当前位置:首页 >> 建筑/土木 >>

Installation and operating instruction光伏组件安装


青海聚能电力有限公司
光伏组件安装使用说明书

□管理手册 文件类型 ■规范文件 文件状态 □临时 □高层管理者 □计划合同部 所属部门 □财务部 ■技术研发部 文件编号 文件编写

□程序文件 □检验规范 ■正式 □质量部 □人力资源部 □行政部

□管理规定 □其他 □报废 □采购仓储部 □体管办 □安环部

□指导书

□其他 □设备动力部 □市场部 □工程部

□制造部电池生产 □制造部组件生产 3-JY-031 郝俊彪 文件版本 发行日期 A版

光伏组件安装使用说明书
文件会签单 修订/会签/分发履历
版本 A 修订章节 新文件编写 A 版发行 修订/改内容

文件编号 文件版本

3-JY-031
A

修订人 郝俊彪

批准人

日期

会签部门 □ ■ □ □ □ □ 管理者代表 质量部 设备动力部 采购仓储部 人力资源部 计划合同部 制 □ 造 部 ■ □ ■ □ □ □ □组件生产 □电池生产

意见栏

签名

日期

技术研发部 行政部 市场部 安环部 工程部 体管办 □制造部 ■ 术 研 发 部 □ 设 备 动 力 部 □ 采 购 仓 储 部 审核 □ 人 力 资 源 部 量 部 ■ □ 体 管 办 □ 计 划 合 同 部 编制 郝俊彪 □ 安 环 部 □ 工 程 部 □ 财 务 部 □ 行 政 部 ■

文 件 分 发

□ □
电 池 生 产 组 件 生 产

场 部

批准

青海聚能电力有限公司 1/24

技术研发部

Photovoltaic modules installation and operating instruction

ADD: NO.9 GuiNan Road, Economy and technology development area Xining , Qinghai , P.R.China TEL: 0971- 6274990 FAX: 0971-6182090

Photovoltaic modules installation and operating instruction
The instruction applies to the following product models

JP-M-48-XXX Monocrystal JP-M-60-XXX JP-M-72-XXX JP-P-48-XXX Monocrystal JP-P-60-XXX JP-P-72-XXX Note: XXX means the specific power grades of models and each 5W represents a grade.

The instruction includes installation and safe operating information of Photovoltaic module (hereinafter referred to as module). Please read it carefully and get a better understanding before installation. If you have any problems, please contact the dealers or Qinghai Juinpower Co. Ltd. The installer should comply with safety protection manual. The installer should get familiar with the mechanical and electrical requirements of Photovoltaic

Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd. system before installation. Please keep it for future use.

I

Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd.

Preface
Dear customers, thank you for choosing solar cell module products of Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd.

Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd. was founded on 15th January, 2011 and it is a wholly-owned subsidiary of provincial state owned company Qinghai Hydropower (Group) Co., Ltd. The company locates on No. 6 Guinan road, Dongchuan Industrial Zone, Xining Economic & Technological Development Area, Qinghai, China. It is not only the first company producing solar cell and module in Qinghai province but also listed as Double Hundred Project, Qinghai High-tech Development and Industry Promotion Torch Plan Project, fixed asset investment key enterprise of Qinghai province. It is a new enterprise founded during national energy industrial structure adjustment and rapid development of Qinghai Photovoltaic business. The company has 100MW production line of polycrystalline silicon solar cell modules.

The main technological equipments for producing polycrystalline silicon solar cell modules are all well-known brands abroad so that our equipments which guarantee a high demand and standard are in advanced level at home and abroad.

Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd. TEL: FAX: 0971- 6274990 0971-6182090

II

Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd.

First, Solar Cell Module Application

Solar cell module is an energy transformation component which transforms the sun light into electric energy through a series of chemical and physical procedures. The major raw material is semiconductor material of crystalline silicon. With the constant advancement of science and technology, solar cell module has been put into civilian areas in large scale and it receives high attention by the characteristics of cleanness, non-pollution and plays a key role in development and utilization of renewable energy.

Photovoltaic power generation technology is divided into two forms, namely:

1. Photovoltaic off-grid application: It is a system that doesn’t need to rely on traditional power grid but operates independently. It is mainly made up of photovoltaic modules, system balance component, inverter and storage battery. This system includes hundreds even thousands of independent power stations and small off-grid independent application systems, such as solar household power, garden lamp, lawn lamp etc.

