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高考英语写作-议论文


重点诠释: 1. 议论文是以议论为主要表达方式的一种文体,它通过摆事实,讲道理的方式来辩明是 非曲折,从而表达出作者的观点。它常由论点,论据和论证三部分构成。 2. 在近几年的高考书面表达中,其主要命题形式是以表格式和提纲式来呈现写作材料的。 3. 它要求语言必须简练,准确,要尽可能避免使用口语,多用书面语,可适当使用名言 警句;以议论为主,辅之以叙述,说明和描写等手法。 4. 写作时要围绕中心论点展开议论,即论据和论证要围绕论点展开。根据题目要求,有 时需要从正反两面来论述,可增强论证的力度。最后,可得出结论,照应开头,形成一个有 机的整体。 5. 写作时常以三段式的形式展开议论。 写作典例: 暑假即将来临,你班同学就假期计划进行讨论,提出了不同看法,请根据提示写一篇英语短 文,并谈谈你的看法。
优点 呆在家中 外出旅游 花费少,舒适方便 增长知识,开阔眼界。 缺点 不能亲自了解外界 花费多,旅途不便

注意:1。词数 120 左右(不含已写好部分) 2.短文必须包括表中所列要点,可根据内容分段表述; 3.可适当增加细节以使行文连贯; 4.参考词汇:眼界 horizon(view) 案例分析

这是一篇典型的议论文体的写作, 它以表格的形式提出了论点 (呆在家中的优点和缺点以及 外出旅游的优点和缺点)和论据,还以文字提示形式提出了话题(假期计划)及需要考生自 由发挥的部分 (你的看法) 自己的看法可选择上述中的任何一种, , 并就此发表个人的见解。 本文的重点是表格中两种方式的优, 缺点, 根据题目的特点, 以三段式的形式来写作比较好。 根据内容,尽管讨论已经发生,但它是就一般的暑假假期计划而进行的讨论,没有特定的时 间界定, 因而考生应以一般现在时和一般将来时为主。 相当一部分考生用一般过去时进行论 述,这会失掉较多的分数。从题目所给的开头可知应用第一人称来写。 范文: The summer holiday is coming. Our class have a discussion about what to do during the holiday. Some are in favor of staying at home. They think it’s both convenient and comfortable. What’s more, they can save money for other purposes. But they will lose the chance of getting to know the outside world. However, others prefer to go out for traveling since it can increase their knowledge and broaden their horizons. But they will spend more money and meet some difficult ies while traveling. In my opinion, it would be much better to stay at home, for I can do what I like, such as reading books, watching TV, and helping my parents with the housework. 针对练习 1.2002 年普通高等学校招生全国英语统一考试书面表达试题 最近,你校同学正在参加某英文报组织的一场讨论。讨论的主题是:公园要不要收门票?请 你根据下表提供的信息,给报社写一封信,客观地介绍讨论情况。
60%的同学认为 40%的同学认为

1、不应收门票 2、公园是公众休闲的地方 3、如收票,需建大门、围墙,会影响城市形象

1、应收门票,但票价不宜高 2、支付园林工人工资 3、购新花木

注意: 1、信的开头已为你写好。 2、词数:100 左右。 3、参考词汇:门票:entrance fee One possible version: Dear Editor, I’m writ ing to tell you about the discussion we’ve had about whether an entrance fee should be charged for parks. Opinions are divided on the question. 60% of the students are against the idea of entrance fees. They believed a public park should be free of charge. People need a place where they can rest and enjoy themselves. Charging entrance fees will no doubt keep some people away. What is more, it will become necessary to build gates and walls, which will do harm to the appearance of a city. On the other hand, 40% think that fees should be charged because you need money to pay gardeners and other workers and to buy plants and young trees. They suggest, however, fees should be charged low. Yours truly, Li Hua 2. 当前不少文学作品被改编成电影。 有人选择看电影, 有人则喜欢读原著。 请你以“Film or book, which do you prefer?”为题,按照下列要点写一篇英语短文: 1、 看电影:省时、有趣、易懂

