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高二英语:book8Unit1: Reading


Unit 1 A land of diversity 一个多元文化的国土

How much do you know about America?

1. Which flag is American flag?
A. B. C.

2. Which city is the capital of the U

SA? A.New York

B.Washington D.C
C.Los Angeles

D.Houston

Star-Spangled Banner

National Flag

The America flag is known as “the stars and strips”.

50 stars—— Each star
represents one state 13 stripes—— the original 13 states. Red—— courage White —— freedom Blue——loyalty and justice
Star-Spangled Banner (星条旗)

June 14 —— Flag Day.

3. How many states are there in the USA?

A. 49
B. 50 C. 51 D. 52

4.Which doesn’t belong to the USA?

Statue of
Liberty

White
House

Eiffel
Tower

Golden
Bridge

A.

B.

C.

D.

Warming up ( 5m) Look at the map of the USA with

your group. Write on the map the names of as many of the following as you can.

Ocean on the east coast Atlantic Ocean _________________
Ocean on the west cost Pacific Ocean __________________ Country to the north of USA Canada __________________ Country to the south of USA ________________ Mexico Mountains range in the west ______________________ Rocky Mountains

Great Lakes : Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie and Ontario Longest river in the USA : Mississippi River Some important cities: New York, Washington D C, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Chicago, New Orleans

Canada
Boston New York San Francisco Los Angeles Pacific Ocean Mexico Houston Chicago

Washington, D.C
Atlantic Ocean

Superior Huron Ontario

Erie
Michigan

California (one of the 50 states of the USA)

A Quiz about California

A largest state in the 1. California is the ________ USA. A.third B. Second C.fourth D. fifth 2. California, a state in the western USA, borders ________. A A. the Pacific Ocean B.the Indian Ocean C. the Atlantic Ocean D.the Arctic Ocean 3. _____ B is California’s largest and the nation’s second largest city. A. Sacramento B. Los Angeles C. San Diego D. San Francisco

4. California’s official nickname is the B _______ ? A. Sunflower State B. Golden State C. Land of opportunity D. Evergreen State A the largest population in the USA. 5. ___has A. California B. Alaska C. Washington D. Texas 6. California entered the Union on D September 9, 1850, as the ______state. A. thirtieth B. thirty-eighth C. thirty-second D. thirty-first

CALIFORNIA (the Golden State) Lying on the Pacific Ocean, California is on the west coast of the United States, which is diverse in topography(地形), climate and ecological environment. It has an area of 411 square kilometers, and it is one of the US states of the largest population, with the most developed economy. Meanwhile, its pleasant weather, long beach, and graceful natural landscape make the tourism prosperous.

Look at the pictures below. Each illustrates something about California.
Discuss in groups what each picture means to you. A native American Indian was standing beside a camp .It seemed that he or she felt very happy. Maybe he or she had a good harvest.

Disscusio n

Native California Indians

?He

was a gold miner. He was panning gold. He looked not only thin and weak, but also thirsty and tired. It was difficult for them to achieve the dream of becoming rich.

California gold miners around 1849

A building in Chinatown
? Many Chinese have settled in California and many of them live in Chinatown in San Francisco. By 1990,the nations being immigrated from different parts of the world had made California into the most racially and ethnically diverse state in the country.

Chinatowns in California

A land of diversity

Skimming: answer the following questions: 1. Who were the first to arrive in California to rush for gold? 2. When and why did the large number of Chinese immigrate to California? 3. What attracted people from different parts of the world to immigrate to California?

Keys:
1. Who were the first to arrive in California to rush for gold? South Americans and people from the United States. 2. When and why did the large number of Chinese immigrate to California? During the gold rush period, many Chinese immigrated to California to achieve their dream of becoming rich, and in the 1860s, a large number of Chinese went there to build the railway from the west to east coast.

Keys:
3. What attracted people from different parts of the world to immigrate to California? The temperate climate, the modern lifestyle and its diverse cultures attracted immigrates to California.

Detailed reading I Read paragraph 1 to paragraph 5 again and try to fill in the form, you can have a discussion in group of four.

Stage Native Americans

People Asians Natives

Time Event 1500s 1600s

Arrived first Suffered greatly
Took native’s land Ruled by Spain Became part of Mexico Given to the USA Settled in

Spanish

Spanish

1600s
1800s 1821 1846

Russians

Russians

1800s

Gold miners South 1848 Discovered&rush for gold Americans Europeans 1850 Became a state Asians

Detailed reading II Read paragraph 6 to paragraph 8 again and try to fill in the form, you can have a discussion in group of four.

Stage

People

Time

Event Moved from Mexico

Later arrivals

Africans
Chinese Japanese Denmark Jewish Italians Africans

1800s
1860s Early 1900 1911

Built the railway
Farmed

Established a town

By Developed the film industry 1920s Late 1900s 1942~ 1945

Fished and made wine
Worked in ship& aircraft industry

Stage

People Indians Pakistanis

Time 1970s

Event Worked in computer industry

Recent arrivals

Cambodians Recent Koreans decades Vietnamese

Immigrated

Future

Different parts of the world

Future

Immigrated

Skimming & Scanning

(True or False)

1.California is the largest state in the USA and has the largest population. F 2.The native Americans are treated well after the arrival of Europeans. F 3.Of the first Spanish to go to California, the majority were religious men. T 4.Duing Gold Rush Period, many achieved their dream of being rich. F 5. In the late 19th century, Chinese immigrants arrived in California. F 6.It is believed that before long the mix of nationalities will be so great that there will be no major racial or culture groups. T

comprehending

Answer key for exercise 1 on page 3:

15,000 years ago: First settlers crossed the Bering Strait in the Arctic to America. These people are now known as Native Americans.

16th century: Spanish soldiers arrived in South America.
1821: California became part of Mexico. 1846: The US declared war on Mexico. 1848: Gold was discovered in California 1850: California became the 31 st state of the US.

Answer key for exercise 2 on page 3 :

Spanish Russians

in the early 16th century early 1800s

Africans
Chinese Italians Danish

1800s
late 1840s/early 1850s in the late 19th century 1911

Jewish
Japanese Koreans Cambodians

1920s
beginning of the 20th century from about the 1970s from about the 1970s

Vietnamese
Pakistanis

in more recent decades
from about the 1970s

exercise 3 on page 3 :
The state of California is a multicultural community because European, African and Asian peoples have been moving into the state for the last 200 years. It is this mix of peoples with their own customs, culture and food that have given California its multicultural flavour. Problems that might arise include intercultural competition, discrimination or misunderstanding. It is to the credit of Californians that such problems do not arise very often.

Thanks
Hotel California

? ? ? ? ? ?

阿拉斯加州 - 1,717,854 平方千米 德克萨斯州 - 695,621 平方千米 加利福尼亚州 - 423,970 平方千米 () 蒙大拿州 - 380,838 平方千米 ( 新墨西哥州 罗得岛州 - 4,002 平方千米

? 美国德克萨斯因盛产向日葵有Sunflower State的 ? 华盛顿 阿肯色 (Arkansas): 机会之乡 (Land of State) (Washington): 清努族州(Chinook State);常青州 (Evergreen Opportunity 就是中国的上海和北京一样,
美国的象征-华盛顿 华盛顿特区是美国首都的所在地, 是联邦政府的直辖区, 纽约是是美国最大城市及第一大港 还是联合国总部所在地,


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