2. Photovoltaic grid-connected application: It directly transfers the direct current produced by photovoltaic cell into alternating current and connects it to gird after boosting. Compared with photovoltaic off-grid application it has the advantages of low cost, high efficiency and unlimited volume. It is the major application in photovoltaic power generation including large scale ground grid
Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd. ADD: NO.9 GuiNan Road, Economy and technology development area Xining , Qinghai , P.R.China TEL: 0971- 6274990 FAX: 0971-6182090

1

Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd. photovoltaic power station, roof photovoltaic application and building integrated photovoltaic and other grid-connected applications.

The instruction also shows some typical systems of photovoltaic energy application but doesn’t refer to detailed installation structure and process. Regarding a specific system installation, you need to consult your module supplier about the questions below: The scale of solar photovoltaic system The material of electric wire Bracket’s structure Matching components

You should get familiar with the mechanical and electrical requirements of photovoltaic system before installation.

Second, Safety Caution

The installation of solar photovoltaic system requires professional technique and knowledge. Installers need to know all possible risk of injury including electric shock. The installation of modules should be taken by professionals. All modules have perpetual junction box and 12 AWG (4mm2) cable connected to Multi-functional PV connector. You could ask extra module cables from dealers.
Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd. ADD: NO.9 GuiNan Road, Economy and technology development area Xining , Qinghai , P.R.China TEL: 0971- 6274990 FAX: 0971-6182090

2

Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd. Be careful, there could be electric arc when you dismantle connecting wires of module which exposed under sunlight. And electric arc will burn, make fire or cause other safety problems. Solar photovoltaic modules convert luminous energy into electric energy and it is designed for outdoor use. Proper structural support design is the responsibility of designer and installer. All modules have perpetual junction box and 12 AWG (4mm ) cable connected to Multi-functional PV connector. You could ask extra module cables from dealers. Be careful, there could be electric arc when you dismantle connecting wires of module which exposed under sunlight. And electric arc will burn, make fire or cause other safety problems. Solar photovoltaic modules convert luminous energy into electric energy and it is designed for outdoor use. Proper structural support design is the responsibility of designer and installer. The installation of modules could be ground installation, telegraph pole installation and roof installation. Please obey local, regional and national regulation and law through installation. Besides, you’d better have electrical license.
2

Once connected with sunlight directly, every single module could produce more than 30V direct current. It is dangerous for contacting 30V or more than 30V direct current. Be careful of connecting modules under sunlight.

Don’t try to decompose modules and dismantle any nameplates or components on it. The behavior will make product warranty invalid.

Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd. ADD: NO.9 GuiNan Road, Economy and technology development area Xining , Qinghai , P.R.China TEL: 0971- 6274990 FAX: 0971-6182090

3

Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd. Don’t print any pigment or adhesive on modules.

Don’t use mirror or other equipments to focus sunlight on modules.

.44

Don’t make children get close to the system while converting and installing mechanical and electrical components.

Don’t install the modules on the places where machines produce combustible gases.

Don’t hold junction box or electric wire when carrying

module.

Don’t stand or put your feet on modules.

Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd. ADD: NO.9 GuiNan Road, Economy and technology development area Xining , Qinghai , P.R.China TEL: 0971- 6274990 FAX: 0971-6182090

4

Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd. Don’t drop the modules or drop other objects on it.

Beware of carrying and avoid destroy caused by collisions. Unsuitable carrying and putting could probably cause glass break and electrical energy loss of module and make it valueless.

Third, Main Technical Parameters
Technical characteristics
Solar cell module produced by Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd. has the advantages of high efficiency, high quality, convenient and simply installation. It is widely used in grid-combined generating systems. Taking high standard structures, Solar cell module produced by Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd. keeps high efficiency under severe environment and a proper installed module has 25 years life. There are EVE and tempered glass above and EVE and back pieces under module to prevent dust and moist. The solar cell module produced by Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd. has passed international standard certification. Our project experience shows solar cell module of Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd. has good performance.

Structural diagram

Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd. ADD: NO.9 GuiNan Road, Economy and technology development area Xining , Qinghai , P.R.China TEL: 0971- 6274990 FAX: 0971-6182090

5

Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd.

1. Aluminum frame

2. Tempered glass 3. Packaging EVA 4(14).Solar cell type 8. Nameplate

5.Back pieces 6. 12.