2、 读原著:细节更多、语言优美 3、 我的看法及理由 注意:1、词数:100-120 文章题目和开头已给出(不计入词数)。 2、参考词汇:original work 或 book in the original (原著) Film or book, which do you prefer? Some of us think that it is better to see the film than to read the book in the original. One possible Version Some of us think that it is better to see the film than to read the book in the original. The reason is that it takes less time to understand the whole story. Besides, the film is usually more interesting, and it is easier to follow. Some others have just the opposite opinion. They think that they can get more detailed information from the original. Meanwhile, the language in the book is possibly more lively and beautiful. Personally, I agree with the second view. Actually I have more reasons for it. I think I can stay at home, reading quietly in a s ituation of my own, and what’s more, I am able to better understand the author’s ideas. In a word, to read the original work is better than to see the film based on it. 3.如今世界粮食短缺,价格飞涨,给部分地区造成社会动荡。假设在你校开展的研究性学 习中,你们小组以“World Food Crisis”为题进行研究,现在请你代表你们小组向全体同学 简要介绍你们的研究成果。主要内容如下: 造成的原因 1. 气候变化,造成粮食减产 能源价格上涨,使用粮食生产生物燃料 2. 工业发展,城市化加速,耕地减少 3. 世界

应对的措施 1. 注重环保,改善生态 谐 你如何做出自己的贡献 1.……

2. 严格保护耕地

3. 富国支持穷国,促进世界和

2.…… 2. 字数 150 左右,文章开头已提供,不

注意:1. 内容包括以上要点,但不要逐句翻译 计入总词数

3. 参考词汇:城市化 urbanization 生物燃料 biofuels Hello, everyone, Now I’ll tell you something about our research project The World Food Crisis on behalf of our group. As you know, food shortages have hit many countries in the world and even caused social unrest in some areas. _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ 【命题方向与写作提示】 这是一篇提纲式的议论文写作素材, 探讨国计民生的社会热点话题: 粮食价格上涨。写作时要注意避免逐句翻译,并适当增加细节以使行文连贯。 范文(One possible version) Hello, everyone, Now I’ll tell you something about our research project The World Food Crisis on behalf of our group. As you know, food shortages have hit many countries in the world and even caused social unrest in some areas. But who is responsible for the current world food crisis? First, annual world grains output has declined

because of climate change. Then lots of farmland has been lost due to the rapid development of industry and urbanization. Besides, faced with the rising energy prices, people have turned to the production of biofuels, which has worsened the severe situation. Then what should we do to deal with the problem? On one hand, we should focus on the environmental protection and improve the eco logy. On the other hand, strict measures should be taken to protect farmland. Of course, to build a harmonious world the developed countries should take their responsibilities to help the poor ones experiencing food shortage. As for me, I will call on the people around me to live thriftily. And for the moment, I think, we should study hard to develop science and help solve the food shortage in the future. 2007 高考英语作文范文 4. 最近,你校同学正在参加某英文报组织的一场讨论。讨论的主题是:公园要不要收门 票?请你根据下表所提供的信息,给报社写一封信,客观地介绍讨论情况。 60%的同学认为 1.不应该收门票 2.公园是公众休闲的地方 3.如收门票,需建大门、围 墙,会影响城市形象 40%的同学认为 1. 应收门票, 但票价不要太高 2. 支付园林工人工资 3. 购新花木 注意:1.信的开头已为你写好。 2.词数:100 左右。 3.参考词汇:门票---entrance fee Dear Editor. I’m writ ing to tell you about the discussion we have had about whether an entrance fee should be charged for parks.

Dear editor, I’m writ ing to tell you about the discussion we have had about whether an ent rance fee should be charged for parks. 60% of us schoolmates think that an entrance fee do not meet peoples expec tations, for a park is considered to be a place where the public can have a goo d time when they are not busy either at home or at work. If an entrance fee must be paid by the visitors for a park, it will be necessary to build a gate and surrounding walls. In the end a city will take on a bad look. 40% of us school mates think that an entrance fee can be accepted, but it must not be too exp ensive. The money from t icket selling can be used for paying the gardeners in the park and buying some other kinds of flowers and trees. With regard to myself, I think an entrance fee is useful, for it can be used to p rotect a park. Do we share the same opinion, dear editor? Yours truly,


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