that _______they are young. A. while B. until C. if D. before (09 安徽) 7. At school, some students are active________ some are shy, yet they can be good friends. A. while B. although C. so D. as (12 四川) 8. _______I always felt I would pass the exam, I never thought I would get an A. A. While B. As C. Once D. Until (12 湖南) 9. He smiled politely _______Mary apologized for her drunken friends. A. as B. if C. unless D. though (12 山东)
考点二： It be + 段时间
How can we explain it to you when you won’t listen? I had only fifteen dollars on me when the book I wanted cost twenty. Sunday is the only day when I can relax. Some people waste food while others haven't enough. While I like the color of the hat, I do not like its shape.
It will be long__________ we meet again. It was three years __________we met again. It is/ has been three years __________we met last year. It be + 点时间 It was 12 o’clock __________ I got home yesterday. It was at 12 o’clock __________ I got home yesterday.
1. It was April 29, 2001 _______ Prince William and Kate Middleton walked into the palace hall of the wedding ceremony. (11福建) A. that B. when C. since D. before 2. I’m sorry you’ve been waiting so long, but it’ll still be some time ______Brian gets back. (08 北京) A. before B. since C. till D. after 3. John thinks it won’t be long_______ he is ready for his new job. (09 陕西) A. when B. after C. before D. since 4. Because of the heavy traffic，it was already time for lunch break _______she got to her office． (10四川) A. since B. that C. when D. until 5. The American Civil War lasted four years______ the North won in the end. A. after B. when C. before D. then?(05 广东) 6. The field research will take Joan and Paul about five months; it will be a long time ______ we meet them again. (09 安徽) A. after B. before C. since D. when 7. He was told that it would be at least three more months ______ he could recover and return to work. (08 江西) A. when B. before C. since D. that 8. As it reported, it is 100 years ______Qinghua University was founded. (11四川) A. when B. before C. after D. since 其他考点： 1. It is difficult for us to learn a lesson in life _____ we’ve actually had that lesson. A. until B. after C. since D. when (12 天津) 2. “You can’t have this football back ______ you promise not to kick it at my cat again,” the old man said firmly. (11 广东) A. because B. since C. when D. until 3. If a lot of people say a film is not good, I won’t bother to see it, or I’ll wait _______ it comes out on DVD. (11上海) A. whether B. after C. though D. until 4. You can’t borrow books from the school library ______ you get your student card. A. before B. if C. while D. as (09 上海) 5. ---_______when has the country been open to international trade? (07 陕西) ---1978，I suppose.? A. Since B. In C. From D. After 6. He had no sooner finished his speech _____ the students started cheering. (11辽宁） A. since B. as C. when D. than
II.________状语从句 You should have put the book where you found it. Where there is a will, there is a way. Wherever there is smoke, there is fire. 常用引导词： _____________________________________________________________________
1. Today, we will begin ______we stopped yesterday so that no point will be left out. A. when B. where C. how D. what （10 重庆） 2. ______ unemployment and crime are high, it can be assumed that the latter is due to the former. (09 江苏) A. Before B. Where C. Unless D. Until 3. —Mom, what did your doctor say—He advised me to live ______ the air is fresher. A. in where B. in which C. the place where D. where (09 四川) 4. You’d better not leave the medicine ______ kids can get at it. (08 山东) You’d better not leave the medicine in a place _________ kids can get at it. A. even if B. in which C. where D. so that 5. Care of the soul is a gradual process ______even the small details of life should be considered. (12 湖南) A. what B. in what C. which D. in which 6. In peace, too, the Red Cross is expected to send help______ there is human suffering. A. whoever B. however? C. whatever D. wherever (06 江西)
If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, we will go hiking. You will be late unless you leave immediately. Leave your key with a neighbor in case you lock yourself out one day. My parents don’t mind what job I do as long as I am happy. They will give us the money on condition that we pay it back within six months. We’ll buy everything you produce, providing/ provided (that) the price is right.