Silicone seal 7. Junction box

9.Cable 10. Connector 11. Mounting hole

Grounding hole 13. Leakage hole

Technical parameters
Testing Condition E=1000±50W/M2 T=25± 2℃

AM1.5

Electrical Characteristics Parameters Specification& model of JP-P-60-240 Module Solar Cell Type Solar Cell Quantity Connecting method Peak Power Pm(W) Power Tolerance(W) Peak Voltage Vm(V) Peak Current Im(A) Open-circuit Voltage Voc(V) Short-circuit Current Isc(A) 29.38 8.17 37.30 8.65 26.63 8.27 37.45 8.78 240 245 156M 60 Series 250 (0~﹢5) 29.98 8.34 37.54 8.84 30.36 8.40 37.62 8.88 30.73 8.48 37.70 9.02 255 260 JP-P-60-245 JP-P-60-250 JP-P-60-255 JP-P-60-260

Note: The Electrical Characteristics Parameters above are only for comparison between different module types.

Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd. ADD: NO.9 GuiNan Road, Economy and technology development area Xining , Qinghai , P.R.China TEL: 0971- 6274990 FAX: 0971-6182090

6

Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd.

Fourth, Rules and Regulations

The mechanical and electrical installation of photovoltaic module should refer to relevant regulations including Electrical Code, Building Law and electric connecting requirements. All regulations are different with the changing of installation places, such as building roof installation, car application and so on or different with difference of voltage, direct / alternating current. Please contact the local authority to know the specific regulations

Fifth, Installation Instruction

5.1 Safety protection of solar photovoltaic system
Solar module produces power if it is exposed under sunlight. Only the modules with same rated output current could connect in series. If the modules are in series, total voltage is the sum of all independent modules

Only the module and module assembly with same voltage could be in parallel. If module assembly is in parallel, total current is the sum of current of all independent module and module assembly.

Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd. ADD: NO.9 GuiNan Road, Economy and technology development area Xining , Qinghai , P.R.China TEL: 0971- 6274990 FAX: 0971-6182090

7

Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd.

Please obey the installation instruction and safety protection when you use all parts of the system, including electric wire and cable, junction box, DC breaker, installation equipment, inverter etc. Please use the equipment, connector, electric wire and installation equipment which are only used for photovoltaic system. You could only use same type module in a specific photovoltaic system. Under normal working condition, PV modules will produce current and voltage which is different from the diagram. The parameters in the diagram are only for standard testing. When short-circuit current and open-circuit voltage decide the voltage rating, current-carrying capacity of conductor, the size of fuse and controller relating to photovoltaic or system output, you should multiply by 1.25.

In order to prevent producing high voltage and current, you could use an opaque material to cover the module before conduct cable connecting. Don’t touch the end of module or electric wire with electric. However, if you obey the local regulation and taking suitable protection, the requirement above is unnecessary.

Don’t wear metal ring, watchband, ear ring, nose ring, lip ring or other metal objects.

Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd. ADD: NO.9 GuiNan Road, Economy and technology development area Xining , Qinghai , P.R.China TEL: 0971- 6274990 FAX: 0971-6182090

8

Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd. Please use approved proper safety equipment on electric device (insulating tool, insulating glove etc).

Please conduct installation under dry condition and guarantee the dryness of tools used in it

The module has the danger of lighting stroke for it mainly used outdoor. The ground cable should connect to module bracket properly and if the bracket is made of metal, the surface of bracket should adopt plating process so that it has good conductivity. The grounding cable should also connect to mental bracket properly. There is a pair of holes in the middle of module bracket, which is specially used for installing ground cable. The ground resistance should be less than 10 ohm.

5.2 Product identification
There is a label behind each module which includes the following information:

Nameplate of product: product model, rated power, rated current, rated voltage, open-circuit
Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd. ADD: NO.9 GuiNan Road, Economy and technology development area Xining , Qinghai , P.R.China TEL: 0971- 6274990 FAX: 0971-6182090

9

Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd. voltage, short-circuit current, weight and size etc. These parameters are very important to the use of module. Bar code: each module has a unique serial number and one of it has firmly fixed within module, which could be seen on the front of module. The car code was put when lamination starts.

It is shown on the nameplate that maximum system voltage is 1000V. Please be known the maximum open-circuit voltage caused by module series is no more than system maximum voltage which should be certified by TUV.

5.3 General installation points

The parts of installation system cannot cover leakage hole. An air hole of junction box should be installed face own for avoid raining. Please install the junction box on a higher place so that the air hole could be properly installed.

5.3.1 Mechanical installation

5.3.1.1 Choose place

Select a suitable place to install modules. In order to reach optimum efficiency, the modules should better face south in Northern Hemisphere and face north in Southern Hemisphere. Regarding detailed information of the best direction of modules, please refer to Solar Photovoltaic Installation Guide or photovoltaic installation company with good reputation or system designer. Don’t cover the module in any time the day after it is installed. Don’t install the module near inflammable gas producing or focusing place. When the module is installed on the roof, the bevel of it should be no less than 127 mm to 305 mm. Chose a higher place to install the module to guarantee the edge of mould could not be covered by snow and trees, or destroyed by sand and stone cause by wind. The recommended height is no
Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd. ADD: NO.9 GuiNan Road, Economy and technology development area Xining , Qinghai , P.R.China TEL: 0971- 6274990 FAX: 0971-6182090

10

Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd. lower tan 300mm.

5.3.1.2 Choosing a proper installation bracket and equipment

The installation system used in module should obey all installation instruction and safety protection. Don’t drill additional holes on module bracket which will make the product invalid. Please use 4 installation holes to install the module on the bracket. If there is heavy rain and snow, you’d better fully use installation holes. The designer an installer of module should be responsible for loads calculating. The material of installation bracket and equipment should be durable, corrosion resistant and uvioresistan.

5.3.1.3 Installation method

A. Installation hole

You need use at least 4 bolts threading the installation to conduct installation and fixing. According to local wind and snow loading force, you may need additional installation holes.

B. Bracket installation

Fix the bracket first and installation solar module on the bracket and fix the module with bolts then. The bracket should use 20 years durable, corrosion resistant material. Hot galvanized steel and stainless steel are preferred. The firmness of bracket could bear continuous loading, raining, snowing, earthquake force and other outside force.
Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd. ADD: NO.9 GuiNan Road, Economy and technology development area Xining , Qinghai , P.R.China TEL: 0971- 6274990 FAX: 0971-6182090

11

Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd. Insulation materials used to isolate different materials, such as stainless steel and aluminum. These materials are resistant to corrosion. Make the bolts thread flat washer, modules and bracket’s installation holes. Make the bolts thread flat washer and spring washer and tight the nuts then.

Installation details

There are recommended parts below (take 1650*990*40 module for example, please contact us when you buy and install module and our company will provide the bracket drawing of different types):

1、 Bolt Material: stainless steel Size and length: M6*16mm 3、Spring washer Material: stainless steel Size and length: M6 Recommended bolt torque force: 14N/M to 20 N/M.

2、Gasket Material: stainless steel Size: M6 4、Nut Material: stainless steel Size: M6

C. The choose of inclination angel

The inclination angel of module: the angel made by module surface and horizontal plane. The module will get maximum power output if it faces the sun. Regarding the specific installation angel, please take standard module installation instruction or suggestions of experienced installation contactor as reference.
Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd. ADD: NO.9 GuiNan Road, Economy and technology development area Xining , Qinghai , P.R.China TEL: 0971- 6274990 FAX: 0971-6182090

12

Qinghai Juinpower Co., Ltd. D. Other installation methods Other installation methods are acceptable if No.2 the lowest requirement is satisfied.

5.4 Electrical installation

5.4.1 Ground connection A. Ground wire should be firm and uninsulated copper wire with the size of 10 or 12AWG. The nick is not allowed on copper wire. The ground wire is connected with bolt and impacted by pressure clamp. B. Make the stainless steel bolts thread M4 (1650*996*45、 1640*992*40)\ M4 (1650*990*40) stainless steel spring washer, M4 stainless steel flat washer, 2 stainless steel cup type washers (copper wire intertwines bolts and surrounded and fixed by stainless steel cup type washers) of 4mm (1650*996*45、 1640*992*40)\ 5mm (1650*990*40) inner diameter, M4 stainless steel star washer, and then thread the holes of aluminum bracket of module, M4 stainless steel flat washer an spring washer and tighten it at last. (Turque: 3N/M)
Nut Dimension Gasket

Ground Bolt

Ground wire Bolt

Ground connection details 5.4.2 General electrical installation Don’t use photovoltaic module in different types under a same system. The module has multifunctional connector for electrical connection.