1. The school rules state that no child shall be allowed out of the school during the day, _______ accompanied by an adult. A. once B. when C. if D. unless （10 山东） 2. In time of serious accidents, ______we know some basic things about first aid，we can save lives. (06 重庆) A. whether B. until? C. if D. unless
3. I won’t call you, _______something unexpected happens.? A. unless B. if ? C. because D. while (07全国I) 4. Most birds find it safe to sleep in the trees, but______ they have eggs or young chicks, they don’t use a nest. A. if B. how C. unless D. where (07 湖南) 5. You can borrow my car _______you promise not to drive too fast. A. unless B. even if C. in case D. as long as (12 江西) 6. You will be successful in the interview _______ you have confidence. A. before B. once C. until D. though (10 福建) 7. My parents live in a small village. They always keep candles in the house ______ there is a power cut. A. if B. unless C. in case D. so that (07 重庆)
6. This is a very interesting book. I’ll buy it, _______. A. how much may it cost? B. no matter how it may cost? C. however much it may cost? D. how may it cost 7. He tried his best to solve the problem，______difficult it was. A. however B. no matter? C. whatever D. although 8. ---How is everything going on with you in Europe? ---Quite well. Not so smoothly as I hoped, ________. A. though B. instead C. although D. too
(05 天津) (05 江苏)
Although/Though we have grown up, our parents treat us as children. Even though I didn’t under a word, I kept smiling. Child as /though he was, he knew what was the right thing to do. Clever as he is, he never works hard. Hard as he Tries, he never seems able to do the work satisfactorily. Try as he might, he would fail. While I always felt I would pass the exam, I never thought I would get an A. I am going whether you like it or not. Whatever happened, he would not mind. No matter what happened, he would not mind.
I didn’t go to school yesterday because I was ill. Since everybody is here, let’s begin our meeting. As you are in poor health, you should not stay up late. I asked her to stay to tea, for I had something to tell her. Now that you've got a chance, you might as well make full use of it
1. ---Coach, can I continue with the training? ---Sorry, you can’t _______you haven’t recovered from the knee injury. (12 重庆) A. until B. before C. as D. unless 2. He found it increasingly difficult to read, _______his eyesight was beginning to fail. A. though B. for C. but D. with (08 山东)
1. _______I really don’t like art, I find his work impressive. ? (07 山东) A. As B. Since C. If D. While 2. It was a nice meal, _______a little expensive. (11 全国 II) A. though B. whether C. as D. since 3. ______regular exercise is very important, it’s never a good idea to exercise too close to bedtime. A. It B. As C. Although D. Unless （11天津） 4. All people, ______they are old or young, rich or poor, have been trying their best to help those in need. A. even if B. whether C. no matter D. however (08重庆) 5. Many of them turned a deaf ear to his advice, ______they knew it to be valuable. A. as if B. now that? C. even though D. so that (07 浙江)
I’ll run slowly so that you can catch up with me. I opened the window in order that fresh air might come in.
I arrived 20 minutes early so that I had time for a cup of tea. He always studied so hard that he made great progress. It is such nice weather that I’d like to take a walk.
1. The police officers in our city work hard _______ the rest of us can live a safe life. A. in case B. as if C. in order that D. only if (11上海) 2. I’d like to arrive 20 minutes early_______ I can have time for a cup of tea. A. as soon as B. as a result? C. in case D. so that (05北京)
VIII. 比较状语从句 常用引导词：as…as(同级比较); …than (不同程度的比较) 特殊引导词：the more …, the more … A is to B what C is to D: Water is to fish what air is to man.
1. The new stadium being built for the next Asian Games will be ______the present one. A. as three times big as B. three times as big as （11陕西） C. as big as three times D. as big three times as 2. Engines are to machines_______ heart are to animals. (06 山东) A. as B. that C. what D. which
IX. 方式状语从句 常用引导词：as, as if
9. It is so cold that you can’t go outside ________ fully covered in thick clothes.（15 江苏） A. if B. unless C. once D. when 10. ______ the students came from different countries, they got along quite well in the summer camp. （15 福建） A. While B. Unless C. Since D. Until 11. He is a shy man, _______he is not afraid of anything or anyone. （15 北京） A. so B. but C. or D. as 12. You won’t find paper cutting difficult _____you keep practicing it. （15 北京） A. even though B. as long as C .as if D. ever since 13._____the damage is done, it will take many years for the farmland to recover.（15 北京） A. Until B. Unless C. Once D. Although 14. Stand over there ______ you’ll be able to see it better. (15 天津) A. or B. and C. but D. while 2014 年 1. Half an hour later, Lucy still couldn't get a taxi _______ the bus had dropped her. A. until B. when C. although D. where (14 重庆) 2. The meaning of the word “nice” changed a few times it finally came to include the sense "pleasant." (14 安徽) A. before B. after C. since D. while 3. _______ the forest park is far away, a lot of tourists visit it every year. (14 北京) A. As B. When C. Even though D. In case 4. _______ you start eating in a healthier way, weight control will become much easier. A. Unless B. Although C. Before D. Once (14 天津) 5. You will never gain success ________you are fully devoted to your work. (14 湖南) A. when B. because C. after D. unless 6. I’ll be out for some time. _______ anything important happens, call me up immediately. A. In case B. As if C. Even though D. Now that (14 四川) 7. Cathy had quit her job when her son was born _______ she could stay home and raise her family. (14 浙江) A. now that B. as if C. only if D. so that 8. I don’t really like the author, _______ I have to admit his books are very exciting. A. although B. unless C. until D. once (14 山东) 9. It was the middle of the night ________my father woke me up and told me to watch the football game. (14 江西) A. that B. as C. which D. when 10. The young couple, who returned my lost wallet, left ______I could ask for their name. A. while B. before C. after D. since 11. Give me a chance, ________ I’ll give you a wonderful surprise. A. if B. or C. and D. while 12. Lessons can be learned to face the future, ______history cannot be changed. (14 江苏) A. though B. as C. since D. unless
Jack wasn’t saying anything, but the teacher smiled at him _______he had done something very clever. A .as if B. in case C. while D. though (11湖南)
When (the museum is) completed , the museum will be open to the public next year . He’ll go to the seaside for his holiday if (it is) possible. If necessary , if so , if not 等等 2015 年 1. _____scientists have learned a lot about the universe, there is much we still don't know. A. Once B. Since C. Though D. Unless （15 安徽） 2. ______ he once felt like giving up, he now has the determination to push further and keep on going. （15 安徽） A. Where B. As C. In case D. Now that 3. If you miss this chance, it may be years ____ you get another one. （15 重庆） A. As B. before C. since D. after 4. _______ the job takes a significant amount of time, most students agree that the experience is worth it. （15 湖南） A. If only B. After C. Although D. In case 5. I believe you will have a wonderful time here you get to know everyone else. A. thought B. as if C. once D. so that （15 陕西） 6. a single word can change the meaning of a sentence, a single sentence can change the meaning of a paragraph. （15 浙江） A. Just as B. Even though C. Until D. Unless 7. We need to get to the root of the problem______ we can solve it. （15 天津） A. while B. after C. before D. as 8. There is only one more day to go your favorite music group play live.（15 四川） A. since B. until C. when D. before
3. —Look at those clouds! —Don’t worry. ______ it rains, we’ll still have a great time.（12 北京） A. Even if B. As though C. In case D. If only 4. All the photographs in this book, _______ stated otherwise, date from the 1950s. （12 陕西） A. unless B. until C. once D. if 5. Everything was placed exactly ________he wanted it for the graduation ceremony. （12 天津） A. while B. when C. where D. though 6. He smiled politely ______ Mary apologized for her drunken friends. （12 山东） A. as B. if C. unless D. though 7. Leave your key with your neighbor you lock yourself out one day. (12 辽宁) A. as long as B. even though C. in case D. as if 8. It is hard for the Greek government to get over the present difficulties _______ it gets more financial support from the European Union. (12 福建) A. if B. unless C. because D. since 9. If you happen to get lost in the wild, you’d better stay _______ you are and wait for help. （12 四川） A. why B. where C. who D. what 10. I make $2,000 a week, 60 surely won’t make ______ difference to me. （12 四川） A. that a big B. a that big C. big a that D. that big a 11. — Thank God you’re safe! — I stepped back, just _______ to avoid the racing car. （12江苏） A. in time B. in case C. in need D. in vain 12. I have a tight budget for the trip, so I'm not going to fly _______the airlines lower ticket prices. A. once B. if C. after D. unless (12 上海) BDAAC ACBBD AD 2011 高考英语试题 1. Frank insisted that he was not asleep I had great difficulty in waking him up. （11 四川） A．whether B．although C．for D．so 2. One Friday, we were packing to leave for a weekend away______ my daughter heard cries for help A． after B．while C．when D．since （11 浙江） 3. ---Someone wants you on the phone. --nobody knows I am here. （11 新课标） A．Although B．And C．So D．But 4. Try she might, Sue couldn’t get the door open. （11 新课标） A．if B．when C．since D． as 5. regular exercise is very important. It’s never a good idea to exercise too close to bedtime. A. It B. As C. Although D. Unless （11 天津） 6. Bring the flowers into a warm room ___ they'll soon open. （11 辽宁） A．and B．or C． but D． for 7. As it reported, it is 100 years ______Qinghua University was founded. （11 四川） A． when B． before C． after D． since 8. _______all of them are strong candidates, only one will be chosen for the post. （11 陕西） A． Since B． While C． If D． As
2013 年高考题 1. (辽宁卷)One can always manage to do more things, no matter________ full one’s schedule is in life. A. how B. what C. when D. where 2. （江西卷）She says that she’ll have to close the shop ________ business improves. A. if B. unless C. after D. when 3. （北京卷）I took my driving license with me on holiday, I wanted to hire a car. A. in case B. even if C. ever since D. if only 4. (陕西卷) I have heard a lot of good things about you I came back from abroad. A. since B. until C. before D. when 5.（安徽卷）It’s much easier to make friends you have similar interests. A. unless B. when C. even though D. so that 6. (湖南卷) You must learn to consult your feelings and your reason ________ you reach any decision. A. although B. before C. because D. unless 7.(天津卷) small, the company has about 1,000 buyers in over 30 countries. A. As B. If C. Although D. Once 8. (山东卷) Mark needs to learn Chinese _______ his company is opening a branch in Beijing. A. unless B. until C. although D. since 9. (山东卷) _______I have to give a speech, I get extremely nervous before I start. A. Whatever B. Whenever C. Whoever D. However 10.（重庆卷）________ we have enough evidence, we can’t win the case. A. Once B. As long as C. Unless D. Since 11.(江苏卷) In the global economy, a new drug for cancer, _______ it is discovered, will create many economic possibilities around the world. A. whatever B. whoever C. wherever D. whichever 12. (四川卷) He is so busy. He cannot afford enough time with his son _________ he wants to. A. even if B. as if C. because D. before
2012 高考英语试题 1. I don't believe we've met before, I must say you do look familiar. （12 新课标） A. therefore B. although C. since D. unless 2. You can borrow my car you promise not to drive too fast. (12 江西) A．unless B．even if C．in case D．as long as
2010 高考英语试题 1. ____our manage objects to Tom’s joining the club, we shall accept him as a member. (10 上海) A. Until B. Unless C. If D. After 2. Because of the heavy traffic, it was already time for lunch break___ she got to her office. (10 四川) A. since B. that C. when D. until 3. some people come here for a short break , others have decided to stay forever. (10 上海春) A．Because B．If C．Once D．While 4. John thinks it won’t be long he is ready for his new job. (10 陕西) A. when B. before C. after D. since 5. The school rules state that no child shall be allowed out of the school during the day, accompanied by an adult. (10 山东) A. once B. when C. unless D. if 6. The old man asked Lucy to move to another chair he wanted to sit next to his wife. (10 辽宁) A．although B．unless C．if D．because 7. — Our holiday cost a lot of money. — Did it? Well, that doesn’t matter __ you enjoyed yourselves. A. as long as B. unless C. as soon as D. though (10 江西) 8. Tim is in good shape physically he doesn't get much exercise. (10 湖南) A. if B. even though C. unless D. as long as 9. The girl had hardly rung the bell __ the door was opened suddenly, and her friend rushed out to greet her. A. as B. until C. before D. since (10 福建 ) 10. The little boy won’t go to sleep __ his mother tells him a story. (10 全国 I) A. or B. unless C. but D. whether 11. Mary made coffee her guests were finishing their meal. (10 全国 I) A. so that B. although C. while D. as if 12. ---Have you finished the book？ --- No. I’ve read up to the children discover the secret cave. A. which B. what C. that D. where (10 全国 II) 13. they decide which college to go to, students should research the admission procedures. A. As B. While C. Until D. Once (10 北京) 14. Just use this room for the time being, and we’ll offer you a larger one it becomes available A. as soon as B. unless C. as far as D. until (10 安徽) 15. The engineers are so busy that they have zero time for outdoor sports activities, _______they have the interest. (10 安徽) A. wherever B. even if C. whenever D. as if
1. --- I wonder how much you charge for your services. --- The first two are free the third costs $30. A. while B. until C. when D. before (09 安徽) 2. You may use the room as you like _______ you clean it up afterwards. (09 北京) A. so far as B. so long as C. in case D. even if 3. John plays basketball well, ______his favorite sport is badminton. (09 北京) A. so B. or C. yet D. for 4. According to statistics, a man is more than twice as likely to die of skin cancer ______ a woman. A. than B. such C. so D. as (09 江西) 5. She had just finished her homework ___ her mother asked her to practice playing the piano yesterday. A. when B. while C. after D. since (09 福建) 6. _______ unemployment and crime are high, it can be assumed that the latter is due to the former. A. Before B. Where C. Unless D. Until (09 江苏) 7. _______ the police thought he was the most likely one, since they had no exact proof about it, they could not arrest him. (09 湖南) A. Although B. As long as C. If only D. As soon as 8. Peter’s jacket looked just the same as Jack’s, but it cost __ his. (09 辽宁) A. as much twice as B. twice as much as C. much as twice as D. as twice much as 9. It just isn’t fair. _ I was working as a waiter last month, my friends were lying on the beach.. A. whenever B. though C. for D .while (09 辽宁) 10. --- Shall we have our picnic tomorrow? ---______it doesn’t rain. A. Until B. While C. Once D. If (09 山东) 11. The Great Wall is ______ tourist attraction that millions of people pour in every year. (09 上海) A. so a well-known B. a so well-known C. such well-known a D. such a well-known 12. Peter was so excited _______he received an invitation from his friend to visit Chongqing. (09 重庆) A. where B. that C. why D. when
2008 年高考 状语从句 1. —Have you got any idea for the summer vacation? （全国 I 卷） —I don’t mind where we go ______ there’s sun, sea and beach. A. as if B. as long as C. now that D. in order that 2. -----Do you have a minute? I’ve got something to tell you. -----Ok, ______ you make it short. （安徽卷） A. now that B. if only C. so long as D. every time 4. Nancy enjoyed herself so much ______ she visited her friends in Sydney last year. （福建卷） A. that B. which C. when D. where
5. _____ the Internet is of great help， I don’t think it’s a good idea to spend too much time on it. （湖南） A. If B. While C. Because D. As 6. He found it increasingly difficult to read, ______ his eyesight was beginning to fail. （山东卷） A. though B. for C. but D. so 7. You’d better not leave the medicine ______ kids can get at it. （山东卷） A. even if B. which C. where D. so that 8. ______ hungry I am, I never seem to be able to finish off this loaf of bread. （辽宁卷） A. Whatever B. Whenever C. Wherever D. However 9. I used to love that film ______ I was a child, but I don’t feel it that way any more. （辽宁卷） A. once B. when C. since D. although 10. A small car is big enough for a family of three ____ you need more space for baggage. (全国 II) A. once B. because C. if D. unless 11. There were some chairs left over _____ everyone had sat down. (四川卷) A. when B. until C. that D. where 12. Don’t promise anything ______ you are one hundred percent sure. （浙江卷） A. whether B. after C. how D. unless 13. —Did you return Fred’s call? （北京卷） —I didn’t need to ____ I’ll see him tomorrow. A. though B. unless C. when D. because 14. I’m sorry you’ve been waiting so long, but it’ll still be some time ____ Brian gets back. （北京卷） A. before B. since C. till D. after 15. We’ll have a picnic in the park this Sunday _____ it rains or it’s very cold. （天津卷） A. since B. if C. unless D. until 16. ---Are you ready for Spain？(上海卷) --Yes, I want the girls to experience that ___ they are young. A. while B. until C. if D. before 17. ________ well prepared you are , you still need a lot of luck in mountain climbing. (上海卷) A. however B. whatever C. no matter D. although 2008 年高考 1-5BCBCB 6-10 BCDBD 11-15ADDAC 16-17 AA 1. 时间状语从句 常用引导词：when, while, as, as soon as, before, after, since , till, until 特殊引导词：the minute, the moment, the second, every time, the day，the instant, immediately , directly, no sooner … than, hardly …when, scarcely … when 2. 地点状语从句 Where; wherever 3. 条件状语从句
常用引导词：if, unless, once 特殊引导词：as/so long as, only if, providing/provided that, supposing that, on condition that 4. 让步状语从句 常用引导词：though, although, even if, even though 特殊引导词： as(用在让步状语从句中必须要倒装)，while ( 一般用在句首 )，no matter …， in spite of the fact that, while, whatever, whoever, wherever, whenever, however, whichever 5. 原因状语从句 常用引导词：because, since, as, for 特殊引导词：seeing that, now that, in that, considering that, given that.